标签归档:ORA-600 13013

记录一次system表空间坏块(ORA-01578)数据库恢复

半夜朋友打来求救电话,说xx医院his系统因为存储异常导致system坏块无法正常启动,因为是win平台无法使用bbed,无法修复system 坏块,请求技术支持
dbv检查system文件报坏块
1


对应具体地址为:file 1 block 39041和66738

判断控制文件异常
通过数据库恢复检查脚本(Oracle Database Recovery Check)脚本检测数据库发现控制文件明显异常(checkpoint scn)
2
3


尝试恢复数据库
4


因此对该库进行了不完全恢复,然后尝试resetlogs打开数据库,数据库报ORA-600 2662错误

Fri Aug 29 02:35:08 2014
alter database open resetlogs
Fri Aug 29 02:35:11 2014
RESETLOGS after complete recovery through change 451371288
Resetting resetlogs activation ID 1232269761 (0x4972f1c1)
Fri Aug 29 02:35:15 2014
Setting recovery target incarnation to 3
Fri Aug 29 02:35:15 2014
Assigning activation ID 1384652231 (0x52881dc7)
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES
ARC0 started with pid=17, OS id=1084
Fri Aug 29 02:35:15 2014
ARC0: Archival started
ARC1: Archival started
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
ARC1 started with pid=18, OS id=2836
Fri Aug 29 02:35:15 2014
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 1
  Current log# 1 seq# 1 mem# 0: Z:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORCL\REDO01.LOG
Successful open of redo thread 1
Fri Aug 29 02:35:15 2014
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Fri Aug 29 02:35:15 2014
ARC1: Becoming the 'no FAL' ARCH
ARC1: Becoming the 'no SRL' ARCH
Fri Aug 29 02:35:15 2014
ARC0: Becoming the heartbeat ARCH
Fri Aug 29 02:35:15 2014
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Fri Aug 29 02:35:16 2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\udump\orcl_ora_4824.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [0], [451371311], [0], [451374534], [8388977], [], []

Fri Aug 29 02:35:16 2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\udump\orcl_ora_4824.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [0], [451371311], [0], [451374534], [8388977], [], []

Fri Aug 29 02:35:16 2014
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 600
Fri Aug 29 02:35:17 2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_2928.trc:
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

Instance terminated by USER, pid = 4824
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...

ORA-600 2662 该错误解决思路很明显,推进scn,数据库报ORA-01578

Fri Aug 29 02:42:47 2014
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Fri Aug 29 02:42:47 2014
Successfully onlined Undo Tablespace 1.
Dictionary check beginning
Dictionary check complete
Fri Aug 29 02:42:49 2014
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Fri Aug 29 02:42:49 2014
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Opening with internal Resource Manager plan
where NUMA PG = 1, CPUs = 16
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Fri Aug 29 02:42:50 2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_4804.trc:
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 级别 1 出现错误
ORA-01578: ORACLE 数据块损坏 (文件号 1, 块号 39041)
ORA-01110: 数据文件 1: 'Z:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORCL\SYSTEM01.DBF'

Fri Aug 29 02:42:50 2014
LOGSTDBY: Validating controlfile with logical metadata
Fri Aug 29 02:42:51 2014
LOGSTDBY: Validation complete
ORA-604 signalled during: alter database open...

使用event跳过坏块,启动数据库成功

Fri Aug 29 02:48:59 2014
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Fri Aug 29 02:49:00 2014
Successfully onlined Undo Tablespace 1.
Fri Aug 29 02:49:00 2014
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Fri Aug 29 02:49:00 2014
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Opening with internal Resource Manager plan
where NUMA PG = 1, CPUs = 16
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Starting background process QMNC
QMNC started with pid=34, OS id=3096
Fri Aug 29 02:49:01 2014
db_recovery_file_dest_size of 4096 MB is 0.00% used. This is a
user-specified limit on the amount of space that will be used by this
database for recovery-related files, and does not reflect the amount of
space available in the underlying filesystem or ASM diskgroup.
Fri Aug 29 02:49:01 2014
Completed: alter database open

查询坏块对象
5
6


因为这些对象均不是核心对象,直接进行truncate然后插入老数据

后续还有大量错误修复

ORA-12012: error on auto execute of job 1
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 239, file 1, block 1674 (2)

ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcbz_check_objd_typ], [0], [0], [1], [], [], [], []

ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6749], [3], [12606796], [173], [], [], [], []

ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [13013], [52898], [52895], [38288618], [44], [38288618], [17], []

ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [13013], [5001], [52895], [38286476], [5], [38286476], [17], []

再次说明,很多时候数据库恢复不要看成多神秘,就是几个参数搞定,更加不要神化有坏块就bbed修复,当然非常极端,使用N中工具,N种尝试的也存在.做好备份重于一切

发表在 Oracle备份恢复 | 标签为 , , , , , , | 评论关闭

记录另一起ORA-00600[13013]处理

发现ORA-00600[13013]错误
During the execution of an UPDATE statement, after several attempts (Arg [a] passcount) we are unable to get a stable set of rows that conform to the WHERE clause.

