标签归档:ORA-27070

硬件故障数据库异常恢复

硬件故障数据库crash
有客户由于硬件故障导致数据库异常ORA-00345 ORA-00312 ORA-27070 OSD-04016

Tue Feb 05 16:58:26 2019
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 17139 (LGWR switch)
  Current log# 12 seq# 17139 mem# 0: S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12A.LOG
  Current log# 12 seq# 17139 mem# 1: S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12B.LOG
Tue Feb 05 19:47:24 2019
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_lgwr_2420.trc:
ORA-00345: redo log write error block 152097 count 8
ORA-00312: online log 12 thread 1: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12A.LOG'
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。
ORA-00345: redo log write error block 152097 count 8
ORA-00312: online log 12 thread 1: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12B.LOG'
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。
ORA-00345: redo log write error block 152105 count 1
ORA-00312: online log 12 thread 1: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12A.LOG'
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。

直接启动数据库报错
修复好硬件之后,直接启动数据库报ORA-00600 kcratr_scan_lastbwr错误

Fri Feb 08 20:58:15 2019
alter database mount exclusive
Successful mount of redo thread 1, with mount id 1527506791
Database mounted in Exclusive Mode
Lost write protection disabled
Completed: alter database mount exclusive
alter database open
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
Started redo scan
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_3672.trc  (incident=41353):
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_41353\orcl_ora_3672_i41353.trc
Aborting crash recovery due to error 600
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_3672.trc:
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_3672.trc:
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-600 signalled during: alter database open...
Fri Feb 08 20:58:24 2019
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20190208205824]
Fri Feb 08 20:59:04 2019
alter database open 
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
Started redo scan
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_1696.trc  (incident=41354):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_41354\orcl_ora_1696_i41354.trc
Aborting crash recovery due to error 600
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_1696.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_1696.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-600 signalled during: alter database open ...

recover database报错
执行recover database报错ORA-00600 6101,ORA-00600 kdourp_inorder2,ORA-00600 ktbsdp1,ORA-00600 3020

Fri Feb 08 21:09:20 2019
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database  
Media Recovery Start
 started logmerger process
Parallel Media Recovery started with 4 slaves
Fri Feb 08 21:09:21 2019
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 12 Seq 17139 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12A.LOG
  Mem# 1: S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12B.LOG
Fri Feb 08 21:09:21 2019
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr02_3780.trc  (incident=49379):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6101], [17], [21], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_49379\orcl_pr02_3780_i49379.trc
Fri Feb 08 21:09:21 2019
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr01_2040.trc  (incident=49371):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdourp_inorder2], [34], [0], [0], [44], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_49371\orcl_pr01_2040_i49371.trc
Fri Feb 08 21:09:21 2019
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr03_1068.trc  (incident=49387):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktbsdp1], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_49387\orcl_pr03_1068_i49387.trc
Fri Feb 08 21:09:24 2019
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20190208210924]
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr03_1068.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 4, block# 1716972)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: data file 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 204127
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktbsdp1], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr02_3780.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 4, block# 1738552)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: data file 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 211606
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6101], [17], [21], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr01_2040.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 4, block# 1725898)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: data file 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 73907
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdourp_inorder2], [34], [0], [0], [44], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Recovery Slave PR03 previously exited with exception 10562
Fri Feb 08 21:09:28 2019
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr04_2608.trc  (incident=49395):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [3020], [4], [1739291], [18516507], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with data block (file# 4, block# 1739291, file offset is 1363369984 bytes)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: data file 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 211552
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_49395\orcl_pr04_2608_i49395.trc
Slave exiting with ORA-600 exception
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr04_2608.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [3020], [4], [1739291], [18516507], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with data block (file# 4, block# 1739291, file offset is 1363369984 bytes)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: data file 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 211552
Media Recovery failed with error 448
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr00_1548.trc:
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
ORA-00448: normal completion of background process
Slave exiting with ORA-283 exception
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr00_1548.trc:
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
ORA-00448: normal completion of background process
ORA-10562 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database  ...

出现上述问题主要是由于硬件突然故障,数据写丢失导致相关问题.

