分类目录归档:Oracle备份恢复

ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368]故障恢复

有客户对asm的data磁盘组增加磁盘进行扩容,在做reblance的过程中重启了主机,结果导致data磁盘组mount之后自动dismount

Fri Oct 09 20:48:06 2020
NOTE: PST enabling heartbeating (grp 1)
Fri Oct 09 20:48:06 2020
NOTE: ASM did background COD recovery for group 1/0x739536c (DATA)
NOTE: starting rebalance of group 1/0x739536c (DATA) at power 10
Starting background process ARB0
Fri Oct 09 20:48:07 2020
ARB0 started with pid=28, OS id=39278 
NOTE: assigning ARB0 to group 1/0x739536c (DATA) with 10 parallel I/Os
cellip.ora not found.
WARNING:cache read a corrupt block:group=1(DATA) dsk=8 blk=7 disk=8(DATA_0008)incarn=3916014506 au=0 blk=7 count=1
Errors in file /u01/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_39278.trc:
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483656] [7] [2182009786 != 2190395015]
NOTE: a corrupted block from group DATA was dumped to /u01/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_39278.trc
WARNING:cache read(retry)a corrupt block:group=1(DATA) dsk=8 blk=7 disk=8(DATA_0008)incarn=3916014506 au=0 blk=7 count=1
Errors in file /u01/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_39278.trc:
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483656] [7] [2182009786 != 2190395015]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483656] [7] [2182009786 != 2190395015]
ERROR: cache failed to read group=1(DATA) dsk=8 blk=7 from disk(s): 8(DATA_0008)
Fri Oct 09 20:48:13 2020
NOTE: GroupBlock outside rolling migration privileged region
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483656] [7] [2182009786 != 2190395015]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483656] [7] [2182009786 != 2190395015]
NOTE: requesting all-instance membership refresh for group=1
NOTE: cache initiating offline of disk 8 group DATA
NOTE: process _arb0_+asm1 (39278) initiating offline of disk 8.3916014506 (DATA_0008) with mask 0x7e in group 1
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 1, dsk = 8/0xe969a3aa, mask = 0x6a, op = clear
GMON updating disk modes for group 1 at 7 for pid 28, osid 39278
ERROR: Disk 8 cannot be offlined, since diskgroup has external redundancy.
ERROR: too many offline disks in PST (grp 1)
Fri Oct 09 20:48:13 2020
NOTE: cache dismounting (not clean) group 1/0x0739536C (DATA) 
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 39346, image: oracle@rac1 (B000)
Fri Oct 09 20:48:13 2020
NOTE: halting all I/Os to diskgroup 1 (DATA)
Fri Oct 09 20:48:13 2020
NOTE: LGWR doing non-clean dismount of group 1 (DATA)
NOTE: LGWR sync ABA=32.4749 last written ABA 32.4749
WARNING: Offline for disk DATA_0008 in mode 0x7f failed.
Fri Oct 09 20:48:13 2020
kjbdomdet send to inst 2
detach from dom 1, sending detach message to inst 2
Fri Oct 09 20:48:13 2020
List of instances:
 1 2
Dirty detach reconfiguration started (new ddet inc 2, cluster inc 4)
Errors in file /u01/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_39278.trc  (incident=337185):
ORA-15335: ASM metadata corruption detected in disk group 'DATA'
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
ORA-15066: offlining disk "DATA_0008" in group "DATA" may result in a data loss
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483656] [7] [2182009786 != 2190395015]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [check_kfbh] [2147483656] [7] [2182009786 != 2190395015]
Incident details in: /u01/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_337185/+ASM1_arb0_39278_i337185.trc
 Global Resource Directory partially frozen for dirty detach
* dirty detach - domain 1 invalid = TRUE 
 2341 GCS resources traversed, 0 cancelled
Dirty Detach Reconfiguration complete
freeing rdom 1
Fri Oct 09 20:48:13 2020
WARNING: dirty detached from domain 1
NOTE: cache dismounted group 1/0x0739536C (DATA) 

