raid强制上线后数据库无法启动故障处理

联系:手机/微信(+86 13429648788) QQ(107644445)QQ咨询惜分飞

标题:raid强制上线后数据库无法启动故障处理

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

由于raid掉盘过多,强制raid上线,然后启动数据库报以下错误

Mon Apr 19 23:19:28 2021
ALTER DATABASE OPEN
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 15 processes
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 106750 KB redo, 9080 data blocks need recovery
Mon Apr 19 23:19:45 2021
Slave exiting with ORA-1115 exception
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_p000_3277.trc:
ORA-01115: IO error reading block from file 9 (block # 339)
ORA-01110: data file 9: '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/dev02.dbf'
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 326
Additional information: 24576
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 326
Additional information: 24576
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 326
Additional information: 24576
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 326
Additional information: 24576
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 326
Additional information: 24576
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 326
Additional information: 24576
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 326
Additional information: 24576
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 326
Additional information: 24576
ORA-27072: File I
Mon Apr 19 23:19:45 2021
Aborting crash recovery due to slave death, attempting serial crash recovery
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 106750 KB redo, 9080 data blocks need recovery
Aborting crash recovery due to error 1115
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_3275.trc:
ORA-01115: IO error reading block from file 9 (block # 329)
ORA-01110: data file 9: '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/dev02.dbf'
ORA-1115 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

错误提示比较明显IO error,结合客户强行上线raid的操作,比较明显是由于底层io问题导致该错误,直接对此文件dbv检查

[oracle@database orcl]$ dbv file=dev02.dbf

DBVERIFY: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Mon Apr 19 23:59:03 2021

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/dev02.dbf

DBV-00600: Fatal Error - [28] [27061] [0] [0]

对于此类情况,通过工具进行处理

DUL> copy file from  /u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/dev02.dbf to /oradata/dev02.dbf
 
starting copy datafile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/dev02.dbf' to '/oradata/dev02.dbf'
read data error from file '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/dev02.dbf'.error message:Input/output error
read block# error: 303
read data error from file '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/dev02.dbf'.error message:Input/output error
read block# error: 304
read data error from file '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/dev02.dbf'.error message:Input/output error
read block# error: 329
datafile copy completed with 3 block error.

dbv校验文件

[oracle@database oradata]$ dbv file=dev02.dbf 

DBVERIFY: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Tue Apr 20 00:28:31 2021

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /oradata/dev02.dbf
Page 303 is marked corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x0240012f (file 9, block 303)
Completely zero block found during dbv: 

Page 304 is marked corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x02400130 (file 9, block 304)
Completely zero block found during dbv: 

Page 329 is marked corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x02400149 (file 9, block 329)
Completely zero block found during dbv: 



DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Pages Examined         : 3932160
Total Pages Processed (Data) : 3213723
Total Pages Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Pages Processed (Index): 714294
Total Pages Failing   (Index): 0
Total Pages Processed (Other): 4139
Total Pages Processed (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Failing   (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Empty            : 1
Total Pages Marked Corrupt   : 3
Total Pages Influx           : 0
Total Pages Encrypted        : 0
Highest block SCN            : 85078875 (6.85078875)

通过对io error的文件进行处理,最终损坏三个block,最大限度抢救数据.使用被恢复出来的文件,尝试open库遭遇以下错误

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [6], [85035771], [6],
[85084136], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [6], [85035770], [6],
[85084136], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [6], [85035764], [6],
[85084136], [12583040], [], [], [], [], [], []
Process ID: 6733
Session ID: 570 Serial number: 3

ora-600 2662这个错误比较明显,处理文件头scn,继续open库

SQL> alter database open ;
alter database open 
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-03113: end-of-file on communication channel
Process ID: 6840
Session ID: 570 Serial number: 3

查看alert日志信息

Tue Apr 20 01:22:27 2021
alter database open upgrade
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 15 processes
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 1 KB redo, 3 data blocks need recovery
Started redo application at
 Thread 1: logseq 1, block 3
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 1 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/redo01.log
Completed redo application of 0.00MB
Completed crash recovery at
 Thread 1: logseq 1, block 5, scn 25854859541
 3 data blocks read, 3 data blocks written, 1 redo k-bytes read
Tue Apr 20 01:22:28 2021
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 2 (thread open)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 2
  Current log# 2 seq# 2 mem# 0: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/redo02.log
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Tue Apr 20 01:22:28 2021
SMON: enabling cache recovery
[6840] Successfully onlined Undo Tablespace 2.
Undo initialization finished serial:0 start:5902014 end:5905574 diff:3560 (35 seconds)
Dictionary check beginning
Dictionary check complete
Verifying file header compatibility for 11g tablespace encryption..
Verifying 11g file header compatibility for tablespace encryption completed
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_smon_6824.trc  (incident=63970):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_63970/orcl_smon_6824_i63970.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
ORACLE Instance orcl (pid = 14) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (24, 2) on object 89023.
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_smon_6824.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Tue Apr 20 01:22:38 2021
ORACLE Instance orcl (pid = 14) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (63, 3) on object 89023.
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_smon_6824.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_smon_6824.trc  (incident=63974):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_63974/orcl_smon_6824_i63974.trc
Tue Apr 20 01:22:55 2021
PMON (ospid: 6798): terminating the instance due to error 474

这个错误是比较常见的错误,参考:ORACLE Instance XFF (pid = 18) – Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction ,通过处理之后,数据库open成功

SQL> startup mount pfile='/tmp/pfile';
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1603411968 bytes
Fixed Size                  2253664 bytes
Variable Size            1023413408 bytes
Database Buffers          570425344 bytes
Redo Buffers                7319552 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> recover database;
Media recovery complete.
SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

后续安排逻辑导出,导入新库

此条目发表在 Oracle备份恢复 分类目录,贴了 , , , , 标签。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

评论功能已关闭。