标签归档:delete tab$

ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [32]

有网友咨询数据库启动报ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [32]错误,这个错误和以往遇到的不太一样,以前恢复的一些案例
tab$恢复错误汇总
10g数据库遭遇ORA-600 16703
12C数据库遭遇ORA-600 16703
tab$被恶意删除sys用户之外记录
ORA-600 16703故障解析—tab$表被清空
aix平台tab$被删除可能出现ORA-600 [16703], [1403], [28]错误
警告:互联网中有oracle介质被注入恶意程序导致—ORA-600 16703

SQL> startup
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1.3892E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  5420776 bytes
Variable Size            2281703704 bytes
Database Buffers         1.1576E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers               28131328 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [32], [], [], [],[], [], [], [], [], []
进程 ID: 9512
会话 ID: 272 序列号: 22801

查看alert日志

Sun Jun 30 14:47:55 2019
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file D:\APP\SHORCL\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_7824.trc  (incident=177881) (PDBNAME=CDB$ROOT):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [16703], [1403], [32], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: D:\APP\SHORCL\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_177881\orcl_ora_7824_i177881.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Sun Jun 30 14:47:57 2019
Errors in file D:\APP\SHORCL\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_7824.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [16703], [1403], [32], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Sun Jun 30 14:47:57 2019
Errors in file D:\APP\SHORCL\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_7824.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [16703], [1403], [32], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Sun Jun 30 14:47:57 2019
Errors in file D:\APP\SHORCL\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_7824.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [16703], [1403], [32], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Sun Jun 30 14:47:57 2019
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 7824): terminating the instance due to error 704
Sun Jun 30 14:48:02 2019
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 7824
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

根据以往经验,这个很可能也是tab$数据被删除导致。经过分析,该库的区别是由于该库是12C的pdb
12.1.0.2


pdb

通过分析确认,确实是tab$数据被删除,通过bbed反向删除处理,实现时间完美恢复,open之后删除恶意脚本,数据库直接使用,实现完美恢复

SQL> startup mount
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1.3892E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  5420776 bytes
Variable Size            2281703704 bytes
Database Buffers         1.1576E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers               28131328 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。

SQL> select 'drop '||object_type||' '||owner||'.'||object_name||';' from dba_obj
ects where object_name in('DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR','DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP');

'DROP'||OBJECT_TYPE||''||OWNER||'.'||OBJECT_NAME||';'
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

drop TRIGGER SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR;
drop PROCEDURE SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP;

SQL>
SQL> drop TRIGGER SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR;

触发器已删除。

SQL> drop PROCEDURE SYS.DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP;

过程已删除。

SQL> shutdown immediate;
数据库已经关闭。
已经卸载数据库。
ORACLE 例程已经关闭。
SQL> startup
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1.3892E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  5420776 bytes
Variable Size            2281703704 bytes
Database Buffers         1.1576E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers               28131328 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
数据库已经打开。
SQL> show pdbs;

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 PDBORCL                        MOUNTED
SQL> alter session set  container=pdborcl;

会话已更改。

SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。
发表在 非常规恢复 | 标签为 , , | 评论关闭

12C数据库遭遇ORA-600 16703

关于tab$异常的问题,我们在10G(10g数据库遭遇ORA-600 16703),11G(警告:互联网中有oracle介质被注入恶意程序导致—ORA-600 16703)中有发现,近期在12C版本中也发现该问题.再次提醒请注意检查安装介质的md5值和现在运行的库中是否有相关恶意程序
数据库版本
12c-tab-version


alert日志报错

************************************************************
Warning: The SCN headroom for this database is only 45 days!
************************************************************
************************************************************
Warning: The SCN headroom for this database is only 45 days!
************************************************************
Picked broadcast on commit scheme to generate SCNs
Fri Jan 25 11:34:55 2019
Starting background process TMON
Fri Jan 25 11:34:55 2019
TMON started with pid=104, OS id=47282
Fri Jan 25 11:34:55 2019
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 11942 (thread open)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 11942
Current log# 5 seq# 11942 mem# 0: +DATA/xifenfei/ONLINELOG/redo01_01.log
Successful open of redo thread 1
Fri Jan 25 11:34:55 2019
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Fri Jan 25 11:34:55 2019
Network Resource Management enabled for Process LG00 (pid 451491) for Exadata I/O
Fri Jan 25 11:34:55 2019
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file /u01/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei1/trace/xifenfei1_ora_46443.trc (incident=394486):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Fri Jan 25 11:34:56 2019
Errors in file /u01/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei1/trace/xifenfei1_ora_46443.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Fri Jan 25 11:34:56 2019
Errors in file /u01/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei1/trace/xifenfei1_ora_46443.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Fri Jan 25 11:34:56 2019
Errors in file /u01/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei1/trace/xifenfei1_ora_46443.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Fri Jan 25 11:34:56 2019
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 46443): terminating the instance due to error 704
Fri Jan 25 11:34:57 2019
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 46443

