标签归档:ORA-01194

_ALLOW_RESETLOGS_CORRUPTION

我相信_ALLOW_RESETLOGS_CORRUPTION 这个参数一定很多人都熟悉,是redo异常恢复的杀手锏之一,以下文章是来自官方的解释

DB_Parameter _ALLOW_RESETLOGS_CORRUPTION 
========================================
 
This documentation has been prepared avoiding the mention of the complex 
structures from the code and to simply give an insight to the 'damage it could 
cause'.  The usage of this parameter leads to an in-consistent Database with no 
other alternative but to rebuild the complete Database.  This parameter could 
be used when we realize that there are no stardard options available and are 
convinced that the customer understands the implications of using the Oracle's 
secret parameter.  The factors to be considered are ;-- 
 
1. Customer does not have a good backup. 
2. A lot of time and money has been invested after the last good backup and     
   there is no possibility for reproduction of the lost data. 
3. The customer has to be ready to export the full database and import it     
   back after creating a new one. 
4. There is no 100% guarantee that by using this parameter the database would 
   come up. 
5. Oracle does not support the database after using this parameter for        
   recovery.    
6. ALL OPTIONS including the ones mentioned in the action part of the error   
   message have been tried. 
 
 

 
By setting _ALLOW_RESETLOGS_CORRUPTION=TRUE, certain consistency checks are 
SKIPPED during database open stage.  This basically means it does not check 
the datafile headers as to what the status was before the shutdown and how it 
was shutdown.  The following cases mention few of the checks that were skipped. 
 
Case-I 
------ 
Verification that the datafile present has not been restored from a BACKUP 
taken before the database was opened successfully by using RESETLOGS.   

ORA-01190: control file or data file %s is from before the last RESETLOGS
    Cause: Attempting to use a data file when the log reset information in  
           the file does not match the control file.  Either the data file or  
           the control file is a backup that was made before the most recent 
           ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS. 
   Action: Restore file from a more recent backup. 

 
Case-II 
------- 
Verification that the status bit of the datafile is not in a FUZZY state. 
The datafile could be in this state due to the database going down when the  
 - Datafile was on-line and open 
 - Datafile was not closed cleanly (maybe due to OS). 

ORA-01194: file %s needs more recovery to be consistent 
    Cause: An incomplete recover session was started, but an insufficient 
           number of logs were applied to make the file consistent.  The  
           reported file was not closed cleanly when it was last opened by 
           the database.  It must be recovered to a time when it was not  
           being updated.  The most likely cause of this error is forgetting 
           to restore the file from a backup before doing incomplete  
           recovery. 
   Action: Either apply more logs until the file is consistent or restore the 
           file from an older backup and repeat recovery. 
 

Case-III 
-------- 
Verification that the COMPLETE recover strategies have been applied for 
recovering the datafile and not any of the INCOMPLETE recovery options.  
Basically because the complete recovery is one in which we even apply the 
ON-LINE redo log files and open the DB without reseting the logs. 

ORA-01113: file '%s' needs media recovery starting at log sequence # %s 
    Cause: An attempt was made to open a database file that is in need of  
           media recovery. 
   Action: First apply media recovery to the file. 

 
Case-IV 
------- 
Verification that the datafile has been recovered through an END BACKUP if the 
control file indicates that it was in backup mode. 
This is useful when the DB has crashed while in hot backup mode and we lost 
all log files in DB version's less than V7.2. 

ORA-01195: on-line backup of file %s needs more recovery to be consistent" 
    Cause: An incomplete recovery session was started, but an insufficient  
           number of logs were applied to make the file consistent.  The 
           reported file is an on-line backup which must be recovered to the 
           time the backup ended. 
   Action: Either apply more logs until the file is consistent or resotre 
          the database files from an older backup and repeat recovery. 
 
In version 7.2, we could simply issue the ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE xxxx END 
BACKUP statement and proceed with the recovery.  But again to issue this 
statement, we need to have the ON-LINE redo logs or else we still are forced to
use this parameter. 
 

