ORA-00756 ORA-10567故障处理

数据库异常断电之后,recover 报ORA-00756 ORA-10567等错

SQL> recover database;
ORA-00756: 恢复操作检测到数据块写入丢失
ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with data block (file# 1,block# 113855,file offset is 932700160 bytes)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSTEM
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 67

alert日志报大量block逻辑错误

2024-07-16T13:16:31.050599+08:00
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
2024-07-16T13:16:31.050599+08:00
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\XIFENFEI\XIFENFEI\trace\XIFENFEI_pr01_43460.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 3, block# 107952)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSAUX
ORA-01110: 数据文件 3: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSAUX01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 8689
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [ktbair2: illegal  inheritance], , [], [], [], []
2024-07-16T13:16:31.088497+08:00
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
2024-07-16T13:16:31.088497+08:00
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\XIFENFEI\XIFENFEI\trace\XIFENFEI_pr0e_10596.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 1, block# 755)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSTEM
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 64
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kdolkr-2], [2], [155], [26], , []
2024-07-16T13:16:31.106449+08:00
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
2024-07-16T13:16:31.130385+08:00
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
2024-07-16T13:16:31.130385+08:00
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\XIFENFEI\XIFENFEI\trace\XIFENFEI_pr0i_40632.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 1, block# 110095)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSTEM
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 40
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kdxdBlkCheckError], [1], [4304399], [6401], , []
2024-07-16T13:16:31.157313+08:00
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
2024-07-16T13:16:31.181249+08:00
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
2024-07-16T13:16:31.182247+08:00
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\XIFENFEI\XIFENFEI\trace\XIFENFEI_pr09_15592.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 1, block# 5490)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSTEM
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 822
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kdxdBlkCheckError], [1], [4199794], [6401], , []
2024-07-16T13:16:31.242087+08:00
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
2024-07-16T13:16:31.242087+08:00
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\XIFENFEI\XIFENFEI\trace\XIFENFEI_pr05_28908.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 3, block# 3935)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSAUX
ORA-01110: 数据文件 3: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSAUX01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 8694
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [6102], [27], [2], , [], []
2024-07-16T13:16:31.265025+08:00
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
2024-07-16T13:16:31.266023+08:00
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\XIFENFEI\XIFENFEI\trace\XIFENFEI_pr0d_24400.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 1, block# 51243)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSTEM
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 8
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [ktbair2: illegal  inheritance], , [], [], [], []
2024-07-16T13:16:31.272007+08:00
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
2024-07-16T13:16:31.293948+08:00
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
2024-07-16T13:16:31.294946+08:00
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
2024-07-16T13:16:31.294946+08:00
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\XIFENFEI\XIFENFEI\trace\XIFENFEI_pr02_24168.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 1, block# 114402)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSTEM
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 64
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kdbBlkCheckError], [1], [4308706], [6124], , []
2024-07-16T13:16:31.307911+08:00
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
2024-07-16T13:16:31.315890+08:00
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
2024-07-16T13:16:31.316916+08:00
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\XIFENFEI\XIFENFEI\trace\XIFENFEI_pr0h_37312.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 1, block# 116359)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSTEM
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 64
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kdbBlkCheckError], [1], [4310663], [6124], , []
2024-07-16T13:16:31.329881+08:00
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
2024-07-16T13:16:31.329881+08:00
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\XIFENFEI\XIFENFEI\trace\XIFENFEI_pr0g_38356.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 1, block# 115210)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSTEM
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 64
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kdbBlkCheckError], [1], [4309514], [6124], , []
2024-07-16T13:16:49.657116+08:00

Corrupt block relative dba: 0x01000c1d (file 4, block 3101)
Fractured block found during in-flux buffer recovery
Data in bad block:
 type: 2 format: 2 rdba: 0x01000c1d
 last change scn: 0x0000.0000.00ddfe50 seq: 0x1 flg: 0x04
 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0xcaae0205
 check value in block header: 0x2ebc
 computed block checksum: 0xee94

