分类目录归档:ORA-xxxxx

ORA-12518 ORA-27302: 错误发生在: ssthrddcr

11.2.0.1数据库运行在win 2008机器上,进程数配置为1000,但是数据库连接数到了170多之后,就开始报ORA-12518 TNS:监听程序无法分发客户机连接
ORA-12518


检查alert日志发现后台日志报ORA-27300 ORA-27301 ORA-27302错误

Fri May 06 11:57:14 2022
Process startup failed, error stack:
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_psp0_3052.trc:
ORA-27300: 操作系统系统相关操作: CreateThread 失败, 状态为: 8
ORA-27301: 操作系统故障消息: 存储空间不足,无法处理此命令。
ORA-27302: 错误发生在: ssthrddcr
Process J002 died, see its trace file
kkjcre1p: unable to spawn jobq slave process 
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_cjq0_3808.trc:

通过mos分析确认问题为IRPStackSize参数值问题
irpstacksize


参考:Ora-27300: OS System Dependent Operation:Createthread Failed With Status: 8 (Doc ID1310453.1)

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segment header异常对象删除处理

对于某些极端情况下,segment header出现损坏的对象该如何处理,这里通过一个实验来说明这类情况该如何处理,创建表并查询相关segment信息

SQL> create tablespace t_xff datafile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/t_xifenfei01.dbf' size 128M autoextend on;

Tablespace created.

SQL> create table t_xifenfei tablespace t_xff as select * from dba_objects;

Table created.

SQL> select header_file,header_block from dba_SEGMENTS where segment_name='T_XIFENFEI'  and owner='SYS';

HEADER_FILE HEADER_BLOCK
----------- ------------
          5          130
----segment header 为 file 5,block 130

SQL> select   EXTENT_ID , FILE_ID ,BLOCK_ID  from dba_extents where segment_name='T_XIFENFEI'  and owner='SYS';

 EXTENT_ID    FILE_ID   BLOCK_ID
---------- ---------- ----------
         0          5        128
         1          5        136
         2          5        144
         3          5        152
         4          5        160
         5          5        168
         6          5        176
         7          5        184
         8          5        192
         9          5        200
        10          5        208
        11          5        216
        12          5        224
        13          5        232
        14          5        240
        15          5        248
        16          5        256
        17          5        384
        18          5        512
        19          5        640
        20          5        768
        21          5        896
        22          5       1024
        23          5       1152
        24          5       1280

25 rows selected.

---有25个extent信息

SQL> select * from dba_free_space where file_id=5;

TABLESPACE_NAME                   FILE_ID   BLOCK_ID      BYTES     BLOCKS
------------------------------ ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
RELATIVE_FNO
------------
T_XFF                                   5       1408  122683392      14976
           5
--空闲block是从1408开始

模拟segment header损坏(通过dd破坏block)

SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> 
SQL> 
SQL> 
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ 
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ 
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$echo xifenfei.com|dd of=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/t_xifenfei01.dbf bs=8192 conv=notrunc seek=130
0+1 records in
0+1 records out
17 bytes (17 B) copied, 5.4389e-05 s, 313 kB/s
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ dbv file=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/t_xifenfei01.dbf

DBVERIFY: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Wed Apr 13 20:29:41 2022

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/t_xifenfei01.dbf
Page 130 is marked corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x01400082 (file 5, block 130)
Bad header found during dbv: 
Data in bad block:
 type: 119 format: 7 rdba: 0x65666978
 last change scn: 0x632e.6965666e seq: 0x6f flg: 0x6d
 spare1: 0x77 spare2: 0x2e spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0xada72301
 check value in block header: 0xf30a
 computed block checksum: 0x5eb9



DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Pages Examined         : 16384
Total Pages Processed (Data) : 1234
Total Pages Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Pages Processed (Index): 0
Total Pages Failing   (Index): 0
Total Pages Processed (Other): 154
Total Pages Processed (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Failing   (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Empty            : 14995
Total Pages Marked Corrupt   : 1
Total Pages Influx           : 0
Total Pages Encrypted        : 0
Highest block SCN            : 6466979 (0.6466979)

查询表数据报错

[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Wed Apr 13 20:29:48 2022

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  734892032 bytes
Fixed Size                  2256872 bytes
Variable Size             452984856 bytes
Database Buffers          276824064 bytes
Redo Buffers                2826240 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> select count(1) from t_xifenfei;
select count(1) from t_xifenfei
                     *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 5, block # 130)
ORA-01110: data file 5: '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/t_xifenfei01.dbf'

查询extent信息为空

SQL> select   EXTENT_ID   , FILE_ID   ,BLOCK_ID  from dba_extents where segment_name='T_XIFENFEI'  and owner='SYS';

no rows selected

SQL> select header_file,header_block from dba_SEGMENTS where segment_name='T_XIFENFEI'  and owner='SYS';

HEADER_FILE HEADER_BLOCK
----------- ------------
          5          130

SQL> select * from dba_free_space where file_id=5;

TABLESPACE_NAME                   FILE_ID   BLOCK_ID      BYTES     BLOCKS
------------------------------ ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
RELATIVE_FNO
------------
T_XFF                                   5       1408  122683392      14976
           5

尝试删除表报错

SQL> drop table t_xifenfei;
drop table t_xifenfei
           *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 5, block # 130)
ORA-01110: data file 5: '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/t_xifenfei01.dbf'

通过加purge删除成功

SQL> drop table t_xifenfei purge;

Table dropped.

