分类目录归档:Oracle备份恢复

ORA-00600 kfrHtAdd01

由于存储掉电,报ORA-15096: lost disk write detected错误,无法mount磁盘组.

Sun Dec 20 16:56:51 2020
SQL> alter diskgroup data mount 
NOTE: cache registered group DATA number=1 incarn=0x0c1a7a4e
NOTE: cache began mount (first) of group DATA number=1 incarn=0x0c1a7a4e
NOTE: Assigning number (1,2) to disk (/dev/mapper/multipath12)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,5) to disk (/dev/mapper/multipath15)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,3) to disk (/dev/mapper/multipath13)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,7) to disk (/dev/mapper/multipath17)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,1) to disk (/dev/mapper/multipath11)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,6) to disk (/dev/mapper/multipath16)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,0) to disk (/dev/mapper/multipath10)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,4) to disk (/dev/mapper/multipath14)
Sun Dec 20 16:56:57 2020
NOTE: GMON heartbeating for grp 1
GMON querying group 1 at 19 for pid 32, osid 130347
NOTE: cache opening disk 0 of grp 1: DATA_0000 path:/dev/mapper/multipath10
NOTE: F1X0 found on disk 0 au 2 fcn 0.14159360
NOTE: cache opening disk 1 of grp 1: DATA_0001 path:/dev/mapper/multipath11
NOTE: F1X0 found on disk 1 au 2 fcn 0.14159360
NOTE: cache opening disk 2 of grp 1: DATA_0002 path:/dev/mapper/multipath12
NOTE: F1X0 found on disk 2 au 2 fcn 0.14159360
NOTE: cache opening disk 3 of grp 1: DATA_0003 path:/dev/mapper/multipath13
NOTE: cache opening disk 4 of grp 1: DATA_0004 path:/dev/mapper/multipath14
NOTE: cache opening disk 5 of grp 1: DATA_0005 path:/dev/mapper/multipath15
NOTE: cache opening disk 6 of grp 1: DATA_0006 path:/dev/mapper/multipath16
NOTE: cache opening disk 7 of grp 1: DATA_0007 path:/dev/mapper/multipath17
NOTE: cache mounting (first) normal redundancy group 1/0x0C1A7A4E (DATA)
Sun Dec 20 16:56:57 2020
* allocate domain 1, invalid = TRUE 
Sun Dec 20 16:56:58 2020
NOTE: attached to recovery domain 1
NOTE: starting recovery of thread=1 ckpt=233.4189 group=1 (DATA)
NOTE: starting recovery of thread=2 ckpt=542.6409 group=1 (DATA)
lost disk write detected during recovery (apply)
NOTE: recovery (pass 2) of diskgroup 1 (DATA) caught error ORA-15096
Errors in file /grid/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_ora_130347.trc:
ORA-15096: lost disk write detected
Abort recovery for domain 1
NOTE: crash recovery signalled OER-15096
ERROR: ORA-15096 signalled during mount of diskgroup DATA
NOTE: cache dismounting (clean) group 1/0x0C1A7A4E (DATA) 
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 130347, image: oracle@db1.rac.com (TNS V1-V3)
NOTE: lgwr not being msg'd to dismount