Reread (file 4, block 3101) found same corrupt data (no logical check)
2024-07-16T13:16:49.893484+08:00
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\XIFENFEI\XIFENFEI\trace\XIFENFEI_pr00_23116.trc:
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-00448: 后台进程正常结束

dbv检查system文件报有坏块

C:\Users\XFF>dbv file=H:\BaiduNetdisk\XIFENFEI\system01.dbf

DBVERIFY: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on 星期二 7月 16 13:17:32 2024

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - 开始验证: FILE = H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF
页 11290 流入 - 很可能是介质损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00402c1a (file 1, block 11290)
Fractured block found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x00402c1a
 last change scn: 0x0000.0000.00dec9ca seq: 0x1 flg: 0x06
 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0x56e00601
 check value in block header: 0xaf3c
 computed block checksum: 0xdc2d

页 50842 流入 - 很可能是介质损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x0040c69a (file 1, block 50842)
Fractured block found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x0040c69a
 last change scn: 0x0000.0000.00de200e seq: 0x1 flg: 0x06
 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0x799a0601
 check value in block header: 0x68ef
 computed block checksum: 0x5994

页 113852 流入 - 很可能是介质损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x0041bcbc (file 1, block 113852)
Fractured block found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x0041bcbc
 last change scn: 0x0000.0000.00df78b9 seq: 0x1 flg: 0x06
 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0x1f1c0601
 check value in block header: 0xf5fc
 computed block checksum: 0x46af



DBVERIFY - 验证完成

检查的页总数: 119040
处理的页总数 (数据): 82822
失败的页总数 (数据): 0
处理的页总数 (索引): 14268
失败的页总数 (索引): 0
处理的页总数 (其他): 4570
处理的总页数 (段)  : 1
失败的总页数 (段)  : 0
空的页总数: 17377
标记为损坏的总页数: 3
流入的页总数: 3
加密的总页数        : 0
最高块 SCN            : 14645988 (0.14645988)

由于无法直接应用日志打开库,尝试屏蔽一致性,强制打开库,报ORA-600 kcbzib_kcrsds_1错误

SQL> startup mount pfile='d:/pfile.txt';
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 5167381760 bytes
Fixed Size                  9039104 bytes
Variable Size             989855744 bytes
Database Buffers         4160749568 bytes
Redo Buffers                7737344 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL> recover database until cancel;
ORA-00279: 更改 14599839 (在  生成) 对于线程 1 是必需的


指定日志: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
cancel
ORA-01547: 警告: RECOVER 成功但 OPEN RESETLOGS 将出现如下错误
ORA-01194: 文件 1 需要更多的恢复来保持一致性
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'


ORA-01112: 未启动介质恢复


SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzib_kcrsds_1], [], [], [], [],

进程 ID: 23392
会话 ID: 618 序列号: 30029

使用Patch_SCN工具修改scn(修改oracle scn小工具(patch scn)),然后打开库,报ORA-600 6711
patch_scn-kcbzib_kcrsds_1


SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6711], [4310861], [1], [4309052],
[0], 
进程 ID: 40100
会话 ID: 618 序列号: 10845

这个故障最近刚刚处理过一次,见:数据库启动报ORA-600 6711故障分析处理,open数据库之后,尝试导出数据,报各种错误
ORA-600 6711报错

C:\Users\XFF>exp "'/ as sysdba'" owner=XIFENFEI file=e:/XIFENFEI.dmp log=e:/XIFENFEI.log  

Export: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on 星期二 7月 16 13:33:11 2024
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.


连接到: Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0
已导出 ZHS16GBK 字符集和 AL16UTF16 NCHAR 字符集

即将导出指定的用户...
. 正在导出 pre-schema 过程对象和操作
EXP-00008: 遇到 ORACLE 错误 600
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [6711], [4310861], [1], [4309052], [0], 
EXP-00083: 调用 SYS.DBMS_AW_EXP.schema_info_exp 时出现前一问题
. 正在导出用户 XIFENFEI 的外部函数库名
. 导出 PUBLIC 类型同义词
. 正在导出专用类型同义词
EXP-00008: 遇到 ORACLE 错误 1578
ORA-01578: ORACLE 数据块损坏 (文件号 1, 块号 11290)
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'
EXP-00000: 导出终止失败

C:\Users\XFF>sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on 星期二 7月 16 13:33:23 2024
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


连接到:
Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0

SQL> select object_name,object_type from dba_objects where object_id=64;

OBJECT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OBJECT_TYPE
-----------------------
C_OBJ#_INTCOL#
CLUSTER

ORA-01578报错

C:\Users\XFF>exp "'/ as sysdba'" owner=XIFENFEI file=e:/XIFENFEI.dmp log=e:/XIFENFEI.log

Export: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on 星期二 7月 16 13:34:07 2024
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.


