标签归档:kccpb_sanity_check_2

ora-600 kccpb_sanity_check_2故障处理

数据库启动报ORA-600 kccpb_sanity_check_2

SQL> startup mount pfile='d:/pfile.txt'
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1258291200 bytes
Fixed Size                  1250548 bytes
Variable Size             243272460 bytes
Database Buffers         1006632960 bytes
Redo Buffers                7135232 bytes
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kccpb_sanity_check_2], [66014], [66011], [0x0], [], [],[], []

重建控制文件报错ora-600 kccsga_update_amx_1

SQL> CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "zs" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
  2      MAXLOGFILES 50
  3      MAXLOGMEMBERS 5
  4      MAXDATAFILES 100
  5      MAXINSTANCES 8
  6      MAXLOGHISTORY 226
  7  LOGFILE
  8    GROUP 1 'd:\zs\redo01.log'  SIZE 50M,
  9    GROUP 2 'd:\zs\redo02.log'  SIZE 50M,
 10    GROUP 3 'd:\zs\redo03.log'  SIZE 50M
 11  DATAFILE
 12  'd:\zs\SYSAUX01.DBF',
………………
 22  'd:\zs\SYSTEM01.DBF',
 23  'd:\zs\UNDOTBS01.DBF',
 24  'd:\zs\USERS01.DBF'
 25  CHARACTER SET zhs16gbk
 26  ;
CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "zs" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-01503: CREATE CONTROLFILE ??
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kccsga_update_amx_1], [9], [2920], [292], [], [], [],[]

重启实例,重建ctl成功.尝试恢复库提示需要很久之前的日志,因为有两个数据文件scn异常
20221117182409


通过oracle recovery tools修改文件头
20221117175803

再次recover数据库成功顺利open库导出客户需要数据
20221117180144
20221117180602

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存储强制拉lun导致数据库异常恢复

客户那边反馈有几个lun异常,无法正常online
20221004165647


通过存储工程师强制拉起来lun(清除掉了cache),但是数据库无法正常mount

Fri Sep 30 17:22:57 BEIST 2022
ALTER DATABASE   MOUNT
Fri Sep 30 17:22:57 BEIST 2022
This instance was first to mount
Fri Sep 30 17:22:58 BEIST 2022
Starting background process ASMB
ASMB started with pid=25, OS id=12976304
Starting background process RBAL
RBAL started with pid=26, OS id=12779520
Fri Sep 30 17:23:02 BEIST 2022
SUCCESS: diskgroup DATA was mounted
Fri Sep 30 17:23:06 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/udump/xifenfei2_ora_14549110.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kccpb_sanity_check_2], [423012], [422765], [0x000000000], [], [], [], []
Fri Sep 30 17:23:07 BEIST 2022
ORA-600 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE   MOUNT...
Fri Sep 30 17:23:07 BEIST 2022
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20220930172307]
Fri Sep 30 17:23:09 BEIST 2022
Shutting down instance (abort)
License high water mark = 1
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 9175148

可以要求保护第一现场,把asm中的数据恢复到文件系统中,然后进行恢复,由于客户是10g的环境,无法直接使用asmcmd中的cp实现此项操作,数据库也没有mount成功(无法使用rman的copy),考虑使用oracle的amdu实现此项操作需求.在拷贝过程中报AMDU-00204报错

root@xifenfei2:/recover/amduo#./amdu -diskstring '/dev/rhdiskpower*' -extract data.298 -noreport
amdu_2022_10_01_14_25_31/
AMDU-00204: file not found; arguments: [3] [DATA]
LEM-00031: Error encountered in lempgmh after calling lmserr.