通过一系列修复之后报错如下

Sun Dec 20 20:12:35 2020
NOTE: GMON heartbeating for grp 1
GMON querying group 1 at 23 for pid 26, osid 67538
Sun Dec 20 20:12:35 2020
NOTE: cache opening disk 0 of grp 1: DATA_0000 path:/dev/mapper/multipath10
NOTE: F1X0 found on disk 0 au 2 fcn 0.14159360
NOTE: cache opening disk 1 of grp 1: DATA_0001 path:/dev/mapper/multipath11
NOTE: F1X0 found on disk 1 au 2 fcn 0.14159360
NOTE: cache opening disk 2 of grp 1: DATA_0002 path:/dev/mapper/multipath12
NOTE: F1X0 found on disk 2 au 2 fcn 0.14159360
NOTE: cache opening disk 3 of grp 1: DATA_0003 path:/dev/mapper/multipath13
NOTE: cache opening disk 4 of grp 1: DATA_0004 path:/dev/mapper/multipath14
NOTE: cache opening disk 5 of grp 1: DATA_0005 path:/dev/mapper/multipath15
NOTE: cache opening disk 6 of grp 1: DATA_0006 path:/dev/mapper/multipath16
NOTE: cache opening disk 7 of grp 1: DATA_0007 path:/dev/mapper/multipath17
NOTE: cache mounting (first) normal redundancy group 1/0x64848829 (DATA)
Sun Dec 20 20:12:36 2020
* allocate domain 1, invalid = TRUE 
Sun Dec 20 20:12:36 2020
NOTE: attached to recovery domain 1
NOTE: Fallback recovery: thread 2 read 10751 blocks oldest redo found in ABA 540.6429
NOTE: Fallback recovery: thread 1 read 10751 blocks oldest redo found in ABA 232.4218
Errors in file /grid/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_ora_67538.trc  (incident=1692689):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kfrHtAdd01], [2147483651], [1025], [0], [38660545], [0],
 [38687990], [1], [2], [6429], [], []
Incident details in: /grid/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_1692689/+ASM1_ora_67538_i1692689.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Sun Dec 20 20:12:39 2020
Sweep [inc][1692689]: completed
Sweep [inc2][1692689]: completed
Errors in file /grid/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_ora_67538.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kfrHtAdd01], [2147483651], [1025], [0], [38660545], [0],
 [38687990], [1], [2], [6429], [], []
NOTE: crash recovery signalled OER-600
ERROR: ORA-600 signalled during mount of diskgroup DATA
NOTE: cache dismounting (clean) group 1/0x64848829 (DATA) 
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 67538, image: oracle@db1.rac.com (TNS V1-V3)
NOTE: lgwr not being msg'd to dismount
freeing rdom 1
NOTE: detached from domain 1
NOTE: cache dismounted group 1/0x64848829 (DATA) 
NOTE: cache ending mount (fail) of group DATA number=1 incarn=0x64848829
NOTE: cache deleting context for group DATA 1/0x64848829
GMON dismounting group 1 at 24 for pid 26, osid 67538
NOTE: Disk DATA_0000 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0001 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0002 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0003 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0004 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0005 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0006 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0007 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
ERROR: diskgroup DATA was not mounted
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kfrHtAdd01], [2147483651], [1025], [0],
 [38660545], [0], [38687990], [1], [2], [6429], [], []
ERROR: alter diskgroup data mount