处理思路基本上和其他两个版本一样,都是对tab$进行修复,然后直接open数据库,但是在这次的恢复中遇到ORA-00600 kdfReserveSingle_1错误
ORA-600 kdfReserveSingle_1

SQL> alter database open ;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdfReserveSingle_1], [0], [65280],
[], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Process ID: 319852
Session ID: 2401 Serial number: 24555

---alert日志
Starting background process TMON
Fri Jan 25 20:51:41 2019
TMON started with pid=94, OS id=322554
Fri Jan 25 20:51:41 2019
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 11943 (thread open)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 11943
Current log# 6 seq# 11943 mem# 0: +DATA/xifenfei/ONLINELOG/redo02_01.log
Successful open of redo thread 1
Fri Jan 25 20:51:41 2019
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Fri Jan 25 20:51:41 2019
Network Resource Management enabled for Process LG00 (pid 319754) for Exadata I/O
Fri Jan 25 20:51:41 2019
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Fri Jan 25 20:51:41 2019
[319852] Successfully onlined Undo Tablespace 2.
Undo initialization finished serial:0 start:88159754 end:88160264 diff:510 ms (0.5 seconds)
Verifying minimum file header compatibility (11g) for tablespace encryption..
Verifying 11g file header compatibility for tablespace encryption completed
Fri Jan 25 20:51:41 2019
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Fri Jan 25 20:51:41 2019
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Errors in file /u01/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei1/trace/xifenfei1_ora_319852.trc (incident=466446):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdfReserveSingle_1], [0], [65280], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Fri Jan 25 20:51:42 2019
Errors in file /u01/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei1/trace/xifenfei1_ora_319852.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdfReserveSingle_1], [0], [65280], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Fri Jan 25 20:51:42 2019
Errors in file /u01/oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei1/trace/xifenfei1_ora_319852.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdfReserveSingle_1], [0], [65280], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 319852): terminating the instance due to error 600
Fri Jan 25 20:51:43 2019
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 319852
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open…
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (319852) as a result of ORA-1092
Fri Jan 25 20:51:49 2019
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

这个错误主要是由于12c的tab$和以前版本比有一些特殊,导致开始恢复不全,通过继续修复tab$之后数据库正常open.
相关文章汇总
tab$恢复错误汇总
12C数据库遭遇ORA-600 16703
10G数据库遭遇ORA-600 16703
ORA-600 16703故障解析—tab$表被清空
警告:互联网中有oracle介质被注入恶意程序导致—ORA-600 16703

发表在 Oracle | 标签为 , , , , , | 评论关闭

警告:互联网中有oracle介质被注入恶意程序导致—ORA-600 16703

继续上篇的tab$被清空(ORA-600 16703故障解析—tab$表被清空),导致数据库启动异常的case
ORA-600 16703报错
ora-600-16703


数据库日志分析
数据库open成功同时报ORA-7445 kokeicbegin和ORA-600 kzrini:!uprofile错误
ora-600-kzrini-uprofile

再次启动数据库直接报ORA-600 16703错误
ora-600-16703

这里有一个其他现象,就是数据库在open成功的同时(同一秒内),开始报异常.重启之后直接报
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
根据10046分析结果

