标签归档:ORA-32521

从ORA-00283 ORA-16433报错开始恢复

接手一个客户无法正常启动的故障数据库,尝试recover 报ORA-00283 ORA-16433错误

[oracle@xff trace]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Sat Jan 27 04:46:23 2024

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


???:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

SQL> show pdbs;
SQL> select open_mode from v$database;

OPEN_MODE
--------------------
MOUNTED

SQL>
SQL> recover database;
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
ORA-16433: The database must be opened in read/write mode

通过对控制文件进行处理,再次尝试recover库

SQL> recover database;
ORA-00399: corrupt change description in redo log
ORA-00353: log corruption near block 134877 change 3249721295 time 01/27/2024 00:21:05
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1:'/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff/redo01.log'

由于redo和数据文件不匹配,无法正常recover库,尝试强制打开库报ORA-600 2662错误

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [3249721308], [0],[3249730440], [16777344],[],[],[],[],[],[]
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [3249721307], [0],[3249730440], [16777344],[],[],[],[],[],[]
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [3249721303], [0],[3249730440], [16777344],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Process ID: 117336
Session ID: 1146 Serial number: 11764

基于这种错误,尝试oradebug修改scn

SQL> oradebug setmypid
oradebug DUMPvar SGA kcsgscn_
Statement processed.
SQL> kcslf kcsgscn_ [06001FBB0, 06001FBE0) = 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
SQL> oradebug poke 0x06001FBB0 4 0x10000000
oradebug DUMPvar SGA kcsgscn_
ORA-32521: error parsing ORADEBUG command:

发现报ORA-32521错误,证明常规的oradebug方法无法修改scn,参考相关文章:
oradebug poke ORA-32521/ORA-32519故障解决
第一次通过其他方法处理,由于计算失误导致数据库启动报ORA-600 2252错误

SQL> ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS;
ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2252], [45264], [0], [11641],[3340959744], [],[],[],[],[],[]

该错误是相关文章参考:
记录一次ORA-00600[2252]故障解决
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2252], [3987]
主机断电系统回到N年前数据库报ORA-600 kcm_headroom_warn_1错误
处理正确的scn值之后,数据库open成功,然后逻辑方式导出数据,恢复工作完成

SQL> alter database open ;

Database altered.

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oradebug poke ORA-32521/ORA-32519故障解决

最近有不少朋友咨询12.1.0.2及其以后的版本使用oradebug去修改scn失败,这里做了一个测试正常情况下确实无法修改(oradebug poke报 ORA-32519 或者 ORA-32521) ,这里进行了一系列修改测试最后修改成功.
开发的小工具:修改oracle scn小工具(patch scn),可以快速解决该问题
数据库版本

SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER                                                                               CON_ID
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production              0
PL/SQL Release 12.1.0.2.0 - Production                                                    0
CORE    12.1.0.2.0      Production                                                        0
TNS for 64-bit Windows: Version 12.1.0.2.0 - Production                                   0
NLSRTL Version 12.1.0.2.0 - Production                                                    0

oradebug poke测试

SQL> oradebug setmypid
已处理的语句
SQL> oradebug DUMPvar SGA kcsgscn_
kcslf kcsgscn_ [14C8D6270, 14C8D62A0) = 009EA333 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
 00000000 4C8D5CF0 00000001
SQL> oradebug poke 0x14C8D6274 4 0x00000001
ORA-32521: 对 ORADEBUG 命令  进行语法分析时出错

--或者该提示
SQL> oradebug setmypid
已处理的语句
SQL> oradebug DUMPvar SGA kcsgscn_
kcslf kcsgscn_ [14C8D6270, 14C8D62A0) = 009EAE3D 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
 00000000 4C8D5CF0 00000001
SQL> oradebug poke 0x14C8D6274 4 0x0000000a
ORA-32519: 权限不足, 无法执行 ORADEBUG 命令: execution of ORADEBUG commands is disabled for this instance

通过测试确定oradebug正常情况无法执行poke,不是提示ORA-32521就是提示ORA-32519错误导致scn无法修改.

