标签归档:ORA-08103

系统故障oracle数据库恢复

由于系统故障,导致操作系统进入,客户通过其他方式进入系统拷贝出来数据文件,redo,ctl等文件,安装版本相同的数据库,修改相关路径,启动数据库,但是启动报错,让我们给予技术支持.数据库open报ORA-600 2662错误

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [2313731576], [2],
[2313735660], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [2313731575], [2],
[2313735660], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [2313731573], [2],
[2313735660], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
Process ID: 22446
Session ID: 577 Serial number: 1

alert日志报错

Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /home/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_22446.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments:[2662],[2],[2313731573],[2],[2313735660],[12583040],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Errors in file /home/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_22446.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments:[2662],[2],[2313731573],[2],[2313735660],[12583040],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 22446): terminating the instance due to error 600

这个错误比较常见,特别是使用了_allow_resetlogs_corruption屏蔽一致性强制拉库的时候.解决该问题比较简单,修改数据库scn,然后open数据库成功,参考部分案例_allow_resetlogs_corruption

[oracle@localhost ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Sat Jun 20 08:31:55 2020

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup mount pfile='/tmp/pfile';
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 4275781632 bytes
Fixed Size                  2235208 bytes
Variable Size            2902459576 bytes
Database Buffers         1325400064 bytes
Redo Buffers               45686784 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

尝试导出数据

[oracle@localhost ~]$ tail -f nohup.out 
. exporting foreign function library names for user XIFENFEI 
. exporting PUBLIC type synonyms
. exporting private type synonyms
. exporting object type definitions for user XIFENFEI 
About to export LIOVBJ2017's objects ...
. exporting database links
. exporting sequence numbers
. exporting cluster definitions
. about to export LIOVBJ2017's tables via Conventional Path ...
. . exporting table                           ABCD
                                                            1 rows exported
. . exporting table               TB_D_RECORD
EXP-00008: ORACLE error 1578 encountered
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 1, block # 290344)
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf'
. . exporting table                      TB_DRIVER
EXP-00008: ORACLE error 1578 encountered
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 1, block # 290344)
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf'
. . exporting table               TB_XFF
EXP-00008: ORACLE error 1578 encountered
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 1, block # 290344)
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf'
. . exporting table              TB_XFF_TM_REL
EXP-00008: ORACLE error 1578 encountered
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 1, block # 290344)
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf'
. . exporting table                    TB_LOCATION

由于file # 1, block # 290344坏块导致数据无法导出,通过dbv检查数据文件

[oracle@localhost trace]$ dbv file=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf

DBVERIFY: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Sat Jun 20 08:43:49 2020

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf
Page 290344 is influx - most likely media corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00446e28 (file 1, block 290344)
Fractured block found during dbv: 
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x00446e28
 last change scn: 0x0002.89e2b718 seq: 0x1 flg: 0x06
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0x61980601
 check value in block header: 0xe118
 computed block checksum: 0xd680



DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Pages Examined         : 298240
Total Pages Processed (Data) : 257035
Total Pages Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Pages Processed (Index): 13457
Total Pages Failing   (Index): 0
Total Pages Processed (Other): 3598
Total Pages Processed (Seg)  : 1
Total Pages Failing   (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Empty            : 24149
Total Pages Marked Corrupt   : 1
Total Pages Influx           : 1
Total Pages Encrypted        : 0
Highest block SCN            : 3221247831 (2.3221247831)

确认只有一个坏块,尝试通过bbed进行坏块修复

BBED> set blocksize 8192
        BLOCKSIZE       8192

BBED> set block 290344
        BLOCK#          290344

BBED> map
 File: /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 290344                                Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------
 KTB Data Block (Index Leaf)

 struct kcbh, 20 bytes                      @0       

 struct ktbbh, 72 bytes                     @20      

 struct kdxle, 32 bytes                     @92      

 sb2 kd_off[231]                            @124     

 ub1 freespace[3026]                        @586     

 ub1 rowdata[4508]                          @3612    

 ub4 tailchk                                @8188    


BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 290344

Block 290344 is corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00446e28 (file 0, block 290344)
Fractured block found during verification
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x00446e28
 last change scn: 0x0002.89e2b718 seq: 0x1 flg: 0x06
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0x61980601
 check value in block header: 0xe118
 computed block checksum: 0xd680


