标签归档:ORA-600 2662

ORA-15096: lost disk write detected

又一例由于存储掉电导致asm磁盘组,由于ORA-15096: lost disk write detected,导致无法mount的恢复请求

SQL> ALTER DISKGROUP DATA MOUNT  /* asm agent *//* {1:45277:148} */
NOTE: cache registered group DATA number=2 incarn=0x73886b6a
NOTE: cache began mount (first) of group DATA number=2 incarn=0x73886b6a
NOTE: Assigning number (2,2) to disk (/dev/asm-data3)
NOTE: Assigning number (2,1) to disk (/dev/asm-data2)
NOTE: Assigning number (2,0) to disk (/dev/asm-data1)
Fri Nov 06 19:06:56 2020
NOTE: GMON heartbeating for grp 2
GMON querying group 2 at 94 for pid 30, osid 11596
NOTE: cache opening disk 0 of grp 2: DATA_0000 path:/dev/asm-data1
NOTE: F1X0 found on disk 0 au 2 fcn 0.0
NOTE: cache opening disk 1 of grp 2: DATA_0001 path:/dev/asm-data2
NOTE: cache opening disk 2 of grp 2: DATA_0002 path:/dev/asm-data3
NOTE: cache mounting (first) external redundancy group 2/0x73886B6A (DATA)
Fri Nov 06 19:06:57 2020
* allocate domain 2, invalid = TRUE
kjbdomatt send to inst 2
Fri Nov 06 19:06:57 2020
NOTE: attached to recovery domain 2
NOTE: starting recovery of thread=1 ckpt=25.7986 group=2 (DATA)
NOTE: starting recovery of thread=2 ckpt=33.364 group=2 (DATA)
NOTE: BWR validation signaled ORA-15096
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_ora_11596.trc:
ORA-15096: lost disk write detected
NOTE: crash recovery signalled OER-15096
ERROR: ORA-15096 signalled during mount of diskgroup DATA
NOTE: cache dismounting (clean) group 2/0x73886B6A (DATA)
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 11596, image: oracle@db1 (TNS V1-V3)
NOTE: lgwr not being msg'd to dismount
kjbdomdet send to inst 2
detach from dom 2, sending detach message to inst 2
freeing rdom 2
NOTE: detached from domain 2
NOTE: cache dismounted group 2/0x73886B6A (DATA)
NOTE: cache ending mount (fail) of group DATA number=2 incarn=0x73886b6a
NOTE: cache deleting context for group DATA 2/0x73886b6a
GMON dismounting group 2 at 95 for pid 30, osid 11596
NOTE: Disk DATA_0000 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0001 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0002 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
ERROR: diskgroup DATA was not mounted
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15096: lost disk write detected
ERROR: ALTER DISKGROUP DATA MOUNT  /* asm agent *//* {1:45277:148} */

通过判断,通过一系列处理之后,数据库进行了mount操作发现报错ORA-600 2130

Fri Nov 06 17:03:27 2020
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database
Media Recovery Start
 started logmerger process
Parallel Media Recovery started with 40 slaves
Fri Nov 06 17:03:29 2020
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ynhis/ynhis1/trace/ynhis1_pr00_7393.trc  (incident=195869):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2130], [2], [1], [2], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ynhis/ynhis1/incident/incdir_195869/ynhis1_pr00_7393_i195869.trc
Fri Nov 06 17:03:30 2020
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Media Recovery failed with error 600
ORA-10877 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database  ...

判断redo异常,通过resetlogs打开库,发现报错ORA-00600 2662

Fri Nov 06 18:21:32 2020
alter database open resetlogs
RESETLOGS is being done without consistancy checks. This may result
in a corrupted database. The database should be recreated.
RESETLOGS after incomplete recovery UNTIL CHANGE 8670753264
Resetting resetlogs activation ID 306909514 (0x124b114a)
Redo thread 2 enabled by open resetlogs or standby activation
Fri Nov 06 18:21:39 2020
Setting recovery target incarnation to 2
Initializing SCN for created control file
Database SCN compatibility initialized to 3
Warning - High Database SCN: Current SCN value is 8670753267, threshold SCN value is 0
Fri Nov 06 18:21:39 2020
Assigning activation ID 408224320 (0x18550240)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 1
  Current log# 1 seq# 1 mem# 0: /orabak/data/group_1.289.954514319
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Fri Nov 06 18:21:40 2020
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ynhis/ynhis1/trace/ynhis1_ora_24310.trc  (incident=231847):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [80818679], [2], [93545365], [4194545], [], [], [], [], [],[]
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ynhis/ynhis1/incident/incdir_231847/ynhis1_ora_24310_i231847.trc
Fri Nov 06 18:21:42 2020
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20201106182142],requested by(instance=1,osid=24310),summary=[incident=231847]
Fri Nov 06 18:21:43 2020
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ynhis/ynhis1/trace/ynhis1_ora_24310.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [80818679], [2], [93545365],[4194545],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ynhis/ynhis1/trace/ynhis1_ora_24310.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [80818679], [2], [93545365],[4194545],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 24310): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 24310
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (24310) as a result of ORA-1092