=====================
select rowcnt,blkcnt,empcnt,avgspc,chncnt,avgrln,nvl(degree,1), nvl(instances,1) from tab$ where obj# = :1
END OF STMT
PARSE #140048443935120:c=0,e=390,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=0,tim=1499185905161433
=====================
select blevel, leafcnt, distkey, lblkkey, dblkkey, clufac,        nvl(degree,1), nvl(instances,1) from ind$ where bo# = :1 and obj# = :2
END OF STMT
PARSE #140048443934176:c=1000,e=601,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=0,tim=1499185905162088
=====================
PARSING IN CURSOR #140048443933232 len=70 dep=1 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1499185905162444 hv=3377894161 ad='84f13d70' sqlid='32d4jrb4pd4sj'
select charsetid, charsetform from col$  where obj# = :1 and col# = :2
END OF STMT
PARSE #140048443933232:c=0,e=294,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=0,tim=1499185905162443
=====================
PARSING IN CURSOR #140048443932288 len=52 dep=1 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1499185905247020 hv=429618617 ad='84f0f2d0' sqlid='4krwuz0ctqxdt'
select ctime, mtime, stime from obj$ where obj# = :1
END OF STMT
PARSE #140048443932288:c=0,e=549,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=0,tim=1499185905247019
BINDS #140048443932288:
select blevel, leafcnt, distkey, lblkkey, dblkkey, clufac,        nvl(degree,1), nvl(instances,1) from ind$ where bo# = :1 and obj# = :2
END OF STMT
PARSE #140048443934176:c=1000,e=601,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=0,tim=1499185905162088
=====================
PARSING IN CURSOR #140048443933232 len=70 dep=1 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1499185905162444 hv=3377894161 ad='84f13d70' sqlid='32d4jrb4pd4sj'
select charsetid, charsetform from col$  where obj# = :1 and col# = :2
END OF STMT
PARSE #140048443933232:c=0,e=294,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=0,tim=1499185905162443
=====================
PARSING IN CURSOR #140048443932288 len=52 dep=1 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1499185905247020 hv=429618617 ad='84f0f2d0' sqlid='4krwuz0ctqxdt'
select ctime, mtime, stime from obj$ where obj# = :1
END OF STMT
PARSE #140048443932288:c=0,e=549,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=0,tim=1499185905247019
BINDS #140048443932288:
 Bind#0
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=00 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7f5f91b87bd0  bln=22  avl=02  flg=05
  value=20
EXEC #140048443932288:c=2000,e=2686,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=1218588913,tim=1499185905249810
WAIT #140048443932288: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 6205 file#=1 block#=337 blocks=1 obj#=36 tim=1499185905256132
WAIT #140048443932288: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 3739 file#=1 block#=338 blocks=1 obj#=36 tim=1499185905266704
WAIT #140048443932288: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 4966 file#=1 block#=241 blocks=1 obj#=18 tim=1499185905271761
FETCH #140048443932288:c=0,e=21976,p=3,cr=3,cu=0,mis=0,r=1,dep=1,og=4,plh=1218588913,tim=1499185905271820
STAT #140048443932288 id=1 cnt=1 pid=0 pos=1 obj=18 op='TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID OBJ$ (cr=3 pr=3 pw=0 time=21993 us)'
STAT #140048443932288 id=2 cnt=1 pid=1 pos=1 obj=36 op='INDEX RANGE SCAN I_OBJ1 (cr=2 pr=2 pw=0 time=16923 us)'
CLOSE #140048443932288:c=0,e=63,dep=1,type=0,tim=1499185905271941
BINDS #140048443935120:
 Bind#0
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7f5f91c07de8  bln=22  avl=02  flg=05
  value=20
EXEC #140048443935120:c=1000,e=795,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=2970138452,tim=1499185905272802
WAIT #140048443935120: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 3197 file#=1 block#=169 blocks=1 obj#=3 tim=1499185905276069
WAIT #140048443935120: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 3459 file#=1 block#=170 blocks=1 obj#=3 tim=1499185905404084
WAIT #140048443935120: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 6358 file#=1 block#=145 blocks=1 obj#=4 tim=1499185905410548
FETCH #140048443935120:c=999,e=137805,p=3,cr=3,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=2970138452,tim=1499185905410635
STAT #140048443935120 id=1 cnt=0 pid=0 pos=1 obj=4 op='TABLE ACCESS CLUSTER TAB$ (cr=3 pr=3 pw=0 time=137810 us)'
STAT #140048443935120 id=2 cnt=1 pid=1 pos=1 obj=3 op='INDEX UNIQUE SCAN I_OBJ# (cr=2 pr=2 pw=0 time=131330 us)'
 
*** 2017-07-05 00:31:46.094
Incident 176395 created, dump file: /oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl2/incident/incdir_176395/orcl_ora_51261_i176395.trc
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

以及以往恢复经验和mos,基本上可以确定是由于tab$和obj$记录不匹配导致该问题.而且是obj#=20的记录在tab$和obj$中不匹配.