连接到: Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0
已导出 ZHS16GBK 字符集和 AL16UTF16 NCHAR 字符集

即将导出指定的用户...
. 正在导出 pre-schema 过程对象和操作
. 正在导出用户 XIFENFEI 的外部函数库名
. 导出 PUBLIC 类型同义词
. 正在导出专用类型同义词
EXP-00008: 遇到 ORACLE 错误 1578
ORA-01578: ORACLE 数据块损坏 (文件号 1, 块号 11290)
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'
EXP-00000: 导出终止失败

C:\Users\XFF>sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on 星期二 7月 16 13:34:21 2024
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


连接到:
Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0

SQL> SELECT OWNER, SEGMENT_NAME, SEGMENT_TYPE, TABLESPACE_NAME, A.PARTITION_NAME
  2    FROM DBA_EXTENTS A
  3   WHERE FILE_ID = &FILE_ID
  4     AND &BLOCK_ID BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1;
输入 file_id 的值:  1
原值    3:  WHERE FILE_ID = &FILE_ID
新值    3:  WHERE FILE_ID = 1
输入 block_id 的值:  11290
原值    4:    AND &BLOCK_ID BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1
新值    4:    AND 11290 BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1

OWNER
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEGMENT_TYPE       TABLESPACE_NAME
------------------ ------------------------------
PARTITION_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SYS
I_OBJ2
INDEX              SYSTEM

SQL> create table t1 as select * from dba_objects;
create table t1 as select * from dba_objects
                                 *
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 级别 1 出现错误
ORA-01578: ORACLE 数据块损坏 (文件号 1, 块号 50842)
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'H:\BAIDUNETDISK\XIFENFEI\SYSTEM01.DBF'


SQL> SELECT OWNER, SEGMENT_NAME, SEGMENT_TYPE, TABLESPACE_NAME, A.PARTITION_NAME
  2    FROM DBA_EXTENTS A
  3   WHERE FILE_ID = &FILE_ID
  4     AND &BLOCK_ID BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1;
输入 file_id 的值:  1
原值    3:  WHERE FILE_ID = &FILE_ID
新值    3:  WHERE FILE_ID = 1
输入 block_id 的值:  50842
原值    4:    AND &BLOCK_ID BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1
新值    4:    AND 50842 BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1

OWNER
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEGMENT_TYPE       TABLESPACE_NAME
------------------ ------------------------------
PARTITION_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SYS
I_COL3
INDEX              SYSTEM

通过上述分析,确认还有I_OBJ2和I_COL3这两个核心index异常,参考:bootstrap$核心index(I_OBJ1,I_USER1,I_FILE#_BLOCK#,I_IND1,I_TS#,I_CDEF1等)异常恢复—ORA-00701错误解决 进行处理,数据库可以正常导出


连接到: Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0
已导出 ZHS16GBK 字符集和 AL16UTF16 NCHAR 字符集

即将导出指定的用户...
. 正在导出 pre-schema 过程对象和操作
. 正在导出用户 XIFENFEI 的外部函数库名
. 导出 PUBLIC 类型同义词
. 正在导出专用类型同义词
. 正在导出用户 XIFENFEI 的对象类型定义
即将导出 XIFENFEI 的对象...
. 正在导出数据库链接
. 正在导出序号
. 正在导出簇定义
. 即将导出 XIFENFEI 的表通过常规路径...
. . 正在导出表                    标准诊断明细
.....
导出了                                                         50213 行
…………
. . 正在导出表                    诊断旁支分类
导出了                                                             1 行
. 正在导出同义词
. 正在导出视图
. 正在导出存储过程
. 正在导出运算符
. 正在导出引用完整性约束条件
. 正在导出触发器
. 正在导出索引类型
. 正在导出位图, 功能性索引和可扩展索引
. 正在导出后期表活动
. 正在导出实体化视图
. 正在导出快照日志
. 正在导出作业队列
. 正在导出刷新组和子组
. 正在导出维
. 正在导出 post-schema 过程对象和操作
. 正在导出统计信息
成功终止导出, 没有出现警告。
发表在 Oracle备份恢复 | 标签为 , , , , , , | 留下评论