分析trace文件

*** 2020-12-20 20:11:54.956
kfdp_query(DATA): 19 
----- Abridged Call Stack Trace -----
ksedsts()+465<-kfdp_query()+530<-kfdPstSyncPriv()+585<-kfgFinalizeMount()+1630<-kfgscFinalize()+1433<
-kfgForEachKfgsc()+285<-kfgsoFinalize()+135<-kfgFinalize()+398<-kfxdrvMount()+5558<-kfxdrvEntry()
+2207<-opiexe()+20624<-opiosq0()+3932<-kpooprx()+274<-kpoal8()+842<-opiodr()+917<-ttcpip()
+2183<-opitsk()+1710<-opiino()+969<-opiodr()+917<-opidrv()+570<-sou2o()
+103<-opimai_real()+133<-ssthrdmain()+265<-main()+201<-__libc_start_main()+253 
----- End of Abridged Call Stack Trace -----
2020-12-20 20:11:55.393106 : Start recovery for domain=1, valid=0, flags=0x4
NOTE: starting recovery of thread=1 ckpt=233.4189 group=1 (DATA)
NOTE: starting recovery of thread=2 ckpt=542.6409 group=1 (DATA)
lost disk write detected during recovery (apply):
last written kfcn: 0.38747593 aba=233.4208 thd=1
kfcn_kfrbcd=0.38747593 flags_kfrbcd=0x001c aba=542.6410 thd=2
CE: (0x0x66edc798) group=1 (DATA) fn=4 blk=1
    hashFlags=0x0000 lid=0x0002 lruFlags=0x0000 bastCount=1
    mirror=0
    flags_kfcpba=0x38 copies=3 blockIndex=1 AUindex=0 AUcount=0 loctr fcn=0.0
    copy #0:  disk=6  au=35 flags=01
    copy #1:  disk=0  au=34 flags=01
    copy #2:  disk=4  au=52 flags=01
BH: (0x0x66e10d00) bnum=33 type=COD_RBO state=rcv chgSt=not modifying pageIn=rcvRead
    flags=0x00000000 pinmode=excl lockmode=null bf=0x66020000
    kfbh_kfcbh.fcn_kfbh = 0.38747538 lowAba=0.0 highAba=0.0
    modTime=0
    last kfcbInitSlot return code=null chgCount=0 cpkt lnk is null ralFlags=0x00000000
    PINS:
    (kfcbps) pin=91 get by kfr.c line 7879 mode=excl
             fn=4 blk=1 status=pinned
             flags=0x88000000 flags2=0x00000000
             class=0 type=INVALID stateWanted=rcvRead
             bastCount=1 waitStatus=0x00000000 relocCount=0
             scanBastCount=0 scanBxid=0 scanSkipCode=0
             last released by kfc.c 21183
NOTE: recovery (pass 2) of diskgroup 1 (DATA) caught error ORA-15096
last new 0.0
kfrPass2: dump of current log buffer for error 15096 follows
=======================
OSM metadata block dump:
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            8 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_CHNGDIR
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                   17162 ; 0x004: blk=17162
kfbh.block.obj:                       3 ; 0x008: file=3
kfbh.check:                  4226524538 ; 0x00c: 0xfbeba57a
kfbh.fcn.base:                 38747431 ; 0x010: 0x024f3d27
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfracdb.aba.seq:                    542 ; 0x000: 0x0000021e
kfracdb.aba.blk:                   6409 ; 0x004: 0x00001909
kfracdb.ents:                         1 ; 0x008: 0x0001
kfracdb.ub2spare:                     0 ; 0x00a: 0x0000
kfracdb.lge[0].valid:                 1 ; 0x00c: V=1 B=0 M=0
kfracdb.lge[0].chgCount:              1 ; 0x00d: 0x01
kfracdb.lge[0].len:                  68 ; 0x00e: 0x0044
kfracdb.lge[0].kfcn.base:      38747432 ; 0x010: 0x024f3d28
kfracdb.lge[0].kfcn.wrap:             0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].kfbl.blk:    1292 ; 0x018: blk=1292
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].kfbl.obj:       1 ; 0x01c: file=1
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].kfcn.base:38743102 ; 0x020: 0x024f2c3e
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].kfcn.wrap:      0 ; 0x024: 0x00000000
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].oplen:          8 ; 0x028: 0x0008
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].blkIndex:      12 ; 0x02a: 0x000c
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].flags:         28 ; 0x02c: F=0 N=0 F=1 L=1 V=1 A=0 C=0
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].opcode:       135 ; 0x02e: 0x0087
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].kfbtyp:         4 ; 0x030: KFBTYP_FILEDIR
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].redund:        19 ; 0x031: SCHE=0x1 NUMB=0x3
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].pad:        63903 ; 0x032: 0xf99f
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].KFFFD_COMMIT.modts.hi:33108586 ; 0x034: HOUR=0xa DAYS=0x13 MNTH=0xc YEAR=0x7e4
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].KFFFD_COMMIT.modts.lo:0 ; 0x038: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x0 SECS=0x0 MINS=0x0
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].au[0]:     292415 ; 0x03c: 0x0004763f
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].au[1]:     292452 ; 0x040: 0x00047664
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].au[2]:     292474 ; 0x044: 0x0004767a
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].disks[0]:       2 ; 0x048: 0x0002
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].disks[1]:       1 ; 0x04a: 0x0001
kfracdb.lge[0].bcd[0].disks[2]:       0 ; 0x04c: 0x0000