Case-V 
------ 
Verification that the data file status is not still in (0x10) MEDIA recovery 
FUZZY. 
When recovery is started, a flag is set in the datafile header status flag to 
indicate that the file is presently in media recovery.  This is reset when 
recovery is completed and at times when it has not been reset we are forced to 
use this paramter. 

ORA-01196: file %s is inconsistent due to a failed media recovery session 
    Cause: The file was being recovered but the recovery did not terminate 
           normally.  This left the file in an inconsistent state.  No more  
           recovery was successfully completed on this file. 
   Action: Either apply more logs until the file is consistent or restore the 
           backup again and repeat recovery. 
 
 
Case-VI 
------- 
Verification that the datafile has been restored form a proper backup to 
correspond with the log files.  This situation could happen when we have 
decided that the data file is invalid since its SCN is ahead of the last 
applied logs SCN but it has not failed on one of the ABOVE CHECKS. 

ORA-01152: file '%s' was not restored from a sufficientluy old backup" 
    Cause: A manual recovery session was started, but an insufficient number 
           of logs were applied to make the database consistent.  This file is 
           still in the future of the last log applied.  Note that this  
           mistake can not always be caught. 
   Action: Either apply more logs until the database is consistent or 
           restore the database file from an older backup and repeat  
           recovery.

使用_ALLOW_RESETLOGS_CORRUPTION 参数需谨慎,因为该参数可能导致数据库逻辑不一致,甚至可能把本来很简单的一个恢复弄的非常复杂甚至不可恢复的后果,建议在oracle support支持下使用.另外使用该参数resetlogs库之后,强烈建议通过逻辑方式重建库

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ORACLE REDO各种异常恢复

redo是oracle数据库比较核心文件,当redo异常之后,数据库无法正常启动,而且有丢失数据的风险,强烈建议条件允许redo多路镜像.redo文件异常的故障可以说是千奇百怪,但是总体上可以分为几类:
数据库归档/非归档模式下inactive redo异常
ORA-00316 ORA-00327

SQL> startup mount
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  260046848 bytes
Fixed Size                  1266896 bytes
Variable Size              83888944 bytes
Database Buffers          167772160 bytes
Redo Buffers                7118848 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00316: log 2 of thread 1, type  in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 2 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log'

SQL> col member for a40
SQL> set lines 120
SQL>   SELECT thread#,
  2           a.sequence#,
  3           a.group#,
  4           TO_CHAR (first_change#, '9999999999999999') "SCN",
  5           a.status,
  6           MEMBER
  7      FROM v$log a, v$logfile b
  8     WHERE a.group# = B.GROUP#
  9  ORDER BY a.sequence# DESC;

   THREAD#  SEQUENCE#     GROUP# SCN               STATUS           MEMBER
---------- ---------- ---------- ----------------- ---------------- -----------------------------------
         1         15          3            665697 CURRENT          /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo03.log
         1         14          2            645619 INACTIVE         /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log
         1         13          1            625540 INACTIVE         /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log

SQL> ALTER DATABASE CLEAR LOGFILE GROUP 2;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00327: log 2 of thread 1, physical size  less than needed
ORA-00312: online log 2 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log'

SQL> alter database drop logfile group 2;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database add logfile group 2 ('/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log') size 50M reuse;

Database altered.

正常关闭数据库current redo异常
ORA-00316 ORA-01623

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type  in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'

SQL>   SELECT thread#,
  2           a.sequence#,
  3           a.group#,
  4           TO_CHAR (first_change#, '9999999999999999') "SCN",
  5           a.status,
  6           MEMBER
  7      FROM v$log a, v$logfile b
  8     WHERE a.group# = B.GROUP#
  9  ORDER BY a.sequence# DESC;

   THREAD#  SEQUENCE#     GROUP# SCN               STATUS           MEMBER
---------- ---------- ---------- ----------------- ---------------- ----------------------------------
         1         16          1            685918 CURRENT          /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log
         1         15          3            665697 INACTIVE         /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo03.log
         1          0          2                 0 UNUSED           /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log

SQL> ALTER DATABASE CLEAR LOGFILE GROUP 1;
ALTER DATABASE CLEAR LOGFILE GROUP 1
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 0 in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'


SQL> ALTER DATABASE drop logfile group 1;
ALTER DATABASE drop logfile group 1
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01623: log 1 is current log for instance XFF (thread 1) - cannot drop
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'

SQL> recover database until cancel;
Media recovery complete.
SQL> alter database open resetlogs;

Database altered.