错误信息比较明显dsk=8 blk=7 au=0 blk=7 的check值不对,本来应该是2190395015现在变为了2182009786,通过kfed分析确实如此

C:\Users\Administrator>kfed read f:/temp/xff/2.dd blkn=7|more
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            3 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_ALLOCTBL
kfbh.datfmt:                          2 ; 0x003: 0x02
kfbh.block.blk:                       7 ; 0x004: blk=7
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483656 ; 0x008: disk=8
kfbh.check:                  2182009786 ; 0x00c: 0x820ed3ba
kfbh.fcn.base:                  2711248 ; 0x010: 0x00295ed0
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdatb.aunum:                      2240 ; 0x000: 0x000008c0
kfdatb.shrink:                      448 ; 0x004: 0x01c0
kfdatb.ub2pad:                        0 ; 0x006: 0x0000
kfdatb.auinfo[0].link.next:           8 ; 0x008: 0x0008
kfdatb.auinfo[0].link.prev:           8 ; 0x00a: 0x0008
kfdatb.auinfo[1].link.next:          12 ; 0x00c: 0x000c
kfdatb.auinfo[1].link.prev:          12 ; 0x00e: 0x000c
kfdatb.auinfo[2].link.next:          16 ; 0x010: 0x0010
kfdatb.auinfo[2].link.prev:          16 ; 0x012: 0x0010
kfdatb.auinfo[3].link.next:          20 ; 0x014: 0x0014
kfdatb.auinfo[3].link.prev:          20 ; 0x016: 0x0014
kfdatb.auinfo[4].link.next:          24 ; 0x018: 0x0018
kfdatb.auinfo[4].link.prev:          24 ; 0x01a: 0x0018
kfdatb.auinfo[5].link.next:          28 ; 0x01c: 0x001c
kfdatb.auinfo[5].link.prev:          28 ; 0x01e: 0x001c
kfdatb.auinfo[6].link.next:          32 ; 0x020: 0x0020
kfdatb.auinfo[6].link.prev:          32 ; 0x022: 0x0020
kfdatb.spare:                         0 ; 0x024: 0x00000000

修改该值之后,再次mount data磁盘组,报错如下

Sat Oct 10 13:49:22 2020
ARB0 started with pid=28, OS id=10329 
NOTE: assigning ARB0 to group 1/0x3759521c (DATA) with 10 parallel I/Os
cellip.ora not found.
Sat Oct 10 13:49:26 2020
NOTE: GroupBlock outside rolling migration privileged region
NOTE: requesting all-instance membership refresh for group=1
WARNING: cache read  a corrupt block: group=1(DATA) dsk=8 blk=8 disk=8 (DATA_0008) incarn=3916014011 au=0 blk=8 count=1
Errors in file /u01/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_10329.trc:
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483656] [8] [0 != 1]
NOTE: a corrupted block from group DATA was dumped to /u01/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_10329.trc
WARNING:cache read(retry)a corrupt block: group=1(DATA)dsk=8 blk=8 disk=8(DATA_0008)incarn=3916014011 au=0 blk=8 count=1
Errors in file /u01/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_10329.trc:
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483656] [8] [0 != 1]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483656] [8] [0 != 1]
ERROR: cache failed to read group=1(DATA) dsk=8 blk=8 from disk(s): 8(DATA_0008)
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483656] [8] [0 != 1]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483656] [8] [0 != 1]
NOTE: cache initiating offline of disk 8 group DATA
NOTE: process _arb0_+asm1 (10329) initiating offline of disk 8.3916014011 (DATA_0008) with mask 0x7e in group 1
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 1, dsk = 8/0xe969a1bb, mask = 0x6a, op = clear
GMON updating disk modes for group 1 at 64 for pid 28, osid 10329
ERROR: Disk 8 cannot be offlined, since diskgroup has external redundancy.
ERROR: too many offline disks in PST (grp 1)
Sat Oct 10 13:49:28 2020
NOTE: cache dismounting (not clean) group 1/0x3759521C (DATA) 
WARNING: Offline for disk DATA_0008 in mode 0x7f failed.
Sat Oct 10 13:49:28 2020
NOTE: halting all I/Os to diskgroup 1 (DATA)
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 10346, image: oracle@rac1 (B000)
Errors in file /u01/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_10329.trc  (incident=363107):
ORA-15335: ASM metadata corruption detected in disk group 'DATA'
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
ORA-15066: offlining disk "DATA_0008" in group "DATA" may result in a data loss
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483656] [8] [0 != 1]
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483656] [8] [0 != 1]
Incident details in: /u01/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_363107/+ASM1_arb0_10329_i363107.trc