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 1
Total Blocks Influx           : 2
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED


BBED> set mode edit
        MODE            Edit

BBED> p kcbh
struct kcbh, 20 bytes                       @0       
   ub1 type_kcbh                            @0        0x06
   ub1 frmt_kcbh                            @1        0xa2
   ub1 spare1_kcbh                          @2        0x00
   ub1 spare2_kcbh                          @3        0x00
   ub4 rdba_kcbh                            @4        0x00446e28
   ub4 bas_kcbh                             @8        0x89e2b718
   ub2 wrp_kcbh                             @12       0x0002
   ub1 seq_kcbh                             @14       0x01
   ub1 flg_kcbh                             @15       0x06 (KCBHFDLC, KCBHFCKV)
   ub2 chkval_kcbh                          @16       0xe118
   ub2 spare3_kcbh                          @18       0x0000

BBED> p tailchk
ub4 tailchk                                 @8188     0x61980601

BBED> d /v
 File: /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 290344  Offsets: 8188 to 8191  Dba:0x00000000
-------------------------------------------------------
 01069861                            l ...a

 <16 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 010618b7
 File: /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 290344           Offsets: 8188 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 010618b7 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 290344:
current = 0xe118, required = 0xe118

BBED> verify 
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 290344


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 1
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Blocks Influx           : 0
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED

继续尝试导出数据,遭遇ORA-08103,参考相关文章:
模拟普通ORA-08103并解决
模拟极端ORA-08103并解决
数据库启动ORA-08103故障恢复

EXP-00056: ORACLE error 8103 encountered
ORA-08103: object no longer exists

通过对其进行处理,恢复该记录之外的所有记录,客户创建新库导入数据,数据库恢复基本完成

发表在 Oracle备份恢复 | 标签为 , , | 评论关闭

bootstrap$核心index(I_OBJ1,I_USER1,I_FILE#_BLOCK#,I_IND1,I_TS#,I_CDEF1等)异常恢复—ORA-00701错误解决

在Oracle使用的过程中,经常遭遇一些核心index出现异常,导致数据库无法正常使用,特别是在数据库open的情况下,因为出现这些bootstrap$中的部分index是无法通过设置event38003进行重建,从而导致数据库无法正常使用,最常见异常index 有:I_ICOL1, I_TS1, I_CDEF1, I_CDEF2, I_CDEF3, I_CDEF4, I_PROXY_DATA$, I_IND1, I_TS#, I_UNDO1, I_UNDO2, I_COBJ#, I_USER1, I_USER2, I_CON1, I_CON2, I_FILE1, I_FILE2, I_FILE#_BLOCK#, I_USER#, I_OBJ#, I_PROXY_ROLE_DATA$_1, I_PROXY_ROLE_DATA$_2, I_CCOL1, I_CCOL2, I_TAB1, I_COL1, I_COL2, I_COL3, I_OBJ1, I_OBJ2, I_OBJ3, I_OBJ4, I_OBJ5
重建的index异常报错有:ORA-00701,ORA-01410,ORA-08102,ORA-08103,ORA-01578,ORA-01499,ORA-00600等各类错误
因为处理细节复杂,无法一一描述出来.这里假设Oracle数据库一个非常核心的表OBJ$中的I_OBJ1异常,现在准备重建它,大概步骤如下:
1. 假设异常index信息(I_OBJ1)

SQL> alter index sys.i_obj1 rebuild;
alter index sys.i_obj1 rebuild
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00701: object necessary for warmstarting database cannot be altered

SQL> SELECT SQL_TEXT FROM BOOTSTRAP$ WHERE SQL_TEXT LIKE '%obj%';

SQL_TEXT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CREATE UNIQUE INDEX I_OBJ1 ON OBJ$(OBJ#,OWNER#,TYPE#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXT
RANS 255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 64K NEXT 1024K MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645 PC
TINCREASE 0 OBJNO 36 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 336))

2. 创建获取异常index所属表

SQL>  select table_name from dba_indexes where owner='SYS' AND INDEX_NAME='I_OBJ1';

TABLE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OBJ$

3. 获取obj$ ddl 语句

SQL> set long 10000
SQL> set pages 1000
SQL>  SELECT DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('TABLE','OBJ$','SYS') FROM DUAL;

DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('TABLE','OBJ$','SYS')
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  CREATE TABLE "SYS"."OBJ$"
   (    "OBJ#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "DATAOBJ#" NUMBER,
        "OWNER#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "NAME" VARCHAR2(128) NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "NAMESPACE" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "SUBNAME" VARCHAR2(128),
        "TYPE#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "CTIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "MTIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "STIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "STATUS" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "REMOTEOWNER" VARCHAR2(128),
        "LINKNAME" VARCHAR2(128),
        "FLAGS" NUMBER,
        "OID$" RAW(16),
        "SPARE1" NUMBER,
        "SPARE2" NUMBER,
        "SPARE3" NUMBER,
        "SPARE4" VARCHAR2(1000),
        "SPARE5" VARCHAR2(1000),
        "SPARE6" DATE,
        "SIGNATURE" RAW(16),
        "SPARE7" NUMBER,
        "SPARE8" NUMBER,
        "SPARE9" NUMBER
   ) PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 40 INITRANS 1 MAXTRANS 255
 NOCOMPRESS LOGGING
  STORAGE(INITIAL 16384 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"

4. 获取obj$相关index 语句

SQL>  SELECT DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('INDEX',INDEX_NAME,'SYS') FROM dba_indexes where owner='SYS' AND TABLE_NAME='OBJ$';

DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('INDEX',INDEX_NAME,'SYS')
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ5" ON "SYS"."OBJ$" ("SPARE3", "NAME", "NAMESPA
CE", "TYPE#", "OWNER#", "REMOTEOWNER", "LINKNAME", "SUBNAME", "OBJ#")
  PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"


  CREATE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ4" ON "SYS"."OBJ$" ("DATAOBJ#", "TYPE#", "OWNER#")
  PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"


  CREATE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ3" ON "SYS"."OBJ$" ("OID$")
  PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"


  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ2" ON "SYS"."OBJ$" ("OWNER#", "NAME", "NAMESPA
CE", "REMOTEOWNER", "LINKNAME", "SUBNAME", "TYPE#", "SPARE3", "OBJ#")
  PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  STORAGE(INITIAL 16384 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"


  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ1" ON "SYS"."OBJ$" ("OBJ#", "OWNER#", "TYPE#")

  PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"

5. 创建obj$img表和相关index

SQL>   CREATE TABLE "SYS"."OBJ$IMG"
  2     (    "OBJ#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  3          "DATAOBJ#" NUMBER,
  4          "OWNER#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  5          "NAME" VARCHAR2(128) NOT NULL ENABLE,
  6          "NAMESPACE" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  7          "SUBNAME" VARCHAR2(128),
  8          "TYPE#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  9          "CTIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
 10          "MTIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
 11          "STIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
 12          "STATUS" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
 13          "REMOTEOWNER" VARCHAR2(128),
 14          "LINKNAME" VARCHAR2(128),
 15          "FLAGS" NUMBER,
 16          "OID$" RAW(16),
 17          "SPARE1" NUMBER,
 18          "SPARE2" NUMBER,
 19          "SPARE3" NUMBER,
 20          "SPARE4" VARCHAR2(1000),
 21          "SPARE5" VARCHAR2(1000),
 22          "SPARE6" DATE,
 23          "SIGNATURE" RAW(16),
 24          "SPARE7" NUMBER,
 25          "SPARE8" NUMBER,
 26          "SPARE9" NUMBER
 27     ) PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 40 INITRANS 1 MAXTRANS 255
 28   NOCOMPRESS LOGGING
 29    STORAGE(INITIAL 16384 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
 30    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
 31    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
 32    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"
 33  ;

Table created.

SQL> 
SQL>   CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ_5IMG" ON "SYS"."OBJ$IMG" ("SPARE3", "NAME", "NAMESPACE", "TYPE#", "OWNER#", "REMOTEOWNER", "LINKNAME", "SUBNAME", "OBJ#")
  2    PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  3    STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  4    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  5    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  6    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM";

Index created.

SQL>   CREATE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ4IMG" ON "SYS"."OBJ$IMG" ("DATAOBJ#", "TYPE#", "OWNER#")
  2    PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  3    STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  4    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  5    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  6    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM";   

Index created.

SQL>   CREATE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ3IMG" ON "SYS"."OBJ$IMG" ("OID$")
  2    PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  3    STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  4    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  5    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  6    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM";

Index created.