分析tab$和obj$记录

Data UnLoader: 11.2.0.1.5 - Internal Only - on Wed Jul 05 01:28:53 2017
with 64-bit io functions and the decompression option
 
Copyright (c) 1994 2017 Bernard van Duijnen All rights reserved.
 
 Strictly Oracle Internal Use Only
 
 
Found db_id = 1334610369
Found db_name = orcl
DUL> unload table TAB$( OBJ# number, DATAOBJ# number,
  2      TS# number, FILE# number, BLOCK# number,
  3      BOBJ# number, TAB# number, COLS number, CLUCOLS number,
  4      PCTFREE$ ignore, PCTUSED$ ignore, INITRANS ignore, MAXTRANS ignore,
  5      FLAGS ignore, AUDIT$ ignore, ROWCNT ignore, BLKCNT ignore,
  6      EMPCNT ignore, AVGSPC ignore, CHNCNT ignore, AVGRLN ignore,
  7      AVGSPC_FLB ignore, FLBCNT ignore,
  8      ANALYZETIME ignore, SAMPLESIZE ignore,
  9      DEGREE ignore, INSTANCES ignore,
 10      INTCOLS ignore, KERNELCOLS number, PROPERTY number)
 11      cluster  C_OBJ#(OBJ#)
 12      storage ( tablespace 0 segobjno 2 tabno 1 file 1 block 144);
. unloading table                      TAB$       0 rows unloaded
DUL> unload table OBJ$( OBJ# number, DATAOBJ# number, OWNER# number,
  2      NAME clean varchar2(30), NAMESPACE ignore, SUBNAME clean varchar2(30),
  3      TYPE# number, CTIME ignore, MTIME ignore, STIME ignore,
  4      STATUS ignore, REMOTEOWNER ignore, LINKNAME ignore,
  5      FLAGS ignore, OID$ hexraw)
  6      storage ( tablespace 0 segobjno 18 file 1 block 240);
. unloading table                      OBJ$   89804 rows unloaded
DUL>

这里可以明确表示tab$无记录,obj$有记录,从而启动的过程出现ORA-600 16703错误可以很好解释.由于数据库启动成功和报错几乎同时进行,以及上面看到的tab$记录不存在的情况,初步怀疑是有startup触发器清空tab$表记录
工具分析触发器表trigger$
startup-trigger


这里果然看到一个after startup on database的触发器,名字为DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR,而它调用的是DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP存储.

工具分析pl/sql表source$
DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR

对wraped加密的程序进行解密
DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR-unwraped

这里可以明确的看到DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP存储过程备份tab$表到orachk中然后delete tab$表,现在已经明确是由于DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR触发器在数据库重启之后开始执行调用DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP程序,如果判断数据库创建时间大于等于300天,便干掉tab$表,实现数据库破坏.

查找DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR等程序源头
分析相关程序创建时间,通过obj$表的ctime和name来判断
DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR-ctime
bootstrap-ctime

这里可以看出来DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR和DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP的创建时间基本上和数据库核心对象的创建时间相差无几,我们可以大概排除掉,是由于pl sql等工具连接数据库导致该发问题(类似:plsql dev引起的数据库被黑勒索比特币实现原理分析和解决方案),很可能是在dbca创建库的过程中就已经带有了DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR等程序,如果这样那很可能是由于数据库的安装介质被破坏导致该问题.

分析DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR来源
prvtsupp
20170711001626

这里已经很清晰,由于prvtsupp.plb被人注入了恶意脚本从而使得数据库被创建了DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITOR的触发器和DBMS_SUPPORT_DBMONITORP的存储过程,从而实现了对数据库的而易破坏.

确定破坏文件prvtsupp.plb来源于介质
jar


这里比较明显,文件就是来源database\stage\Components\oracle.rdbms.dbscripts\11.2.0.4.0\1\DataFiles\filegroup2.jar\rdbms\admin\prvtsupp.plb文件被修改导致
md5

通过md5码对比,可以确定是有人对软件的安装介质进行了破坏,从而实现了恶意代码的注入,从而实现了数据库300天之后重启之后无法正常启动而是出现类似ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16703], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []的错误.

温馨提示
各位一定要从官方途径下载oracle安装介质,如果是从其他互联网途径下载一定要验证md5,确保文件没有被人恶意篡改,造成无可挽回的损坏.如果真的不幸遇到这类问题,请保护现场联系我们
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我们可以通过使用bbed对tab$表数据数据进行恢复实现数据库正常启动,实现数据0丢失,最大限度抢救您的数据和减少业务恢复时间

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