该报错为:dsk=8 blk=7 au=0 blk=8异常,通过kfed查看发现

C:\Users\Administrator>kfed read f:/temp/xff/2.dd blkn=8
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                            0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
006BE8C00 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
        Repeat 31 times
006BE8E00 012C0000 04AFFC07 003BFFCD 03F15BD0  [..,.......;..[..]
006BE8E10 012BFC30 00000000 00000002 00000002  [0.+.............]
006BE8E20 00008000 00008000 00002000 564F22AF  [......... ..."OV]
006BE8E30 5F805293 FFFF0002 0001EF53 00000001  [.R._....S.......]
006BE8E40 545AE384 00000000 00000000 00000001  [..ZT............]
006BE8E50 00000000 0000000B 00000100 0000003C  [............<...]
006BE8E60 00000242 0000007B 52438BA0 C44FFA90  [B...{.....CR..O.]
006BE8E70 33B6F381 919E2DBA 00000000 00000000  [...3.-..........]
006BE8E80 00000000 00000000 6361622F 0070756B  [......../backup.]
006BE8E90 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
        Repeat 2 times
006BE8EC0 00000000 00000000 00000000 03ED0000  [................]
006BE8ED0 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
006BE8EE0 00000008 00000000 00000000 AC3C87D6  [..............<.]
006BE8EF0 F1401174 F4F036BD 274FB92F 00000101  [t.@..6../.O'....]
006BE8F00 0000000C 00000000 545AE384 0002F30A  [..........ZT....]
006BE8F10 00000004 00000000 00000000 00007FFF  [................]
006BE8F20 02508000 00007FFF 00000001 0250FFFF  [..P...........P.]
006BE8F30 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
006BE8F40 00000000 00000000 00000000 08000000  [................]
006BE8F50 00000000 00000000 00000000 001C001C  [................]
006BE8F60 00000001 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
006BE8F70 00000000 00000004 A9AF72B9 0000003B  [.........r..;...]
006BE8F80 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
        Repeat 167 times
006BE9A00 00001CC4 00800101 00001CC9 00800101  [................]
006BE9A10 00001CCD 00800101 00001CD2 00800101  [................]
006BE9A20 00001CD7 00800101 00001CDE 00800101  [................]
006BE9A30 00001CE3 00800101 00001CE8 00800101  [................]
006BE9A40 00001CEC 00800101 00000000 00000000  [................]
006BE9A50 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
  Repeat 26 times
KFED-00322:Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][0]