通过dbv校验拷贝出来的数据文件

racle@xifenfei2:/recover#dbv file=/recover/amduo/amdu_2022_10_01_14_25_31/DATA_298.f

DBVERIFY: Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production on Sat Oct 1 14:36:50 2022

Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /recover/amduo/amdu_2022_10_01_14_33_26/DATA_298.f


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Pages Examined         : 262144
Total Pages Processed (Data) : 0
Total Pages Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Pages Processed (Index): 0
Total Pages Failing   (Index): 0
Total Pages Processed (Other): 262143
Total Pages Processed (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Failing   (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Empty            : 1
Total Pages Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Pages Influx           : 0
Highest block SCN            : 121293100 (0.121293100)

确认此报错(AMDU-00204 LEM-00031)对于拷贝出来的数据文件无直接影响,可以忽略,拷贝出来所有文件进行重建ctl,报ORA-01159错误

SQL> CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "xifenfei" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG  
  2      MAXLOGFILES 50  
    MAXLOGMEMBERS 5  
    MAXDATAFILES 100  
    MAXINSTANCES 8  
    MAXLOGHISTORY 226  
LOGFILE  
group 5 '/recover/df/DATA_262.f'  size 200M ,
group 2 '/recover/df/DATA_266.f'  size 200M ,
group 1 '/recover/df/DATA_267.f'  size 200M ,
group 3 '/recover/df/DATA_281.f'  size 200M ,
group 4 '/recover/df/DATA_282.f'  size 200M ,
group 6 '/recover/df/DATA_283.f'  size 200M
DATAFILE  
'/recover/df/DATA_295.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_298.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_272.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_273.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_296.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_274.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_276.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_277.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_275.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_279.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_278.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_288.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_269.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_300.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_264.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_287.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_280.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_286.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_268.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_285.f',
'/recover/df/DATA_297.f'
CHARACTER SET UTF8  
;  
 37  CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "xifenfei" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01503: CREATE CONTROLFILE failed
ORA-01159: file is not from same database as previous files - wrong database id
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/recover/df/DATA_288.f'

由于部分文件不是该库的,通过进一步分析,除掉不是该库的文件,重建ctl文件成功.尝试recover数据库,报大量ORA-07445错误,由于cache丢失redo损坏导致,此类操作可能导致数据文件损坏【恢复需要谨慎,最好对数据文件做一次备份】

