标签归档:ORA-15196

ORA-15335 ORA-15130 ORA-15066 ORA-15196

客户反馈,数据库无法正常启动,通过分析asm的alert日志发现,data磁盘组mount成功之后,没有一会儿自动dismount掉

Mon Sep 26 16:40:14 2022
SQL> /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP data MOUNT  
NOTE: cache registered group DATA number=2 incarn=0x9dfa705f
NOTE: cache began mount (first) of group DATA number=2 incarn=0x9dfa705f
NOTE: Assigning number (2,1) to disk (/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA02)
NOTE: Assigning number (2,0) to disk (/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA01)
Mon Sep 26 16:40:20 2022
NOTE: GMON heartbeating for grp 2
GMON querying group 2 at 68 for pid 25, osid 14650
NOTE: cache opening disk 0 of grp 2: DATA_0000 path:/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA01
NOTE: F1X0 found on disk 0 au 2 fcn 0.0
NOTE: cache opening disk 1 of grp 2: DATA_0001 path:/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA02
NOTE: cache mounting (first) external redundancy group 2/0x9DFA705F (DATA)
Mon Sep 26 16:40:20 2022
* allocate domain 2, invalid = TRUE 
kjbdomatt send to inst 2
Mon Sep 26 16:40:20 2022
NOTE: attached to recovery domain 2
NOTE: cache recovered group 2 to fcn 0.321845
NOTE: redo buffer size is 256 blocks (1053184 bytes)
Mon Sep 26 16:40:20 2022
NOTE: LGWR attempting to mount thread 1 for diskgroup 2 (DATA)
NOTE: LGWR found thread 1 closed at ABA 20.3546
NOTE: LGWR mounted thread 1 for diskgroup 2 (DATA)
NOTE: LGWR opening thread 1 at fcn 0.321845 ABA 21.3547
NOTE: cache mounting group 2/0x9DFA705F (DATA) succeeded
NOTE: cache ending mount (success) of group DATA number=2 incarn=0x9dfa705f
Mon Sep 26 16:40:20 2022
NOTE: Instance updated compatible.asm to 11.2.0.0.0 for grp 2
SUCCESS: diskgroup DATA was mounted
SUCCESS: /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP data MOUNT 
Mon Sep 26 16:40:22 2022
WARNING: failed to online diskgroup resource ora.DATA.dg (unable to communicate with CRSD/OHASD)
Mon Sep 26 16:40:47 2022
NOTE: client xff1:xff registered, osid 14742, mbr 0x0
Mon Sep 26 16:40:57 2022
WARNING: cache read  a corrupt block: group=2(DATA) dsk=1 blk=257 disk=1 (DATA_0001) 
incarn=3916071178 au=113792 blk=1 count=1
Errors in file /opt/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_ora_14778.trc:
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483649] [257] [0 != 1]
NOTE: a corrupted block from group DATA was dumped to /opt/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_ora_14778.trc
WARNING: cache read (retry) a corrupt block: group=2(DATA) dsk=1 blk=257 
disk=1 (DATA_0001) incarn=3916071178 au=113792 blk=1 count=1
Errors in file /opt/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_ora_14778.trc:
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483649] [257] [0 != 1]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483649] [257] [0 != 1]
ERROR: cache failed to read group=2(DATA) dsk=1 blk=257 from disk(s): 1(DATA_0001)
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483649] [257] [0 != 1]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483649] [257] [0 != 1]
NOTE: cache initiating offline of disk 1 group DATA
NOTE: process _user14778_+asm1 (14778) initiating offline of 
disk 1.3916071178 (DATA_0001) with mask 0x7e in group 2
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 2, dsk = 1/0xe96a810a, mask = 0x6a, op = clear
Mon Sep 26 16:40:58 2022
GMON updating disk modes for group 2 at 70 for pid 28, osid 14778
ERROR: Disk 1 cannot be offlined, since diskgroup has external redundancy.
ERROR: too many offline disks in PST (grp 2)
Mon Sep 26 16:40:58 2022
NOTE: cache dismounting (not clean) group 2/0x9DFA705F (DATA) 
WARNING: Offline for disk DATA_0001 in mode 0x7f failed.
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 14782, image: oracle@oracle11grac1 (B000)
Mon Sep 26 16:40:58 2022
NOTE: halting all I/Os to diskgroup 2 (DATA)
Errors in file /opt/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_ora_14778.trc  (incident=144548):
ORA-15335: ASM metadata corruption detected in disk group 'DATA'
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
ORA-15066: offlining disk "DATA_0001" in group "DATA" may result in a data loss
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483649] [257] [0 != 1]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483649] [257] [0 != 1]
Incident details in: /opt/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_144548/+ASM1_ora_14778_i144548.trc
Mon Sep 26 16:40:58 2022
Sweep [inc][144548]: completed
System State dumped to trace file /opt/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_144548/+ASM1_ora_14778_i144548.trc
Mon Sep 26 16:40:58 2022
NOTE: AMDU dump of disk group DATA created at /opt/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_144548
Mon Sep 26 16:41:00 2022
NOTE: LGWR doing non-clean dismount of group 2 (DATA)
NOTE: LGWR sync ABA=21.3550 last written ABA 21.3550
Mon Sep 26 16:41:00 2022
Sweep [inc2][144548]: completed
Mon Sep 26 16:41:00 2022
ERROR: ORA-15130 in COD recovery for diskgroup 2/0x9dfa705f (DATA)
ERROR: ORA-15130 thrown in RBAL for group number 2
Errors in file /opt/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_rbal_5162.trc:
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted

