标签归档:ORA-600 kcratr_nab_less_than_odr

又一例ORA-600 kcratr_nab_less_than_odr

数据库启动报错ORA-600 kcratr_nab_less_than_odr

alter database open
Sat Jul 23 21:38:32 2022
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 19 processes
Sat Jul 23 21:38:33 2022
Started redo scan
Sat Jul 23 21:38:33 2022
Completed redo scan
 read 244 KB redo, 64 data blocks need recovery
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl12c\orcl12c\trace\orcl12c_ora_5748.trc  (incident=309845):
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_nab_less_than_odr], [1], [10343], [67442], [67454], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:34 2022
Slave encountered ORA-10388 exception during crash recovery
Sat Jul 23 21:38:38 2022
Aborting crash recovery due to error 600
Sat Jul 23 21:38:38 2022
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl12c\orcl12c\trace\orcl12c_ora_5748.trc:
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_nab_less_than_odr], [1], [10343], [67442], [67454], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Sat Jul 23 21:38:39 2022
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl12c\orcl12c\trace\orcl12c_ora_5748.trc:
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_nab_less_than_odr], [1], [10343], [67442], [67454], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-600 signalled during: alter database open...

这个错误比较简单,参考:
12c启动报kcratr_nab_less_than_odr
ORA-600 kcratr_nab_less_than_odr故障解决
解决该问题之后,数据库启动报ORA-600 4194错误

Mon Jul 25 12:18:04 2022
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Starting background process SMCO
Mon Jul 25 12:18:05 2022
SMCO started with pid=26, OS id=8164 
Mon Jul 25 12:18:06 2022
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [4194], [46], [44], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Mon Jul 25 12:18:14 2022
Doing block recovery for file 5 block 1267
Mon Jul 25 12:18:14 2022
Resuming block recovery (PMON) for file 5 block 1267
Block recovery from logseq 1, block 67 to scn 217083444
Mon Jul 25 12:18:15 2022
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 1 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL12C\REDO01.LOG
Block recovery stopped at EOT rba 1.68.16
Block recovery completed at rba 1.68.16, scn 0.217083444
Doing block recovery for file 5 block 272
Resuming block recovery (PMON) for file 5 block 272
Block recovery from logseq 1, block 67 to scn 217083443
Mon Jul 25 12:18:18 2022
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 1 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL12C\REDO01.LOG
Block recovery completed at rba 1.68.16, scn 0.217083444
Mon Jul 25 12:18:19 2022
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl12c\orcl12c\trace\orcl12c_smon_7100.trc:
ORA-01595: 释放区 (5) 回退段 (10) 时出错
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [4194], [46], [44], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Mon Jul 25 12:18:19 2022
No Resource Manager plan active
Mon Jul 25 12:18:23 2022
Sweep [inc][317000]: completed
Sweep [inc2][317000]: completed
Starting background process FBDA
Mon Jul 25 12:18:40 2022
FBDA started with pid=28, OS id=7828 
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl12c\orcl12c\trace\orcl12c_ora_5804.trc  (incident=317056):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [4194], [46], [44], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Mon Jul 25 12:18:53 2022
Doing block recovery for file 5 block 1267
Resuming block recovery (PMON) for file 5 block 1267
Block recovery from logseq 1, block 67 to scn 217083444
Mon Jul 25 12:18:53 2022
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 1 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL12C\REDO01.LOG
Block recovery completed at rba 1.68.16, scn 0.217083454
Doing block recovery for file 5 block 272
Resuming block recovery (PMON) for file 5 block 272
Block recovery from logseq 1, block 67 to scn 217083454
Mon Jul 25 12:18:54 2022
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 1 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL12C\REDO01.LOG
Block recovery completed at rba 1.69.16, scn 0.217083455
Mon Jul 25 12:18:55 2022
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl12c\orcl12c\trace\orcl12c_ora_5804.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [4194], [46], [44], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Mon Jul 25 12:18:55 2022
Errors in file D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\orcl12c\orcl12c\trace\orcl12c_ora_5804.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [4194], [46], [44], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 5804): terminating the instance due to error 600
Mon Jul 25 12:19:07 2022
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 5804
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...

该错误也比较简单,对异常undo段进行处理即可,参考类似操作:How to resolve ORA-600 [4194] errors

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ORA-600 kcratr_nab_less_than_odr故障解决

朋友的数据库服务器出现ORA-00600[kcratr_nab_less_than_odr],不能open数据库
1.open数据库报ORA-00600[kcratr_nab_less_than_odr]

SQL> ALTER DATABASE OPEN;
ALTER DATABASE OPEN
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcratr_nab_less_than_odr], [1], [99189],
[43531], [43569], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

2.查看alert日志

Wed Jan 11 13:56:16 2012
ALTER DATABASE OPEN
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 2 processes
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 54591 KB redo, 0 data blocks need recovery
Errors in file d:\dbdms\diag\rdbms\dbdms\dbdms\trace\dbdms_ora_3108.trc  (incident=818557):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcratr_nab_less_than_odr], [1], [99189], [43531], [43569], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: d:\dbdms\diag\rdbms\dbdms\dbdms\incident\incdir_818557\dbdms_ora_3936_i818557.trc
Aborting crash recovery due to error 600
Errors in file d:\dbdms\diag\rdbms\dbdms\dbdms\trace\dbdms_ora_3108.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcratr_nab_less_than_odr], [1], [99189], [43531], [43569], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file d:\dbdms\diag\rdbms\dbdms\dbdms\trace\dbdms_ora_3108.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcratr_nab_less_than_odr], [1], [99189], [43531], [43569], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-600 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20120110214555]