Sat Oct 01 16:23:16 BEIST 2022
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database  
Media Recovery Start
 parallel recovery started with 15 processes
Sat Oct 01 16:23:16 BEIST 2022
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 5 Seq 2202 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /recover/df/DATA_262.f
Sat Oct 01 16:23:16 BEIST 2022
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 2 Group 6 Seq 2394 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /recover/df/DATA_283.f
Sat Oct 01 16:23:28 BEIST 2022
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 2 Group 3 Seq 2395 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /recover/df/DATA_281.f
Sat Oct 01 16:23:34 BEIST 2022
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 2203 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /recover/df/DATA_267.f
Sat Oct 01 16:23:35 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p009_13107402.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbzfc+00dc] [SIGSEGV] 
Sat Oct 01 16:23:35 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p014_7929944.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbzfc+00dc] [SIGSEGV]
Sat Oct 01 16:23:35 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p011_10092678.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbzfc+00dc] [SIGSEGV] 
Sat Oct 01 16:23:35 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_dbw1_12189898.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbzdh+0324] [SIGSEGV] 
Sat Oct 01 16:23:35 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p005_14549014.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbbufaddr2hdr+00d8] [SIGSEGV] 
Sat Oct 01 16:23:35 BEIST 2022
Hex dump of (file 6, block 10) in trace file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_dbw0_13565988.trc
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x0180000a (file 6, block 10)
Bad header found during buffer corrupt after write
Data in bad block:
 type: 2 format: 1 rdba: 0x00000180
 last change scn: 0xa0c3.000a6eeb seq: 0x0 flg: 0x00
 spare1: 0x2 spare2: 0xa2 spare3: 0x3486
 consistency value in tail: 0x0000a0c3
 check value in block header: 0x204
 block checksum disabled
Reread of rdba: 0x0180000a (file 6, block 10) found different data
Sat Oct 01 16:23:35 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_dbw0_13565988.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbbiop+01b8] [SIGSEGV] [Invalid permissions for mapped object] 
Sat Oct 01 16:23:36 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p014_7929944.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbs_dump_adv_state+027c] [SIGSEGV] 
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbzfc+00dc] [SIGSEGV] [Address not mapped to object]
Sat Oct 01 16:23:36 BEIST 2022
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20221001162336]
Sat Oct 01 16:23:37 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p011_10092678.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbs_dump_adv_state+027c] [SIGSEGV] 
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbzfc+00dc] [SIGSEGV] [Address not mapped to object] 
Sat Oct 01 16:23:37 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p009_13107402.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbs_dump_adv_state+027c] [SIGSEGV] 
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbzfc+00dc] [SIGSEGV] [Address not mapped to object]
Sat Oct 01 16:23:37 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_dbw1_12189898.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbs_dump_adv_state+027c] [SIGSEGV] 
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbzdh+0324] [SIGSEGV] [Address not mapped to object]
Sat Oct 01 16:23:37 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p005_14549014.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbs_dump_adv_state+027c] [SIGSEGV] 
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbbufaddr2hdr+00d8] [SIGSEGV] [Address not mapped to object] 
Sat Oct 01 16:23:37 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_dbw0_13565988.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbs_dump_adv_state+027c] [SIGSEGV] 
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbbiop+01b8] [SIGSEGV] [Invalid permissions for mapped object]
Sat Oct 01 16:23:37 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p005_14549014.trc:
ORA-00607: Internal error occurred while making a change to a data block
ORA-00602: internal programming exception
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbs_dump_adv_state+027c] [SIGSEGV] 
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbbufaddr2hdr+00d8] [SIGSEGV] [Address not mapped to object] 
Sat Oct 01 16:23:38 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p010_9502918.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [3020], [3], [31913], [2], [2395], [210418], [16], []
ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with data block (file# 3, block# 31913)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSAUX
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/recover/df/DATA_278.f'
ORA-10560: block type 'FIRST LEVEL BITMAP BLOCK'
Sat Oct 01 16:23:39 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p010_9502918.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbs_dump_adv_state+027c] [SIGSEGV] 
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [3020], [3], [31913], [2], [2395], [210418], [16], []
ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with data block (file# 3, block# 31913)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSAUX
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/recover/df/DATA_278.f'
ORA-10560: block type 'FIRST LEVEL BITMAP BLOCK'
Sat Oct 01 16:23:39 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_pmon_14418166.trc:
ORA-00471: DBWR process terminated with error
Sat Oct 01 16:23:39 BEIST 2022
PMON: terminating instance due to error 471
Sat Oct 01 16:23:40 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_p010_9502918.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbs_dump_adv_state+027c] [SIGSEGV] 
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kcbs_dump_adv_state+027c] [SIGSEGV] 
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [3020], [3], [31913], [2], [2395], [210418], [16], []
ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with data block (file# 3, block# 31913)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSAUX
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/recover/df/DATA_278.f'
ORA-10560: block type 'FIRST LEVEL BITMAP BLOCK'
Sat Oct 01 16:23:46 BEIST 2022
Dump system state for local instance only
System State dumped to trace file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/bdump/xifenfei2_diag_15401212.trc
Sat Oct 01 16:23:46 BEIST 2022
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20221001162346]
Sat Oct 01 16:23:49 BEIST 2022
Instance terminated by PMON, pid = 14418166

绕过redo,直接强制启动库,报ORA-01092错误

QL> startup mount pfile='/tmp/pfile'
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area      10737418240 bytes
Fixed Size                        2114208 bytes
Variable Size                  1560284512 bytes
Database Buffers               9160359936 bytes
Redo Buffers                     14659584 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced

分析alert日志,确认是由于undo异常导致

Additional information: 3
Sat Oct 01 17:25:21 BEIST 2022
Setting recovery target incarnation to 2
Sat Oct 01 17:25:21 BEIST 2022
Assigning activation ID 1094862311 (0x414245e7)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 1
  Current log# 1 seq# 1 mem# 0: /recover/df/DATA_267.f1
Successful open of redo thread 1
Sat Oct 01 17:25:21 BEIST 2022
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Sat Oct 01 17:25:21 BEIST 2022
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Sat Oct 01 17:25:23 BEIST 2022
ORA-01555 caused by SQL statement below (SQL ID: 4krwuz0ctqxdt, SCN: 0x0000.6ee0bde5):
Sat Oct 01 17:25:23 BEIST 2022
select ctime, mtime, stime from obj$ where obj# = :1
Sat Oct 01 17:25:23 BEIST 2022
Errors in file /home/oracle/admin/xifenfei/udump/xifenfei2_ora_19726450.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 8 with name "_SYSSMU8$" too small
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 19726450
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...