处理思路

RMAN> recover datafile 1;

启动 recover 于 09-2月 -19
使用通道 ORA_DISK_1

正在开始介质的恢复
介质恢复完成, 用时: 00:00:01

完成 recover 于 09-2月 -19

RMAN> recover datafile 2;

启动 recover 于 09-2月 -19
使用通道 ORA_DISK_1

正在开始介质的恢复
介质恢复完成, 用时: 00:00:01

完成 recover 于 09-2月 -19

RMAN> recover datafile 3;

启动 recover 于 09-2月 -19
使用通道 ORA_DISK_1

正在开始介质的恢复
介质恢复完成, 用时: 00:00:02

完成 recover 于 09-2月 -19

RMAN> recover datafile 4;

启动 recover 于 09-2月 -19
使用通道 ORA_DISK_1

正在开始介质的恢复
无法恢复介质
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: recover 命令 (在 02/09/2019 21:48:19 上) 失败
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
RMAN-11003: 在分析/执行 SQL 语句期间失败: alter database recover if needed
 datafile 4
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 4, block# 172
5913)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: 数据文件 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 73907
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kdourp_inorder2], [34], [43], [44], [44], [], []
, [], [], [], [], []

SQL> recover datafile 4;
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 4, block#
1725913)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: 数据文件 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 73907
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kdourp_inorder2], [34], [43], [44], [44], [],
[], [], [], [], [], []

--通过bbed修改异常文件,屏蔽文件恢复,直接open库
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。

数据库open之后,逻辑方式导出数据,重建新库,导入数据.

发表在 非常规恢复 | 标签为 , , , , , , , , | 评论关闭

又一例asm格式化文件系统恢复

又一个客户把win rac中的asm disk给格式化为ntfs了(data磁盘组由三个500G的磁盘组成,被格式化掉前面两个还剩下一个),而且格式化之后,还进行了一系列恢复(比如修复磁盘头,又进行分区等一些磁盘操作),导致恢复难度增加,也增加了一些数据覆盖
asm alert日志报错

Thu Aug 23 11:20:14 2018
NOTE: ASM client orcl1:orcl disconnected unexpectedly.
NOTE: check client alert log.
NOTE: Process state recorded in trace file d:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm1\trace\+asm1_ora_2260.trc
Thu Aug 23 11:20:28 2018
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm1\trace\+asm1_lgwr_3820.trc:
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 87) 参数错误。
WARNING: IO Failed. group:2 disk(number.incarnation):1.0xf0f0a1cb disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA1
	 AU:26 disk_offset(bytes):27566080 io_size:4096 operation:Write type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:3820
NOTE: unable to write any mirror side for diskgroup DATA
NOTE: cache initiating offline of disk 1 group DATA
NOTE: process 3268:3820 initiating offline of disk 1.4042301899 (DATA_0001) with mask 0x7e in group 2
WARNING: Disk DATA_0001 in mode 0x7f is now being taken offline
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 2, dsk = 1/0xf0f0a1cb, mode = 0x15
kfdp_updateDsk(): 22 
Thu Aug 23 11:20:28 2018
kfdp_updateDskBg(): 22 
ERROR: too many offline disks in PST (grp 2)
WARNING: Disk DATA_0001 in mode 0x7f offline aborted