这里看主要是由于asm 磁盘组需要做COD recovery导致无法正常稳定的mount,主要原因是遭遇到asm disk的逻辑坏块(存储物理上看是ok的,但是实际数据在asm中看是异常的)

数据库alert日志报错

Mon Sep 26 16:40:52 2022
Successful mount of redo thread 1, with mount id 1097279951
Database mounted in Shared Mode (CLUSTER_DATABASE=TRUE)
Lost write protection disabled
Completed: alter database mount
alter database open
This instance was first to open
Picked broadcast on commit scheme to generate SCNs
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES
Mon Sep 26 16:40:56 2022
ARC0 started with pid=40, OS id=14761 
ARC0: Archival started
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
ARC0: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES
Mon Sep 26 16:40:57 2022
ARC1 started with pid=41, OS id=14764 
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_lgwr_14479.trc:
ORA-00313: ??????? 1 (???? 1) ???
Mon Sep 26 16:40:57 2022
ARC2 started with pid=42, OS id=14766 
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_lgwr_14479.trc:
ORA-00313: ??????? 2 (???? 1) ???
Mon Sep 26 16:40:57 2022
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_14732.trc:
ORA-00313: open failed for members of log group 1 of thread 1
Mon Sep 26 16:40:57 2022
ARC3 started with pid=44, OS id=14770 
ARC1: Archival started
ARC2: Archival started
ARC1: Becoming the 'no FAL' ARCH
ARC1: Becoming the 'no SRL' ARCH
ARC2: Becoming the heartbeat ARCH
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_14732.trc:
ORA-00313: open failed for members of log group 1 of thread 1
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_arc2_14766.trc:
ORA-00313: 无法打开日志组 1 (用于线程 1) 的成员
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_arc1_14764.trc:
ORA-00313: 无法打开日志组 1 (用于线程 1) 的成员
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_14732.trc  (incident=180281):
ORA-15335: ASM metadata corruption detected in disk group 'DATA'
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
ORA-15066: offlining disk "DATA_0001" in group "DATA" may result in a data loss
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483649] [257] [0 != 1]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483649] [257] [0 != 1]
ARC3: Archival started
ARC0: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_arc0_14761.trc:
ORA-00313: 无法打开日志组 1 (用于线程 1) 的成员
ORA-00312: 联机日志 1 线程 1: '+DATA/xff/onlinelog/group_1.271.1025610215'
ORA-17503: ksfdopn: 2 未能打开文件 +DATA/xff/onlinelog/group_1.271.1025610215
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_arc3_14770.trc:
ORA-00313: 无法打开日志组 1 (用于线程 1) 的成员
ORA-00312: 联机日志 1 线程 1: '+DATA/xff/onlinelog/group_1.271.1025610215'
ORA-17503: ksfdopn: 2 未能打开文件 +DATA/xff/onlinelog/group_1.271.1025610215
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_arc0_14761.trc:
ORA-00313: 无法打开日志组 1 (用于线程 1) 的成员
ORA-00312: 联机日志 1 线程 1: '+DATA/xff/onlinelog/group_1.271.1025610215'
ORA-17503: ksfdopn: 2 未能打开文件 +DATA/xff/onlinelog/group_1.271.1025610215
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_arc3_14770.trc:
ORA-00313: 无法打开日志组 1 (用于线程 1) 的成员
ORA-00312: 联机日志 1 线程 1: '+DATA/xff/onlinelog/group_1.271.1025610215'
ORA-17503: ksfdopn: 2 未能打开文件 +DATA/xff/onlinelog/group_1.271.1025610215
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
Unable to create archive log file '+DATA'
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_14732.trc:
ORA-19816: WARNING: Files may exist in db_recovery_file_dest that are not known to database.
ORA-17502: ksfdcre:4 Failed to create file +DATA
ORA-15335: ASM metadata corruption detected in disk group 'DATA'
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
ORA-15066: offlining disk "DATA_0001" in group "DATA" may result in a data loss
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483649] [257] [0 != 1]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483649] [257] [0 != 1]
*************************************************************
WARNING: A file of type ARCHIVED LOG may exist in
db_recovery_file_dest that is not known to the database.
Use the RMAN command CATALOG RECOVERY AREA to re-catalog
any such files. If files cannot be cataloged, then manually
delete them using OS command. This is most likely the
result of a crash during file creation.
*************************************************************
ARCH: Error 19504 Creating archive log file to '+DATA'
NOTE: Deferred communication with ASM instance
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_14732.trc:
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
NOTE: deferred map free for map id 23
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_14732.trc:
ORA-16038: log 1 sequence# 14235 cannot be archived
ORA-19504: failed to create file ""
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '+DATA/xff/onlinelog/group_1.271.1025610215'
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '+ARCH/xff/onlinelog/group_1.279.1025610217'
Mon Sep 26 16:40:58 2022
Sweep [inc][180281]: completed
Sweep [inc2][180281]: completed
USER (ospid: 14732): terminating the instance due to error 16038
Mon Sep 26 16:40:59 2022
System state dump requested by (instance=1, osid=14732), summary=[abnormal instance termination].
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 14732

