标签归档:ORA-600 16703

ORA-600 16703直接把orachk备份表插入到tab$恢复

有一个朋友和我说,他们数据库出现了以下错误ORA-600 16703 错误
20210324195416


他们是在虚拟化环境中,可以恢复到上一个快照点,但是主机启动之后,数据库依旧异常,让我们进行处理

C:\Users\Administrator>sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Wed Mar 24 17:04:01 2021

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> select open_mode from v$database;

OPEN_MODE
--------------------
READ WRITE

SQL> select count(1) from tab$;

  COUNT(1)
----------
         0

很明显tab$已经被清空,数据库无法正常使用.因为库没有crash,尝试把备份的orachk表插入进来

SQL> insert into tab$ select * from ORACHKB514061BDCB10EBA9CF58F3;

6318 rows created.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> select 'DROP TRIGGER '||owner||'."'||TRIGGER_NAME||'";' from dba_triggers w
here TRIGGER_NAME like 'DBMS_%_INTERNAL% '
  2  union all
  3  select 'DROP PROCEDURE '||owner||'."'||a.object_name||'";' from dba_procedu
res a where a.object_name like 'DBMS_%_INTERNAL% '
  4  union all
  5  select 'drop '||object_type||' '||owner||'.'||object_name||';' from dba_obj
ects where object_name in('DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR','DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP');

'DROPTRIGGER'||OWNER||'."'||TRIGGER_NAME||'";'
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

drop PROCEDURE SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP;
drop TRIGGER SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR;

SQL> drop PROCEDURE SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP;

Procedure dropped.

SQL> drop TRIGGER SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR;

Trigger dropped.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL>

重启数据库,该故障恢复完成,数据完美恢复0丢失.

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aix平台tab$被删除可能出现ORA-600 [16703], [1403], [28]错误

以前在恢复过程中遇到过ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [28]错误(10g数据库遭遇ORA-600 16703)以为是因为10g版本的tab$记录被删除的原因导致报错和最常见的ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [20]不完全一致(警告:互联网中有oracle介质被注入恶意程序导致—ORA-600 16703),最近又遇到一个ORA-600 16703 1403 28错误的case,而且数据库版本是11.2.0.4 for aix平台,进一步说明该问题不是由于10g和11g的tab$被删除的区别导致,更多可能是由于操作系统不一样,数据库启动基表访问顺序不一致导致,特此进行说明.
数据库启动成功后报错

Wed Apr 01 22:36:19 2020
Completed: ALTER DATABASE OPEN /* db agent *//* {2:54387:2} */
Wed Apr 01 22:36:19 2020
Starting background process CJQ0
Wed Apr 01 22:36:19 2020
CJQ0 started with pid=53, OS id=7078224 
Wed Apr 01 22:36:21 2020
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/trace/orcl2_ora_7668220.trc  (incident=40337):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kzrini:!uprofile], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/incident/incdir_40337/orcl2_ora_7668220_i40337.trc
Wed Apr 01 22:36:21 2020
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/trace/orcl2_ora_6881718.trc  (incident=40369):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kzrini:!uprofile], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/incident/incdir_40369/orcl2_ora_6881718_i40369.trc
Setting Resource Manager plan SCHEDULER[0x32DB]:DEFAULT_MAINTENANCE_PLAN via scheduler window
Setting Resource Manager plan DEFAULT_MAINTENANCE_PLAN via parameter

Wed Apr 01 22:51:16 2020
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/trace/orcl2_smon_7078802.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00957: duplicate column name
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/trace/orcl2_smon_7078802.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00957: duplicate column name
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/trace/orcl2_smon_7078802.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00957: duplicate column name

Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/trace/orcl2_m000_4850312.trc  (incident=48045):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdfReserveSingle_1], [0], [65280], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/incident/incdir_48045/orcl2_m000_4850312_i48045.trc
Thu Apr 02 00:59:35 2020
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/trace/orcl2_smon_7078802.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00957: duplicate column name
Thu Apr 02 00:59:36 2020
DDE: Problem Key 'ORA 600 [kzrini:!uprofile]' was completely flood controlled (0x6)
Further messages for this problem key will be suppressed for up to 10 minutes
Thu Apr 02 00:59:37 2020
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/trace/orcl2_m000_4850312.trc  (incident=48046):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kewrose_1], [600], 
[ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdfReserveSingle_1], [0], [65280], [], [], [], []