数据库alert日志报错

WARNING: IO Failed. group:2 disk(number.incarnation):1.0xf0f0a1cb disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA1
	 AU:422 disk_offset(bytes):442515456 io_size:16384 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:11992
WARNING: failed to read mirror side 1 of virtual extent 5 logical extent 0 of file 260 in 
group [2.1859146063] from disk DATA_0001  allocation unit 422 reason error; if possible,will try another mirror side 
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl1\trace\orcl1_ora_11992.trc:
ORA-15080: 与磁盘的同步 I/O 操作失败
WARNING: failed to write mirror side 1 of virtual extent 5 logical extent 0 of file 260 
in group 2 on disk 1 allocation unit 422 
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl1\trace\orcl1_ora_11992.trc:
ORA-00202: 控制文件: ''+DATA/orcl/controlfile/current.260.944422981''
ORA-15081: 无法将 I/O 操作提交到磁盘
Thu Aug 23 11:20:13 2018
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl1\trace\orcl1_dbw1_3224.trc:
ORA-27070: 异步读取/写入失败
WARNING: IO Failed. group:2 disk(number.incarnation):1.0xf0f0a1cb disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA1
	 AU:841 disk_offset(bytes):882532352 io_size:131072 operation:Write type:asynchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:3224
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl1\trace\orcl1_dbw1_3224.trc:
ORA-15080: 与磁盘的同步 I/O 操作失败
WARNING: failed to write mirror side 1 of virtual extent 240 logical extent 0 of file 259 in group 2 on disk 1 
allocation unit 841 KCF: read, write or open error, block=0x7853 online=1
        file=4 '+DATA/orcl/datafile/users.259.944422883'
        error=15081 txt: ''
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl1\trace\orcl1_dbw1_3224.trc:
ORA-27070: 异步读取/写入失败
OSD-04006: ReadFile() 失败, 无法读取文件
O/S-Error: (OS 87) 参数错误。
WARNING: IO Failed. group:2 disk(number.incarnation):1.0xf0f0a1cb disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA1
	 AU:422 disk_offset(bytes):442515456 io_size:16384 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:3224
WARNING: failed to read mirror side 1 of virtual extent 5 logical extent 0 of file 260 in group [2.1859146063] from 
disk DATA_0001  allocation unit 422 reason error; if possible,will try another mirror side 
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl1\trace\orcl1_dbw1_3224.trc:
ORA-15080: 与磁盘的同步 I/O 操作失败
WARNING: failed to write mirror side 1 of virtual extent 5 logical extent 0 of file 260 in group 2 on disk 1 
allocation unit 422 
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl1\trace\orcl1_dbw1_3224.trc:
ORA-00202: 控制文件: ''+DATA/orcl/controlfile/current.260.944422981''
ORA-15081: 无法将 I/O 操作提交到磁盘
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl1\trace\orcl1_dbw1_3224.trc:
ORA-00204: 读取控制文件时出错 (块 41, # 块 1)
ORA-00202: 控制文件: ''+DATA/orcl/controlfile/current.260.944422981''
ORA-15081: 无法将 I/O 操作提交到磁盘
DBW1 (ospid: 3224): terminating the instance due to error 204

由于客户进行了一系列恢复恢复操作导致查看磁盘都不全

D:\>asmtool -list
NTFS                             \Device\Harddisk0\Partition1              100M
NTFS                             \Device\Harddisk0\Partition2           102298M
NTFS                             \Device\Harddisk1\Partition1           102397M
NTFS                             \Device\Harddisk2\Partition1           204797M
---这里还有一个磁盘没有正常显示
ORCLDISKDATA10                   \Device\Harddisk4\Partition1           511997M--客户尝试修复的磁盘
ORCLDISKDATA2                    \Device\Harddisk5\Partition1           511997M
ORCLDISKRECOVERY0                \Device\Harddisk6\Partition1            51197M
ORCLDISKRECOVERY1                \Device\Harddisk7\Partition1            51197M
ORCLDISKRECOVERY2                \Device\Harddisk8\Partition1            51197M
ORCLDISKCRS0                     \Device\Harddisk9\Partition1            10237M
ORCLDISKCRS1                     \Device\Harddisk10\Partition1           10237M
ORCLDISKCRS2                     \Device\Harddisk11\Partition1           10237M
NTFS                             \Device\Harddisk12\Partition2         4194174M

通过主机层面激活卷,删除分区等一系列操作,然后通过kfed构造磁盘头,让这些磁盘在os层面可以正常显示

C:\Users\Administrator>asmtool -list
NTFS                             \Device\Harddisk0\Partition1              100M
NTFS                             \Device\Harddisk0\Partition2           102298M
NTFS                             \Device\Harddisk1\Partition1           102397M
NTFS                             \Device\Harddisk2\Partition1           204797M
------需要处理的磁盘------
ORCLDISKDATA0                    \Device\Harddisk3\Partition1           511997M
ORCLDISKDATA1                    \Device\Harddisk4\Partition1           511997M
ORCLDISKDATA2                    \Device\Harddisk5\Partition1           511997M
-----------------------
ORCLDISKRECOVERY0                \Device\Harddisk6\Partition1            51197M
ORCLDISKRECOVERY1                \Device\Harddisk7\Partition1            51197M
ORCLDISKRECOVERY2                \Device\Harddisk8\Partition1            51197M
ORCLDISKCRS0                     \Device\Harddisk9\Partition1            10237M
ORCLDISKCRS1                     \Device\Harddisk10\Partition1           10237M
ORCLDISKCRS2                     \Device\Harddisk11\Partition1           10237M
NTFS                             \Device\Harddisk12\Partition2         4194174M