对于这类故障处理相对比较容易,通过patch asm,让data磁盘组稳定mount,然后open库,迁移数据,实现数据0丢失,完美恢复

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ORA-15130: diskgroup “ORADATA” is being dismounted

磁盘组mount之后,立马又dismount

Sat Dec 25 17:48:45 2021
SQL> alter diskgroup ORADATA mount 
NOTE: cache registered group ORADATA number=5 incarn=0xd4b7ac6a
NOTE: cache began mount (first) of group ORADATA number=5 incarn=0xd4b7ac6a
NOTE: Assigning number (5,24) to disk (/dev/mapper/data31)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,26) to disk (/dev/mapper/data33)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,21) to disk (/dev/mapper/data29)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,23) to disk (/dev/mapper/data30)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,25) to disk (/dev/mapper/data32)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,19) to disk (/dev/mapper/data27)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,20) to disk (/dev/mapper/data28)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,18) to disk (/dev/mapper/data26)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,14) to disk (/dev/mapper/data22)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,17) to disk (/dev/mapper/data25)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,16) to disk (/dev/mapper/data24)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,15) to disk (/dev/mapper/data23)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,13) to disk (/dev/mapper/data21)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,12) to disk (/dev/mapper/data20)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,10) to disk (/dev/mapper/data19)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,9) to disk (/dev/mapper/data18)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,8) to disk (/dev/mapper/data17)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,3) to disk (/dev/mapper/data12)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,22) to disk (/dev/mapper/data3)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,2) to disk (/dev/mapper/data11)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,7) to disk (/dev/mapper/data16)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,28) to disk (/dev/mapper/data5)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,32) to disk (/dev/mapper/data9)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,6) to disk (/dev/mapper/data15)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,5) to disk (/dev/mapper/data14)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,4) to disk (/dev/mapper/data13)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,1) to disk (/dev/mapper/data10)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,30) to disk (/dev/mapper/data7)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,29) to disk (/dev/mapper/data6)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,31) to disk (/dev/mapper/data8)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,11) to disk (/dev/mapper/data2)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,27) to disk (/dev/mapper/data4)
NOTE: Assigning number (5,0) to disk (/dev/mapper/data1)
Sat Dec 25 17:48:52 2021
NOTE: GMON heartbeating for grp 5
GMON querying group 5 at 153 for pid 32, osid 68608
NOTE: cache opening disk 0 of grp 5: ORADATA_0000 path:/dev/mapper/data1
NOTE: F1X0 found on disk 0 au 2 fcn 0.0
NOTE: cache opening disk 1 of grp 5: ORADATA_0001 path:/dev/mapper/data10
NOTE: cache opening disk 2 of grp 5: ORADATA_0002 path:/dev/mapper/data11
NOTE: cache opening disk 3 of grp 5: ORADATA_0003 path:/dev/mapper/data12
NOTE: cache opening disk 4 of grp 5: ORADATA_0004 path:/dev/mapper/data13
NOTE: cache opening disk 5 of grp 5: ORADATA_0005 path:/dev/mapper/data14
NOTE: cache opening disk 6 of grp 5: ORADATA_0006 path:/dev/mapper/data15
NOTE: cache opening disk 7 of grp 5: ORADATA_0007 path:/dev/mapper/data16
NOTE: cache opening disk 8 of grp 5: ORADATA_0008 path:/dev/mapper/data17
NOTE: cache opening disk 9 of grp 5: ORADATA_0009 path:/dev/mapper/data18
NOTE: cache opening disk 10 of grp 5: ORADATA_0010 path:/dev/mapper/data19
NOTE: cache opening disk 11 of grp 5: ORADATA_0011 path:/dev/mapper/data2
NOTE: cache opening disk 12 of grp 5: ORADATA_0012 path:/dev/mapper/data20
NOTE: cache opening disk 13 of grp 5: ORADATA_0013 path:/dev/mapper/data21
NOTE: cache opening disk 14 of grp 5: ORADATA_0014 path:/dev/mapper/data22
NOTE: cache opening disk 15 of grp 5: ORADATA_0015 path:/dev/mapper/data23
NOTE: cache opening disk 16 of grp 5: ORADATA_0016 path:/dev/mapper/data24
NOTE: cache opening disk 17 of grp 5: ORADATA_0017 path:/dev/mapper/data25
NOTE: cache opening disk 18 of grp 5: ORADATA_0018 path:/dev/mapper/data26
NOTE: cache opening disk 19 of grp 5: ORADATA_0019 path:/dev/mapper/data27
NOTE: cache opening disk 20 of grp 5: ORADATA_0020 path:/dev/mapper/data28
NOTE: cache opening disk 21 of grp 5: ORADATA_0021 path:/dev/mapper/data29
