分类目录归档:Oracle备份恢复

ORA-00742: 日志读取在线程 %d 序列 %d 块 %d 中检测到写入丢失情况

由于主机异常断电,导致oracle数据库无法正常启动,数据库启动报错ORA-07445 kdxlin,ORA-01172,ORA-00312,ORA-00742等错误

Fri Nov 25 11:24:53 2022
alter database open
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 15 processes
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 900 KB redo, 386 data blocks need recovery
Started redo application at
 Thread 1: logseq 93214, block 60163
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 93214 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\XFF\REDO01.LOG
Completed redo application of 0.46MB
Fri Nov 25 11:25:02 2022
Hex dump of (file 3, block 208) in trace file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p004_1988.trc
Reading datafile 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\XFF\UNDOTBS01.DBF' for corruption at rdba: 0x00c000d0 (file 3, block 208)
Reread (file 3, block 208) found valid data
Hex dump of (file 3, block 208) in trace file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p004_1988.trc
Repaired corruption at (file 3, block 208)
Hex dump of (file 3, block 152) in trace file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p004_1988.trc
Reading datafile 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\XFF\UNDOTBS01.DBF' for corruption at rdba: 0x00c00098 (file 3, block 152)
Reread (file 3, block 152) found same corrupt data (logically corrupt)
RECOVERY OF THREAD 1 STUCK AT BLOCK 152 OF FILE 3
Fri Nov 25 11:25:02 2022
Hex dump of (file 3, block 6859) in trace file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p001_19268.trc
Reading datafile 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\XFF\UNDOTBS01.DBF' for corruption at rdba: 0x00c01acb (file 3, block 6859)
Reread (file 3, block 6859) found same corrupt data (logically corrupt)
Fri Nov 25 11:25:13 2022
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p010_7024.trc  (incident=224379):
ORA-07445: 出现异常错误: 核心转储 [kdxlin()+4432] [ACCESS_VIOLATION] [ADDR:0xC] [PC:0x14306B54A] [UNABLE_TO_READ] []
Incident details in: D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\incident\incdir_224379\XFF_p010_7024_i224379.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Fri Nov 25 11:25:13 2022
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p005_12036.trc  (incident=224343):
ORA-07445: 出现异常错误: 核心转储 [kdxlin()+4432] [ACCESS_VIOLATION] [ADDR:0xC] [PC:0x14306B54A] [UNABLE_TO_READ] []
Incident details in: D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\incident\incdir_224343\XFF_p005_12036_i224343.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Fri Nov 25 11:25:18 2022
Sweep [inc][224379]: completed
Sweep [inc][224343]: completed
Sweep [inc2][224379]: completed
Sweep [inc2][224343]: completed
RECOVERY OF THREAD 1 STUCK AT BLOCK 6859 OF FILE 3
Fri Nov 25 11:25:33 2022
Slave exiting with ORA-1172 exception
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p004_1988.trc:
ORA-01172: 线程 1 的恢复停止在块 152 (在文件 3 中)
ORA-01151: 如果需要, 请使用介质恢复以恢复块和还原备份
Fri Nov 25 11:25:34 2022
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p001_19268.trc:
ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p001_19268.trc:
ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
Fri Nov 25 11:25:38 2022
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p010_7024.trc:
ORA-00742: 日志读取在线程 %d 序列 %d 块 %d 中检测到写入丢失情况
ORA-00312: 联机日志 1 线程 1: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\XFF\REDO01.LOG'
ORA-00607: 当更改数据块时出现内部错误
ORA-00602: 内部编程异常错误
ORA-07445: 出现异常错误: 核心转储 [kdxlin()+4432] [ACCESS_VIOLATION] [ADDR:0xC] [PC:0x14306B54A] [UNABLE_TO_READ] []
Fri Nov 25 11:25:41 2022
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p005_12036.trc  (incident=224344):
ORA-01578: ORACLE 数据块损坏 (文件号 27, 块号 520567)