ORA-01092 ORA-00604 ORA-08103故障处理

数据库启动报

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08103: object no longer exists
进程 ID: 39348
会话 ID: 67 序列号: 29322

对应的alert日志

Mon Jul 15 10:59:46 2024
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Mon Jul 15 10:59:46 2024
Undo initialization finished serial:0 start:302658203 end:302658218 diff:15 ms (0.0 seconds)
Verifying minimum file header compatibility (11g) for tablespace encryption..
Verifying 11g file header compatibility for tablespace encryption completed
Mon Jul 15 10:59:46 2024
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Mon Jul 15 10:59:46 2024
Database Characterset is UTF8
Mon Jul 15 10:59:46 2024
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_46664.trc:
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 级别 1 出现错误
ORA-08103: 对象不再存在
Mon Jul 15 10:59:46 2024
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_46664.trc:
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 级别 1 出现错误
ORA-08103: 对象不再存在
Error 604 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 46664): terminating the instance due to error 604
Starting background process ARC2
Process ARC2 submission failed with error = 1092
Mon Jul 15 10:59:47 2024
Errors in file C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_arc0_33164.trc:
ORA-00444: 后台进程 "ARC2" 启动失败
ORA-01092: ORACLE 实例终止。强制断开连接
Mon Jul 15 10:59:51 2024
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 46664
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (46664) as a result of ORA-1092