通过一些修改之后oradebug 修改scn

SQL> select dbid, name,open_mode,
  2         created created,
  3         open_mode, log_mode,
  4         checkpoint_change# as checkpoint_change#,
  5         controlfile_type ctl_type,
  6         controlfile_created ctl_created,
  7         controlfile_change# as ctl_change#,
  8         controlfile_time ctl_time,
  9         resetlogs_change# as resetlogs_change#,
 10         resetlogs_time resetlogs_time
 11  from v$database;

      DBID NAME                                                 OPEN_MODE            CREATED        OPEN_MODE
 LOG_MODE
---------- ---------------------------------------------------- -------------------- -------------- ------------
 ------------
CHECKPOINT_CHANGE# CTL_TYP CTL_CREATED    CTL_CHANGE# CTL_TIME       RESETLOGS_CHANGE# RESETLOGS_TIME
------------------ ------- -------------- ----------- -------------- ----------------- --------------
1504692401 XIFENFEI                                             READ WRITE           16-8月 -15     READ WRITE
 ARCHIVELOG
          10407853 CURRENT 16-8月 -15        10408361 07-7月 -16                     1 16-8月 -15


SQL> select con_id,file#,checkpoint_change# from v$datafile_header;

    CON_ID      FILE# CHECKPOINT_CHANGE#
---------- ---------- ------------------
         1          1           10407853
         2          2            9457324
         1          3           10407853
         2          4            9457324
         1          5           10407853
         1          6           10407853
         3          7           10407853
         3          8           10407853
         3          9           10407853
         4         10            9559964
         4         11            9559964
         4         12            9559964
         3         13           10407853

已选择 13 行。

SQL> shutdown abort;
ORACLE 例程已经关闭。
SQL> startup
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 3221225472 bytes
Fixed Size                  3837232 bytes
Variable Size             838861520 bytes
Database Buffers         2365587456 bytes
Redo Buffers               12939264 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
SQL> oradebug setmypid
已处理的语句
SQL> oradebug DUMPvar SGA kcsgscn_
kcslf kcsgscn_ [14BE16270, 14BE162A0) = 009ED5C6 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
 00000000 4BE15CF0 00000001
SQL> oradebug poke 0x14BE16274 4 0x0001
BEFORE: [14BE16274, 14BE16276) = 0000
AFTER: [14BE16274, 14BE16276) = 0001
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。

SQL> select dbid, name,open_mode,
  2         created created,
  3         open_mode, log_mode,
  4         checkpoint_change# as checkpoint_change#,
  5         controlfile_type ctl_type,
  6         controlfile_created ctl_created,
  7         controlfile_change# as ctl_change#,
  8         controlfile_time ctl_time,
  9         resetlogs_change# as resetlogs_change#,
 10         resetlogs_time resetlogs_time
 11  from v$database;

      DBID NAME                                                 OPEN_MODE            CREATED        OPEN_MODE
 LOG_MODE
---------- ---------------------------------------------------- -------------------- -------------- -----------
 ------------
CHECKPOINT_CHANGE# CTL_TYP CTL_CREATED    CTL_CHANGE# CTL_TIME       RESETLOGS_CHANGE# RESETLOGS_TIME
------------------ ------- -------------- ----------- -------------- ----------------- --------------
1504692401 XIFENFEI                                             READ WRITE           16-8月 -15     READ WRITE
 ARCHIVELOG
        4305478053 CURRENT 16-8月 -15      4305478245 07-7月 -16                     1 16-8月 -15



SQL> select con_id,file#,checkpoint_change# from v$datafile_header;

    CON_ID      FILE# CHECKPOINT_CHANGE#
---------- ---------- ------------------
         1          1         4305478053
         2          2            9457324
         1          3         4305478053
         2          4            9457324
         1          5         4305478053
         1          6         4305478053
         3          7         4305478053
         3          8         4305478053
         3          9         4305478053
         4         10            9559964
         4         11            9559964
         4         12            9559964
         3         13         4305478053

已选择 13 行。

SQL> select con_id,file#,checkpoint_change# from v$datafile;

    CON_ID      FILE# CHECKPOINT_CHANGE#
---------- ---------- ------------------
         1          1         4305478053
         2          2            9457324
         1          3         4305478053
         2          4            9457324
         1          5         4305478053
         1          6         4305478053
         3          7         4305478053
         3          8         4305478053
         3          9         4305478053
         4         10            9559964
         4         11            9559964
         4         12            9559964
         3         13         4305478053

已选择 13 行。

通过上述测试证明scn已经被完美修改.证明我们已经具备了不使用bbed的情况下推进12.1.0.2版本的scn问题,为12c的一系列需要推scn的恢复提供完美技术支持.

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