标签归档:ORA-600 4097

正常open库报ORA-600 2662,ORA-600 4097错误

又一起数据库正常open之后继续报ORA-600 2662

Sat Dec 29 04:30:40 2018
QMNC started with pid=36, OS id=12985 
LOGSTDBY: Validating controlfile with logical metadata
LOGSTDBY: Validation complete
Completed: alter database open
Sat Dec 29 04:30:42 2018
Starting background process CJQ0
Sat Dec 29 04:30:42 2018
CJQ0 started with pid=41, OS id=12999 
Sat Dec 29 04:30:43 2018
Errors in file /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_m000_12989.trc  (incident=365101):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [193646286], [0], [193662077], [50331650], [], [], [], [], [], []
Sat Dec 29 04:30:43 2018
Errors in file /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_m002_12993.trc  (incident=365117):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [193646286], [0], [193662077], [50331650], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_365101/orcl_m000_12989_i365101.trc
Incident details in: /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_365117/orcl_m002_12993_i365117.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_m000_12989.trc  (incident=365102):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [193646286], [0], [193662077], [50331650], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_365102/orcl_m000_12989_i365102.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_m002_12993.trc  (incident=365118):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [0], [193646286], [0], [193662077], [50331650], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_365118/orcl_m002_12993_i365118.trc

在open状态处理掉ORA-00600 2662错误之后,又出现了ORA-600 4097 以及ORA-00353 ORA-00312错误,这个也是一种不常见的现象,一般都是数据库open之前出现类似错误,但是这里在open之后出现(以前类似处理参考:ORA-600 4097故障处理ORA-00322 ORA-00312 ,ORA-00354 ORA-00353 ORA-00312异常处理

Sat Dec 29 05:55:22 2018
Errors in file /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_j000_19136.trc  (incident=432567):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4097], [3], [15], [76480], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_432567/orcl_j000_19136_i432567.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_j000_19136.trc  (incident=432568):
ORA-00353: log corruption near block 15682 change 193647101 time 12/29/2018 04:40:31
ORA-00312: online log 3 thread 1: '/home/app/oradata/orcl/redo03.log'
ORA-00312: online log 3 thread 1: '/home/app/oradata/orcl/redo03.log'
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4097], [3], [15], [76480], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_432568/orcl_j000_19136_i432568.trc
Errors in file /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_432567/orcl_j000_19136_i432567.trc:
ORA-00399: corrupt change description in redo log
ORA-00353: log corruption near block 15682 change 193647101 time 12/29/2018 04:40:31
ORA-00312: online log 3 thread 1: '/home/app/oradata/orcl/redo03.log'
ORA-00312: online log 3 thread 1: '/home/app/oradata/orcl/redo03.log'
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4097], [3], [15], [76480], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_j000_19136.trc  (incident=432569):
ORA-00353: log corruption near block 15682 change 193647101 time 12/29/2018 04:40:31
ORA-00334: archived log: '/home/app/oradata/orcl/redo03.log'
ORA-00312: online log 3 thread 1: '/home/app/oradata/orcl/redo03.log'
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4097], [3], [15], [76480], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_432569/orcl_j000_19136_i432569.trc

处理完成上面报错之后,继续出现比较少见的ORA-600 ktecgsc:kcbz_objdchk错误,具体参考:ORA-00600 [ktecgsc:kcbz_objdchk] on 11.2 (Doc ID 1562473.1)

Sat Dec 29 06:00:17 2018
DBMS_STATS: GATHER_STATS_JOB encountered errors.  Check the trace file.
Errors in file /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_j001_19436.trc:
ORA-20011: Approximate NDV failed: ORA-08103: object no longer exists
Sat Dec 29 06:00:21 2018
Errors in file /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_j002_19479.trc  (incident=432631):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktecgsc:kcbz_objdchk], [0], [0], [1], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/app/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_432631/orcl_j002_19479_i432631.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
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某集团ebs数据库redo undo丢失导致悲剧

某集团的ebs系统因磁盘空间不足把redo和undo存放到raid 0之上,而且该库无任何备份。最终悲剧发生了,raid 0异常导致redo undo全部丢失,数据库无法正常启动(我接手之时数据库已经resetlogs过,但是未成功)

Sun Jul 27 11:31:27 2014
SMON: enabling cache recovery
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Sun Jul 27 11:31:27 2014
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Sun Jul 27 11:31:27 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/bdump/prod_smon_454754.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00376: file 42 cannot be read at this time
ORA-01110: data file 42: '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo/undo1.dbf'
Sun Jul 27 11:31:27 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/bdump/prod_smon_454754.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00376: file 42 cannot be read at this time
ORA-01110: data file 42: '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo/undo1.dbf'
Sun Jul 27 11:31:27 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/bdump/prod_smon_454754.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00376: file 42 cannot be read at this time
ORA-01110: data file 42: '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo/undo1.dbf'
Sun Jul 27 11:31:27 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_663670.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00376: file 41 cannot be read at this time
ORA-01110: data file 41: '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo/undo2.dbf'
Error 604 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 604
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 663670
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