该block完全损坏,基本上无直接修复的可能,通过对data 磁盘组进行patch操作,让其mount之后不再dismount

NOTE: GMON heartbeating for grp 1
GMON querying group 1 at 76 for pid 27, osid 14466
NOTE: cache opening disk 0 of grp 1: DATA_0000 path:/dev/emcpowere
NOTE: F1X0 found on disk 0 au 2 fcn 0.2708382
NOTE: cache opening disk 1 of grp 1: DATA_0001 path:/dev/emcpowerf
NOTE: cache opening disk 2 of grp 1: DATA_0002 path:/dev/emcpowerg
NOTE: cache opening disk 3 of grp 1: DATA_0003 path:/dev/emcpowerh
NOTE: cache opening disk 4 of grp 1: DATA_0004 path:/dev/emcpoweri
NOTE: cache opening disk 5 of grp 1: DATA_0005 path:/dev/emcpowerj
NOTE: cache opening disk 6 of grp 1: DATA_0006 path:/dev/emcpowerk
NOTE: cache opening disk 7 of grp 1: DATA_0007 path:/dev/emcpowerl
NOTE: cache opening disk 8 of grp 1: DATA_0008 path:/dev/emcpowerc
NOTE: cache mounting (first) external redundancy group 1/0x47495222 (DATA)
Sat Oct 10 13:59:38 2020
* allocate domain 1, invalid = TRUE 
Sat Oct 10 13:59:38 2020
NOTE: attached to recovery domain 1
NOTE: starting recovery of thread=1 ckpt=53.6778 group=1 (DATA)
NOTE: advancing ckpt for group 1 (DATA) thread=1 ckpt=53.6778
NOTE: cache recovered group 1 to fcn 0.2961429
NOTE: redo buffer size is 256 blocks (1053184 bytes)
Sat Oct 10 13:59:38 2020
NOTE: LGWR attempting to mount thread 1 for diskgroup 1 (DATA)
NOTE: LGWR found thread 1 closed at ABA 53.6777
NOTE: LGWR mounted thread 1 for diskgroup 1 (DATA)
NOTE: LGWR opening thread 1 at fcn 0.2961429 ABA 54.6778
NOTE: cache mounting group 1/0x47495222 (DATA) succeeded
NOTE: cache ending mount (success) of group DATA number=1 incarn=0x47495222
NOTE: Instance updated compatible.asm to 11.2.0.0.0 for grp 1
SUCCESS: diskgroup DATA was mounted
SUCCESS: alter diskgroup data mount

然后通过rman备份数据库,删除老磁盘组,创建新磁盘组,恢复数据,实现数据库完美恢复,数据0丢失.

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ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []

数据库启动报ORA-00600 6006错误

Tue Sep 29 14:31:31 2020
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Tue Sep 29 14:31:31 2020
Database Characterset is AL32UTF8
Opening with internal Resource Manager plan
where NUMA PG = 2, CPUs = 4
Tue Sep 29 14:31:34 2020
SMON: Restarting fast_start parallel rollback
Tue Sep 29 14:31:34 2020
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Starting background process QMNC
QMNC started with pid=64, OS id=2860
Tue Sep 29 14:31:39 2020
Errors in file g:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_p000_1084.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []

Tue Sep 29 14:31:44 2020
SMON: Parallel transaction recovery slave got internal error
SMON: Downgrading transaction recovery to serial
Tue Sep 29 14:31:48 2020
Completed: ALTER DATABASE OPEN
Tue Sep 29 14:31:48 2020
Errors in file g:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_3084.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []

Tue Sep 29 14:31:48 2020
db_recovery_file_dest_size of 8192 MB is 0.00% used. This is a
user-specified limit on the amount of space that will be used by this
database for recovery-related files, and does not reflect the amount of
space available in the underlying filesystem or ASM diskgroup.
Tue Sep 29 14:31:53 2020
ORACLE Instance orcl (pid = 16) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (1, 8) on object 53228.
Tue Sep 29 14:31:54 2020
Errors in file g:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_3084.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []

Tue Sep 29 14:32:03 2020
Errors in file g:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_3084.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []

Tue Sep 29 14:32:07 2020
ORACLE Instance orcl (pid = 16) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (1, 8) on object 53228.
Tue Sep 29 14:32:07 2020
Errors in file g:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_3084.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []

Tue Sep 29 14:32:13 2020
Errors in file g:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_3084.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []

ORACLE Instance orcl (pid = 16) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (1, 8) on object 53228.
Tue Sep 29 14:32:15 2020
Errors in file g:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_3084.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []

Tue Sep 29 14:32:21 2020
Errors in file g:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_3084.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []

Tue Sep 29 14:32:23 2020
ORACLE Instance orcl (pid = 16) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (1, 8) on object 53228.
Tue Sep 29 14:32:23 2020
Errors in file g:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_3084.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []

Tue Sep 29 14:32:30 2020
Errors in file g:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_3084.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []

Tue Sep 29 14:32:31 2020
Errors in file g:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_pmon_3860.trc:
ORA-00474: SMON process terminated with error

Tue Sep 29 14:32:31 2020
PMON: terminating instance due to error 474

因为这个错误提示比较明显“ORACLE Instance orcl (pid = 16) – Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (1, 8) on object 53228.”和以前的文章:ORACLE Instance XFF (pid = 18) – Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction非常相似,由于数据库异常关闭导致事务无法正常回滚.通过屏蔽回滚(event 10513),然后对相关对象进行处理(表导出数据,重新导入;index 进行重建),可以实现数据库的完美恢复

关于ORA-600 6006 ORA-600 6856解释

ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], []
Oracle is undoing an index leaf key operation. If the key is not found,
--oracle 回滚index leaf key操作,如果这个值不存在,报ORA-600 6006错误

ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6856], [0], [60], [], [], []
SMON is trying to recover a dead transaction. But the undo application runs into an
internal error (trying to delete a row that is already deleted).
--oracle 的回滚操作尝试删除一个已经删除的记录报ORA-600 6856错误
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Oracle Recovery Tools解决ORA-00279 ORA-00289 ORA-00280故障

对于ORA-00279 ORA-00289 ORA-00280故障,一般是由于缺少日志(比如数据库非归档模式,或者归档日志丢失),导致某些文件无法正常online,对此Oracle Recovery Tool能够一键式快速解决.
模拟故障
非归档环境,模拟datafile 4 offline,然后多次切换日志,导致该文件无法正常online

SQL> select owner,segment_name from dba_segments where tablespace_name='USERS' AND OWNER='SYSTEM';

OWNER                          SEGMENT_NAME
------------------------------ ------------------------------
SYSTEM                         T_XIFENFEI

SQL> SELECT COUNT(1) FROM SYSTEM.T_XIFENFEI;

  COUNT(1)
----------
     87752

SQL> ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE 4 OFFLINE DROP;

Database altered.

SQL> ALTER SYSTEM SWITCH LOGFILE;

System altered.

SQL> /

System altered.

SQL> /

System altered.

SQL> /

System altered.

SQL> /

System altered.

SQL> archive log list;
Database log mode              No Archive Mode
Automatic archival             Disabled
Archive destination            D:\app\Administrator\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\RDBMS
Oldest online log sequence     22
Current log sequence           24
SQL> select group#,status,sequence# from v$log;

    GROUP# STATUS            SEQUENCE#
---------- ---------------- ----------
         1 INACTIVE                 22
         2 INACTIVE                 23
         3 CURRENT                  24

SQL> RECOVER DATAFILE 4;
ORA-00279: change 1525881 generated at 09/06/2020 13:46:17 needed for thread 1
ORA-00289: suggestion :
D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\PRODUCT\11.2.0\DBHOME_1\RDBMS\ARC0000000019_1046476315.0001
ORA-00280: change 1525881 for thread 1 is in sequence #19


Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}

使用Oracle Recovery Tools快速修复
1


2

3

online文件成功

SQL> recover datafile 4;
Media recovery complete.
SQL> alter database datafile 4 online;

Database altered.

SQL> SELECT COUNT(1) FROM SYSTEM.T_XIFENFEI;

  COUNT(1)
----------
     87752

通过该工具就可以快速解决oracle丢失归档数据文件online的问题

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