跟踪启动过程发现delete from histgrm$ where obj# = :1遭遇到ORA-08103错误

=====================
PARSING IN CURSOR #18135904 lid=0 tim=302295369306 hv=3667723989 ad='7ffda7f5b500' sqlid='2mp99nzd9u1qp'
delete from histgrm$ where obj# = :1
END OF STMT
PARSE #18135904:c=0,e=1191,p=0,cr=44,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=0,tim=302295369306
BINDS #16769312:
 Bind#0
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=00 fl2=1000001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=48 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=01144048  bln=22  avl=02  flg=05
  value=66
 Bind#1
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=00 fl2=1000001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=0 off=24
  kxsbbbfp=01144060  bln=22  avl=02  flg=01
  value=1
EXEC #16769312:c=0,e=85,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=2,og=3,plh=2239883476,tim=302295369571
FETCH #16769312:c=0,e=7,p=0,cr=4,cu=0,mis=0,r=1,dep=2,og=3,plh=2239883476,tim=302295369592
CLOSE #16769312:c=0,e=4,dep=2,type=3,tim=302295369610
BINDS #16769312:
 Bind#0
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=00 fl2=1000001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=48 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=01144048  bln=22  avl=02  flg=05
  value=66
 Bind#1
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=00 fl2=1000001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=0 off=24
  kxsbbbfp=01144060  bln=22  avl=02  flg=01
  value=2
EXEC #16769312:c=0,e=79,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=2,og=3,plh=2239883476,tim=302295369724
FETCH #16769312:c=0,e=6,p=0,cr=4,cu=0,mis=0,r=1,dep=2,og=3,plh=2239883476,tim=302295369740
CLOSE #16769312:c=0,e=4,dep=2,type=3,tim=302295369756
BINDS #18135904:
 Bind#0
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=1000001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=01145078  bln=22  avl=06  flg=05
  value=4294951147
WAIT #18135904: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 127 file#=1 block#=609 blocks=1 obj#=67 tim=302295370065
WAIT #18135904: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 188 file#=1 block#=243448 blocks=1 obj#=67 tim=302295370285
Dumping Short Stack
ksedsts()+314<-kcbzib()+17818<-kcbgtcr()+12688<-ktrgtc2()+802<-qeilbk1()+7661<-qeilsr()+185<-qerixtFetch()
…………
<-opidrv()+848<-sou2o()+94<-opimai_real()+281<-opimai()+170<-00007FFC2EAC7374<-00007FFC2FADCC91
kcbzib: dump suspect buffer, err2=8103
Encrypted block <0, 4437752> content will not be dumped. Dumping header only.
buffer tsn: 0 rdba: 0x0043b6f8 (1/243448)
scn: 0x0.0 seq: 0x01 flg: 0x05 tail: 0x00000001
frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0x11bb type: 0x00=unknown
Dump of buffer cache at level 8 for pdb=0 tsn=0 rdba=4437752
BH (0x7ffd55f95998) file#: 1 rdba: 0x0043b6f8 (1/243448) class: 1 ba: 0x7ffd5555e000
  set: 50 pool: 3 bsz: 8192 bsi: 0 sflg: 2 pwc: 0,0
  dbwrid: 1 obj: 67 objn: 67 tsn: [0/0] afn: 1 hint: f
  hash: [0x7ffdaca1f3a0,0x7ffdaca1f3a0] lru: [0x7ffd55f95bc0,0x7ffda9328448]
  ckptq: [NULL] fileq: [NULL]
  objq: [0x7ffd9d61a3c0,0x7ffd9d61a3c0] objaq: [0x7ffd9d61a3b0,0x7ffd9d61a3b0]
  use: [0x7ffdaaf604f8,0x7ffdaaf604f8] wait: [NULL]
  st: READING md: EXCL tch: 0
  flags: only_sequential_access
  Using State Objects
    ----------------------------------------
    SO: 0x00007FFDAAF60470, type: 46, owner: 0x00007FFD9B3C5ED8, flag: INIT/-/-/0x00 if: 0x1 c: 0x1
     proc=0x00007FFDAB2984C0, name=buffer handle, file=kcb2.h LINE:3317, pg=0 conuid=0
    (buffer) (CR) PR: 0x00007FFDAB2984C0 FLG: 0x0 SEQ: 0x439
    class bit: 0x0
    scan scn: 0.0
     cr[0]:
     sh[0]:
    kcbbfbp: [BH: 0x00007FFD55F95998, LINK: 0x00007FFDAAF604F8]
    type: normal pin
    where: qeilwhnp: qeilbk, why: 0
EXEC #18135904:c=234375,e=235311,p=2,cr=9,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=2015116224,tim=302295604662
ERROR #18135904:err=8103 tim=302295604678
STAT #18135904 id=1 cnt=0 pid=0 pos=1 obj=0 op='DELETE  HISTGRM$ (cr=0 pr=0 pw=0 time=2 us)'
STAT #18135904 id=2 obj=67 op='INDEX RANGE SCAN I_H_OBJ#_COL# (cr=0 pr=0 pw=0 time=0 us cost=3 size=376 card=47)'
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 级别 1 出现错误
ORA-08103: 对象不再存在
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 级别 1 出现错误
ORA-08103: 对象不再存在

*** 2024-07-15 10:53:30.201
USER (ospid: 39348): terminating the instance due to error 604

因为数据库启动执行的delete from histgrm$操作不是必须的,因此在数据库启动过程中让该sql不执行,实现数据库open成功

C:\Users\XFF>sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on 星期一 7月 15 11:15:33 2024

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

已连接到空闲例程。

SQL> startup mount pfile='d:/pfile.txt'
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 6442450944 bytes
Fixed Size                  6205768 bytes
Variable Size            1493175992 bytes
Database Buffers         4932501504 bytes
Redo Buffers               10567680 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
SQL> recover database;
完成介质恢复。
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。

然后再对histgrm$表对象进行处理,数据库恢复正常

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数据库启动报ORA-600 6711故障分析处理

几个月以前的一个数据库故障,今天拿出来在win上重新分析,数据库启动报ORA-600 6711错

C:\Users\XFF>SQLPLUS / AS SYSDBA

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on 星期日 7月 14 16:17:32 2024

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

已连接到空闲例程。

SQL> startup mount pfile='d:/pfile.txt'
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 6442450944 bytes
Fixed Size                  6205768 bytes
Variable Size            1493175992 bytes
Database Buffers         4932501504 bytes
Redo Buffers               10567680 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6711], [4436379], [1], [4436389],
[0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
进程 ID: 44144
会话 ID: 67 序列号: 39084

根据经验该报错为:ORA-600 [6711] “Cluster Key Chain corruption”,也就是说很可能是cluster相关对象异常导致该问题.


