分类目录归档:rman备份/恢复

模拟带库实现rman远程备份

rman通过模拟带库备份到远程机器,需要先配置用户ssh到目标机器
linux平台oracle备份

RMAN> RUN {
2> ALLOCATE CHANNEL S1 DEVICE TYPE sbt
3> PARMS='SBT_LIBRARY=/tmp/rman_sync.so,ENV=(
4> OB_SERVER=www.xifenfei.com,
5> OB_USER=root,
6> OB_PORT=22123,
7> OB_PATH=/tmp)';
8> BACKUP CURRENT CONTROLFILE FORMAT 'ctl_%U';
9> }

allocated channel: S1
channel S1: SID=125 device type=SBT_TAPE
channel S1: SBT/SSH2-SFTP

Starting backup at 22-FEB-24
channel S1: starting full datafile backup set
channel S1: specifying datafile(s) in backup set
including current control file in backup set
channel S1: starting piece 1 at 22-FEB-24
channel S1: finished piece 1 at 22-FEB-24
piece handle=ctl_012jq4gg_1_1 tag=TAG20240222T190344 comment=API Version 2.0,MMS Version 1.0.9.0
channel S1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:25
Finished backup at 22-FEB-24
released channel: S1

RMAN> list backup;

List of Backup Sets
===================

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
1       Full    9.50M      SBT_TAPE    00:00:24     22-FEB-24
        BP Key: 1   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: TAG20240222T190344
        Handle: ctl_012jq4gg_1_1   Media: 0B2B9255
  Control File Included: Ckp SCN: 4438494      Ckp time: 22-FEB-24

win平台oracle备份

RMAN> RUN {
2>  ALLOCATE CHANNEL S1 DEVICE TYPE sbt
3>  PARMS='SBT_LIBRARY=D:\TEMP\rman_sync.dll,
4>  ENV=(
5>  OB_SERVER=www.xifenfei.com,
6>  OB_USER=root,
7>  OB_PORT=22123,
8>  OB_PATH=/tmp/,
9>  OB_PUBLIC_KEY=C:\Users\XIFENFEI\.ssh\id_rsa.pub,
10>  OB_SECRET_KEY=C:\Users\XIFENFEI\.ssh\id_rsa,
11>  OB_LOGFILE=d:\xifenfei.log)';
12>  BACKUP CURRENT CONTROLFILE FORMAT 'ctl_%U';
13>  }

分配的通道: S1
通道 S1: SID=156 设备类型=SBT_TAPE
通道S1: SBT/SSH2-SFTP

启动 backup 于 23-2月 -24
通道 S1: 正在启动全部数据文件备份集
通道 S1: 正在指定备份集内的数据文件
备份集内包括当前控制文件
通道 S1: 正在启动段 1 于 23-2月 -24
通道 S1: 已完成段 1 于 23-2月 -24
段句柄=ctl_012jt7mr_1_1 标记=TAG20240223T231642 注释=API Version 2.0,MMS Version 1.0.9.0
通道 S1: 备份集已完成, 经过时间:00:00:07
完成 backup 于 23-2月 -24
释放的通道: S1

RMAN> list backup;


备份集列表
===================


BS 关键字  类型 LV 大小       设备类型 经过时间 完成时间
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ----------
1       Full    9.50M      SBT_TAPE    00:00:05     23-2月 -24
        BP 关键字: 1   状态: AVAILABLE  已压缩: NO  标记: TAG20240223T231642
        句柄: ctl_012jt7mr_1_1   介质: 0B2B9255
  包括的控制文件: Ckp SCN: 14544437     Ckp 时间: 23-2月 -24
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使用rman from service 搭建dataguard

从oracle 12c开始提供了rman通过from service方式搭建dg,使用12c长期支持版19c(并打上最新的patch)
配置dataguard相关参数(主备库有稍微不同)

alter system set db_unique_name='XIFENFEI' scope=spfile;
alter system set service_names='XIFENFEI';
alter system set log_archive_config='dg_config=(XIFENFEI,XIFENFEIDG)';
alter system set log_archive_dest_1='LOCATION=USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST 
  valid_for=(all_logfiles,all_roles) db_unique_name=XIFENFEI';
alter system set log_archive_dest_2='service=XIFENFEIDG lgwr async 
 valid_for=(online_logfiles,primary_role) db_unique_name=XIFENFEIDG';
alter system set standby_file_management=auto;
alter system set db_file_name_convert='/u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/',
 '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/' scope=spfile;
alter system set log_file_name_convert='/u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/',
 '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/' scope=spfile;
alter system set fal_server=XIFENFEIDG;

配置tnsnames.ora

XIFENFEI =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS_LIST =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.0.238)(PORT = 1521))
    )
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVICE_NAME = XIFENFEI)
    )
  )

