ORA-600 2131故障处理

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标题:ORA-600 2131故障处理

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数据库启动报ORA-600 2131错误,查看alert日志发现是在mount过程报错

Fri May 17 20:58:28 2024
Starting ORACLE instance (normal)
LICENSE_MAX_SESSION = 0
LICENSE_SESSIONS_WARNING = 0
Initial number of CPU is 16
Number of processor cores in the system is 8
Number of processor sockets in the system is 1
Picked latch-free SCN scheme 3
Autotune of undo retention is turned on. 
IMODE=BR
ILAT =249
LICENSE_MAX_USERS = 0
SYS auditing is disabled
Starting up:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options.
Windows NT Version V6.2  
CPU                 : 16 - type 8664, 8 Physical Cores
Process Affinity    : 0x0x0000000000000000
Memory (Avail/Total): Ph:93799M/97925M, Ph+PgF:78891M/112261M 
Using parameter settings in server-side spfile E:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\PRODUCT\11.2.0\DBHOME_1\DATABASE\SPFILEXFF.ORA
System parameters with non-default values:
  processes                = 1500
  sessions                 = 2272
  nls_language             = "SIMPLIFIED CHINESE"
  nls_territory            = "CHINA"
  sga_target               = 29440M
  control_files            = "E:\ORADATA\xff\CONTROL01.CTL"
  db_block_size            = 8192
  compatible               = "11.2.0.4.0"
  log_archive_dest_1       = "LOCATION=e:\app\archivelog\"
  log_archive_format       = "ARC%S_%R.%T"
  undo_tablespace          = "UNDOTBS2"
  sec_case_sensitive_logon = FALSE
  remote_login_passwordfile= "EXCLUSIVE"
  db_domain                = ""
  dispatchers              = "(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=xffXDB)"
  audit_file_dest          = "E:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ADMIN\xff\ADUMP"
  audit_trail              = "NONE"
  db_name                  = "xff"
  open_cursors             = 300
  pga_aggregate_target     = 9792M
  diagnostic_dest          = "E:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR"
Fri May 17 20:58:29 2024
PMON started with pid=2, OS id=6696 
Fri May 17 20:58:29 2024
PSP0 started with pid=3, OS id=2424 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
VKTM started with pid=4, OS id=5472 at elevated priority
VKTM running at (10)millisec precision with DBRM quantum (100)ms
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
GEN0 started with pid=5, OS id=5764 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
DIAG started with pid=6, OS id=372 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
DBRM started with pid=7, OS id=2992 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
DIA0 started with pid=8, OS id=4960 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
MMAN started with pid=9, OS id=6036 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
DBW0 started with pid=10, OS id=4724 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
DBW1 started with pid=11, OS id=2652 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
LGWR started with pid=12, OS id=5320 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
CKPT started with pid=13, OS id=5732 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
SMON started with pid=14, OS id=936 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
RECO started with pid=15, OS id=2192 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
MMON started with pid=16, OS id=5576 
Fri May 17 20:58:30 2024
MMNL started with pid=17, OS id=5748 
starting up 1 dispatcher(s) for network address '(ADDRESS=(PARTIAL=YES)(PROTOCOL=TCP))'...
starting up 1 shared server(s) ...
ORACLE_BASE from environment = E:\app\Administrator
Fri May 17 20:58:31 2024
ALTER DATABASE   MOUNT
Errors in file E:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_5452.trc  (incident=403399):
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [2131], [9], [8], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: E:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\incident\incdir_403399\xff_ora_5452_i403399.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
ORA-600 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE   MOUNT...