对启动过程进行跟踪

PARSING IN CURSOR #17695456 len=189 dep=4  tim=233428646426 hv=186852205 ad='7ffda1eea168' sqlid='2tkw12w5k68vd'
select user#,password,datats#,tempts#,type#,defrole,resource$, ptime,
decode(defschclass,NULL,'DEFAULT_CONSUMER_GROUP',defschclass),
spare1,spare4,ext_username,spare2 from user$ where name=:1
END OF STMT
PARSE #17695456:c=0,e=168,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=4,og=4,plh=0,tim=233428646426
BINDS #17695456:
 Bind#0
  oacdty=01 mxl=32(03) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=18 fl2=0001 frm=01 csi=871 siz=32 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=010b2df0  bln=32  avl=03  flg=05
  value="SYS"
EXEC #17695456:c=0,e=418,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=4,og=4,plh=1457651150,tim=233428646901
WAIT #17695456: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 126 file#=1 block#=417 blocks=1 obj#=46 tim=233428647046
FETCH #17695456:c=0,e=153,p=1,cr=2,cu=0,mis=0,r=1,dep=4,og=4,plh=1457651150,tim=233428647069
STAT #17695456 id=1 cnt=1 pid=0 pos=1 obj=22 op='TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID USER$ 
  (cr=2 pr=1 pw=0 time=151 us cost=1 size=139 card=1)'
STAT #17695456 id=2 cnt=1 pid=1 pos=1 obj=46 op='INDEX UNIQUE SCAN I_USER1 (cr=1 pr=1 pw=0 time=149 us)'
CLOSE #17695456:c=0,e=2,dep=4,type=0,tim=233428647111
Incident 2601 created, dump file: C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\ecp\ecp\incident\incdir_2601\ecp_ora_40516_i2601.trc
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [6711], [4436379], [1], [4436389], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

FETCH #15289752:c=2062500,e=2544215,p=13,cr=65626,cu=28,mis=0,r=0,dep=3,og=3,plh=3312420081,tim=233431176536
=====================
PARSE ERROR #387363008:len=50 dep=1 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=233431176680 err=600
select cost from resource_cost$ where resource#=:1
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [6711], [4436379], [1], [4436389], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [6711], [4436379], [1], [4436389], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

这个操作触发了递归查询

PARSING IN CURSOR #387319440 len=151 dep=5 lid=0 tim=233428641503 hv=2507062328 ad='7ffd9ffa23a8' sqlid='7u49y06aqxg1s'
select /*+ rule */ bucket, endpoint, col#, epvalue, epvalue_raw, ep_repeat_count from histgrm$ 
where obj#=:1 and intcol#=:2 and row#=:3 order by bucket
END OF STMT
PARSE #387319440:c=0,e=11,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=5,og=3,plh=3312420081,tim=233428641503
BINDS #387319440:
 Bind#0
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=00 fl2=1000001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=72 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=00eb2be0  bln=22  avl=02  flg=05
  value=22
 Bind#1
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=00 fl2=1000001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=0 off=24
  kxsbbbfp=00eb2bf8  bln=22  avl=02  flg=01
  value=2
 Bind#2
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=00 fl2=1000001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=0 off=48
  kxsbbbfp=00eb2c10  bln=22  avl=01  flg=01
  value=0
EXEC #387319440:c=0,e=105,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=5,og=3,plh=3312420081,tim=233428641652
WAIT #387319440: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 124 file#=1 block#=45660 blocks=1 obj#=66 tim=233428641792
FETCH #387319440:c=0,e=173,p=1,cr=3,cu=0,mis=0,r=20,dep=5,og=3,plh=3312420081,tim=233428641834
STAT #387319440 id=1 cnt=20 pid=0 pos=1 obj=0 op='SORT ORDER BY (cr=3 pr=1 pw=0 time=169 us cost=0 size=0 card=0)'
STAT #387319440 id=2 cnt=20 pid=1 pos=1 obj=66 op='TABLE ACCESS CLUSTER HISTGRM$ (cr=3 pr=1 pw=0 time=148 us)'
STAT #387319440 id=3 cnt=1 pid=2 pos=1 obj=65 op='INDEX UNIQUE SCAN I_OBJ#_INTCOL# (cr=2 pr=0 pw=0 time=2 us)'
CLOSE #387319440:c=0,e=36,dep=5,type=3,tim=233428641886