SQL>   CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ2IMG" ON "SYS"."OBJ$IMG" ("OWNER#", "NAME", "NAMESPACE", "REMOTEOWNER", "LINKNAME", "SUBNAME", "TYPE#", "SPARE3", "OBJ#")
  2    PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  3    STORAGE(INITIAL 16384 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  4    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  5    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  6    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM";

Index created.

SQL>   CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ1IMG" ON "SYS"."OBJ$IMG" ("OBJ#", "OWNER#", "TYPE#")
  2    PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  3    STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  4    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  5    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  6    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"
  7  ;

Index created.

6. 获取bootstrap$语句

SQL> SELECT DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('TABLE','BOOTSTRAP$','SYS') FROM DUAL;

DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('TABLE','BOOTSTRAP$','SYS')
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  CREATE TABLE "SYS"."BOOTSTRAP$"
   (    "LINE#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "OBJ#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "SQL_TEXT" VARCHAR2(4000) NOT NULL ENABLE
   ) PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 40 INITRANS 1 MAXTRANS 255
 NOCOMPRESS LOGGING
  STORAGE(INITIAL 57344 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"

7. 创建bootstrap$img表

SQL>   CREATE TABLE "SYS"."BOOTSTRAP$IMG"
  2     (    "LINE#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  3          "OBJ#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  4          "SQL_TEXT" VARCHAR2(4000) NOT NULL ENABLE
  5     ) PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 40 INITRANS 1 MAXTRANS 255
  6   NOCOMPRESS LOGGING
  7    STORAGE(INITIAL 57344 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  8    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  9    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
 10    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"
 11  /

Table created.

8.插入数据

insert into obj$img select * from obj$;
insert into bootstrap$img select * from bootstrap$;
commit;

9. 删除bootstrap$img对象名

delete from bootstrap$img where obj# in 
 (select obj# from obj$ 
  where name in ('OBJ$',  'I_OBJ1',  'I_OBJ2', 'I_OBJ3', 'I_OBJ4', 'I_OBJ5',
                 'BOOTSTRAP$'));
commit;

10. 插入新创建对象

insert into bootstrap$img select * from bootstrap$tmpstr;
commit;

11. 关闭数据库

SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

12. bbed修改相关block值

[oracle@oel6 ~]$ bbed 
Password: 

BBED: Release 2.0.0.0.0 - Limited Production on Thu Aug 7 04:54:50 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

************* !!! For Oracle Internal Use only !!! ***************

BBED> set filename '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf'
        FILENAME        /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf

BBED> set blocksize 8192
        BLOCKSIZE       8192

BBED> set block 1
        BLOCK#          1

BBED> set mode edit
        MODE            Edit

BBED> set count 32
        COUNT           32

BBED> m /x e81d
Warning: contents of previous BIFILE will be lost. Proceed? (Y/N) y
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 1                Offsets:   196 to  227           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 e81d4000 12000000 00000000 41bad632 15bad632 01000000 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 5200 offset +2
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 1                Offsets:   198 to  229           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 52001200 00000000 000041ba d63215ba d6320100 00000000 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> d offset 96
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 1                Offsets:   196 to  227           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 e81d5200 12000000 00000000 41bad632 15bad632 01000000 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 1:
current = 0x5fbf, required = 0x5fbf

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 1


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Blocks Influx           : 0
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED


BBED> exit

13. 启动数据库

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  663945216 bytes
Fixed Size                  2291808 bytes
Variable Size             369100704 bytes
Database Buffers          289406976 bytes
Redo Buffers                3145728 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

14. 验证I_OBJ1 index重建情况

SQL> SELECT OBJECT_ID,DATA_OBJECT_ID,CREATED FROM DBA_OBJECTS WHERE OBJECT_NAME='I_OBJ1';

 OBJECT_ID DATA_OBJECT_ID CREATED
---------- -------------- ---------
     77120          77120 06-AUG-14

SQL> !date  
Thu Aug  6 05:29:25 CST 2014

SQL> SELECT HEADER_FILE,HEADER_BLOCK FROM DBA_SEGMENTS WHERE SEGMENT_NAME='I_OBJ1';

HEADER_FILE HEADER_BLOCK
----------- ------------
          1        77296

SQL> SELECT SQL_TEXT FROM BOOTSTRAP$ WHERE SQL_TEXT LIKE '%obj%';