ORA-01110: 数据文件 27: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\PRODUCT\11.2.0\DBHOME_1\DATABASE\POWERMPP.DBF'
ORA-10564: tablespace POWERMPP
ORA-01110: 数据文件 27: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\PRODUCT\11.2.0\DBHOME_1\DATABASE\POWERMPP.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 89776
ORA-00607: 当更改数据块时出现内部错误
ORA-00602: 内部编程异常错误
ORA-07445: 出现异常错误: 核心转储 [kdxlin()+4432] [ACCESS_VIOLATION] [ADDR:0xC] [PC:0x14306B54A] [UNABLE_TO_READ] []
Incident details in: D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\incident\incdir_224344\XFF_p005_12036_i224344.trc
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p005_12036.trc:
ORA-01578: ORACLE 数据块损坏 (文件号 27, 块号 520567)
ORA-01110: 数据文件 27: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\PRODUCT\11.2.0\DBHOME_1\DATABASE\POWERMPP.DBF'
ORA-10564: tablespace POWERMPP
ORA-01110: 数据文件 27: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\PRODUCT\11.2.0\DBHOME_1\DATABASE\POWERMPP.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 89776
ORA-00607: 当更改数据块时出现内部错误
ORA-00602: 内部编程异常错误
ORA-07445: 出现异常错误: 核心转储 [kdxlin()+4432] [ACCESS_VIOLATION] [ADDR:0xC] [PC:0x14306B54A] [UNABLE_TO_READ] []
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p010_7024.trc  (incident=224380):
ORA-01578: ORACLE 数据块损坏 (文件号 26, 块号 227101)
ORA-01110: 数据文件 26: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\PRODUCT\11.2.0\DBHOME_1\DATABASE\POWERMSP.DBF'
ORA-10564: tablespace POWERMSP
ORA-01110: 数据文件 26: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\PRODUCT\11.2.0\DBHOME_1\DATABASE\POWERMSP.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 99375
ORA-00607: 当更改数据块时出现内部错误
ORA-00602: 内部编程异常错误
ORA-07445: 出现异常错误: 核心转储 [kdxlin()+4432] [ACCESS_VIOLATION] [ADDR:0xC] [PC:0x14306B54A] [UNABLE_TO_READ] []
Fri Nov 25 11:25:51 2022
Incident details in: D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\incident\incdir_224380\XFF_p010_7024_i224380.trc
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_p010_7024.trc:
ORA-01578: ORACLE 数据块损坏 (文件号 26, 块号 227101)
ORA-01110: 数据文件 26: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\PRODUCT\11.2.0\DBHOME_1\DATABASE\POWERMSP.DBF'
ORA-10564: tablespace POWERMSP
ORA-01110: 数据文件 26: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\PRODUCT\11.2.0\DBHOME_1\DATABASE\POWERMSP.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 99375
ORA-00607: 当更改数据块时出现内部错误
ORA-00602: 内部编程异常错误
ORA-07445: 出现异常错误: 核心转储 [kdxlin()+4432] [ACCESS_VIOLATION] [ADDR:0xC] [PC:0x14306B54A] [UNABLE_TO_READ] []
Fri Nov 25 11:25:54 2022
Aborting crash recovery due to slave death, attempting serial crash recovery
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 900 KB redo, 386 data blocks need recovery
Started redo application at
 Thread 1: logseq 93214, block 60163
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 93214 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\XFF\REDO01.LOG
Hex dump of (file 3, block 6743) in trace file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_ora_4172.trc
Reading datafile 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\XFF\UNDOTBS01.DBF' for corruption at rdba: 0x00c01a57 (file 3, block 6743)
Reread (file 3, block 6743) found same corrupt data (logically corrupt)
RECOVERY OF THREAD 1 STUCK AT BLOCK 6743 OF FILE 3
Fri Nov 25 11:26:09 2022
Aborting crash recovery due to error 1172
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_ora_4172.trc:
ORA-01172: 线程 1 的恢复停止在块 6743 (在文件 3 中)
ORA-01151: 如果需要, 请使用介质恢复以恢复块和还原备份
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\XFF\XFF\trace\XFF_ora_4172.trc:
ORA-01172: 线程 1 的恢复停止在块 6743 (在文件 3 中)
ORA-01151: 如果需要, 请使用介质恢复以恢复块和还原备份
ORA-1172 signalled during: alter database open...