查看对应的trace文件

[TOC00000]
Jump to table of contents
Dump continued from file: C:\APP\XFF\diag\rdbms\ecp\ecp\trace\ecp_ora_40516.trc
[TOC00001]
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [6711], [4436379], [1], [4436389], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

[TOC00001-END]
[TOC00002]
========= Dump for incident 2601 (ORA 600 [6711]) ========
[TOC00003]
----- Beginning of Customized Incident Dump(s) -----
kdsDumpState: cdb: 0 dspdb: 0 type: 3
*** ENTER: kds state dump ***
            row 0x0043b1a5.28 continuation at: 0x0043b1a5.0 file# 1 block# 242085 slot 0 (dscnt: 0)
KDSTABN_GET: 1 ..... ntab: 2
curSlot: 0 ..... nrows: 40
Dumping kcb descriptor:
kcbds 0x0000000017100DF0 : tsn 0, rdba 0x0043b1a5, afn 1, objd 64, cls 1, tidflg 0x0 0x0 0x0
    dsflg 0x00100000, dsflg2 0x00004000, lobid 00000000:00000000, cnt 0, addr 0x00007FFD55D1C014 dx 0x0000000000000000
    env [0x0000000017178C7C]: (scn: 0x0000.54290647   xid: 0x0000.000.00000000  uba: 0x00000000.0000.00  
    statement num=0  parent xid:  0x0000.000.00000000  st-scn: 0x0000.00000000  
    hi-scn: 0x0000.00000000  ma-scn: 0x0000.00000000  flg: 0x00000660)
kcb_dw_scan_dumpctx: not in DW scan
kdsgrp1_dump database not fully open
*** EXIT: kds state dump ***
----- End of Customized Incident Dump(s) -----
[TOC00003-END]

通过对相关rdba进行dump分析,确认对象id为64和trace中报的信息匹配

DUL> rdba 0x0043b1a5

  rdba   : 0x0043b1a5=4436389
  rfile# : 1
  block# : 242085

DUL> dump datafile 1 block 242085 header
Block Header:
block type=0x06 (table/index/cluster segment data block)
block format=0xa2 (oracle 10)
block rdba=0x0043b1a5 (file#=1, block#=242085)
scn=0x0000.438d4a86, seq=1, tail=0x4a860601
block checksum value=0xd591=54673, flag=6
Data Block Header Dump:
 Object id on Block? Y
 seg/obj: 0x40=64  csc: 0x00.438d4a80  itc: 2  flg: -  typ: 1 (data)
     fsl: 0  fnx: 0x0 ver: 0x01

 Itl           Xid                  Uba         Flag  Lck        Scn/Fsc
0x01   0x0002.01f.00014b92  0x00c01897.6e20.07  C---    0  scn 0x0000.438c5fca
0x02   0x000a.01a.0011bb8e  0x00c0292c.0317.42  --U-   22  fsc 0x0000.438d4a86
Data Block Dump:
================
flag=0x0 --------
ntab=2
nrow=41
frre=23
fsbo=0x68
ffeo=0xb90
avsp=0x1ce1
tosp=0x1ce1

进一步分析该id为什么对象,使用dul unload obj$
c_obj#_intcol#


确认对对象为cluster C_OBJ#_INTCOL#,对应的表为HISTGRM$(统计信息中存储直方图信息表),明白这一些,处理起来就比较容易了,open数据库过程中绕过该对象访问,然后对该表进行处理即可

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