标签归档:ORA-600 2252

从ORA-00283 ORA-16433报错开始恢复

接手一个客户无法正常启动的故障数据库,尝试recover 报ORA-00283 ORA-16433错误

[oracle@xff trace]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Sat Jan 27 04:46:23 2024

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


???:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

SQL> show pdbs;
SQL> select open_mode from v$database;

OPEN_MODE
--------------------
MOUNTED

SQL>
SQL> recover database;
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
ORA-16433: The database must be opened in read/write mode

通过对控制文件进行处理,再次尝试recover库

SQL> recover database;
ORA-00399: corrupt change description in redo log
ORA-00353: log corruption near block 134877 change 3249721295 time 01/27/2024 00:21:05
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1:'/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff/redo01.log'

由于redo和数据文件不匹配,无法正常recover库,尝试强制打开库报ORA-600 2662错误

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [3249721308], [0],[3249730440], [16777344],[],[],[],[],[],[]
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [3249721307], [0],[3249730440], [16777344],[],[],[],[],[],[]
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [3249721303], [0],[3249730440], [16777344],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Process ID: 117336
Session ID: 1146 Serial number: 11764

基于这种错误,尝试oradebug修改scn

SQL> oradebug setmypid
oradebug DUMPvar SGA kcsgscn_
Statement processed.
SQL> kcslf kcsgscn_ [06001FBB0, 06001FBE0) = 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
SQL> oradebug poke 0x06001FBB0 4 0x10000000
oradebug DUMPvar SGA kcsgscn_
ORA-32521: error parsing ORADEBUG command:

发现报ORA-32521错误,证明常规的oradebug方法无法修改scn,参考相关文章:
oradebug poke ORA-32521/ORA-32519故障解决
第一次通过其他方法处理,由于计算失误导致数据库启动报ORA-600 2252错误

SQL> ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS;
ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2252], [45264], [0], [11641],[3340959744], [],[],[],[],[],[]

该错误是相关文章参考:
记录一次ORA-00600[2252]故障解决
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2252], [3987]
主机断电系统回到N年前数据库报ORA-600 kcm_headroom_warn_1错误
处理正确的scn值之后,数据库open成功,然后逻辑方式导出数据,恢复工作完成

SQL> alter database open ;

Database altered.

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ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2252], [3987]

客户数据库版本10.2.0.4,启动成功之后立马crash,让我们协助解决
version


Thu Jul  4 13:03:10 2019
Completed: ALTER DATABASE OPEN
Thu Jul  4 13:03:10 2019
db_recovery_file_dest_size of 2048 MB is 0.00% used. This is a
user-specified limit on the amount of space that will be used by this
database for recovery-related files, and does not reflect the amount of
space available in the underlying filesystem or ASM diskgroup.
Thu Jul  4 13:04:01 2019
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/admin/orcl/bdump/orcl_reco_22268.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2252], [3987], [3375047096], [], [], [], [], []
Thu Jul  4 13:04:01 2019
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/admin/orcl/bdump/orcl_reco_22268.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2252], [3987], [3375047096], [], [], [], [], []
Thu Jul  4 13:04:02 2019
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/admin/orcl/bdump/orcl_reco_22268.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2252], [3987], [3375047096], [], [], [], [], []
Thu Jul  4 13:04:02 2019
RECO: terminating instance due to error 476
Instance terminated by RECO, pid = 22268

根据以往经验记录一次ORA-00600[2252]故障解决,很可能是scn过大引起.通过Oracle数据库异常恢复检查脚本(Oracle Database Recovery Check)检查scn相关信息
scn


从ORA-600 2252错误信息看,由于scn可能超过该数据库的天花板理论上而导致该问题,而reco进程主要是由于分布式事务引起,通过和客户确认,该库有通过dblink去访问11204版本oracle,而从2019年6月23日之后scn的算法发生了一些改变(SCN Compatibility问题汇总-2019年6月23日),导致数据库可以支持更大的scn,从而当低版本需要进行分布式事务操作之时,可能导致数据库异常.