尝试人工recover恢复,报ORA-00283 ORA-00742 ORA-00312错误

SQL> recover database;
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-00742: 日志读取在线程 %d 序列 %d 块 %d 中检测到写入丢失情况
ORA-00312: 联机日志 1 线程 1: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\XFF\REDO01.LOG'

通过特殊这里之后recover库成功

SQL> recover database until cancel;
ORA-00279: 更改 47073228694 (在 11/25/2022 08:11:15 生成) 对于线程 1 是必需的
ORA-00289: 建议:
D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\FAST_RECOVERY_AREA\XFF\ARCHIVELOG\2022_11_25\O1_MF_1_932
14_%U_.ARC
ORA-00280: 更改 47073228694 (用于线程 1) 在序列 #93214 中


指定日志: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\XFF\REDO01.LOG
已应用的日志。
完成介质恢复。

打开数据库报ORA-600 2662错误
20221125215429


使用oracle patch scn工具快速修改 open库成功
patch_scn-ora-600-2662

SQL> startup mount pfile='d:/pfile.txt'
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area       1603411968 bytes
Fixed Size                        2281656 bytes
Variable Size                  1191186248 bytes
Database Buffers                402653184 bytes
Redo Buffers                      7290880 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
SQL> ALTER DATABASE OPEN;

数据库已更改。

然后逻辑导出数据,导入新库,完成数据迁移工作

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ora-600 kccpb_sanity_check_2故障处理

数据库启动报ORA-600 kccpb_sanity_check_2

SQL> startup mount pfile='d:/pfile.txt'
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1258291200 bytes
Fixed Size                  1250548 bytes
Variable Size             243272460 bytes
Database Buffers         1006632960 bytes
Redo Buffers                7135232 bytes
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kccpb_sanity_check_2], [66014], [66011], [0x0], [], [],[], []

重建控制文件报错ora-600 kccsga_update_amx_1

SQL> CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "zs" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
  2      MAXLOGFILES 50
  3      MAXLOGMEMBERS 5
  4      MAXDATAFILES 100
  5      MAXINSTANCES 8
  6      MAXLOGHISTORY 226
  7  LOGFILE
  8    GROUP 1 'd:\zs\redo01.log'  SIZE 50M,
  9    GROUP 2 'd:\zs\redo02.log'  SIZE 50M,
 10    GROUP 3 'd:\zs\redo03.log'  SIZE 50M
 11  DATAFILE
 12  'd:\zs\SYSAUX01.DBF',
………………
 22  'd:\zs\SYSTEM01.DBF',
 23  'd:\zs\UNDOTBS01.DBF',
 24  'd:\zs\USERS01.DBF'
 25  CHARACTER SET zhs16gbk
 26  ;
CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "zs" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-01503: CREATE CONTROLFILE ??
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kccsga_update_amx_1], [9], [2920], [292], [], [], [],[]

重启实例,重建ctl成功.尝试恢复库提示需要很久之前的日志,因为有两个数据文件scn异常
20221117182409


通过oracle recovery tools修改文件头
20221117175803

再次recover数据库成功顺利open库导出客户需要数据
20221117180144
20221117180602

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ORA-600 3417和ORA-600 3005故障处理

运行中的数据库突然报ORA-600 3417错误,lgwr进程异常数据库crash

Thu Nov 17 03:00:14 2022
Archived Log entry 23860 added for thread 2 sequence 1958 ID 0x6200e2f5 dest 1:
Thu Nov 17 03:13:11 2022
Auto-tuning: Shutting down background process GTX1
Thu Nov 17 04:00:02 2022
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl2\trace\orcl2_lgwr_1740.trc  (incident=672186):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [3417], [2], [0], [0], [0], [1], [2], [], [], [], [], []
Thu Nov 17 04:00:04 2022
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl2\trace\orcl2_lgwr_1740.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [3417], [2], [0], [0], [0], [1], [2], [], [], [], [], []
LGWR (ospid: 1740): terminating the instance due to error 470