数据库异常关闭current/active redo异常
ORA-00316 ORA-01624 ORA-01194

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 0 in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'

SQL>   SELECT thread#,
  2           a.sequence#,
  3           a.group#,
  4           TO_CHAR (first_change#, '9999999999999999') "SCN",
  5           a.status,
  6           MEMBER
  7      FROM v$log a, v$logfile b
  8     WHERE a.group# = B.GROUP#
  9  ORDER BY a.sequence# DESC;

   THREAD#  SEQUENCE#     GROUP# SCN               STATUS           MEMBER
---------- ---------- ---------- ----------------- ---------------- -----------------------------------
         1          8          2            686310 CURRENT          /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log
         1          7          1            686294 ACTIVE           /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log
         1          6          3            686289 INACTIVE         /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo03.log

SQL> ALTER DATABASE CLEAR LOGFILE GROUP 1;
ALTER DATABASE CLEAR LOGFILE GROUP 1
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01624: log 1 needed for crash recovery of instance XFF (thread 1)
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'


SQL> ALTER DATABASE drop logfile group 1;
ALTER DATABASE drop logfile group 1
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01624: log 1 needed for crash recovery of instance XFF (thread 1)
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'


SQL> recover database until cancel
ORA-00279: change 686294 generated at 04/20/2013 01:37:16 needed for thread 1
ORA-00289: suggestion : /u01/oracle/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/arch1_7_813202529.dbf
ORA-00280: change 686294 for thread 1 is in sequence #7


Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log
ORA-00308: cannot open archived log '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'
ORA-27047: unable to read the header block of file
Additional information: 2


Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
cancel
ORA-01547: warning: RECOVER succeeded but OPEN RESETLOGS would get error below
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/system01.dbf'


ORA-01112: media recovery not started


SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/system01.dbf'

SQL> alter system set "_allow_resetlogs_corruption"=true scope=spfile;

System altered.

SQL> shutdown immediate;
ORA-01109: database not open


Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup mount;
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  260046848 bytes
Fixed Size                  1266896 bytes
Variable Size              83888944 bytes
Database Buffers          167772160 bytes
Redo Buffers                7118848 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> recover database until cancel
ORA-00279: change 686294 generated at 04/20/2013 01:37:16 needed for thread 1
ORA-00289: suggestion : /u01/oracle/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/arch1_7_813202529.dbf
ORA-00280: change 686294 for thread 1 is in sequence #7


Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
cancel
ORA-01547: warning: RECOVER succeeded but OPEN RESETLOGS would get error below
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/system01.dbf'


ORA-01112: media recovery not started


SQL> alter database open resetlogs;

Database altered.

在这样的情况下,数据库异常关闭,current/active redo异常,通过使用隐含参数可能可以侥幸的恢复数据库,但是也可能导致数据丢失.这里因为是模拟情况,无业务所以在很多较为繁忙的业务系统中,使用隐含参数resetlogs过程中可能还会遇到如下很多常见的错误,进一步增加了恢复难度

current/active redo异常后附带其他错误
ORA-600[2662]

Wed Dec 07 13:02:49 2011
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\trace\hzyl_ora_3388.trc  (incident=216664):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [2], [1153862134], [2], [1153864845], [12582921], [], []
Incident details in: d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\incident\incdir_216664\hzyl_ora_3388_i216664.trc
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\trace\hzyl_ora_3388.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [2], [1153862134], [2], [1153864845], [12582921], [], []
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 3388): terminating the instance due to error 600