NOTE: cache opening disk 22 of grp 5: ORADATA_0022 path:/dev/mapper/data3
NOTE: cache opening disk 23 of grp 5: ORADATA_0023 path:/dev/mapper/data30
NOTE: cache opening disk 24 of grp 5: ORADATA_0024 path:/dev/mapper/data31
NOTE: cache opening disk 25 of grp 5: ORADATA_0025 path:/dev/mapper/data32
NOTE: cache opening disk 26 of grp 5: ORADATA_0026 path:/dev/mapper/data33
NOTE: cache opening disk 27 of grp 5: ORADATA_0027 path:/dev/mapper/data4
NOTE: cache opening disk 28 of grp 5: ORADATA_0028 path:/dev/mapper/data5
NOTE: cache opening disk 29 of grp 5: ORADATA_0029 path:/dev/mapper/data6
NOTE: cache opening disk 30 of grp 5: ORADATA_0030 path:/dev/mapper/data7
NOTE: cache opening disk 31 of grp 5: ORADATA_0031 path:/dev/mapper/data8
NOTE: cache opening disk 32 of grp 5: ORADATA_0032 path:/dev/mapper/data9
NOTE: cache mounting (first) external redundancy group 5/0xD4B7AC6A (ORADATA)
Sat Dec 25 17:48:52 2021
* allocate domain 5, invalid = TRUE 
kjbdomatt send to inst 2
Sat Dec 25 17:48:52 2021
NOTE: attached to recovery domain 5
NOTE: starting recovery of thread=1 ckpt=92.6417 group=5 (ORADATA)
NOTE: advancing ckpt for group 5 (ORADATA) thread=1 ckpt=92.6418
NOTE: cache recovered group 5 to fcn 0.9502919
NOTE: redo buffer size is 256 blocks (1053184 bytes)
Sat Dec 25 17:48:52 2021
NOTE: LGWR attempting to mount thread 1 for diskgroup 5 (ORADATA)
NOTE: LGWR found thread 1 closed at ABA 92.6417
NOTE: LGWR mounted thread 1 for diskgroup 5 (ORADATA)
NOTE: LGWR opening thread 1 at fcn 0.9502919 ABA 93.6418
NOTE: cache mounting group 5/0xD4B7AC6A (ORADATA) succeeded
NOTE: cache ending mount (success) of group ORADATA number=5 incarn=0xd4b7ac6a
Sat Dec 25 17:48:53 2021
NOTE: Instance updated compatible.asm to 11.2.0.0.0 for grp 5
SUCCESS: diskgroup ORADATA was mounted
SUCCESS: alter diskgroup ORADATA mount
Sat Dec 25 17:48:53 2021
NOTE: diskgroup resource ora.ORADATA.dg is online
WARNING:cache read  a corrupt block: group=5(ORADATA)dsk=5 blk=2 disk=5(ORADATA_0005)incarn=2406 au=0 blk=2 count=1
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_rbal_48956.trc:
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483653] [2] [0 != 1]
NOTE: a corrupted block from group ORADATA was dumped to /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_rbal_48956.trc
WARNING:cache read(retry)a corrupt block:group=5(ORADATA)dsk=5 blk=2 disk=5(ORADATA_0005)incarn=2406 au=0 blk=2 count=1
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_rbal_48956.trc:
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483653] [2] [0 != 1]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483653] [2] [0 != 1]
ERROR: cache failed to read group=5(ORADATA) dsk=5 blk=2 from disk(s): 5(ORADATA_0005)
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483653] [2] [0 != 1]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483653] [2] [0 != 1]
NOTE: cache initiating offline of disk 5 group ORADATA
NOTE: process _rbal_+asm1 (48956) initiating offline of disk 5.240607694 (ORADATA_0005) with mask 0x7e in group 5
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 5, dsk = 5/0xe5761ce, mask = 0x6a, op = clear
GMON updating disk modes for group 5 at 155 for pid 18, osid 48956
ERROR: Disk 5 cannot be offlined, since diskgroup has external redundancy.
ERROR: too many offline disks in PST (grp 5)
Sat Dec 25 17:48:55 2021
NOTE: cache dismounting (not clean) group 5/0xD4B7AC6A (ORADATA) 
WARNING: Offline for disk ORADATA_0005 in mode 0x7f failed.
Sat Dec 25 17:48:55 2021
NOTE: halting all I/Os to diskgroup 5 (ORADATA)
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 22744, image: oracle@wxzldb1 (B000)
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_rbal_48956.trc  (incident=1289754):
ORA-15335: ASM metadata corruption detected in disk group 'ORADATA'
ORA-15130: diskgroup "ORADATA" is being dismounted
ORA-15066: offlining disk "ORADATA_0005" in group "ORADATA" may result in a data loss
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483653] [2] [0 != 1]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483653] [2] [0 != 1]
Incident details in: /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_1289754/+ASM1_rbal_48956_i1289754.trc
NOTE: LGWR doing non-clean dismount of group 5 (ORADATA)
NOTE: LGWR sync ABA=93.6418 last written ABA 93.6418
kjbdomdet send to inst 2
detach from dom 5, sending detach message to inst 2
Sat Dec 25 17:48:56 2021
List of instances:
 1 2
Dirty detach reconfiguration started (new ddet inc 1, cluster inc 4)
Sat Dec 25 17:48:56 2021
Sweep [inc][1289754]: completed
 Global Resource Directory partially frozen for dirty detach
* dirty detach - domain 5 invalid = TRUE 
 41 GCS resources traversed, 0 cancelled
Dirty Detach Reconfiguration complete
freeing rdom 5
System State dumped to trace file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_1289754/+ASM1_rbal_48956_i1289754.trc
WARNING: dirty detached from domain 5
NOTE: cache dismounted group 5/0xD4B7AC6A (ORADATA) 

