作者归档:惜分飞

expdp 并行导出单表数据

在某些情况下,需要使用并行的方法使用 datapump 对单个对象并行导出,导入加快数据迁移的数据
expdp导出操作

#!/bin/bash
chunk=10
for ((i=0;i<chunk;i++));
do
  expdp USERNAME/Password@DB_NAME TABLES=LOB_TEST QUERY=LOB_TEST:\"where mod\(dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number\(rowid\)\, 
>${chunk}\) = ${i}\" directory=DMP dumpfile=lob_test_${i}.dmp logfile= log_test_${i}.log &
  echo $i
done 

impdp导入操作

#!/bin/bash
chunk=10
for ((i=0;i<chunk;i++));
do
 impdp USERNAME/Password@DB_NAME  directory=DMP REMAP_TABLE=LOB_TEST:LOB_TEST  remap_schema=source:target 
>dumpfile= lob_test_${i}.dmp logfile=TABLE_imp_log_test_${i}.log  DATA_OPTIONS=DISABLE_APPEND_HINT  CONTENT=DATA_ONLY &
 echo $i
done

在12c版本开始impdp可能会启用ENABLE_PARALLEL_DML特性,需要注意
参考:Optimising LOB Export and Import Performance via Oracle DataPump

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datapump network_link遭遇ORA-12899错误

在给一个客户使用expdp+network_link导出数据,然后通过impdp导入数据的过程中遇到ORA-12899问题.
20210608215836


对原库和现在库进行分析
20210608215825
20210608215817

原库和目标库表结构一致,原库该表存储数据实际长度确实为1,但是在impdp导入的时候提示需要长度为3.通过分析,确认原库的nls_length_semantics参数设置为char了,直接使用impdp+network_link不落地方式导入该表数据成功
20210608215845

根据上述情况,查询相关文档,确认类似记录为:
ORA-12899 When Using IMPDP Over Network Link (Doc ID 414901.1)
ORA-26059 During Impdp Using Export Dump Taken With NETWORK_LINK Option (Doc ID 2266956.1)
虽然都不是完全匹配该问题,但是基本上可以确认expdp的network_link和nls_length_semantics参数是引起该问题的根本原因,在后续的迁移中,尽量保持nls_length_semantics参数一致.

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tab$异常被处理之后报ORA-600 13304故障处理

又一例数据库启动报ORA-600 16703 1403 20错误故障

Sun Jun 13 14:00:56 2021
NOTE: dependency between database xff and diskgroup resource ora.DG_ARCH_xff.dg is established
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_56340.trc  (incident=348265):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/incident/incdir_348265/xff1_ora_56340_i348265.trc
ARC3: Archival started
ARC0: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_56340.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_56340.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 56340): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 56340

这个故障比较明显,根据我们之前的分析经验(警告:互联网中有oracle介质被注入恶意程序导致—ORA-600 16703),应该是tab$被恶意破坏导致,通过分析安装程序,确认是该问题,客户通过互联网上的相关文章,dd方式进行处理,结果数据库报ORA-600 13304错误,无法继续,让我们提供技术支持

SMON: enabling tx recovery
Database Characterset is AL32UTF8
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_83843.trc  (incident=396265):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13304], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/incident/incdir_396265/xff1_ora_83843_i396265.trc
ARC3: Archival started
ARC0: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_83843.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13304], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff1/trace/xff1_ora_83843.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13304], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 83843): terminating the instance due to error 600
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 83843

通过我们的技术对数据库进行一系列恢复之后,open过程报错

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00904: "NAME": invalid identifier
Process ID: 23346
Session ID: 680 Serial number: 51933

通过跟踪启动过程分析

PARSE ERROR #140574232044112:len=45 dep=1 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1623621695884944 err=904
select value$ from sys.props$ where name = :1
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00904: "NAME": invalid identifier
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00904: "NAME": invalid identifier

基本上可以确定是由于客户自行恢复导致props$表异常.通过进一步分析,确认是由于在对tab$处理不合适导致,进一步对tab$进行处理,数据库恢复正常,实现数据0丢失

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