ORA-00600[4000]

Thu Feb 28 19:29:10 2013
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Thu Feb 28 19:29:11 2013
Errors in file /u1/PROD/prodora/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_oracle/udump/prod_ora_20989.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4000], [50], [], [], [], [], [], []
Thu Feb 28 19:29:13 2013
Incremental checkpoint up to RBA [0x1.3.0], current log tail at RBA [0x1.3.0]
Thu Feb 28 19:29:13 2013
Errors in file /u1/PROD/prodora/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_oracle/udump/prod_ora_20989.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4000], [50], [], [], [], [], [], []

ORA-00704 ORA-00604 ORA-01555

Fri May  4 21:04:21 2012
select ctime, mtime, stime from obj$ where obj# = :1
Fri May  4 21:04:21 2012
Errors in file /oracle/admin/standdb/udump/perfdb_ora_1286288.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 40 with name "_SYSSMU40$" too small
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 1286288
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...

current/active redo异常还可能报如下错误
redo文件损坏报错

Started redo scan
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\trace\hzyl_ora_2960.trc  (incident=214262):
ORA-00353: 日志损坏接近块 12014 更改 9743799889 时间 12/05/2011 09:21:11
ORA-00312: 联机日志 3 线程 1: 'R:\ORADATA\HZYL\REDO03.LOG'
Incident details in: d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\incident\incdir_214262\hzyl_ora_2960_i214262.trc
Aborting crash recovery due to error 368
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\trace\hzyl_ora_2960.trc:
ORA-00368: 重做日志块中的校验和错误
ORA-00353: 日志损坏接近块 12014 更改 9743799889 时间 12/05/2011 09:21:11
ORA-00312: 联机日志 3 线程 1: 'R:\ORADATA\HZYL\REDO03.LOG'
ORA-368 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

redo文件被其他实例占用报错

Wed May 16 17:03:11 2012
Started redo scan
Wed May 16 17:03:11 2012
Errors in file /oracle/admin/odsdb/udump/odsdb1_ora_2040024.trc:
ORA-00305: log 14 of thread 1 inconsistent; belongs to another database
ORA-00312: online log 14 thread 1: '/dev/rods_redo1_2_2'
ORA-00305: log 14 of thread 1 inconsistent; belongs to another database
ORA-00312: online log 14 thread 1: '/dev/rods_redo1_2_1'
ORA-305 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

存储整体异常

Mon Oct 17 09:35:09 2011
Errors in file /oracle/app/admin/orcl/bdump/orcl2_lgwr_348814.trc:
ORA-00340: IO error processing online log 4 of thread 2
ORA-00345: redo log write error block 6732 count 2
ORA-00312: online log 4 thread 2: '/dev/rredo21'
ORA-27063: number of bytes read/written is incorrect
IBM AIX RISC System/6000 Error: 6: No such device or address
Additional information: -1
Additional information: 1024
Mon Oct 17 09:35:09 2011
LGWR: terminating instance due to error 340

存储IO异常

Fri Feb 21 08:44:42 2014
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 591 (LGWR switch)
  Current log# 1 seq# 591 mem# 0: J:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG
Fri Feb 21 15:31:20 2014
Errors in file c:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_lgwr_10312.trc:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 286 in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: 'J:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG'

使用_disable_logging参数

Sat May 14 23:16:49 2005
Errors in file d:\oracle\admin\rman\bdump\rman_arc0_736.trc:
ORA-16038: log 3 sequence# 72 cannot be archived
ORA-00354: corrupt redo log block header
ORA-00312: online log 3 thread 1: 'D:\ORACLE\ORADATA\RMAN\REDO03.LOG'

如果你在使用这些思路进行恢复遇到突发情况不能自行解决,请联系我们,将为您提供专业数据库技术支持
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姊妹篇
undo异常总结和恢复思路
ORACLE丢失各种文件导致数据库不能OPEN恢复

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