处理该错误之后,数据库resetlog之后,数据库open成功但是报错ORA-00600 4137

Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ynhis/ynhis1/trace/ynhis1_smon_26195.trc  (incident=255799):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [25.33.122556], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ynhis/ynhis1/incident/incdir_255799/ynhis1_smon_26195_i255799.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
No Resource Manager plan active
Fri Nov 06 18:30:46 2020
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
ORACLE Instance ynhis1 (pid = 23) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (25, 33).
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ynhis/ynhis1/trace/ynhis1_smon_26195.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [25.33.122556], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

对异常undo进行处理,数据库可以正常启动关闭,然后安排数据导出导入新库操作,恢复完成.

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系统故障oracle数据库恢复

由于系统故障,导致操作系统进入,客户通过其他方式进入系统拷贝出来数据文件,redo,ctl等文件,安装版本相同的数据库,修改相关路径,启动数据库,但是启动报错,让我们给予技术支持.数据库open报ORA-600 2662错误

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [2313731576], [2],
[2313735660], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [2313731575], [2],
[2313735660], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [2313731573], [2],
[2313735660], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
Process ID: 22446
Session ID: 577 Serial number: 1

alert日志报错

Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /home/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_22446.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments:[2662],[2],[2313731573],[2],[2313735660],[12583040],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Errors in file /home/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_22446.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments:[2662],[2],[2313731573],[2],[2313735660],[12583040],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 22446): terminating the instance due to error 600

这个错误比较常见,特别是使用了_allow_resetlogs_corruption屏蔽一致性强制拉库的时候.解决该问题比较简单,修改数据库scn,然后open数据库成功,参考部分案例_allow_resetlogs_corruption

[oracle@localhost ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Sat Jun 20 08:31:55 2020

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup mount pfile='/tmp/pfile';
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 4275781632 bytes
Fixed Size                  2235208 bytes
Variable Size            2902459576 bytes
Database Buffers         1325400064 bytes
Redo Buffers               45686784 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

尝试导出数据

[oracle@localhost ~]$ tail -f nohup.out 
. exporting foreign function library names for user XIFENFEI 
. exporting PUBLIC type synonyms
. exporting private type synonyms
. exporting object type definitions for user XIFENFEI 
About to export LIOVBJ2017's objects ...
. exporting database links
. exporting sequence numbers
. exporting cluster definitions
. about to export LIOVBJ2017's tables via Conventional Path ...
. . exporting table                           ABCD
                                                            1 rows exported
. . exporting table               TB_D_RECORD
EXP-00008: ORACLE error 1578 encountered
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 1, block # 290344)
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf'
. . exporting table                      TB_DRIVER
EXP-00008: ORACLE error 1578 encountered
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 1, block # 290344)
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf'
. . exporting table               TB_XFF
EXP-00008: ORACLE error 1578 encountered
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 1, block # 290344)
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf'
. . exporting table              TB_XFF_TM_REL
EXP-00008: ORACLE error 1578 encountered
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 1, block # 290344)
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf'
. . exporting table                    TB_LOCATION

由于file # 1, block # 290344坏块导致数据无法导出,通过dbv检查数据文件

[oracle@localhost trace]$ dbv file=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf

DBVERIFY: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Sat Jun 20 08:43:49 2020

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf
Page 290344 is influx - most likely media corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00446e28 (file 1, block 290344)
Fractured block found during dbv: 
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x00446e28
 last change scn: 0x0002.89e2b718 seq: 0x1 flg: 0x06
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0x61980601
 check value in block header: 0xe118
 computed block checksum: 0xd680



DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Pages Examined         : 298240
Total Pages Processed (Data) : 257035
Total Pages Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Pages Processed (Index): 13457
Total Pages Failing   (Index): 0
Total Pages Processed (Other): 3598
Total Pages Processed (Seg)  : 1
Total Pages Failing   (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Empty            : 24149
Total Pages Marked Corrupt   : 1
Total Pages Influx           : 1
Total Pages Encrypted        : 0
Highest block SCN            : 3221247831 (2.3221247831)

