分类目录归档:数据库

记录一次oracle现场故障处理经过

近期到现场进行了一个数据库恢复,我在恢复之前该库先由于硬件进行恢复,然后由其他人对其进行了一系列数据库恢复,但是未恢复成功,客户希望我们到现场进行处理(因为网络原因无法远程).接手库之后,处理第一个问题,是客户在进行现场备份的时候(把linux数据拷贝到win的过程中)发现有几个文件拷贝异常,这个错误很可能是由于当初的硬件故障修复之后留下的后遗症(由于io设备错误,无法运行此项请求),通过工具进行拷贝,恢复出来
20210403210131


DUL> copy file from  /oradata2/xifenfeidata.dbf to /oradata2/xifenfeidata.dbf

starting copy datafile '/oradata1/xifenfeidata.dbf' to '/oradata2/xifenfeidata.dbf'
read data error from file '/oradata1/xifenfeidata.dbf'.error message:Input/output error
read block# error: 560171
read data error from file '/oradata1/xifenfeidata.dbf'.error message:Input/output error
read block# error: 560179
datafile copy completed with 2 block error.
[oracle@localhost ~]$ dbv file=/oradata2/xifenfeidata.dbf blocksize=16384

DBVERIFY: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Mon Mar 29 17:28:17 2021

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /oradata2/xifenfeidata.dbf
Page 560171 is marked corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x3bc88c2b (file 239, block 560171)
Completely zero block found during dbv: 

Page 560179 is marked corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x3bc88c33 (file 239, block 560179)
Completely zero block found during dbv: 



DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Pages Examined         : 4194302
Total Pages Processed (Data) : 2230726
Total Pages Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Pages Processed (Index): 1936953
Total Pages Failing   (Index): 0
Total Pages Processed (Other): 26618
Total Pages Processed (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Failing   (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Empty            : 3
Total Pages Marked Corrupt   : 2
Total Pages Influx           : 0
Total Pages Encrypted        : 0
Highest block SCN            : 304929867 (106.304929867)

修复完相关无法拷贝文件之后,启动数据库报控制文件异常

Mon Mar 29 15:03:38 2021
alter database mount
USER (ospid: 29044): terminating the instance
Mon Mar 29 15:03:42 2021
System state dump requested by (instance=1, osid=29044), summary=[abnormal instance termination].
System State dumped to trace file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xff/xff/trace/xff_diag_28961.trc
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 29044

尝试重建ctl

[oracle@localhost ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Mon Mar 29 17:40:17 2021

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup nomount pfile='/tmp/pfile'
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1.7704E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2235568 bytes
Variable Size            2348811088 bytes
Database Buffers         1.5301E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers               52580352 bytes
SQL> @/tmp/ctl.sql
CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE xff NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01503: CREATE CONTROLFILE failed
ORA-01189: file is from a different RESETLOGS than previous files
ORA-01110: data file 249: '/oradata/xff/system03.dbf'

初步判断是由于对方之前恢复导致部分文件resetlogs scn异常,通过bbed进行判断确认

BBED> set file 1
        FILE#           1

BBED> p kcvfhrls
struct kcvfhrls, 8 bytes                    @116     
   ub4 kscnbas                              @116      0x00000001
   ub2 kscnwrp                              @120      0x0000

BBED> set file 249
        FILE#           249

BBED> p kcvfhrls
struct kcvfhrls, 8 bytes                    @116     
   ub4 kscnbas                              @116      0x00000001
   ub2 kscnwrp                              @120      0x0000

通过bbed修改相关值,然后重建控制文件成功,尝试resetlogs库,报ORA-01248错误

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01248: file 234 was created in the future of incomplete recovery
ORA-01110: data file 234: '/oradata1/xifenfeidata5.DBF'

关于ORA-01248的错误解释

01248, 00000, "file %s was created in the future of incomplete recovery"
// *Cause:  Attempting to do a RESETLOGS open with a file entry in the
//          control file that was originally created after the UNTIL time 
//          of the incomplete recovery.
//          Allowing such an entry may hide the version of the file that 
//          is needed at this time.  The file number may be in use for 
//          a different file which would be lost if the RESETLOGS was allowed.
// *Action: If more recovery is desired then apply redo until the creation
//          time of the file is reached. If the file is not wanted and the
//          same file number is not in use at the stop time of the recovery,
//          then the file can be taken offline with the FOR DROP option.
//          Otherwise a different control file is needed to allow the RESETLOGS.
//          Another backup can be restored and recovered, or a control file can
//          be created via CREATE CONTROLFILE.