3.查看trace文件

Trace file d:\dbdms\diag\rdbms\dbdms\dbdms\trace\dbdms_ora_3108.trc
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Windows NT Version V6.1 Service Pack 1 
CPU                 : 2 - type 8664, 2 Physical Cores
Process Affinity    : 0x0x0000000000000000
Memory (Avail/Total): Ph:2250M/4060M, Ph+PgF:5868M/8119M 
Instance name: dbdms
Redo thread mounted by this instance: 1
Oracle process number: 17
Windows thread id: 3108, image: ORACLE.EXE (SHAD)
…………………………
WARNING! Crash recovery of thread 1 seq 99189 is
ending at redo block 43531 but should not have ended before
redo block 43569
Incident 826550 created, dump file: d:\dbdms\diag\rdbms\dbdms\dbdms\incident\incdir_826550\dbdms_ora_3108_i826550.trc
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_nab_less_than_odr], [1], [99189], [43531], [43569], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_nab_less_than_odr], [1], [99189], [43531], [43569], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_nab_less_than_odr], [1], [99189], [43531], [43569], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

通过alert和trace中的内容可以知道,数据库需要恢复到rba到43569,但是因为某种原因实例恢复的时候,只能利用1 thread 99189 seq#,恢复rba到43531。从而导致数据库无法正常open

This Problem is caused by Storage Problem of the Database Files. 
The Subsystem (eg. SAN) crashed while the Database was open. 
The Database then crashed since the Database Files were not accessible anymore. 
This caused a lost Write into the Online RedoLogs and so Instance Recovery is not possible and raising the ORA-600.

4.解决方法

SQL> SELECT STATUS FROM V$INSTANCE;

STATUS
------------
MOUNTED

--尝试直接recover database
SQL> RECOVER DATABASE ;
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-00264: 不要求恢复
--提示不用恢复

--再打开数据库,还是kcratr_nab_less_than_odr错误警告
SQL> ALTER DATABASE OPEN;
ALTER DATABASE OPEN
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcratr_nab_less_than_odr], [1], [99189],
[43531], [43569], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

--尝试不完全恢复
SQL> RECOVER DATABASE UNTIL CANCEL;
ORA-10879: error signaled in parallel recovery slave
ORA-01547: 警告: RECOVER 成功但 OPEN RESETLOGS 将出现如下错误
ORA-01152: 文件 1 没有从过旧的备份中还原
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'D:\DBDMS\DATA\SYSTEM01.DBF'

--重建控制文件
SQL> ALTER DATABASE BACKUP CONTROLFILE TO TRACE AS 'D:/1.TXT';

数据库已更改。

SQL> SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE;
ORA-01109: 数据库未打开


已经卸载数据库。
ORACLE 例程已经关闭。
SQL> STARTUP NOMOUNT;
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area  417546240 bytes
Fixed Size                  2176328 bytes
Variable Size             268438200 bytes
Database Buffers          138412032 bytes
Redo Buffers                8519680 bytes
SQL> CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "DBDMS" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
  2      MAXLOGFILES 16
  3      MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
  4      MAXDATAFILES 100
  5      MAXINSTANCES 8
  6      MAXLOGHISTORY 18688
  7  LOGFILE
  8    GROUP 1 'D:\DBDMS\LOG\REDO01.LOG'  SIZE 50M BLOCKSIZE 512,
  9    GROUP 2 'D:\DBDMS\LOG\REDO02.LOG'  SIZE 50M BLOCKSIZE 512,
 10    GROUP 3 'D:\DBDMS\LOG\REDO03.LOG'  SIZE 50M BLOCKSIZE 512
 11  DATAFILE
 12    'D:\DBDMS\DATA\SYSTEM01.DBF',
 13    'D:\DBDMS\DATA\SYSAUX01.DBF',
 14    'D:\DBDMS\DATA\RBSG01.DBF',
 15    'D:\DBDMS\DATA\DATA01.DBF',
 16    'D:\DBDMS\DATA\INDX01.DBF',
 17    'D:\DBDMS\DATA\DATA02.DBF',
 18    'D:\DBDMS\DATA\DATA03.DBF',
 19    'D:\DBDMS\DATA\DATA04.DBF',
 20    'D:\DBDMS\DATA\INDX02.DBF',
 21    'D:\DBDMS\DATA\SYSTEM02.DBF'
 22  CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK
 23  ;

控制文件已创建。

--继续尝试恢复
SQL> RECOVER DATABASE ;
完成介质恢复。
SQL> ALTER DATABASE OPEN;

数据库已更改。
--open成功

在这次恢复中,主要就是重建控制文件,然后直接恢复成功,如果redo有损坏,那么可能需要使用不完全恢复,然后使用resetlogs打开数据库

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