问题比较明显是由于disk=5 au=0 blk=2有问题导致磁盘组mount之后立马异常.通过kfed分析对应block情况

C:\Users\XFF>kfed read h:\temp\asmdisk\data14.dd|more
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483653 ; 0x008: disk=5
kfbh.check:                   314993330 ; 0x00c: 0x12c66ab2
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr:         ORCLDISK ; 0x000: length=8
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:            0 ; 0x008: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:            0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.compat:                186646528 ; 0x020: 0x0b200000
kfdhdb.dsknum:                        5 ; 0x024: 0x0005
kfdhdb.grptyp:                        1 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_EXTERNAL
kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
kfdhdb.dskname:            ORADATA_0005 ; 0x028: length=12
kfdhdb.grpname:                 ORADATA ; 0x048: length=7
kfdhdb.fgname:             ORADATA_0005 ; 0x068: length=12

C:\Users\XFF>kfed read h:\temp\asmdisk\data14.dd aun=0 blkn=2|more
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                            0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
0066D8200 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
  Repeat 255 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][0]

通过kfed分析,该block确实异常,该block主要记录au的分配信息,如果asm 磁盘组的空间不变化,不执行rebalance,一般不会主动访问该block,不访问该block磁盘组也就不会dismount,按照这个解决思路,通过patch解决,让oradata磁盘组不再执行rebalance和分配/回收空间即可一直稳定的mount
20211227210314


数据库直接open成功,实现数据0丢失
20211227210411

发表在 Oracle ASM, Oracle备份恢复 | 标签为 , , , , , | 评论关闭

ORA-15335: ASM metadata corruption detected in disk group ‘DATA’

asm磁盘组增加磁盘进行扩容之后报ORA-15335: ASM metadata corruption detected in disk group ‘DATA’和ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483648] [7] [2183628676 != 686982479],磁盘组dismount,然后mount之后立马dismount掉.

Tue Jun 29 09:19:09 2021
SQL> ALTER DISKGROUP DATA ADD  DISK '/dev/raw/raw5' SIZE 102400M /* ASMCA */ 
NOTE: GroupBlock outside rolling migration privileged region
NOTE: Assigning number (2,1) to disk (/dev/raw/raw5)
NOTE: requesting all-instance membership refresh for group=2
NOTE: initializing header on grp 2 disk DATA_0001
NOTE: requesting all-instance disk validation for group=2
Tue Jun 29 09:19:11 2021
NOTE: skipping rediscovery for group 2/0xb0c845ce (DATA) on local instance.
NOTE: requesting all-instance disk validation for group=2
NOTE: skipping rediscovery for group 2/0xb0c845ce (DATA) on local instance.
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 2
Tue Jun 29 09:19:16 2021
GMON updating group 2 at 7 for pid 27, osid 25020
NOTE: PST update grp = 2 completed successfully 
NOTE: membership refresh pending for group 2/0xb0c845ce (DATA)
GMON querying group 2 at 8 for pid 18, osid 3852
NOTE: cache opening disk 1 of grp 2: DATA_0001 path:/dev/raw/raw5
NOTE: Attempting voting file refresh on diskgroup DATA
NOTE: Refresh completed on diskgroup DATA. No voting file found.
GMON querying group 2 at 9 for pid 18, osid 3852
SUCCESS: refreshed membership for 2/0xb0c845ce (DATA)
Tue Jun 29 09:19:20 2021
SUCCESS: ALTER DISKGROUP DATA ADD  DISK '/dev/raw/raw5' SIZE 102400M /* ASMCA */
NOTE: starting rebalance of group 2/0xb0c845ce (DATA) at power 1
Starting background process ARB0
Tue Jun 29 09:19:21 2021
ARB0 started with pid=33, OS id=25176 
NOTE: assigning ARB0 to group 2/0xb0c845ce (DATA) with 1 parallel I/O
cellip.ora not found.
Tue Jun 29 09:19:24 2021
NOTE: Attempting voting file refresh on diskgroup DATA
NOTE: Refresh completed on diskgroup DATA. No voting file found.
Tue Jun 29 09:19:46 2021
WARNING: cache read  a corrupt block: group=2(DATA) dsk=0 blk=7 disk=0 (DATA_0000) incarn=3915953476 au=0 blk=7 count=1
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_25176.trc:
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483648] [7] [2183628676 != 686982479]