XIFENFEIDG =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS_LIST =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.0.124)(PORT = 1521))
    )
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVICE_NAME = XIFENFEI)
    )
  )

拷贝主库密码文件到备库

[oracle@primary ~]$ scp $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/orapwXIFENFEI 192.168.0.124:$ORACLE_HOME/dbs/
The authenticity of host '192.168.0.124 (192.168.0.124)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:NI2952z4Bqc3M/B+AK7EJRiJNauROIyluvu1l4NSTX0.
ECDSA key fingerprint is MD5:1d:64:dd:ef:1c:ad:ed:cf:70:22:2d:4d:7c:90:5e:5e.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '192.168.0.124' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
oracle@192.168.0.124's password: 
orapwXIFENFEI                                                                   100% 2048     6.6MB/s   00:00    
[oracle@primary ~]$ 

备库启动到nomount状态

[oracle@standby ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Sat Mar 13 20:32:34 2021
Version 19.10.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2020, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> create spfile from pfile='/tmp/pfile';

File created.

SQL> startup nomount pfile='/tmp/pfile'
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 4294963264 bytes
Fixed Size                  8904768 bytes
Variable Size             805306368 bytes
Database Buffers         3472883712 bytes
Redo Buffers                7868416 bytes
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.10.0.0.0

rman from service方式创建standby ctl和还原数据文件

[oracle@standby ~]$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Sat Mar 13 20:34:37 2021
Version 19.10.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: XIFENFEI (not mounted)

RMAN> restore standby controlfile from service XIFENFEI;

Starting restore at 13-MAR-21
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=9 device type=DISK

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_DISK_1: using network backup set from service XIFENFEI
channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring control file
channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
output file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/control01.ctl
output file name=/u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/XIFENFEI/control02.ctl
Finished restore at 13-MAR-21

RMAN> alter database mount;

released channel: ORA_DISK_1
Statement processed

RMAN> restore database from service XIFENFEI;

Starting restore at 13-MAR-21
Starting implicit crosscheck backup at 13-MAR-21
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=12 device type=DISK
Finished implicit crosscheck backup at 13-MAR-21

Starting implicit crosscheck copy at 13-MAR-21
using channel ORA_DISK_1
Finished implicit crosscheck copy at 13-MAR-21

searching for all files in the recovery area
cataloging files...
no files cataloged

using channel ORA_DISK_1

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_DISK_1: using network backup set from service XIFENFEI
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00001 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_DISK_1: using network backup set from service XIFENFEI
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00003 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/sysaux01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_DISK_1: using network backup set from service XIFENFEI
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00004 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/undotbs01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_DISK_1: using network backup set from service XIFENFEI
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00007 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/users01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished restore at 13-MAR-21

备库启动mrp进程

SQL> ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE DISCONNECT FROM SESSION;

Database altered.
2021-03-13T20:54:08.075418+08:00
Attempt to start background Managed Standby Recovery process (XIFENFEI)
Starting background process MRP0
2021-03-13T20:54:08.086269+08:00
MRP0 started with pid=56, OS id=8182 
2021-03-13T20:54:08.087276+08:00
Background Managed Standby Recovery process started (XIFENFEI)
2021-03-13T20:54:13.104757+08:00
 Started logmerger process
2021-03-13T20:54:13.112058+08:00

IM on ADG: Start of Empty Journal 

IM on ADG: End of Empty Journal 
PR00 (PID:8188): Managed Standby Recovery starting Real Time Apply
2021-03-13T20:54:13.205668+08:00
Parallel Media Recovery started with 4 slaves
2021-03-13T20:54:13.216576+08:00
Stopping change tracking
PR00 (PID:8188): Media Recovery Waiting for T-1.S-25 (in transit)
2021-03-13T20:54:13.269138+08:00
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 12 Seq 25 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/s_redo12.log

至此dataguard基本上搭建完成

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rman备份到win共享目录

在win环境中数据库备份到异地,相对来说没有linux的nfs方便(可能nfs使用多了比较熟悉),以前写过一篇文章(windows rman自动备份并传输到远程服务器处理方法),通过本地备份,然后拷贝到远程共享目录实现,相对来说该方案比较繁琐,这次尝试直接备份到共享目录
1. 服务配置
20190926221926


oracle数据库服务和监听服务配置使用此账户的方式登录(而不是默认的本地系统账号)

2.在目标服务器中配置共享
20190926222029

主要两台win服务器登录用户名和密码需要一致,最好也是数据库安装用户

3.数据库备份脚本
20190926222130

备份脚本路径使用\\方式而不能使用别名盘符

4.数据库备份计划任务
20190926222951

运行任务时请使用下列用户选择ORA_DBA

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