类似此类错误的解决方案,以前写过参考:
在数据库open过程中常遇到ORA-01555汇总
数据库open过程遭遇ORA-1555对应sql语句补充
Oracle Recovery Tools恢复—ORA-00704 ORA-01555故障
使用_allow_resetlogs_corruption导致ORA-00704/ORA-01555故障
解决该问题,数据库启动正常,逻辑导出数据,导入数据完成此次恢复任务,实现绝大部分数据恢复

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又一例存储cache丢失oracle数据库恢复

10.2.0.5 hp unix rac,由于存储掉电导致cache丢失,数据库无法正常启动,客户要求我们介入处理
数据库mount报ORA-00600 kccpb_sanity_check_2错误

Thu Jul 22 14:52:06 EAT 2021
alter database mount
Thu Jul 22 14:52:10 EAT 2021
Errors in file /oracle/admin/xff/udump/xff1_ora_4611.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kccpb_sanity_check_2], [4697564], [4697561], [0x000000000], [], [], [], []

该错误是由于控制文件损坏,尝试重建控制文件报ORA-01163,ORA-01517

'/dev/oradata/rxff_ls94'
CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK
WARNING: Default Temporary Tablespace not specified in CREATE DATABASE command
Default Temporary Tablespace will be necessary for a locally managed database in future release
Thu Jul 22 14:54:02 EAT 2021
Errors in file /oracle/admin/xff/udump/xff1_ora_7283.trc:
ORA-01163: SIZE clause indicates 262144 (blocks), but should match header 204800
ORA-01517: log member: '/dev/oradata/rxff_redo1_1'
ORA-1503 signalled during: CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "xff" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG

由于redo大小错误导致该问题,设置正确的redo大小继续重建

'/dev/oradata/rxff_ls94'
CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK
WARNING: Default Temporary Tablespace not specified in CREATE DATABASE command
Default Temporary Tablespace will be necessary for a locally managed database in future release
Thu Jul 22 15:01:00 EAT 2021
Errors in file /oracle/admin/xff/udump/xff1_ora_14737.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kccsga_update_ckpt_4], [32], [8], [], [], [], [], []
Thu Jul 22 15:01:01 EAT 2021
Errors in file /oracle/admin/xff/udump/xff1_ora_14737.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kccsga_update_ckpt_4], [32], [8], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-1503 signalled during: CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "xff" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG

报ORA-00600 kccsga_update_ckpt_4错误,导致控制文件失败,处理该错误之后,重建控制文件成功,分析文件头信息和redo信息,确认只能强制库,尝试强制open库

Thu Jul 22 16:02:05 EAT 2021
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Thu Jul 22 16:02:05 EAT 2021
ORA-01555 caused by SQL statement below (SQL ID: 4krwuz0ctqxdt, SCN: 0x0002.cdad19ed):
Thu Jul 22 16:02:05 EAT 2021
select ctime, mtime, stime from obj$ where obj# = :1
Thu Jul 22 16:02:05 EAT 2021
Errors in file /oracle/admin/xff/udump/xff1_ora_23219.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 19 with name "_SYSSMU19$" too small
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 23219
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...

这个问题比较常见:ORA-00704 ORA-00604 ORA-01555,参考类似文章:
在数据库open过程中常遇到ORA-01555汇总
数据库open过程遭遇ORA-1555对应sql语句补充
数据库open成功但是报ORA-00600 4137

Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Opening with internal Resource Manager plan 
Thu Jul 22 16:08:48 EAT 2021
Errors in file /oracle/admin/xff/bdump/xff1_smon_27436.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Starting background process QMNC
QMNC started with pid=30, OS id=997
Thu Jul 22 16:08:49 EAT 2021
LOGSTDBY: Validating controlfile with logical metadata
Thu Jul 22 16:08:49 EAT 2021
ORACLE Instance xff1 (pid = 11) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (1, 43).
Thu Jul 22 16:08:49 EAT 2021
Errors in file /oracle/admin/xff/bdump/xff1_smon_27436.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Thu Jul 22 16:08:49 EAT 2021
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20210722160849]
Thu Jul 22 16:08:49 EAT 2021
LOGSTDBY: Validation complete
Completed: alter database open

该问题是由于undo异常,对undo进行处理,数据库无明显报错,安排导出数据

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