OGG-01777 Extract abended as it ran out of sequence numbers used to create TRAIL files

ogg extract 进程报OGG-01777 Extract abended as it ran out of sequence numbers used to create TRAIL files. The maximum number of TRAIL files allowed is 999999.
20221125124140


由于extract进程已经异常,直接对其抽取的trail文件命名新文件

--ggsci中执行
edit param eora_1  
--修改文件
EXTTRAIL ./dirdat/ab

--ggsci中执行
delete exttrail ./dirdat/aa extract eora_1
add exttrail ./dirdat/ab extract eora_1

GGSCI (xff-source) 51> info eora_1

EXTRACT    EORA_1    Last Started 2022-11-24 22:59   Status STOPPED
Checkpoint Lag       00:00:00 (updated 00:00:00 ago)
Log Read Checkpoint  Oracle Redo Logs
                     First Record         Seqno 248386, RBA 0
                     SCN 0.0 (0)

修改extract pump进程

edit params PORA_1
rmttrail ./dirdat/pc

delete rmttrail ./dirdat/pa extract PORA_1
add rmttrail ./dirdat/pc extract PORA_1
alter ext PORA_1 exttrailsource ./dirdat/ab

GGSCI (xff-source) 56> info pora_1 

EXTRACT    PORA_1    Initialized   2022-11-24 22:59   Status STOPPED
Checkpoint Lag       00:00:00 (updated 00:01:37 ago)
Log Read Checkpoint  File ./dirdat/ab000000
                     First Record  RBA 0

replcat进程处理

alter rep rep1 exttrail ./dirdat/pc

GGSCI (xff-target) 9> info rep1

REPLICAT   REP1      Initialized   2022-11-24 23:00   Status STOPPED
Checkpoint Lag       00:00:00 (updated 00:00:07 ago)
Log Read Checkpoint  File ./dirdat/pb000000
                     First Record  RBA 0

启动相关进程进行传输即可.
另外可以考虑相对简单一点操作,直接delete/add exttrail,delete/add rmttrail同名文件,省去修改param文件的麻烦,注意最终找trail文件名称和偏移量是否准确,如果不正确注意使用类似命令修改

add exttrail ./dirdat/xx, extract xxx, megabytes 1024
add rmttrail ./dirdat/xx, megabytes 1024, seqno 0 , rba 0, extract xxx
alter replicat xxx, extseqno 0, extrba 0
alter extract xxx,extseqno xxxx,extrba xxxx
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ORA-00800: soft external error, arguments: [Set Priority Failed]

在一套19.14的linux 2节点rac库中,使用sqlplus启动数据库成功,但是alert日志中报ORA-00800: soft external error, arguments: [Set Priority Failed]错误.

2022-09-21T22:20:35.924251+08:00
Starting background process VKTM
2022-09-21T22:20:35.977936+08:00
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl1/trace/orcl1_vktm_22653.trc  (incident=880052):
ORA-00800: soft external error, arguments: [Set Priority Failed], [VKTM],
 [Check traces and OS configuration], [Check Oracle document and MOS notes], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl1/incident/incdir_880052/orcl1_vktm_22653_i880052.trc
2022-09-21T22:20:35.980555+08:00
Error attempting to elevate VKTM's priority: no further priority changes will be attempted for this process
VKTM started with pid=6, OS id=22653

Starting background process LMHB
2022-09-21T22:20:36.467831+08:00
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl1/trace/orcl1_lms0_22703_22708.trc  (incident=920005):
ORA-00800: soft external error, arguments: [Set Priority Failed], [LMS0], 
[Check traces and OS configuration], [Check Oracle document and MOS notes], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl1/incident/incdir_920005/orcl1_lms0_22703_22708_i920005.trc
2022-09-21T22:20:36.470535+08:00
Error attempting to elevate LMS0's priority: no further priority changes will be attempted for this process

错误提示比较明显,提升进程的优先级失败,通过操作系统命令观察发现确实进程优先级没有提升

[root@oradb01 ~]# ps -eo pid,class,pri,nice,time,args|grep vktm|grep -v grep 
 5656 TS   19   0 00:00:00 ora_vktm_orcl1
30838 RR   41   - 13:08:36 ora_vktm_+ASM1