处理方案:通过临时屏蔽分布式事务,让数据库临时正常工作;长期解决方案需要把数据库版本升级,避免scn引起相关问题

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ORA-600 17182导致oracle异常

正常运行的数据库突然爆ORA-00600 17182,然后直接crash,以前遇到过类似的case:分享一例由于主库逻辑坏块导致dataguard容灾失效,这又是一例数据库正常crash之后无法启动成功的case

Tue May 22 08:32:12 2018
Archived Log entry 84344 added for thread 1 sequence 90196 ID 0x103430df dest 1:
Tue May 22 09:05:42 2018
Thread 1 cannot allocate new log, sequence 90198
Private strand flush not complete
  Current log# 4 seq# 90197 mem# 0: +DATA/xifenfei/onlinelog/group_4.279.887464919
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 90198 (LGWR switch)
  Current log# 2 seq# 90198 mem# 0: +DATA/xifenfei/onlinelog/group_2.263.887465041
Tue May 22 09:05:46 2018
Archived Log entry 84345 added for thread 1 sequence 90197 ID 0x103430df dest 1:
Tue May 22 09:07:42 2018
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_16297.trc  (incident=592822):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [17182], [0x7FE274EADBF8], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_592822/xifenfei_ora_16297_i592822.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Tue May 22 09:07:45 2018
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20180522090745], requested by (instance=1, osid=16297), summary=[incident=592822].
Tue May 22 09:07:46 2018
Sweep [inc][592822]: completed
Sweep [inc2][592822]: completed
Tue May 22 09:08:29 2018
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_16297.trc  (incident=592824):
ORA-07445: 出现异常错误: 核心转储 [kghrcdepth()+168] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0x7FE2766ADD04] [PC:0x2C2B886] [Invalid permissions for mapped object] []
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kghrcdepth:ds], [0x7FE274EADBE8], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [17182], [0x7FE274EADBF8], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_592824/xifenfei_ora_16297_i592824.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Tue May 22 09:08:31 2018
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20180522090831], requested by (instance=1, osid=16297), summary=[incident=592823].
Tue May 22 09:08:44 2018
Block recovery from logseq 90198, block 37639 to scn 161030804187
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 2 Seq 90198 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: +DATA/xifenfei/onlinelog/group_2.263.887465041
Block recovery completed at rba 90198.97219.16, scn 37.2117014236
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_pmon_7690.trc  (incident=592118):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [17182], [0x7F96BDA2AA70], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_592118/xifenfei_pmon_7690_i592118.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Exception [type: SIGSEGV, SI_KERNEL(general_protection)] [ADDR:0x0] [PC:0x97E6B5C, kghpmfal()+216] [flags: 0x0, count: 1]
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_pmon_7690.trc  (incident=592119):
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kghpmfal()+216] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0x0] [PC:0x97E6B5C] [SI_KERNEL(general_protection)] []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [17182], [0x7F96BDA2AA70], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_592119/xifenfei_pmon_7690_i592119.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Tue May 22 09:08:45 2018
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20180522090845], requested by (instance=1, osid=7690 (PMON)), summary=[incident=592118].
Tue May 22 09:08:47 2018
Sweep [inc][592824]: completed
Sweep [inc][592823]: completed
Sweep [inc][592119]: completed
Sweep [inc][592118]: completed
Sweep [inc2][592824]: completed
Sweep [inc2][592119]: completed
Sweep [inc2][592118]: completed
Tue May 22 09:08:47 2018
ARC2 (ospid: 7834): terminating the instance due to error 472
Instance terminated by ARC2, pid = 7834