查询相关文件状态发现,undo表空间文件丢失,被offline处理
df_status
因为以前alert日志被清理,通过这里大概猜测是offline丢失的undo文件,然后resetlogs了数据库,现在处理方式为
使用_corrupted_rollback_segments屏蔽回滚段,然后尝试启动数据库

Tue Jul 29 11:40:39 2014
SMON: enabling cache recovery
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Tue Jul 29 11:40:39 2014
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Tue Jul 29 11:40:39 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/bdump/prod_smon_569378.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number  with name "" too small
Tue Jul 29 11:40:39 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/bdump/prod_smon_569378.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number  with name "" too small
Tue Jul 29 11:40:39 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/bdump/prod_smon_569378.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number  with name "" too small
Tue Jul 29 11:40:39 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_585786.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number  with name "" too small
Error 604 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 604
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 585786
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open...

该错误是由于数据库启动需要找到对应的回滚段,但是由于undo异常导致该回滚段无法找到,因此出现该错误,解决方法是通过修改数据scn,让其不找回滚段,从而屏蔽该错误.数据库启动后,删除undo重新创建新undo

Tue Jul 29 15:59:22 2014
drop tablespace undo2 including contents and datafiles
Tue Jul 29 15:59:23 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_782490.trc:
ORA-01122: database file 41 failed verification check
ORA-01110: data file 41: '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo/undo2.dbf'
ORA-01565: error in identifying file '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo/undo2.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
IBM AIX RISC System/6000 Error: 2: No such file or directory
Additional information: 3
Tue Jul 29 15:59:23 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_782490.trc:
ORA-01259: unable to delete datafile /prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo/undo2.dbf
Tue Jul 29 15:59:23 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_782490.trc:
ORA-01122: database file 42 failed verification check
ORA-01110: data file 42: '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo/undo1.dbf'
ORA-01565: error in identifying file '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo/undo1.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
IBM AIX RISC System/6000 Error: 2: No such file or directory
Additional information: 3
ORA-01259: unable to delete datafile /prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo/undo2.dbf
Tue Jul 29 15:59:23 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_782490.trc:
ORA-01259: unable to delete datafile /prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo/undo1.dbf
Tue Jul 29 15:59:23 2014
Completed: drop tablespace undo2 including contents and datafiles
Tue Jul 29 15:59:56 2014
create undo tablespace undotbs1 datafile '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo_new01.dbf' size 100M autoextend on next 128M maxsize 30G
Tue Jul 29 15:59:57 2014
Completed: create undo tablespace undotbs1 datafile '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo_new01.dbf' size 100M autoextend on next 128M maxsize 30G
Tue Jul 29 16:00:03 2014
alter tablespace undotbs1 add datafile '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo_new02.dbf' size 100M autoextend on next 128M maxsize 30G
Completed: alter tablespace undotbs1 add datafile '/prod/oracle/PROD/logdata/undo_new02.dbf' size 100M autoextend on next 128M maxsize 30G

业务运行过程中,数据库报大量ORA-600 4097,ORA-600 kdsgrp1,ORA-600 kcfrbd_3错误

Tue Jul 29 16:07:03 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_950484.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4097], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Tue Jul 29 16:07:06 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_950484.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdsgrp1], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Tue Jul 29 16:10:06 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_917702.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4097], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Tue Jul 29 16:10:07 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_917702.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdsgrp1], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Tue Jul 29 16:12:45 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/bdump/prod_m000_880692.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4097], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Tue Jul 29 16:21:23 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_1040638.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcfrbd_3], [41], [231381], [1], [12800], [12800], [], []
Tue Jul 29 16:21:37 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_1040638.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcfrbd_3], [41], [231381], [1], [12800], [12800], [], []
Tue Jul 29 16:21:56 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_1040638.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcfrbd_3], [41], [231381], [1], [12800], [12800], [], []
Tue Jul 29 16:22:18 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_1040638.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcfrbd_3], [41], [231381], [1], [12800], [12800], [], []
Tue Jul 29 16:22:28 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_1105950.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [4097], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Tue Jul 29 16:22:33 2014
Errors in file /prod/oracle/PROD/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_erpserver/udump/prod_ora_1159232.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcfrbd_3], [42], [61235], [1], [12800], [12800], [], []

