标签归档:ORA-01114

硬件故障导致ORA-600 2662错误处理

前几天恢复了一个40多T的CASE:ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16513], [1403] 恢复,又一个近30T的库由于硬件故障,通过其他人一系列恢复之后,无法正常open,让我们提供技术支持:
故障最初原因是由于存储异常

Fri Feb 19 09:03:49 2021
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_ora_3460.trc:
ORA-01114: 将块写入文件 849 时出现 IO 错误 (块 # 3871748)
ORA-27070: 异步读取/写入失败
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1167) 设备没有连接。
ORA-01114: 将块写入文件 849 时出现 IO 错误 (块 # 3871748)
ORA-27070: 异步读取/写入失败
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1167) 设备没有连接。

通过其他人一系列处理后,数据库报ORA-600 2662错误

Sat Feb 20 08:19:35 2021
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Sat Feb 20 08:19:35 2021
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_ora_5304.trc(incident=1960181):
ORA-00600:internal error code,arguments:[2662],[4],[2185364344], [4],[2185453722],[893388032],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_ora_5304.trc:
ORA-00600:internal error code,arguments:[2662],[4],[2185364344], [4],[2185453722],[893388032],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_ora_5304.trc:
ORA-00600:internal error code,arguments:[2662],[4],[2185364344], [4],[2185453722],[893388032],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 5304): terminating the instance due to error 600
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 5304
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (5304) as a result of ORA-1092
Sat Feb 20 08:19:42 2021
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

通过对scn处理,数据库顺利绕过该错误,然后报ORA-600 4194错误

Doing block recovery for file 213 block 4688
No block recovery was needed
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_smon_7048.trc(incident=1984136):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [38.4.1381252], [0], [], [],[],[],[],[],[],[],[]
Sat Feb 20 10:50:45 2021
Doing block recovery for file 213 block 4688
No block recovery was needed
Fatal internal error happened while SMON was doing active transaction recovery.
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_smon_7048.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [38.4.1381252], [0], [], [],[],[],[],[],[],[],[]
SMON (ospid: 7048): terminating the instance due to error 474
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_ora_6652.trc(incident=1984185):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Sat Feb 20 10:50:52 2021
Instance terminated by SMON, pid = 7048

通过对异常事务进行处理,屏蔽smon进程进行回滚,数据库open成功,但是报ORA-600 4137错误

Sat Feb 20 10:53:46 2021
Sweep [inc][1992133]: completed
Stopping background process MMNL
Sat Feb 20 10:53:47 2021
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20210220105347]
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_smon_6576.trc(incident=1992134):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [23.13.3094188], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORACLE Instance xifenfei (pid = 14) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (23, 13).
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_smon_6576.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [23.13.3094188], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Sat Feb 20 10:53:47 2021
Sweep [inc2][1992133]: completed
Sat Feb 20 10:53:47 2021
Sweep [inc][1992134]: completed
Stopping background process MMON
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20210220105348]
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_smon_6576.trc(incident=1992135):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [38.4.1381252], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Starting background process MMON
Starting background process MMNL
Sat Feb 20 10:53:48 2021
MMON started with pid=16, OS id=6448 
ALTER SYSTEM enable restricted session;
Sat Feb 20 10:53:48 2021
MMNL started with pid=36, OS id=6840 
ORACLE Instance xifenfei (pid = 14) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (38, 4).
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_smon_6576.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [38.4.1381252], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Sat Feb 20 10:53:49 2021
Sweep [inc][1992135]: completed
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20210220105349]
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Completed: alter database open

对异常回滚段进行处理,数据库后端启动正常,不再报明显ORA-错误.通过hcheck.sql检查字典正常

HCheck Version 07MAY18 on 20-FEB-2021 11:35:11
----------------------------------------------
Catalog Version 11.2.0.1.0 (1102000100)
db_name: JYJG