这个错误是由于controlfile损坏导致,有这个库以前部署过rman备份,解决起来比较简单,使用rman还原控制文件,并尝试recover

RMAN> restore controlfile from 'E:\rmanback\rmanfile\CTL_20240517_A62R067K_1_1.RMAN';

启动 restore 于 17-5月 -24
使用通道 ORA_DISK_1

通道 ORA_DISK_1: 正在还原控制文件
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 还原完成, 用时: 00:00:01
输出文件名=E:\ORADATA\XFF\CONTROL01.CTL
完成 restore 于 17-5月 -24

RMAN>

RMAN>

RMAN> alter database mount;

数据库已装载
释放的通道: ORA_DISK_1

RMAN> recover database;

启动 recover 于 17-5月 -24
分配的通道: ORA_DISK_1
通道 ORA_DISK_1: SID=996 设备类型=DISK

正在开始介质的恢复

线程 1 序列 4100 的归档日志已作为文件 E:\ORADATA\XFF\REDO02.LOG 存在于磁盘上
线程 1 序列 4101 的归档日志已作为文件 E:\ORADATA\XFF\REDO03.LOG 存在于磁盘上
线程 1 序列 4102 的归档日志已作为文件 E:\ORADATA\XFF\REDO01.LOG 存在于磁盘上
归档日志文件名=E:\APP\ARCHIVELOG\ARC0000004025_1165094245.0001 线程=1 序列=4025
归档日志文件名=E:\APP\ARCHIVELOG\ARC0000004026_1165094245.0001 线程=1 序列=4026
…………
归档日志文件名=E:\APP\ARCHIVELOG\ARC0000004099_1165094245.0001 线程=1 序列=4099
归档日志文件名=E:\ORADATA\XFF\REDO02.LOG 线程=1 序列=4100
归档日志文件名=E:\ORADATA\XFF\REDO03.LOG 线程=1 序列=4101
归档日志文件名=E:\ORADATA\XFF\REDO01.LOG 线程=1 序列=4102
介质恢复完成, 用时: 00:00:22
完成 recover 于 17-5月 -24

RMAN> exit


恢复管理器完成。

E:\oradata\XFF>

这种恢复情况下,如果现在要打开库,需要resetlogs方式,考虑通过创建ctl直接打开(不想用resetlogs)

SQL> shutdown immediate;
ORA-01109: 数据库未打开


已经卸载数据库。
ORACLE 例程已经关闭。
SQL> startup nomount;
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 3.0732E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2296264 bytes
Variable Size            3825206840 bytes
Database Buffers         2.6844E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers               61206528 bytes
SQL> CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "XFF" NORESETLOGS  ARCHIVELOG
  2      MAXLOGFILES 16
  3      MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
  4      MAXDATAFILES 100
  5      MAXINSTANCES 8
  6      MAXLOGHISTORY 876
  7  LOGFILE
  8    GROUP 1 'E:\ORADATA\XFF\REDO01.LOG'  SIZE 50M BLOCKSIZE 512,
  9    GROUP 2 'E:\ORADATA\XFF\REDO02.LOG'  SIZE 50M BLOCKSIZE 512,
 10    GROUP 3 'E:\ORADATA\XFF\REDO03.LOG'  SIZE 50M BLOCKSIZE 512
 11  -- STANDBY LOGFILE
 12  DATAFILE
 13    'E:\ORADATA\XFF\SYSTEM01.DBF',
 14    'E:\ORADATA\XFF\SYSAUX01.DBF',
 15    'E:\ORADATA\XFF\USERS01.DBF',
 16    'E:\ORADATA\XFF\XFF_DATA01.DBF',
 17    'E:\ORADATA\XFF\XFF_INDEX01.DBF',
 18    'E:\ORADATA\XFF\UNDOTBS2.DBF'
 19  CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK
 20  ;

控制文件已创建。

SQL> recover database;
完成介质恢复。
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。

SQL> ALTER TABLESPACE TEMP ADD TEMPFILE 'E:\ORADATA\XFF\TEMP01.DBF' REUSE;

表空间已更改。

至此本次恢复晚上,由于arch,redo和数据文件没有损坏,恢复非常完美,参考以前类似说明:ORA-600 2131故障说明

此条目发表在 Oracle备份恢复 分类目录,贴了 标签。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

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