SQL_TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
create unique index i_obj1 on obj$(obj#, owner#, type#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 M
AXEXTENTS 2147483645 PCTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 77120 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 77296))

create unique index i_obj2 on obj$(owner#, name, namespace,remoteowner, linkname, subname, type#, spare3, obj#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS
255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 16384 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645 PCTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 77119 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 77288))

create index i_obj3 on obj$(oid$) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645 P
CTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 77118 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 77280))

create index i_obj4 on obj$(dataobj#, type#, owner#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXE
XTENTS 2147483645 PCTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 77117 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 77272))

create unique index i_obj5 on obj$(spare3, name, namespace, type#, owner#, remoteowner, linkname, subname, obj#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS
 255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645 PCTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 77116 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 77264))

不同版本对应的基表和index结构不一样(本篇blog使用的是12c做试验),但是本方法支持数据库从Oracle 7到Oracle 12c对于bootstrap$中核心index处理.
因为重建bootstrap$中的核心index是一个复杂而且风险非常大的事情,在你无法确定风险或者无法正常完成此类操作之时,如有需要请联系我
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

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数据库启动ORA-08103故障恢复

数据库在open过程报ORA-08103错误导致数据库无法正确启动

Fri Jul 18 22:02:51 2014
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Fri Jul 18 22:02:51 2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\kemu3\udump\kemu3_ora_29788.trc:
ORA-00604: ?? SQL ?? 1 ????
ORA-08103: ??????

Fri Jul 18 22:02:51 2014
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Fri Jul 18 22:02:51 2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\kemu3\bdump\kemu3_smon_29704.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08103: object no longer exists

Fri Jul 18 22:02:51 2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\kemu3\bdump\kemu3_smon_29704.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08103: object no longer exists

Fri Jul 18 22:02:51 2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\kemu3\bdump\kemu3_smon_29704.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08103: object no longer exists

Fri Jul 18 22:02:52 2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\kemu3\bdump\kemu3_smon_29704.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08103: object no longer exists

replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Starting background process QMNC
QMNC started with pid=18, OS id=29876
Fri Jul 18 22:02:53 2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\kemu3\bdump\kemu3_smon_29704.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08103: object no longer exists

Fri Jul 18 22:02:54 2014
ORA-604 signalled during: alter database open...

对数据库启动过程做10046

PARSING IN CURSOR #22 len=210 dep=2 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=20960424464 hv=864012087 ad='3063f0b4'
select /*+ rule */ bucket_cnt, row_cnt, cache_cnt, null_cnt, timestamp#, sample_size, minimum, 
maximum, distcnt, lowval, hival, density, col#, spare1, spare2, avgcln from hist_head$ where obj#=:1 and intcol#=:2
END OF STMT
EXEC #22:c=0,e=80,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=2,og=3,tim=20960424461
WAIT #22: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 5452 file#=1 block#=60213 blocks=1 obj#=4586 tim=20960429962
FETCH #22:c=0,e=5967,p=1,cr=1,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=2,og=3,tim=20960430462
*** KEWUXS - encountered error: (ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 级别 2 出现错误
ORA-08103: 对象不再存在
)  
*** kewrwdbi_1: Error=13515 encountered during run_once
BINDS #21:
kkscoacd
 Bind#0
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=0a217744  bln=22  avl=01  flg=05
  value=0
 Bind#1
  oacdty=01 mxl=32(20) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=18 fl2=0001 frm=01 csi=852 siz=32 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=0a217718  bln=32  avl=20  flg=05
  value="WRI$_ADV_DEFINITIONS"
 Bind#2
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=0a2176f4  bln=24  avl=02  flg=05
  value=1

这里很明显数据库启动过程,由于hist_head$的file 1 block 60213中的object_id 与 data_object_id 不匹配,从而出现ORA-08103错误,导致数据库无法正常启动,这里的故障的对象为hist_head$,非oracle核心对象,因此直接标记该block 为坏块(模拟普通ORA-08103并解决,模拟极端ORA-08103并解决,rman制造坏块,bbed修复坏块,bbed破坏数据文件),然后启动数据库,备份hist_head$表数据,然后truncate hist_head$,再插入hist_head$,整体完工.
在数据库open过程中,如果遇到ora-8103错误,导致数据库无法正常open,可以对其做10046定位到故障block和对象,然后判断对象是否数据库启动必须的对象,甚至是bootstarp$中对象,然后采取不同的处理方法.

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