ORA-00333 故障恢复

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标题:ORA-00333 故障恢复

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数据库启动报错

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1241513984 bytes
Fixed Size                  1219136 bytes
Variable Size             218105280 bytes
Database Buffers         1006632960 bytes
Redo Buffers               15556608 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-00333: redo log read error block 48641 count 8192

数据库启动报ORA-00333错误,官方解释为读redo log发生错误.

00333, 00000, "redo log read error block %s count %s"
// *Cause:  An IO error occurred while reading the log described in the
//          accompanying error.
// *Action: Restore accessibility to file, or get another copy of the file.

alert日志

Sat Apr 14 00:39:13 2018
 alter database open
Sat Apr 14 00:39:13 2018
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 7 processes
Sat Apr 14 00:39:13 2018
Started redo scan
Sat Apr 14 00:39:14 2018
Errors in file /oracle/admin/oa/udump/oa_ora_5659.trc:
ORA-00333: redo log read error block 54785 count 2048
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/oracle/oradata/oa/redo01.log'
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Linux Error: 5: Input/output error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 54785
Additional information: 957952
Sat Apr 14 00:39:14 2018
Errors in file /oracle/admin/oa/udump/oa_ora_5659.trc:
ORA-00333: redo log read error block 48641 count 8192
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/oracle/oradata/oa/redo01.log'
ORA-27091: unable to queue I/O
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Linux Error: 5: Input/output error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 54785
Additional information: 957952
Sat Apr 14 00:39:14 2018
Aborting crash recovery due to error 333
Sat Apr 14 00:39:14 2018
Errors in file /oracle/admin/oa/udump/oa_ora_5659.trc:
ORA-00333: redo log read error block 48641 count 8192
ORA-333 signalled during:  alter database open...

由于硬件异常,数据库在启动的时候读取redo异常,从而使得数据库无法正常启动

检查系统日志

Apr 14 11:14:58 oa kernel: Info fld=0x0, Current sda: sense key Hardware Error
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: Additional sense: Internal target failure
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: end_request: I/O error, dev sda, sector 190500041
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: SCSI error : <0 0 0 0> return code = 0x8000002
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: Info fld=0x0, Current sda: sense key Hardware Error
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: Additional sense: Internal target failure
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: end_request: I/O error, dev sda, sector 190500049
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: SCSI error : <0 0 0 0> return code = 0x8000002
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: Info fld=0x0, Current sda: sense key Hardware Error
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: Additional sense: Internal target failure
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: end_request: I/O error, dev sda, sector 190500057
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: SCSI error : <0 0 0 0> return code = 0x8000002
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: Info fld=0x0, Current sda: sense key Hardware Error
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: Additional sense: Internal target failure
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: end_request: I/O error, dev sda, sector 190500065
Apr 14 11:14:59 oa kernel: SCSI error : <0 0 0 0> return code = 0x8000002

大量类似I/O error, dev sda, sector错误,很可能是由于硬件方面异常导致.

损坏redo为当前redo
redo


针对这样的情况,由于是硬件故障,先要通过dbv或者rman检查其他数据文件是否正常,如果有数据文件不能读,那需要对数据文件进行特殊处理.本次恢复的中,客户相对比较幸运,所有数据文件全部可以正常访问,只是当前redo异常,通过隐含参数强制拉库,然后导出数据,重建库解决.类似文章:又一起存储故障导致ORA-00333 ORA-00312恢复

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