由于asm磁盘组内部目录au被彻底损坏,导致无法通过asm直接拷贝出来数据,通过底层扫描,按照au恢复出来相关数据,由于格式化ntfs和后续的误操作导致部分数据au被覆盖.其余数据均恢复,抢救了绝大部分数据.
数据文件恢复参考:asm disk header 彻底损坏恢复
另外有一次win平台类似恢复经历:asm disk格式化为ntfs恢复
如果您遇到此类情况,无法解决请联系我们,提供专业ORACLE数据库恢复技术支持
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445QQ咨询惜分飞    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

发表在 Oracle ASM, 非常规恢复 | 标签为 , , , , | 评论关闭

OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错

有某客户由于硬件故障,导致数据库无法启动,让我们介入处理
数据库启动报错

Mon Feb 26 17:28:24 2018
ALTER DATABASE OPEN
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 3 processes
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 2054 KB redo, 509 data blocks need recovery
Started redo application at
 Thread 1: logseq 41341, block 54
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 41341 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: E:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG
Completed redo application of 1.77MB
KCF: read, write or open error, block=0x16439 online=1
        file=1 'E:\ORADATA\ORCL\SYSTEM01.DBF'
        error=27070 txt: 'OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。'
Errors in file d:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_dbw0_4928.trc:
ORA-01243: system tablespace file suffered media failure
ORA-01114: IO error writing block to file 1 (block # 91193)
ORA-01110: data file 1: 'E:\ORADATA\ORCL\SYSTEM01.DBF'
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。
DBW0 (ospid: 4928): terminating the instance due to error 1243
Mon Feb 26 17:28:29 2018
Instance terminated by DBW0, pid = 4928

20180227223540


这里错误比较明显,由于io错误,在数据库实例恢复之时,写回block正好在该损坏位置从而使得数据库无法正常实例恢复,进而无法open.

dbv验证文件
通过专业工具对system文件进行了重构system文件,然后dbv检查结果如下


DBVERIFY: Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on 星期二 2月 27 17:20:14 2018

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.


DBVERIFY - 开始验证: FILE = D:\OK\SYSTEM01.DBF
页 91156 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00416414 (file 1, block 91156)
Bad header found during dbv: 
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 6 rdba: 0xe1d9e3e7
 last change scn: 0xd682.ffc8c7cb seq: 0x8c flg: 0x8c
 spare1: 0xc0 spare2: 0xf6 spare3: 0x70b3
 consistency value in tail: 0x71f50602
 check value in block header: 0x8195
 computed block checksum: 0x8689


DBVERIFY - 验证完成

检查的页总数: 215040
处理的页总数 (数据): 178112
失败的页总数 (数据): 0
处理的页总数 (索引): 19070
失败的页总数 (索引): 0
处理的页总数 (其他): 3118
处理的总页数 (段)  : 1
失败的总页数 (段)  : 0
空的页总数: 14739
标记为损坏的总页数: 1
流入的页总数: 0
加密的总页数        : 0
最高块 SCN            : 1638554501 (0.1638554501)

这里比较明显重构出来的system文件只有block 91156坏块,这里注意和没有处理之前的坏块不一样

通过dump分析坏块所属对象

Start dump data block from file D:\OK\SYSTEM01.DBF minblk 91156 maxblk 91156
 V10 STYLE FILE HEADER:
	Compatibility Vsn = 186646528=0xb200000
	Db ID=1383974140=0x527dc4fc, Db Name='ORCL'
	Activation ID=0=0x0
	Control Seq=806694=0xc4f26, File size=215040=0x34800
	File Number=1, Blksiz=8192, File Type=3 DATA
Dump all the blocks in range:
buffer tsn: 0 rdba: 0xe1d9e3e7 (903/1696743)
scn: 0xd682.ffc8c7cb seq: 0x8c flg: 0x8c tail: 0x71f50602
frmt: 0x06 chkval: 0x8195 type: 0xe5=unknown
Hex dump of corrupt header 4 = CORRUPT

Start dump data block from file D:\OK\SYSTEM01.DBF minblk 91155 maxblk 91155
 V10 STYLE FILE HEADER:
	Compatibility Vsn = 186646528=0xb200000
	Db ID=1383974140=0x527dc4fc, Db Name='ORCL'
	Activation ID=0=0x0
	Control Seq=806694=0xc4f26, File size=215040=0x34800
	File Number=1, Blksiz=8192, File Type=3 DATA
Dump all the blocks in range:
buffer tsn: 0 rdba: 0x00416413 (1/91155)
scn: 0x0000.613ad8d6 seq: 0x01 flg: 0x06 tail: 0xd8d60601
frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0xcc5f type: 0x06=trans data
Hex dump of block: st=0, typ_found=1

