标签归档:asm磁盘头修复

pvid=yes导致asm无法mount

今天凌晨接到客户恢复请求,对于aix rac,两个ibm存储做mirror的环境中,客户做存储容灾演练,发现磁盘的名称发生改变,然后对其中一个磁盘设置pvid,结果悲剧了导致asm一个磁盘组无法正常起来。然后又aix端删除这些设备,然后重新扫描设备。结果不是一个磁盘组不能mount,而是整个gi就无法正常启动。希望我们给予技术支持。
查看asm 日志,确定asm disk信息
asm-disk1
asm-disk2


从这里可以确定,一共有两个asm diskgroup,每个group有两个磁盘,hdisk2和hdisk3 为hisdata,hdisk4,和hdisk5为emrdata.

使用kfed分析磁盘头

dd if=/dev/rhdisk2 of=/tmp/xifenfei/rhdisk2.dd bs=1024k count=10
dd if=/dev/rhdisk3 of=/tmp/xifenfei/rhdisk3.dd bs=1024k count=10
dd if=/dev/rhdisk4 of=/tmp/xifenfei/rhdisk4.dd bs=1024k count=10
dd if=/dev/rhdisk5 of=/tmp/xifenfei/rhdisk5.dd bs=1024k count=10
--传输到我电脑上分析

C:\Users\FAL>kfed read H:\temp\xifenfei\tmp\xifenfei\rhdisk2.dd|grep name
kfdhdb.dskname:            HISDATA_0000 ; 0x028: length=12
kfdhdb.grpname:                 HISDATA ; 0x048: length=7
kfdhdb.fgname:             HISDATA_0000 ; 0x068: length=12
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0

C:\Users\FAL>kfed read H:\temp\xifenfei\tmp\xifenfei\rhdisk3.dd|grep name
kfdhdb.dskname:            HISDATA_0001 ; 0x028: length=12
kfdhdb.grpname:                 HISDATA ; 0x048: length=7
kfdhdb.fgname:             HISDATA_0001 ; 0x068: length=12
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0

C:\Users\FAL>kfed read H:\temp\xifenfei\tmp\xifenfei\rhdisk4.dd|grep name
kfdhdb.dskname:            EMRDATA_0000 ; 0x028: length=12
kfdhdb.grpname:                 EMRDATA ; 0x048: length=7
kfdhdb.fgname:             EMRDATA_0000 ; 0x068: length=12
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0

C:\Users\FAL>kfed read H:\temp\xifenfei\tmp\xifenfei\rhdisk5.dd|grep name

C:\Users\FAL>kfed read H:\temp\xifenfei\tmp\xifenfei\rhdisk5.dd
kfbh.endian:                        201 ; 0x000: 0xc9
kfbh.hard:                          194 ; 0x001: 0xc2
kfbh.type:                          212 ; 0x002: *** Unknown Enum ***
kfbh.datfmt:                        193 ; 0x003: 0xc1
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
000000000 C1D4C2C9 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
000000010 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
  Repeat 254 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][212]

C:\Users\FAL>kfed read H:\temp\xifenfei\tmp\xifenfei\rhdisk5.dd blkn=2|grep kfbh
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            3 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_ALLOCTBL
kfbh.datfmt:                          2 ; 0x003: 0x02
kfbh.block.blk:                33554432 ; 0x004: blk=33554432
kfbh.block.obj:                16777344 ; 0x008: file=128
kfbh.check:                  2654889601 ; 0x00c: 0x9e3e6681
kfbh.fcn.base:               1696071680 ; 0x010: 0x65180000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000

C:\Users\FAL>kfed read H:\temp\xifenfei\tmp\xifenfei\rhdisk5.dd blkn=510|grep name
kfdhdb.dskname:            EMRDATA_0001 ; 0x028: length=12
kfdhdb.grpname:                 EMRDATA ; 0x048: length=7
kfdhdb.fgname:             EMRDATA_0001 ; 0x068: length=12
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0

通过上述分析,基本上确定由于对hdisk5设置了pvid导致该asm disk的磁盘头损坏.这个可以直接使用asm repair功能修复(注意要clear pvid)

C:\Users\FAL>kfed read H:\temp\xifenfei\tmp\xifenfei\rhdisk5.dd |grep name
kfdhdb.dskname:            EMRDATA_0001 ; 0x028: length=12
kfdhdb.grpname:                 EMRDATA ; 0x048: length=7
kfdhdb.fgname:             EMRDATA_0001 ; 0x068: length=12
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0

启动crs到cssd进程报错分析
1. 由于删除磁盘,扫描设备导致hdisk[2-5] 权限和用户组不对
2. 由于删除,扫描磁盘导致磁盘共享模式不对
修复磁盘头和解决这两个问题之后,gi启动正常,磁盘组也正常mount,数据库也正常启动,数据0丢失,至此完美恢复
oracle-open


类似客户恢复案例:asm disk误设置pvid导致asm diskgroup无法mount恢复
如果您遇到此类情况,无法解决请联系我们,提供专业ORACLE数据库恢复技术支持
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445QQ咨询惜分飞    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

发表在 AIX, Oracle备份恢复 | 标签为 , , , , , | 评论关闭

ADHU(ASM Disk Header Utility)—asm disk header备份恢复工具

adhu(ASM Disk Header Utility)作为oracle asm中和kfed,amdu齐名的asm三大恢复神器之一,没有被oracle大力推广(属于内部工具),随着kfed功能增强和asm disk header自动备份功能的完善,adhu oracle基本上停止的开发支持,可以用来作为10.2.0.5之前asm版本的磁盘头保护工具
adhu预览
这里可以通过shell封装的utildhu调用adhu程序,实现更加人性化和自动化操作,它含有install,check,repair三个命令参数.