Fri Jun  1 03:00:33 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_12104.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Sat Jun  2 03:01:05 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_1052.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Sun Jun  3 15:00:50 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_13876.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12603219], [17], []
Mon Jun  4 03:01:05 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_7704.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Tue Jun  5 03:00:35 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_27983.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Wed Jun  6 03:01:07 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_19204.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Thu Jun  7 03:00:37 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/oraapp/bdump/oraapp_m000_7273.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12605556], [17], []

以前处理过一次ORA-600[13013],里面包含了各参数含义,这次也按照常规方法处理,分析如下:
1.通过trace文件找出对应表

*** 2012-06-01 03:00:33.325
ksedmp: internal or fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [8943], [12596577], [25], [12596578], [17], []
Current SQL statement for this session:
UPDATE WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA SET snap_id = :lah_snap_id  WHERE dbid = :dbid    AND (SQL_ID) 
IN (SELECT STR1_KEWRATTR FROM X$KEWRATTRSTALE)

2.通过ORA-600[13013]中表示rdba参数找出表

SQL> select  DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_file (12596577) "file#",
  2  DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_block (12596577) "block#" 
  3  from dual;

     file#     block#
---------- ----------
         3      13665

SQL> select * from dba_extents where 13665 between block_id and block_id + blocks and file_id=3;

OWNER      SEGMENT_NAME           SEGMENT_TYPE     EXTENT_ID    FILE_ID   BLOCK_ID    BLOCKS
---------- --------------------  --------------- --------------- ---------- -------  ------
SYS        SYS_LOB0000008933C00  LOBSEGMENT           7          3      13657         8    
SYS        WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADA  TABLE                1          3      13665         8   

检查对象WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADA是否有坏块或者表和index不一致

SQL> analyze table SYS.WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA validate structure cascade online;

Table analyzed.

这里分析WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADA表正常,但是通过上面的查询证明WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADA的第一个extent的第一个数据块上可能出现问题,使得analyze未检查(自己猜猜,未做深入验证).针对这个问题,直接备份WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA表,truncate掉该表,然后重新插入数据(注意操作时间避开awr插入数据时间段)

create table SQL_BIND_METADATA_BAK
AS
SELECT * FROM SYS.WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA;

TRUNCATE TABLE SYS.WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA;

INSERT INTO SYS.WRH$_SQL_BIND_METADATA
SELECT * FROM SQL_BIND_METADATA_BAK;

DROP TABBLE SQL_BIND_METADATA_BAK PURGE;
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记录一次ORA-600[13013]处理过程

在一次数据库的异常处理完成后,发现alert日志中出现ORA-600[13013]错误

Thu Mar 08 23:29:37 2012
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/chf/chf/trace/chf_smon_24137.trc  (incident=38681):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [518], [4198427], [170], [4198427], [17], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/chf/chf/incident/incdir_38681/chf_smon_24137_i38681.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Non-fatal internal error happenned while SMON was doing flushing of monitored table stats.
SMON encountered 1 out of maximum 100 non-fatal internal errors.

trace文件中信息
从这里可以看出是对sys.col_usage$表进行update操作导致该错误发生

Dump continued from file: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/chf/chf/trace/chf_smon_24137.trc
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13013], [5001], [518], [4198427], [170], [4198427], [17], [], [], [], [], []

========= Dump for incident 38681 (ORA 600 [13013]) ========

*** 2012-03-08 23:29:37.400
dbkedDefDump(): Starting incident default dumps (flags=0x2, level=3, mask=0x0)
----- Current SQL Statement for this session (sql_id=3c1kubcdjnppq) -----
update sys.col_usage$ set   equality_preds    = equality_preds    + decode(bitand(:flag,1),0,0,1),   equijoin_preds    = equijoin_preds    + decode(bitand(:flag,2),0,0
,1),   nonequijoin_preds = nonequijoin_preds + decode(bitand(:flag,4),0,0,1),   range_preds       = range_preds       + decode(bitand(:flag,8),0,0,1),   like_preds    
    = like_preds        + decode(bitand(:flag,16),0,0,1),   null_preds        = null_preds        + decode(bitand(:flag,32),0,0,1),  timestamp = :time where obj# = :ob
jn and intcol# = :coln