确认只有一个坏块,尝试通过bbed进行坏块修复

BBED> set blocksize 8192
        BLOCKSIZE       8192

BBED> set block 290344
        BLOCK#          290344

BBED> map
 File: /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 290344                                Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------
 KTB Data Block (Index Leaf)

 struct kcbh, 20 bytes                      @0       

 struct ktbbh, 72 bytes                     @20      

 struct kdxle, 32 bytes                     @92      

 sb2 kd_off[231]                            @124     

 ub1 freespace[3026]                        @586     

 ub1 rowdata[4508]                          @3612    

 ub4 tailchk                                @8188    


BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 290344

Block 290344 is corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00446e28 (file 0, block 290344)
Fractured block found during verification
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x00446e28
 last change scn: 0x0002.89e2b718 seq: 0x1 flg: 0x06
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0x61980601
 check value in block header: 0xe118
 computed block checksum: 0xd680


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 1
Total Blocks Influx           : 2
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED


BBED> set mode edit
        MODE            Edit

BBED> p kcbh
struct kcbh, 20 bytes                       @0       
   ub1 type_kcbh                            @0        0x06
   ub1 frmt_kcbh                            @1        0xa2
   ub1 spare1_kcbh                          @2        0x00
   ub1 spare2_kcbh                          @3        0x00
   ub4 rdba_kcbh                            @4        0x00446e28
   ub4 bas_kcbh                             @8        0x89e2b718
   ub2 wrp_kcbh                             @12       0x0002
   ub1 seq_kcbh                             @14       0x01
   ub1 flg_kcbh                             @15       0x06 (KCBHFDLC, KCBHFCKV)
   ub2 chkval_kcbh                          @16       0xe118
   ub2 spare3_kcbh                          @18       0x0000

BBED> p tailchk
ub4 tailchk                                 @8188     0x61980601

BBED> d /v
 File: /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 290344  Offsets: 8188 to 8191  Dba:0x00000000
-------------------------------------------------------
 01069861                            l ...a

 <16 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 010618b7
 File: /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 290344           Offsets: 8188 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 010618b7 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 290344:
current = 0xe118, required = 0xe118

BBED> verify 
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 290344


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 1
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Blocks Influx           : 0
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED

继续尝试导出数据,遭遇ORA-08103,参考相关文章:
模拟普通ORA-08103并解决
模拟极端ORA-08103并解决
数据库启动ORA-08103故障恢复

EXP-00056: ORACLE error 8103 encountered
ORA-08103: object no longer exists

通过对其进行处理,恢复该记录之外的所有记录,客户创建新库导入数据,数据库恢复基本完成

发表在 Oracle备份恢复 | 标签为 , , | 评论关闭

在数据库恢复遭遇ORA-07445 kgegpa错误

接到客户恢复请求,数据库启动报ORA-600 2662错误

Fri Apr 24 19:52:58 2020
alter database open resetlogs
RESETLOGS is being done without consistancy checks. This may result
in a corrupted database. The database should be recreated.
RESETLOGS after incomplete recovery UNTIL CHANGE 15491509441794
Resetting resetlogs activation ID 1460987657 (0x5714e709)
Fri Apr 24 19:52:59 2020
Setting recovery target incarnation to 3
Fri Apr 24 19:52:59 2020
Assigning activation ID 1566342598 (0x5d5c7dc6)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 1
  Current log# 1 seq# 1 mem# 0: Y:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Fri Apr 24 19:52:59 2020
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_3860.trc  (incident=8561):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [3606], [3857372426], [3606], [3857377059], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_8561\orcl_ora_3860_i8561.trc
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_3860.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [3606], [3857372426], [3606], [3857377059], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_3860.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [3606], [3857372426], [3606], [3857377059], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 3860): terminating the instance due to error 600
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 3860
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...

这个错误比较常见,通过对数据库scn进行调整,顺利规避该错误,继续启动报如下错误

SQL> startup mount pfile='d:/pfile.txt';
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1.3696E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2188768 bytes
Variable Size            6878661152 bytes
Database Buffers         6777995264 bytes
Redo Buffers               37044224 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-03113: 通信通道的文件结尾
进程 ID: 5884
会话 ID: 66 序列号: 3
Fri Apr 24 20:57:49 2020
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Successfully onlined Undo Tablespace 2.
Dictionary check beginning
Dictionary check complete
Verifying file header compatibility for 11g tablespace encryption..
Verifying 11g file header compatibility for tablespace encryption completed
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
No Resource Manager plan active
Exception [type: ACCESS_VIOLATION, UNABLE_TO_READ] [ADDR:0x898ADE43] [PC:0x9287D88, kgegpa()+38]
Dump file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\alert_orcl.log
Fri Apr 24 20:57:49 2020
ORACLE V11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production vsnsta=0
vsnsql=16 vsnxtr=3
Windows NT Version V6.1  
CPU                 : 16 - type 8664, 16 Physical Cores
Process Affinity    : 0x0x0000000000000000
Memory (Avail/Total): Ph:21429M/32767M, Ph+PgF:54255M/65533M 
Fri Apr 24 20:57:49 2020
Errors in file 
ORA-07445: caught exception [ACCESS_VIOLATION] at [kgegpa()+38] [0x0000000009287D88]
Fri Apr 24 20:57:52 2020
PMON (ospid: 2496): terminating the instance due to error 397
Instance terminated by PMON, pid = 2496