删除表成功,但是磁盘空间未释放,通过查询确认变为一个临时段

SQL> select * from dba_free_space where file_id=5;

TABLESPACE_NAME                   FILE_ID   BLOCK_ID      BYTES     BLOCKS
------------------------------ ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
RELATIVE_FNO
------------
T_XFF                                   5       1408  122683392      14976
           5


SQL> select segment_name,segment_type,owner from dba_segments where header_file=5;

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEGMENT_TYPE       OWNER
------------------ ------------------------------
5.130
TEMPORARY          SYS

清理临时段,彻底删除segment header异常对象删除后遗症

SQL> exec dbms_space_admin.segment_corrupt('T_XFF',5,130); 

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> exec dbms_space_admin.segment_drop_corrupt('T_XFF',5,130);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> exec DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_REBUILD_BITMAPS ('T_XFF');

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> select segment_name,segment_type,owner from dba_segments where header_file=5;

no rows selected

SQL> select * from dba_free_space where file_id=5;

TABLESPACE_NAME                   FILE_ID   BLOCK_ID      BYTES     BLOCKS
------------------------------ ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
RELATIVE_FNO
------------
T_XFF                                   5        128  133169152      16256
           5
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ORA-600 ktbsdp2 处理

客户反馈数据库异常:两个节点rac,两个节点都启动,其中一个节点无法正常open,另外一个节点一段时间后也会挂。以下是无法正常open节点报错信息(正常open节点最终挂掉报错信息也是类似)

2022-03-30T19:19:12.870813+08:00
[84321] Successfully onlined Undo Tablespace 4.
Undo initialization finished serial:0 start:1728252021 end:1728256302 diff:4281 ms (4.3 seconds)
Verifying minimum file header compatibility for tablespace encryption..
Verifying file header compatibility for tablespace encryption completed for pdb 0
2022-03-30T19:19:13.953252+08:00
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
2022-03-30T19:19:14.538155+08:00
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff2/trace/xff2_p02o_85718.trc  (incident=1093927):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktbsdp2], [18446744073709551615], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff2/incident/incdir_1093927/xff2_p02o_85718_i1093927.trc
2022-03-30T19:19:15.536582+08:00
ORACLE Instance xff2 (pid = 57) - Error 607 encountered while recovering transaction (73, 12) on object 112841.
2022-03-30T19:19:33.699944+08:00
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff2/trace/xff2_smon_84007.trc:
ORA-00607: Internal error occurred while making a change to a data block
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktbsdp2], [18446744073709551615], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
2022-03-30T19:19:34.673840+08:00
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff2/trace/xff2_smon_84007.trc:
ORA-00607: Internal error occurred while making a change to a data block
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktbsdp2], [18446744073709551615], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
2022-03-30T19:19:34.673954+08:00
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff2/trace/xff2_smon_84007.trc:
ORA-00607: Internal error occurred while making a change to a data block
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktbsdp2], [18446744073709551615], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff2/trace/xff2_smon_84007.trc  (incident=1092704):
ORA-607 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] []
Incident details in: /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff2/incident/incdir_1092704/xff2_smon_84007_i1092704.trc
2022-03-30T19:19:35.422779+08:00
*****************************************************************
An internal routine has requested a dump of selected redo.
This usually happens following a specific internal error, when
analysis of the redo logs will help Oracle Support with the
diagnosis.
It is recommended that you retain all the redo logs generated (by
all the instances) during the past 12 hours, in case additional
redo dumps are required to help with the diagnosis.
*****************************************************************
2022-03-30T19:19:36.154689+08:00
Starting background process GTX0
2022-03-30T19:19:36.169007+08:00
GTX0 started with pid=370, OS id=87409 
2022-03-30T19:19:36.645876+08:00
USER (ospid: 84007): terminating the instance due to error 607
2022-03-30T19:19:36.680109+08:00
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (87439) as a result of ORA-1092
2022-03-30T19:19:36.681091+08:00
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process
2022-03-30T19:19:36.740357+08:00
System state dump requested by (instance=2, osid=84007 (SMON)), summary=[abnormal instance termination].
System State dumped to trace file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff2/trace/xff2_diag_83895_20220330191936.trc
2022-03-30T19:19:40.135579+08:00
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 84007