MOS中关于ORA-600 [13013]描述

Format: ORA-600 [13013] [a] [b] {c} [d] [e] [f]
Arg [a] Passcount
Arg [b] Data Object number
Arg {c} Tablespace Decimal Relative DBA (RDBA) of block containing the row to be updated
Arg [d] Row Slot number
Arg [e] Decimal RDBA of block being updated (Typically same as {c})
Arg [f] Code

验证MOS中描述

SQL> select dbms_utility.data_block_address_file(4198427) rfile,
  2  dbms_utility.data_block_address_block(4198427) blocks
  3  from dual;

     RFILE     BLOCKS
---------- ----------
         1       4123

SQL> SELECT OWNER, SEGMENT_NAME, SEGMENT_TYPE, TABLESPACE_NAME, A.PARTITION_NAME
  2    FROM DBA_EXTENTS A
  3   WHERE FILE_ID = &FILE_ID
  4     AND &BLOCK_ID BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1;
Enter value for file_id: 1
old   3:  WHERE FILE_ID = &FILE_ID
new   3:  WHERE FILE_ID = 1
Enter value for block_id: 4123
old   4:    AND &BLOCK_ID BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1
new   4:    AND 4123 BETWEEN BLOCK_ID AND BLOCK_ID + BLOCKS - 1

OWNER SEGMENT_NAME SEGMENT_TY TABLESPACE PARTI
----- ------------ ---------- ---------- -----
SYS   COL_USAGE$   TABLE      SYSTEM
--和trace文件中异常表一致

SQL>  select object_type,object_name from dba_objects where object_id=518;

OBJECT_TYPE         OBJECT_NAME
------------------- ------------------------------
TABLE               COL_USAGE$
--也和trace文件中异常表一致

分析异常表

SQL> ANALYZE TABLE sys.COL_USAGE$ VALIDATE STRUCTURE CASCADE;
ANALYZE TABLE sys.COL_USAGE$ VALIDATE STRUCTURE CASCADE
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01499: table/index cross reference failure - see trace file

SQL> select index_name,COLUMN_NAME,COLUMN_POSITION FROM DBA_IND_COLUMNS 
2    WHERE TABLE_NAME='COL_USAGE$';

INDEX_NAME      COLUMN_NAM COLUMN_POSITION
--------------- ---------- ---------------
I_COL_USAGE$    OBJ#                     1
I_COL_USAGE$    INTCOL#                  2

SQL> set autot trace exp
SQL>  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  2   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t1
  3   MINUS
  4   SELECT /*+ index(t I_COL_USAGE$) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  5   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t where OBJ# is not null or INTCOL# is not null;

no rows selected
--无记录返回

Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 399371572

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation           | Name         | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time
   |

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT    |              |  4262 | 76716 |    27  (71)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  MINUS              |              |       |       |            |          |
|   2 |   SORT UNIQUE       |              |  4262 | 38358 |     9  (12)| 00:00:01 |
|   3 |    TABLE ACCESS FULL| COL_USAGE$   |  4262 | 38358 |     8   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   4 |   SORT UNIQUE NOSORT|              |  4262 | 38358 |    18   (6)| 00:00:01 |
|*  5 |    INDEX FULL SCAN  | I_COL_USAGE$ |  4262 | 38358 |    17   (0)| 00:00:01 |

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--验证表两个sql是否正确(一个全表扫描,另个index 快速扫描)


SQL>  SELECT /*+ index(t I_COL_USAGE$) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  2   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t where OBJ# is not null or INTCOL# is not null
  3   MINUS
  4  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  5   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t1;

      OBJ#    INTCOL#
---------- ----------
4294951004          2
4294951004          3
4294951004          4
4294951004         26
4294951004         27
4294951037          4
4294951037          5
4294951037          6
4294951037          9
4294951037         10
4294951840         11

      OBJ#    INTCOL#
---------- ----------
4294951840         12
4294951906          4
4294952709          3
4294952867          4
4294952867          9

16 rows selected.
--证明index中的记录比表中多了16条

解决问题并验证

SQL> alter index sys.I_COL_USAGE$ rebuild online;

Index altered.

SQL>  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
 FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t1
  2    3   MINUS
  4   SELECT /*+ index(t I_COL_USAGE$) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  5   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t where OBJ# is not null or INTCOL# is not null
  6  ;

no rows selected

SQL>  SELECT /*+ index(t I_COL_USAGE$) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  2   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t where OBJ# is not null or INTCOL# is not null
  3   MINUS
  4  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ OBJ#,INTCOL#
  5   FROM sys.COL_USAGE$ t1;

no rows selected

这次出现此问题的原因是因为在更新语句中使用索引找到一条记录,然后到表中去查询时该记录不存在,出现此错误,一般解决方法是重建索引
官方关于ORA-600[13013]说明

发表在 ORA-xxxxx | 标签为 , | 3 条评论