出现该错误有几个原因和解决方法:
ORA-600 kdsgrp1 是因为相关坏块引起(tab,index,memory,cr block等),结合日志分析对象异常原因,根据具体情况确定对象然后选择合适处理方案(具体参考NOTE:1332252.1)
ORA-600 4097 由于数据库异常关闭然后open,创建回滚段,可能触发bug导致该问题(虽然说在当前版本修复,但是实际处理我确实按照NOTE:1030620.6解决)
ORA-600 kcfrbd_3 有事务的block被访问之后,根据回滚槽信息定位到相关回滚段,而正好新建的回滚段信息又和以前的名字编号一致,从而反馈出来是数据文件大小不够,从而出现该错误(具体参考NOTE:601798.1)
最终该数据库虽然恢复了,抢救了大量数据,但是对于ebs系统来说,丢失redo和undo数据的损失还是巨大的.再次温馨提示:数据库的redo,undo也很重要,数据库的备份更加重要

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undo异常总结和恢复思路

UNDO异常报错千奇百怪,针对本人遇到的比较常见的undo异常报错进行汇总,仅供参考,数据库恢复过程是千奇百怪的,不能照搬硬套.
ORA-00704/ORA-00376
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 2
ORA-00376: file 3 cannot be read at this time
ORA-01110: data file 3: ‘/u01/oracle/oradata/ora11g/undotbs01.dbf’
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 17864): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 17864
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open…
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (17864) as a result of ORA-1092

ORA-00600[4097]
Fri Aug 31 23:14:10 2012
Errors in file /u01/oradata/orcl/bdump/orcl_smon_15589.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4097], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Fri Aug 31 23:14:12 2012
Non-fatal internal error happenned while SMON was doing logging scn->time mapping.
SMON encountered 1 out of maximum 100 non-fatal internal errors.

ORA-01595/ORA-00600[4194]
Fri Aug 31 23:14:14 2012
Errors in file /u01/oradata/orcl/bdump/orcl_smon_15589.trc:
ORA-01595: error freeing extent (2) of rollback segment (4))
ORA-00607: Internal error occurred while making a change to a data block
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [48], [34], [], [], [], [], []

0RA-00600[4193]
Tue Feb 14 09:35:34 2012
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\interlib\udump\interlib_ora_2824.trc:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4193], [2005], [2008], [], [], [], [], []

ORA-00600[kcfrbd_3]
Wed Dec 05 10:26:35 2012
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Wed Dec 05 10:26:35 2012
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Wed Dec 05 10:26:35 2012
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_548.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcfrbd_3], [2], [2279045], [1], [2277120], [2277120], [], []
SMON: terminating instance due to error 474

ORA-00600[4137]
Fri Jul 6 18:00:40 2012
SMON: ignoring slave err,downgrading to serial rollback
Fri Jul 6 18:00:41 2012
Errors in file /usr/local/oracle/admin/techdb/bdump/techdb_smon_16636.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORACLE Instance techdb (pid = 8) – Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (3, 17).

ORA-01595/ORA-01594
Sat May 12 21:54:17 2012
Errors in file /oracle/app/admin/prmdb/bdump/prmdb2_smon_483522.trc:
ORA-01595: error freeing extent (2) of rollback segment (19))
ORA-01594: attempt to wrap into rollback segment (19) extent (2) which is being freed

ORA-00704/ORA-01555
Fri May 4 21:04:21 2012
select ctime, mtime, stime from obj$ where obj# = :1
Fri May 4 21:04:21 2012
Errors in file /oracle/admin/standdb/udump/perfdb_ora_1286288.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 40 with name “_SYSSMU40$” too small
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 1286288
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs…

ORA-00607/ORA-00600[4194]
Block recovery completed at rba 3994.5.16, scn 0.89979533
Thu Jul 26 13:21:11 2012
Errors in file /orasvr/admin/mispdata/udump/mispdata_ora_2865.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00607: Internal error occurred while making a change to a data block
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [31], [2], [], [], [], [], []
Error 604 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 604
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 2865
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN…

ORA-00704/ORA-00600[4000]
Thu Feb 28 19:29:13 2013
Errors in file /u1/PROD/prodora/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_oracle/udump/prod_ora_20989.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4000], [50], [], [], [], [], [], []
Thu Feb 28 19:29:13 2013
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 20989
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS…

undo异常恢复处理思路
除了极少数undo坏块,undo文件丢失外,大部分undo异常是因为redo未被正常进行前滚,从而导致undo回滚异常数据库无法open,解决此类问题,需要结合一般需要结合redo异常处理技巧在其中,一般undo异常处理思路
1.切换undo_management= MANUAL尝试启动数据库,如果不成功进入2
2.设置10513 等event尝试启动数据库,如果不成功进入3
3.使用_offline_rollback_segments/_corrupted_rollback_segments屏蔽回滚段
4.如果依然不能open数据库,考虑使用bbed工具提交事务,修改回滚段状态等操作
5.如果依然还不能open数据库,考虑使用dul

如果您按照上述步骤还不能解决,请联系我们,将为您提供专业数据库技术支持
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

姊妹篇
ORACLE REDO各种异常恢复
ORACLE丢失各种文件导致数据库不能OPEN恢复

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