数据库再次重启报错

Completed: ALTER DATABASE MOUNT /* db agent *//* {1:25340:2} */
ALTER DATABASE OPEN /* db agent *//* {1:25340:2} */
This instance was first to open
Picked broadcast on commit scheme to generate SCNs
Thu Apr 02 02:17:59 2020
Thread 2 opened at log sequence 13485
  Current log# 3 seq# 13485 mem# 0: +DATA/orcl/onlinelog/group_3.265.1003137665
  Current log# 3 seq# 13485 mem# 1: +FLASH/orcl/onlinelog/group_3.259.1003137677
Successful open of redo thread 2
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Thu Apr 02 02:17:59 2020
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Instance recovery: looking for dead threads
Instance recovery: lock domain invalid but no dead threads
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/trace/orcl2_ora_7799020.trc  (incident=48395):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [28], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/incident/incdir_48395/orcl2_ora_7799020_i48395.trc
Thu Apr 02 02:18:01 2020
Thu Apr 02 02:18:01 2020
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/trace/orcl2_ora_7799020.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [28], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/trace/orcl2_ora_7799020.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [28], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 7799020): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 7799020
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN /* db agent *//* {1:25340:2} */...

对于此类问题,通过分析,确定也是由于DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP恶意脚本导致tab$记录被删除,导致数据库启动异常,处理方法基本上就是对tab$进行恢复,然后open数据库.

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ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [32]

有网友咨询数据库启动报ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [32]错误,这个错误和以往遇到的不太一样,以前恢复的一些案例
tab$恢复错误汇总
10g数据库遭遇ORA-600 16703
12C数据库遭遇ORA-600 16703
tab$被恶意删除sys用户之外记录
ORA-600 16703故障解析—tab$表被清空
aix平台tab$被删除可能出现ORA-600 [16703], [1403], [28]错误
警告:互联网中有oracle介质被注入恶意程序导致—ORA-600 16703

SQL> startup
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1.3892E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  5420776 bytes
Variable Size            2281703704 bytes
Database Buffers         1.1576E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers               28131328 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [32], [], [], [],[], [], [], [], [], []
进程 ID: 9512
会话 ID: 272 序列号: 22801

查看alert日志

Sun Jun 30 14:47:55 2019
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file D:\APP\SHORCL\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_7824.trc  (incident=177881) (PDBNAME=CDB$ROOT):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [16703], [1403], [32], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: D:\APP\SHORCL\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_177881\orcl_ora_7824_i177881.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Sun Jun 30 14:47:57 2019
Errors in file D:\APP\SHORCL\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_7824.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [16703], [1403], [32], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Sun Jun 30 14:47:57 2019
Errors in file D:\APP\SHORCL\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_7824.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [16703], [1403], [32], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Sun Jun 30 14:47:57 2019
Errors in file D:\APP\SHORCL\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_7824.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [16703], [1403], [32], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Sun Jun 30 14:47:57 2019
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 7824): terminating the instance due to error 704
Sun Jun 30 14:48:02 2019
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 7824
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

根据以往经验,这个很可能也是tab$数据被删除导致。经过分析,该库的区别是由于该库是12C的pdb
12.1.0.2


pdb

通过分析确认,确实是tab$数据被删除,通过bbed反向删除处理,实现时间完美恢复,open之后删除恶意脚本,数据库直接使用,实现完美恢复

SQL> startup mount
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1.3892E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  5420776 bytes
Variable Size            2281703704 bytes
Database Buffers         1.1576E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers               28131328 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。

SQL> select 'drop '||object_type||' '||owner||'.'||object_name||';' from dba_obj
ects where object_name in('DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR','DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP');

'DROP'||OBJECT_TYPE||''||OWNER||'.'||OBJECT_NAME||';'
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

drop TRIGGER SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR;
drop PROCEDURE SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP;

SQL>
SQL> drop TRIGGER SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR;

触发器已删除。

SQL> drop PROCEDURE SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP;

过程已删除。

SQL> shutdown immediate;
数据库已经关闭。
已经卸载数据库。
ORACLE 例程已经关闭。
SQL> startup
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1.3892E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  5420776 bytes
Variable Size            2281703704 bytes
Database Buffers         1.1576E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers               28131328 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
数据库已经打开。
SQL> show pdbs;

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 PDBORCL                        MOUNTED
SQL> alter session set  container=pdborcl;

会话已更改。

SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。
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