重启之后报ORA-600 3005错误,数据库启动失败

Thu Nov 17 04:03:09 2022
Successful mount of redo thread 2, with mount id 1648753015
Database mounted in Shared Mode (CLUSTER_DATABASE=TRUE)
Lost write protection disabled
Completed: ALTER DATABASE MOUNT /* db agent *//* {0:1:38} */
ALTER DATABASE OPEN /* db agent *//* {0:1:38} */
This instance was first to open
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 31 processes
Thu Nov 17 04:03:14 2022
Started redo scan
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [3005], [1], [706], [10374], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], []
Thu Nov 17 04:03:15 2022
Reconfiguration started (old inc 14, new inc 16)
List of instances:
 1 2 (myinst: 2) 
 Global Resource Directory frozen
Thu Nov 17 04:03:15 2022
 Communication channels reestablished
Thu Nov 17 04:03:16 2022
 * domain 0 valid = 0 according to instance 1 
 Master broadcasted resource hash value bitmaps
 Non-local Process blocks cleaned out
Thu Nov 17 04:03:16 2022
 LMS 0: 0 GCS shadows cancelled, 0 closed, 0 Xw survived
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Thu Nov 17 04:03:16 2022
Sweep [inc][688298]: completed
Sweep [inc2][688298]: completed
Thu Nov 17 04:03:16 2022
 LMS 1: 0 GCS shadows cancelled, 0 closed, 0 Xw survived
Thu Nov 17 04:03:16 2022
 LMS 2: 0 GCS shadows cancelled, 0 closed, 0 Xw survived
 Set master node info 
 Submitted all remote-enqueue requests
 Dwn-cvts replayed, VALBLKs dubious
 All grantable enqueues granted
 Post SMON to start 1st pass IR
 Submitted all GCS remote-cache requests
 Post SMON to start 1st pass IR
 Fix write in gcs resources
Reconfiguration complete
Abort recovery for domain 0
Aborting crash recovery due to error 600
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl2\trace\orcl2_ora_15352.trc:
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [3005], [1], [706], [10374], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], []
Abort recovery for domain 0
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl2\trace\orcl2_ora_15352.trc:
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [3005], [1], [706], [10374], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-600 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN /* db agent *//* {0:1:38} */...

尝试人工进行recover恢复库

SQL> recover database;
ORA-00279: 更改 310644203 (在 11/17/2022 01:00:05 生成) 对于线程 2 是必需的
ORA-00289: 建议:
+DATA/orcl/archivelog/2022_11_17/thread_2_seq_1956.22763.1120960801
ORA-00280: 更改 310644203 (用于线程 2) 在序列 #1956 中


指定日志: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
auto
ORA-00279: 更改 310663747 (在 11/17/2022 02:00:01 生成) 对于线程 2 是必需的
ORA-00289: 建议:
+DATA/orcl/archivelog/2022_11_17/thread_2_seq_1957.22764.1120962585
ORA-00280: 更改 310663747 (用于线程 2) 在序列 #1957 中


ORA-10877: error signaled in parallel recovery slave


ORA-01112: 未启动介质恢复

通过查看alert日志确认由于ORA-00353错误导致recover database失败

Thu Nov 17 08:07:39 2022
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database  
Media Recovery Start
 started logmerger process
Parallel Media Recovery started with 32 slaves
Thu Nov 17 08:07:41 2022
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 705 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: +DATA/orcl/onlinelog/group_1.261.1116409583
ORA-279 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database  ...
Thu Nov 17 08:08:07 2022
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER    CONTINUE DEFAULT  
Media Recovery Log +DATA/orcl/archivelog/2022_11_17/thread_2_seq_1956.22763.1120960801
ORA-279 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER    CONTINUE DEFAULT  ...
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER    CONTINUE DEFAULT  
Media Recovery Log +DATA/orcl/archivelog/2022_11_17/thread_2_seq_1957.22764.1120962585
Thu Nov 17 08:08:14 2022
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 2 Group 4 Seq 1958 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: +DATA/orcl/onlinelog/group_4.266.1116409589
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl2\trace\orcl2_pr00_7116.trc  (incident=704315):
ORA-00353: 日志损坏接近块 20866 更改 310761542 时间 11/17/2022 03:00:04
ORA-00312: 联机日志 1 线程 1: '+DATA/orcl/onlinelog/group_1.261.1116409583'
Thu Nov 17 08:08:26 2022
Sweep [inc][704315]: completed
Thu Nov 17 08:08:27 2022
Media Recovery failed with error 354
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl2\trace\orcl2_pr00_7116.trc:
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-00354: 损坏重做日志块标头
ORA-00353: 日志损坏接近块 20866 更改 310761542 时间 11/17/2022 03:00:04
ORA-00312: 联机日志 1 线程 1: '+DATA/orcl/onlinelog/group_1.261.1116409583'
Thu Nov 17 08:08:27 2022
ORA-10877 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER    CONTINUE DEFAULT  ...
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER CANCEL 
ORA-1112 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER CANCEL ...

通过对redo进行处理顺利recover成功并完美open库

SQL> recover database;
完成介质恢复。
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。
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