                                   Catalog       Fixed
Procedure Name                     Version    Vs Release    Timestamp
Result
------------------------------ ... ---------- -- ---------- --------------
------
.- LobNotInObj                 ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:11 PASS
.- MissingOIDOnObjCol          ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:11 PASS
.- SourceNotInObj              ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:11 PASS
.- IndIndparMismatch           ... 1102000100 <= 1102000100 02/20 11:35:12 PASS
.- InvCorrAudit                ... 1102000100 <= 1102000100 02/20 11:35:12 PASS
.- OversizedFiles              ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:12 PASS
.- PoorDefaultStorage          ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:12 PASS
.- PoorStorage                 ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:12 PASS
.- PartSubPartMismatch         ... 1102000100 <= 1102000100 02/20 11:35:12 PASS
.- TabPartCountMismatch        ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:12 PASS
.- OrphanedTabComPart          ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:12 PASS
.- MissingSum$                 ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:12 PASS
.- MissingDir$                 ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:12 PASS
.- DuplicateDataobj            ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:12 PASS
.- ObjSynMissing               ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- ObjSeqMissing               ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- OrphanedUndo                ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- OrphanedIndex               ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- OrphanedIndexPartition      ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- OrphanedIndexSubPartition   ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- OrphanedTable               ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- OrphanedTablePartition      ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- OrphanedTableSubPartition   ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- MissingPartCol              ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- OrphanedSeg$                ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- OrphanedIndPartObj#         ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- DuplicateBlockUse           ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- FetUet                      ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- Uet0Check                   ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- ExtentlessSeg               ... 1102000100 <= 1102000100 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- SeglessUET                  ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- BadInd$                     ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- BadTab$                     ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- BadIcolDepCnt               ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- ObjIndDobj                  ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- TrgAfterUpgrade             ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- ObjType0                    ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- BadOwner                    ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- StmtAuditOnCommit           ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- BadPublicObjects            ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- BadSegFreelist              ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- BadDepends                  ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:13 PASS
.- CheckDual                   ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:14 PASS
.- ObjectNames                 ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:14 PASS
.- BadCboHiLo                  ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:14 PASS
.- ChkIotTs                    ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:15 PASS
.- NoSegmentIndex              ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:15 PASS
.- BadNextObject               ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:15 PASS
.- DroppedROTS                 ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:15 PASS
.- FilBlkZero                  ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:15 PASS
.- DbmsSchemaCopy              ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:15 PASS
.- OrphanedObjError            ... 1102000100 >  1102000000 02/20 11:35:15 PASS
.- ObjNotLob                   ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:15 PASS
.- MaxControlfSeq              ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:15 PASS
.- SegNotInDeferredStg         ... 1102000100 >  1102000000 02/20 11:35:18 PASS
.- SystemNotRfile1             ... 1102000100 >   902000000 02/20 11:35:18 PASS
.- DictOwnNonDefaultSYSTEM     ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:19 PASS
.- OrphanTrigger               ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:19 PASS
.- ObjNotTrigger               ... 1102000100 <=  *All Rel* 02/20 11:35:19 PASS
---------------------------------------
20-FEB-2021 11:35:19  Elapsed: 8 secs
---------------------------------------
Found 0 potential problem(s) and 0 warning(s)

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

Statement processed.

虽然字典正常,但是由于数据库屏蔽了一致性,建议客户在条件允许的情况下,进行逻辑迁移,排除风险隐患.

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文件read only导致数据库无法open

在一次客户的恢复请求中,系统被黑客入侵,数据库无法启动.虽然system文件可以拷贝,但是无论拷贝到哪里,都无法dbv和open数据库,报O/S-Error: (OS 5)和DBV-00600错误.最后检查发现是文件设置了只读
数据库启动报错

ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 6881345536 bytes
Fixed Size                  2130160 bytes
Variable Size            4026535696 bytes
Database Buffers         2818572288 bytes
Redo Buffers               34107392 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
ORA-01113: 文件 1 需要介质恢复
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\xifenfei\SYSTEM01.DBF'


SQL> recover datafile 1;
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-01114: 将块写入文件 1 时出现 IO 错误 (块 # 1)
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\xifenfei\SYSTEM01.DBF'
ORA-27091: 无法将 I/O 排队
ORA-27041: 无法打开文件
OSD-04002: 无法打开文件
O/S-Error: (OS 5) 拒绝访问。

SQL> recover database until cancel using backup controlfile;
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-01201: 文件 1 标头无法正确写入

alert日志报错

Completed: ALTER DATABASE   MOUNT
Sun Dec 10 12:03:20 2017
alter database open
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xifenfei\xifenfei\trace\xifenfei_ora_6860.trc:
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\xifenfei\SYSTEM01.DBF'
ORA-01114: 将块写入文件 1 时出现 IO 错误 (块 # 1)
ORA-27041: 无法打开文件
OSD-04002: 无法打开文件
O/S-Error: (OS 5) 拒绝访问。
ORA-01201: 文件 1 标头无法正确写入
ORA-1113 signalled during: alter database open...
Sun Dec 10 12:03:33 2017
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  datafile 1  
Media Recovery Start
Fast Parallel Media Recovery NOT enabled
Media Recovery failed with error 1114
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  datafile 1  ...

dbv检查文件

D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA>dbv file=system01.dbf

DBVERIFY: Release 11.1.0.7.0 - Production on 星期日 12月 10 19:06:55 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


DBV-00600: 致命错误 - [22] [27041] [0] [0]

win-readonly


这里很明显,文件不能写操作的原因,就是由于该属性导致

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