对于上述报错信息分析,初步判断是由于事务异常导致,查询mos发现类似报错Bug 32208691 – After upgrade from 12.1 to 19.3 drop columns fails ORA-600[ktbsdp2] ORA-600[4512] (Doc ID 32208691.8),通过咨询客户,确认他们这边是通过plsql dev工具对id为112841表进行增加列的时候网络中断导致增加失败,后续我尝试对该表进行查询发现也报该错误,基本上可以确认由于该表事务异常导致,通过dul把该表数据恢复,然后drop 该表,数据库启动正常,未见其他报错,通过hcheck检查,数据库字典基本一致(除一些统计信息异常,原则上不影响数据库运行)

[oracle@xifenfei2 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba @hcheck.sql

SQL*Plus: Release 12.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Mar 31 00:38:32 2022

Copyright (c) 1982, 2016, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

HCheck Version 07MAY18 on 31-MAR-2022 00:38:34
----------------------------------------------
Catalog Version 12.2.0.1.0 (1202000100)
db_name: xff
Is CDB?: NO

                                   Catalog       Fixed
Procedure Name                     Version    Vs Release    Timestamp
Result
------------------------------ ... ---------- -- ---------- --------------
------
.- LobNotInObj                 ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:34 PASS
.- MissingOIDOnObjCol          ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:34 PASS
.- SourceNotInObj              ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:34 PASS
.- OversizedFiles              ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:38 PASS
.- PoorDefaultStorage          ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:38 PASS
.- PoorStorage                 ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:38 PASS
.- TabPartCountMismatch        ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:38 PASS
.- OrphanedTabComPart          ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:38 PASS
.- MissingSum$                 ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:38 PASS
.- MissingDir$                 ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:38 PASS
.- DuplicateDataobj            ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:40 PASS
.- ObjSynMissing               ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:42 PASS
.- ObjSeqMissing               ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:42 PASS
.- OrphanedUndo                ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:44 PASS
.- OrphanedIndex               ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:44 PASS
.- OrphanedIndexPartition      ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- OrphanedIndexSubPartition   ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- OrphanedTable               ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- OrphanedTablePartition      ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- OrphanedTableSubPartition   ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- MissingPartCol              ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- OrphanedSeg$                ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- OrphanedIndPartObj#         ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- DuplicateBlockUse           ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- FetUet                      ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- Uet0Check                   ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- SeglessUET                  ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- BadInd$                     ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- BadTab$                     ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- BadIcolDepCnt               ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- ObjIndDobj                  ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- TrgAfterUpgrade             ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- ObjType0                    ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- BadOwner                    ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- StmtAuditOnCommit           ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:45 PASS
.- BadPublicObjects            ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:46 PASS
.- BadSegFreelist              ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:50 PASS
.- BadDepends                  ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:50 PASS
.- CheckDual                   ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:57 PASS
.- ObjectNames                 ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:38:57 WARN

HCKW-0018: OBJECT name clashes with SCHEMA name (Doc ID 2363142.1)
Schema=MHWZ PACKAGE=MHWZ.MHWZ
Schema=MHWZ PACKAGE BODY=MHWZ.MHWZ

.- BadCboHiLo                  ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:01 WARN

HCKW-0019: HIST_HEAD$.LOWVAL > HIVAL (Doc ID 1361047.1)
OBJ# 324163 INTCOL#=22
OBJ# 482668 INTCOL#=4
OBJ# 442865 INTCOL#=31
OBJ# 436924 INTCOL#=31
OBJ# 580529 INTCOL#=8
OBJ# 459432 INTCOL#=31
OBJ# 451260 INTCOL#=31
OBJ# 530980 INTCOL#=21
OBJ# 498442 INTCOL#=5
OBJ# 652114 INTCOL#=8
OBJ# 701695 INTCOL#=21
OBJ# 831961 INTCOL#=31
OBJ# 831962 INTCOL#=31
OBJ# 831963 INTCOL#=31

.- ChkIotTs                    ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:09 PASS
.- NoSegmentIndex              ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:09 PASS
.- BadNextObject               ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:09 PASS
.- DroppedROTS                 ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:09 PASS
.- FilBlkZero                  ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:09 PASS
.- DbmsSchemaCopy              ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:09 PASS
.- OrphanedIdnseqObj           ... 1202000100 >  1201000000 03/31 00:39:09 PASS
.- OrphanedIdnseqSeq           ... 1202000100 >  1201000000 03/31 00:39:09 PASS
.- OrphanedObjError            ... 1202000100 >  1102000000 03/31 00:39:09 PASS
.- ObjNotLob                   ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:09 PASS
.- MaxControlfSeq              ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:09 PASS
.- SegNotInDeferredStg         ... 1202000100 >  1102000000 03/31 00:39:13 PASS
.- SystemNotRfile1             ... 1202000100 >   902000000 03/31 00:39:13 PASS
.- DictOwnNonDefaultSYSTEM     ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:13 PASS
.- OrphanTrigger               ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:13 PASS
.- ObjNotTrigger               ... 1202000100 <=  *All Rel* 03/31 00:39:13 PASS
---------------------------------------
31-MAR-2022 00:39:13  Elapsed: 39 secs
---------------------------------------
Found 0 potential problem(s) and 16 warning(s)
Contact Oracle Support with the output and trace file
to check if the above needs attention or not

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

Statement processed.

Complete output is in trace file:
/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff2/trace/xff2_ora_26887_HCHECK.trc
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