重新使用srvctl启动数据库,优先级提升正常,alert日志中也无类似警告

[root@oradb01 ~]# ps -eo pid,class,pri,nice,time,args|grep vktm|grep -v grep 
 5716 RR   41   0 00:00:00 ora_vktm_orcl1
30838 RR   41   - 13:18:46 ora_vktm_+ASM1

这个问题一直困惑了很久,今天无意中在mos上发现了相关mos文档,具体参考:(DB50) Clusterware Fails to Start Because CSSD Cannot Get Real-Time Priority (Doc ID 2903663.1),由于 bug 34286265 and bug 34318125(Bug 34649727 Linux: ORA-800 / Set Priority / DB Performance Merge Patch for 19.17 – 34286265 34318125)
20221121210544


尽量不要使用sqlplus去启动数据库,而是选择使用srvctl,避免在rac环境中导致数据库后台关键进程优先级无法提升问题.

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被.mallox数据库恢复

.mallox勒索病毒加密文件破坏较多,很多时候无法正常通过工具恢复数据或者直接打开库
20221119164915


最近两例oracle数据库被该病毒加密,通过一系列处理,实现较为完美恢复(均为恢复之后,业务直接使用),这种病毒的FILE RECOVERY.txt内容类似为:

Hello

Your files are encrypted and can not be used
To return your files in work condition you need decryption tool
Follow the instructions to decrypt all your data

Do not try to change or restore files yourself, this will break them
If you want, on our site you can decrypt one file for free. 
Free test decryption allowed only for not valuable file with size less than 3MB


How to contact us:

The fastest way:
1) Download and install TOR browser by this link: https://www.torproject.org/download/
2) If TOR blocked in your country and you can't access to the link then use any VPN software
3) Run TOR browser and open the site: 
wtyafjyhwqrgo4a45wdvvwhen3cx4euie73qvlhkhvlrexljoyuklaad.onion/mallox/privateSignin
4) Copy your private ID in the input field. Your Private key: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
5) You will see payment information and we can make free test decryption here


The slowest way:
If you are unable to contact us through the site, 
then you can email us: mallox@stealthypost.net
Waiting for a response via mail can be several days. 
Do not use it if you have not tried contacting through the site.

Our blog of leaked companies:
wtyafjyhwqrgo4a45wdvvwhen3cx4euie73qvlhkhvlrexljoyuklaad.onion 

第一例通过dmp备份+dbf数据文件综合恢复
20221119163937

h:\BaiduNetdisk>dir *.dmp.mallox
 驱动器 H 中的卷是 SSD-SX
 卷的序列号是 84EB-F434

 h:\BaiduNetdisk 的目录

2022-11-08  17:18    17,016,836,196 1.dmp.mallox
2022-11-08  17:18    16,801,267,812 6.dmp.mallox
2022-11-08  16:22    17,016,152,164 7.dmp.mallox
               3 个文件 50,834,256,172 字节
               0 个目录 433,633,767,424 可用字节

第二例直接通过dbf文件完成核心恢复
20221119164257


对于类似这种被加密的勒索的数据文件,我们可以实现比较好的恢复效果,如果此类的数据库(oracle,mysql,sql server)等被加密,需要专业恢复技术支持,请联系我们:
电话/微信:17813235971    Q Q:107644445QQ咨询惜分飞    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com
系统安全防护措施建议:
1.多台机器,不要使用相同的账号和口令
2.登录口令要有足够的长度和复杂性,并定期更换登录口令
3.重要资料的共享文件夹应设置访问权限控制,并进行定期备份
4.定期检测系统和软件中的安全漏洞,及时打上补丁。
5.定期到服务器检查是否存在异常。
6.安装安全防护软件,并确保其正常运行。
7.从正规渠道下载安装软件。
8.对不熟悉的软件,如果已经被杀毒软件拦截查杀,不要添加信任继续运行。
9.保存良好的备份习惯,尽量做到每日备份,异地备份。

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