无法正常open

Completed: ALTER DATABASE   MOUNT
Tue May 22 09:26:44 2018
ALTER DATABASE OPEN
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 15 processes
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 12232 KB redo, 4787 data blocks need recovery
Started redo application at
 Thread 1: logseq 90199, block 233846
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 3 Seq 90199 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: +DATA/xifenfei/onlinelog/group_3.262.887465049
Completed redo application of 10.34MB
Completed crash recovery at
 Thread 1: logseq 90199, block 258311, scn 161030851622
 4787 data blocks read, 4787 data blocks written, 12232 redo k-bytes read
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES
Tue May 22 09:26:45 2018
ARC0 started with pid=48, OS id=18632 
Tue May 22 09:26:46 2018
ARC0: Archival started
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
ARC0: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 90200 (thread open)
Tue May 22 09:26:46 2018
ARC1 started with pid=49, OS id=18636 
Tue May 22 09:26:46 2018
ARC2 started with pid=50, OS id=18640 
Tue May 22 09:26:46 2018
ARC3 started with pid=51, OS id=18644 
ARC1: Archival started
ARC2: Archival started
ARC1: Becoming the 'no FAL' ARCH
ARC1: Becoming the 'no SRL' ARCH
ARC2: Becoming the heartbeat ARCH
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 90200
  Current log# 5 seq# 90200 mem# 0: +DATA/xifenfei/onlinelog/group_5.280.887465135
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Tue May 22 09:26:46 2018
SMON: enabling cache recovery
[18512] Successfully onlined Undo Tablespace 2.
Undo initialization finished serial:0 start:2704839736 end:2704839986 diff:250 (2 seconds)
Verifying file header compatibility for 11g tablespace encryption..
Verifying 11g file header compatibility for tablespace encryption completed
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Database Characterset is AL32UTF8
Archived Log entry 84347 added for thread 1 sequence 90199 ID 0x103430df dest 1:
No Resource Manager plan active
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Tue May 22 09:26:47 2018
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_p019_18664.trc  (incident=624628):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [17182], [0x7F7A4A50DBF8], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_624628/xifenfei_p019_18664_i624628.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
ARC3: Archival started
ARC0: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
Starting background process QMNC
Tue May 22 09:26:48 2018
QMNC started with pid=71, OS id=18737 
Exception [type: SIGSEGV, SI_KERNEL(general_protection)] [ADDR:0x0] [PC:0x97ECF6C, kghalo()+570] [flags: 0x0, count: 1]
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_p019_18664.trc  (incident=624629):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [17182], [0x7F7A4A50DBF8], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_624629/xifenfei_p019_18664_i624629.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Tue May 22 09:26:49 2018
Tue May 22 09:26:50 2018
Starting background process EMNC
Tue May 22 09:26:50 2018
EMNC started with pid=76, OS id=18814 
Exception [type: SIGSEGV, SI_KERNEL(general_protection)] [ADDR:0x0] [PC:0x97ECF6C, kghalo()+570] [flags: 0x0, count: 2]
Completed: ALTER DATABASE OPEN
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_p019_18664.trc  (incident=624630):
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kghalo()+570] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0x0] [PC:0x97ECF6C] [SI_KERNEL(general_protection)] []
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kghalo()+570] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0x0] [PC:0x97ECF6C] [SI_KERNEL(general_protection)] []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [17182], [0x7F7A4A50DBF8], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_624630/xifenfei_p019_18664_i624630.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Tue May 22 09:27:01 2018
Block recovery from logseq 90200, block 59 to scn 161030851961
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 5 Seq 90200 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: +DATA/xifenfei/onlinelog/group_5.280.887465135
Block recovery stopped at EOT rba 90200.935.16
Block recovery completed at rba 90200.935.16, scn 37.2117062009
Starting background process CJQ0
Tue May 22 09:27:01 2018
SMON: slave died unexpectedly, downgrading to serial recovery
Tue May 22 09:27:01 2018
CJQ0 started with pid=56, OS id=18922 
Exception [type: SIGSEGV, SI_KERNEL(general_protection)] [ADDR:0x0] [PC:0x9823AA3, kghalo()+567] [flags: 0x0, count: 1]
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/posdg/posdg/trace/posdg_p019_11656.trc  (incident=1136658):
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kghalo()+567] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0x0] [PC:0x9823AA3] [SI_KERNEL(general_protection)] []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [17182], [0x7F813F61DBF8], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/diag/rdbms/posdg/posdg/incident/incdir_1136658/posdg_p019_11656_i1136658.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/posdg/posdg/trace/posdg_ora_10925.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2252], [49410], [2147581953], [3726], [1009467392], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/posdg/posdg/trace/posdg_ora_10925.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2252], [49410], [2147581953], [3726], [1009467392], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_smon_18434.trc  (incident=624292):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [17182], [0x7F7488BDD7A0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_624292/xifenfei_smon_18434_i624292.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Exception [type: SIGSEGV, SI_KERNEL(general_protection)] [ADDR:0x0] [PC:0x97E64D7, kghalf()+537] [flags: 0x0, count: 1]
Errors in file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_smon_18434.trc  (incident=624293):
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kghalf()+537] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0x0] [PC:0x97E64D7] [SI_KERNEL(general_protection)] []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [17182], [0x7F7488BDD7A0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_624293/xifenfei_smon_18434_i624293.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Tue May 22 09:27:03 2018
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20180522092703], requested by (instance=1, osid=18434 (SMON)), summary=[incident=624292].
PMON (ospid: 18383): terminating the instance due to error 474
Tue May 22 09:27:05 2018
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (18839) as a result of ORA-1092
System state dump requested by (instance=1, osid=18383 (PMON)), summary=[abnormal instance termination].
System State dumped to trace file /u01/app/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_diag_18402_20180522092705.trc
Tue May 22 09:27:05 2018
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process
Instance terminated by PMON, pid = 18383

通过对于启动过程的观察,比较明显,由于数据库无法正常回滚,导致smon进程异常,从而使得数据库无法启动成功.恢复方法比较简单,就是对异常事务进行提交或者跳过即可

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