彻底屏蔽asm的实例恢复,mount磁盘组,尝试启动库进行数据库恢复.如果如果此类asm无法mount问题,无法自行解决请联系我们
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ORA-00600 [2662]和ORA-00600 [4194]恢复

数据库启动报ORA-600 2662
20201226220431


Sat Dec 26 19:34:05 2020
alter database open
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 7 processes
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 0 KB redo, 0 data blocks need recovery
Started redo application at
 Thread 1: logseq 24, block 2, scn 2621149392
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 3 Seq 24 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: E:\ORACLE\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\xff\REDO03.LOG
Completed redo application of 0.00MB
Completed crash recovery at
 Thread 1: logseq 24, block 3, scn 2621169394
 0 data blocks read, 0 data blocks written, 0 redo k-bytes read
Sat Dec 26 19:34:06 2020
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 25 (thread open)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 25
  Current log# 1 seq# 25 mem# 0: E:\ORACLE\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\xff\REDO01.LOG
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Sat Dec 26 19:34:06 2020
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file e:\oracle\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_5812.trc  (incident=110636):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [0], [2621169401], [0], [2621591939], [4194545], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file e:\oracle\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_5812.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [0], [2621169401], [0], [2621591939], [4194545], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file e:\oracle\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_5812.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [0], [2621169401], [0], [2621591939], [4194545], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 5812): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 5812
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (5812) as a result of ORA-1092
Sat Dec 26 19:34:10 2020
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

对应的trace文件内容,主要在查询undo$表触发ORA-600 2662错误
20201226220104


通过修改scn,解决ORA-600 2662错误之后,数据库启动报ORA-600 4194

Sat Dec 26 20:13:28 2020
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20201226201328]
No Resource Manager plan active
Errors in file e:\oracle\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_smon_8104.trc  (incident=114188):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [
Incident details in: e:\oracle\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\incident\incdir_114188\xff_smon_8104_i114188.trc
Exception [type: ACCESS_VIOLATION, UNABLE_TO_READ] [ADDR:0x470E9BAC] [PC:0x6F21343, ___dyn_tls_init_callback()+111576860]
Sat Dec 26 20:13:29 2020
Errors in file e:\oracle\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\cdump\xffcore.log
ORA-07445: caught exception [ACCESS_VIOLATION] at [___dyn_tls_init_callback()+111576860] [0x06F21343]
Doing block recovery for file 3 block 3121
Resuming block recovery (PMON) for file 3 block 3121
Block recovery from logseq 12, block 73 to scn 3221225727
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 3 Seq 12 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: E:\ORACLE\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\xff\REDO03.LOG
Block recovery stopped at EOT rba 12.75.16
Block recovery completed at rba 12.75.16, scn 0.3221225724
Doing block recovery for file 3 block 176
Resuming block recovery (PMON) for file 3 block 176
Block recovery from logseq 12, block 73 to scn 3221225721
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 3 Seq 12 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: E:\ORACLE\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\xff\REDO03.LOG
Block recovery completed at rba 12.73.16, scn 0.3221225722
Errors in file e:\oracle\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_smon_8104.trc:
ORA-01595: error freeing extent (3) of rollback segment (4))
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [                                      
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20201226201331]
Sat Dec 26 20:13:31 2020
PMON (ospid: 5200): terminating the instance due to error 397
Instance terminated by PMON, pid = 5200

解决异常undo,数据库启动正常,导出数据

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12C数据库报ORA-600 kcbzib_kcrsds_1故障处理

有朋友由于主机断电,导致数据库无法启动,需要我们提供恢复支持.通过Oracle数据库异常恢复检查脚本(Oracle Database Recovery Check)检查分析,发现存放在一个磁盘的数据文件scn过小,数据库无法正常open,需要历史redo(已经被覆盖,而且数据库未归档).
20201130202509
20201130202545


对于这种情况,选择强制拉库,然后数据库报ORA-600 kcbzib_kcrsds_1错误
20201130203023
20201130203204

对于此类故障参考以前处理过类似案例:ORA-600 kcbzib_kcrsds_1报错,对数据库scn进行修改,数据库顺利open
20201130203529

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