Block header dump:  0x00416413
 Object id on Block? Y
 seg/obj: 0x25  csc: 0x00.613ad8ce  itc: 2  flg: -  typ: 2 - INDEX
     fsl: 0  fnx: 0x0 ver: 0x01
 
 Itl           Xid                  Uba         Flag  Lck        Scn/Fsc
0x01   0x0009.000.0016fda0  0x00c0130e.6f38.01  CB--    0  scn 0x0000.3e6ed294
0x02   0x0009.008.0023e862  0x00c002cf.a217.13  --U-    1  fsc 0x0000.613ad8d6


Start dump data block from file D:\OK\SYSTEM01.DBF minblk 91157 maxblk 91157
 V10 STYLE FILE HEADER:
	Compatibility Vsn = 186646528=0xb200000
	Db ID=1383974140=0x527dc4fc, Db Name='ORCL'
	Activation ID=0=0x0
	Control Seq=806694=0xc4f26, File size=215040=0x34800
	File Number=1, Blksiz=8192, File Type=3 DATA
Dump all the blocks in range:
buffer tsn: 0 rdba: 0x00416415 (1/91157)
scn: 0x0000.6193dc0c seq: 0x01 flg: 0x06 tail: 0xdc0c0601
frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0x8c21 type: 0x06=trans data
Hex dump of block: st=0, typ_found=1

Block header dump:  0x00416415
 Object id on Block? Y
 seg/obj: 0x25  csc: 0x00.6193dc04  itc: 2  flg: -  typ: 2 - INDEX
     fsl: 0  fnx: 0x0 ver: 0x01
 
 Itl           Xid                  Uba         Flag  Lck        Scn/Fsc
0x01   0x0006.00c.001ee103  0x00c008a5.8dbd.02  C---    0  scn 0x0000.57303e03
0x02   0x000b.00f.00053100  0x00c008af.1563.09  --U-    1  fsc 0x0000.6193dc0c

这里比较明显,可以确定坏块为index,object_id=0×25=37,通过查询其他库,确定为i_obj2(obj$的index)

使用该文件启动数据库

SQL> alter database rename file 'E:\ORADATA\ORCL\SYSTEM01.DBF' to 'd:\orcl\SYSTEM01.DBF';

数据库已更改。

SQL> recover database;
完成介质恢复。
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。

检查alert日志
发现smon进程由于坏块的存储,出现大量报错,需要处理,不然数据库一段时间后就会crash.

Tue Feb 27 20:31:23 2018
QMNC started with pid=27, OS id=4652 
Completed: alter database open
Tue Feb 27 20:31:25 2018
Starting background process CJQ0
Tue Feb 27 20:31:25 2018
CJQ0 started with pid=30, OS id=2172 
Tue Feb 27 20:31:25 2018
db_recovery_file_dest_size of 3912 MB is 0.00% used. This is a
user-specified limit on the amount of space that will be used by this
database for recovery-related files, and does not reflect the amount of
space available in the underlying filesystem or ASM diskgroup.
Hex dump of (file 1, block 91156) in trace file d:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_cjq0_2172.trc
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00416414 (file 1, block 91156)
Bad header found during multiblock buffer read
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 6 rdba: 0xe1d9e3e7
 last change scn: 0xd682.ffc8c7cb seq: 0x8c flg: 0x8c
 spare1: 0xc0 spare2: 0xf6 spare3: 0x70b3
 consistency value in tail: 0x71f50602
 check value in block header: 0x8195
 computed block checksum: 0x8689
Reading datafile 'D:\ORCL\SYSTEM01.DBF' for corruption at rdba: 0x00416414 (file 1, block 91156)
Reread (file 1, block 91156) found same corrupt data
Errors in file d:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_smon_3992.trc  (incident=77085):
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 1, block # 91156)
ORA-01110: data file 1: 'D:\ORCL\SYSTEM01.DBF'
Incident details in: d:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_77085\orcl_smon_3992_i77085.trc
Errors in file d:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_cjq0_2172.trc  (incident=77221):
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 1, block # 91156)
ORA-01110: data file 1: 'D:\ORCL\SYSTEM01.DBF'
Incident details in: d:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_77221\orcl_cjq0_2172_i77221.trc

重建i_obj2 index,参考:http://www.xifenfei.com/?p=5566

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