NOTE: a corrupted block from group DATA was dumped to /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_25176.trc
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_25176.trc:
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483648] [7] [2183628676 != 686982479]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483648] [7] [2183628676 != 686982479]
ERROR: cache failed to read group=2(DATA) dsk=0 blk=7 from disk(s): 0(DATA_0000)
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483648] [7] [2183628676 != 686982479]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483648] [7] [2183628676 != 686982479]
NOTE: cache initiating offline of disk 0 group DATA
NOTE: process _arb0_+asm1 (25176) initiating offline of disk 0.3915953476 (DATA_0000) with mask 0x7e in group 2
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 2, dsk = 0/0xe968b544, mask = 0x6a, op = clear
Tue Jun 29 09:19:46 2021
GMON updating disk modes for group 2 at 10 for pid 33, osid 25176
ERROR: Disk 0 cannot be offlined, since diskgroup has external redundancy.
ERROR: too many offline disks in PST (grp 2)
Tue Jun 29 09:19:46 2021
NOTE: cache dismounting (not clean) group 2/0xB0C845CE (DATA) 
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 25395, image: oracle@frsrac1 (B000)
Tue Jun 29 09:19:46 2021
NOTE: halting all I/Os to diskgroup 2 (DATA)
Tue Jun 29 09:19:46 2021
NOTE: LGWR doing non-clean dismount of group 2 (DATA)
NOTE: LGWR sync ABA=11.10715 last written ABA 11.10715
WARNING: Offline for disk DATA_0000 in mode 0x7f failed.
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_25176.trc  (incident=54665):
ORA-15335: ASM metadata corruption detected in disk group 'DATA'
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
ORA-15066: offlining disk "DATA_0000" in group "DATA" may result in a data loss
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483648] [7] [2183628676 != 686982479]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483648] [7] [2183628676 != 686982479]
Incident details in: /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_54665/+ASM1_arb0_25176_i54665.trc
Tue Jun 29 09:19:46 2021
kjbdomdet send to inst 2
detach from dom 2, sending detach message to inst 2
Tue Jun 29 09:19:46 2021
List of instances:
 1 2
Dirty detach reconfiguration started (new ddet inc 1, cluster inc 24)
 Global Resource Directory partially frozen for dirty detach
* dirty detach - domain 2 invalid = TRUE 
 796 GCS resources traversed, 0 cancelled
Dirty Detach Reconfiguration complete
Tue Jun 29 09:19:46 2021
WARNING: dirty detached from domain 2
NOTE: cache dismounted group 2/0xB0C845CE (DATA) 
SQL> alter diskgroup DATA dismount force /* ASM SERVER:2965915086 */ 
Tue Jun 29 09:19:47 2021
ERROR: ORA-15130 thrown in ARB0 for group number 2
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_25176.trc:
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
ORA-15335: ASM metadata corruption detected in disk group 'DATA'
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
ORA-15066: offlining disk "DATA_0000" in group "DATA" may result in a data loss
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483648] [7] [2183628676 != 686982479]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483648] [7] [2183628676 != 686982479]
Tue Jun 29 09:19:47 2021
NOTE: stopping process ARB0
Tue Jun 29 09:19:47 2021
Sweep [inc][54665]: completed
Tue Jun 29 09:19:47 2021
Sweep [inc2][54665]: completed
NOTE: cache deleting context for group DATA 2/0xb0c845ce
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_rbal_3852.trc:
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
GMON dismounting group 2 at 11 for pid 27, osid 25395
NOTE: Disk DATA_0000 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0001 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
SUCCESS: diskgroup DATA was dismounted
SUCCESS: alter diskgroup DATA dismount force /* ASM SERVER:2965915086 */