大概的意思是文件的创建时间大于文件当前的scn,通过查询确实如此

SQL> select file#,CREATION_CHANGE#,CREATION_TIME from v$datafile_header where file#=234;

           FILE# CREATION_CHANGE# CREATION_
---------------- ---------------- ---------
             234     419298664864 02-AUG-19

SQL> SELECT status,  
  2  to_char(checkpoint_change#,'9999999999999999') "SCN",
  3  to_char(checkpoint_time,'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') checkpoint_time,FUZZY,
  4  count(*) ROW_NUM
  5  FROM v$datafile_header
  6  GROUP BY status, checkpoint_change#, to_char(checkpoint_time,'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss'),fuzzy
  7  ORDER BY status, checkpoint_change#, checkpoint_time;

STATUS  SCN               CHECKPOINT_TIME     FUZ          ROW_NUM
------- ----------------- ------------------- --- ----------------
ONLINE       417750848223 2021-02-23 23:50:46 YES                7
ONLINE       417750848223 2021-03-21 11:44:25 NO               396

通过对部分scn进行修改(比如减小创建时间的scn),然后尝试resetlogs库

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 5 with name
"_SYSSMU5_2708889888$" too small
Process ID: 3182
Session ID: 1 Serial number: 3

这个错误比较简单,参考以前的部分文章:在数据库open过程中常遇到ORA-01555汇总数据库open过程遭遇ORA-1555对应sql语句补充,处理之后,数据库open成功

SQL> startup mount;
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1.7704E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2235568 bytes
Variable Size            2348811088 bytes
Database Buffers         1.5301E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers               52580352 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

本次数据库恢复基本上完成,已经最大限度恢复数据,导出数据到新库,完成恢复任务

发表在 非常规恢复 | 标签为 , , | 留下评论

.Globeimposter-Beta666qqz扩展名数据库加密恢复

又接一医院客户请求,多套win系统被勒索病毒加密,其中有几套是oracle数据库,请求我们进行分析,确认是否可以恢复.
HOW TO BACK YOUR FILES.txt文件信息

                   YOUR FILES ARE ENCRYPTED !!!

TO DECRYPT, FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS:

To recover data you need decrypt tool.

To get the decrypt tool you should:

1.In the letter include your personal ID! Send me this ID in your first email to me!
2.We can give you free test for decrypt few files (NOT VALUE) and assign the price for decryption all files!
3.After we send you instruction how to pay for decrypt tool and after payment you will receive a decryption tool! 
4.We can decrypt few files in quality the evidence that we have the decoder.


 DO NOT TRY TO DO SOMETHING WITH YOUR FILES BY YOURSELF YOU WILL BRAKE YOUR DATA !!! ONLY WE ARE CAN HELP YOU! CONTACT US:

China.Helper@aol.com

                   ATTENTION !!! THIS IS YOUR PERSONAL ID WICH YOU HAVE TO SEND IN FIRST LETTER:

Tq rx zo f3 B1 Eg S/ m1 SI Yw KS av ip Js /5 oU
uk FL LY Wa pF P1 Dc ss 8l dU cl pE xe Sa Gw oC
Fq /+ rF dz D3 DU Pz S6 6e uB M5 Wx zD 3C DW EC
nk 1I V1 rf zK R4 36 tq 7o bJ rK Rq 81 ib hf lh
+8 Oz rR 4g VM rz FH ST rJ ve 1S K2 PN FL 7I Gg
yp Wq vv 1j V8 Fz vN 0x y9 l2 Ig Ql fD lK MJ +H
Vw WV 80 FY /s OE oG 9V nC TY Ys Zd nQ is T2 Bw
U4 cK yM km OB Ko 8p Yg g/ DA 5N S+ DX e5 /v 0s
A9 Ae B6 Q1 aO Q9 gN 5/ pg HA LS jD 50 1K p6 Jn
T0 g4 MR Gp 3L l4 GM Fv rD Pq gC pp Tf kz 4k vh
ZG rz SB CD 1f lh M5 UA QI mn ky CG es re GI qc
7s 7h aZ /B sR 6V yn /I xC h7 Xc oR 4G uQ ZC DU
Bs Ij AI 1f 0c w0 Y7 Vd xy FI R2 lz L1 8r dK lF
zS SM CK Mb Rm wo EQ ht ht zj 1m R0 NM 0W 0T lA
9A AP vl dA dB XA Fx cH iR ux C8 Hn uv B9 H0 tk
0J Ph Cn VZ S+ 6b NT BT YZ jC Wf ah Ml N5 q6 FS
uZ Tk 5o 0+ Sq 3c lZ 0a SH LR nW jn 1f A2 rg k6
jx qq eD T1 GT 6w cC 6C TP 3j 6Z KV 6D 1N tS Jo
p/ Sl DB J2 yD Q1 u5 Y7 GS E9 /c kh U6 r8 QP wy
jU Fa +Y Um TZ Mo PY gQ /L pj 5d QD EK A8 g2 qY
8Z 1d Np 3M qm Ri Sf Nc IT cN 2O Uj Ou Gw DZ H3
Wb Lo BV mE wZ 4= 

被加密文件类似
20210403180555


通过底层分析,只是小部分数据被加密破坏
20210403180929

这个客户相对比较幸运,他们有3月19日的备份,通过结合备份,实现比较好的效果数据恢复
如果此类的数据库文件(oracle,mysql,sql server)等被加密,需要专业恢复技术支持,请联系我们:
电话/微信:13429648788    Q Q:107644445QQ咨询惜分飞    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

发表在 勒索恢复 | 标签为 , , , | 留下评论

.makop病毒加密数据库恢复

最近接到客户几套oracle数据库所在的机器文件被加密,readme-warning.txt内容如下

::: Greetings :::


Little FAQ:
.1. 
Q: Whats Happen?
A: Your files have been encrypted and now have the "makop" extension. The file structure was not damaged, we did everything possible so that this could not happen.

.2. 
Q: How to recover files?
A: If you wish to decrypt your files you will need to pay in bitcoins.

.3. 
Q: What about guarantees?
A: Its just a business. We absolutely do not care about you and your deals, except getting benefits. If we do not do our work and liabilities - nobody will cooperate with us. Its not in our interests.
To check the ability of returning files, you can send to us any 2 files with SIMPLE extensions(jpg,xls,doc, etc... not databases!) and low sizes(max 1 mb), we will decrypt them and send back to you. That is our guarantee.

.4.
Q: How to contact with you?
A: You can write us to our mailbox: Evilminded@privatemail.com

.5.
Q: How will the decryption process proceed after payment?
A: After payment we will send to you our scanner-decoder program and detailed instructions for use. With this program you will be able to decrypt all your encrypted files.

.6.
Q: If I don抰 want to pay bad people like you?
A: If you will not cooperate with our service - for us, its does not matter. But you will lose your time and data, cause only we have the private key. In practice - time is much more valuable than money.



:::BEWARE:::
DON'T try to change encrypted files by yourself! 
If you will try to use any third party software for restoring your data or antivirus solutions - please make a backup for all encrypted files!
Any changes in encrypted files may entail damage of the private key and, as result, the loss all data.

通过对数据库文件进行分析,可以恢复
20210327185837


通过恢复工具进行处理,直接open数据库,并导入新库
20210327190400

20210327190633

如果此类的数据库文件(oracle,mysql,sql server)等被加密,需要专业恢复技术支持,请联系我们:
电话/微信:13429648788    Q Q:107644445QQ咨询惜分飞    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

发表在 勒索恢复 | 标签为 , , , , , | 留下评论