这里的主要错误是由于ORA-07445 kgegpa,根据以前恢复经验,该问题很可能和undo有关,对undo进行处理之后启动库

SQL> startup mount pfile='d:/pfile.txt' ;
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1.3696E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2188768 bytes
Variable Size            6878661152 bytes
Database Buffers         6777995264 bytes
Redo Buffers               37044224 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
SQL> recover database;
完成介质恢复。
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。

SMON: enabling tx recovery
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
SMON: Restarting fast_start parallel rollback
Fri Apr 24 21:01:28 2020
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_p000_4360.trc  (incident=13377):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4198], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_13377\orcl_p000_4360_i13377.trc
Stopping background process MMNL
Doing block recovery for file 3 block 296
Resuming block recovery (PMON) for file 3 block 296
Block recovery from logseq 3, block 25 to scn 15491947056761
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 3 Seq 3 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: Y:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO03.LOG
Block recovery completed at rba 3.25.16, scn 3607.20090
Doing block recovery for file 6 block 165592
Resuming block recovery (PMON) for file 6 block 165592
Block recovery from logseq 3, block 33 to scn 15491947056769
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 3 Seq 3 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: Y:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO03.LOG
Block recovery completed at rba 3.58.16, scn 3607.20098
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_smon_4912.trc  (incident=13321):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4198], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_13321\orcl_smon_4912_i13321.trc
SMON: Parallel transaction recovery slave got internal error
SMON: Downgrading transaction recovery to serial
Stopping background process MMON
Fri Apr 24 21:01:29 2020
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20200424210129]
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_smon_4912.trc  (incident=13322):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [12.30.1712324], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_13322\orcl_smon_4912_i13322.trc
ORACLE Instance orcl (pid = 14) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (12, 30).
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_smon_4912.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [12.30.1712324], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Completed: alter database open upgrade
Fri Apr 24 21:01:30 2020
MMON started with pid=16, OS id=4980 
Fri Apr 24 21:01:31 2020
Sweep [inc][13322]: completed
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00c395ee (file 3, block 234990)
Fractured block found during buffer read
Data in bad block:
 type: 2 format: 2 rdba: 0x00c395ee
 last change scn: 0x0e16.e5ead38b seq: 0x2b flg: 0x04
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0xdb720232
 check value in block header: 0xebe2
 computed block checksum: 0xb60b
Reading datafile'Y:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\UNDOTBS01.DBF'for corruption at rdba: 0x00c395ee (file 3,block 234990)
Reread (file 3, block 234990) found same corrupt data
Corrupt Block Found
         TSN = 2, TSNAME = UNDOTBS1
         RFN = 3, BLK = 234990, RDBA = 12817902
         OBJN = 0, OBJD = -1, OBJECT = , SUBOBJECT = 
         SEGMENT OWNER = , SEGMENT TYPE = 
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_m001_4852.trc  (incident=13641):
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 3, block # 234990)
ORA-01110: data file 3: 'Y:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\UNDOTBS01.DBF'
Incident details in: d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_13641\orcl_m001_4852_i13641.trc
SQL> create undo tablespace undotbs2 datafile 
2   'Y:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL\undo_xff02.dbf' size 128M autoextend on;

表空间已创建。

SQL> drop tablespace undotbs1 including contents and datafiles;

表空间已删除。

SQL> shutdown immediate;
数据库已经关闭。
已经卸载数据库。
ORACLE 例程已经关闭。
SQL> create spfile from pfile='d:/pfile.txt';

文件已创建。

SQL> startup mount
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1.3696E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2188768 bytes
Variable Size            6878661152 bytes
Database Buffers         6777995264 bytes
Redo Buffers               37044224 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。

数据库启动之后继续报出来的ORA-600 4198和ORA-600 4137以及undo坏块均证明是由于undo异常引起的问题,通过重建新undo,数据库open正常,安排客户进行数据导出导入到新库

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