通过kfed分析报错block,确认错误

kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            3 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_ALLOCTBL
kfbh.datfmt:                          2 ; 0x003: 0x02
kfbh.block.blk:                       7 ; 0x004: blk=7
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: disk=0
kfbh.check:                  2183628676 ; 0x00c: 0x82278784 <<======该值错误,应该为:686982479
kfbh.fcn.base:                     3430 ; 0x010: 0x00000d66
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdatb.aunum:                      2240 ; 0x000: 0x000008c0
kfdatb.shrink:                      448 ; 0x004: 0x01c0
kfdatb.ub2pad:                        0 ; 0x006: 0x0000

通过修复该错误,并且禁止reblance操作[增加磁盘数据需要重新分布],mount磁盘组,然后open库,发现redo已经被覆盖(非归档),强制打开库报错

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [2691201882], [0],
[2691227745], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [2691201881], [0],
[2691227745], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [2691201879], [0],
[2691227745], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
Process ID: 25110
Session ID: 287 Serial number: 3

通过对scn进行处理,数据库顺利open

SQL> startup mount pfile='/tmp/pfile';
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 5044088832 bytes
Fixed Size		    2261928 bytes
Variable Size		 1442843736 bytes
Database Buffers	 3590324224 bytes
Redo Buffers		    8658944 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.
发表在 Oracle ASM | 标签为 , , | 评论关闭