[root@xff1 tmp]# su - grid
xff1:/home/grid> cd /tmp/adhu/
xff1:/tmp/adhu> ls -l
total 68
-rwxr-xr-x 1 grid oinstall 18902 Nov  1  2008 adhu
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall  1970 Nov  1  2008 README
-rwxr-xr-x 1 grid oinstall  6964 Mar 21 16:20 utildhu
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root     12634 Mar 21 16:05 utildhu.zip
xff1:/tmp/adhu> ./utildhu 
Usage: utildhu install/check/repair [device name]

$utildhu install 
Will gather a list of member ASM disks and create
the backup directory  ./HeaderBackup
The ./HeaderBackup directory will contain the 
backup header of every asm disk in this database

$utildhu  check
Will run /tmp/adhu/adhu for every disk discovered by
$utildhu install and will email recipients configured 
in RECIPIENTS if there are errors in the disk header

It is hoped that the user will enter valid RECIPIENT
email addresses, and will place this utility in $ORA_ASM_HOME

$utildhu  repair <device name>
Will repair the device provided using the backup 
header blocks that have been copied previously.
This does assume that you have backup header blocks
in ./HeaderBackup

Sample crontab entry to run a check every 5 minutes
#Minute (0-59)  Hour (0-23)  Day of Month (1-31)  
Month (1-12 or Jan-Dec)  Day of Week (0-6 or Sun-Sat)  Command
0,5,10,15,20,25,30,35,40,45,50,55 * * * * *  utildhu check

Please read the README for more information

adhu install
install主要是实现utildhu.config配置文件生成和第一次asm 磁盘头备份

xff1:/tmp/adhu> ./utildhu install
xff1:/tmp/adhu> ls -l
total 64
-rwxr-xr-x 1 grid oinstall 18902 Nov  1  2008 adhu
drwxr-xr-x 2 grid oinstall  4096 Mar 21 16:23 HeaderBackup
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall  1117 Mar 21 16:23 persistent-log.utildhu
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall  1970 Nov  1  2008 README
-rwxr-xr-x 1 grid oinstall  6964 Mar 21 16:20 utildhu
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall   243 Mar 21 16:23 utildhu.config
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall   710 Mar 21 16:23 utildhu.out
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root     12634 Mar 21 16:05 utildhu.zip
xff1:/tmp/adhu> cd HeaderBackup/
xff1:/tmp/adhu/HeaderBackup> ls -ltr
total 12
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 16:23 oradata1p1
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 16:23 oradata2p1
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 16:23 ocrvotep1
xff1:/tmp/adhu/HeaderBackup> more ../utildhu.config 
/dev/mapper/oradata1p1                                                          
/dev/mapper/oradata2p1                                                          
/dev/mapper/ocrvotep1                                                           
xff1:/tmp/adhu>  more ../persistent-log.utildhu
Mon Mar 21 16:23:29 CST 2016
ASM Disk Header Check Utility Installed on 
Devices configured are:
/dev/mapper/oradata1p1                                                          
/dev/mapper/oradata2p1                                                          
/dev/mapper/ocrvotep1                                                           
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: Status 0x01 Mon Mar 21 16:23:29 2016
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: Diskgroup:DATA Disk:DATA_0000 #0
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: valid disk header found
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: backup block updated

###ADHU check run at Mon Mar 21 16:23:29 CST 2016  NO ERRORS FOUND

xff1:/tmp/adhu> ls -l HeaderBackup/
total 16
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:04 ocrvotep1
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:08 oradata1p1
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:08 oradata1p1.corrupt
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:04 oradata2p1

adhu check
对于正常的asm disk,主要是为了生成新的磁盘头备份

xff1:/tmp/adhu> ls -l HeaderBackup/
total 16
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:04 ocrvotep1
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:08 oradata1p1
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:08 oradata1p1.corrupt
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:04 oradata2p1
xff1:/tmp/adhu> ./utildhu check
xff1:/tmp/adhu> ls -l HeaderBackup/
total 16
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:11 ocrvotep1
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:11 oradata1p1
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:08 oradata1p1.corrupt
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 4096 Mar 21 23:11 oradata2p1

adhu repair
repair主要是修复磁盘头,当asm 磁盘头损坏之时,可以通过这个命令实现磁盘头修复

xff1:/tmp/adhu> dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/mapper/oradata1p1 bs=4096 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
4096 bytes (4.1 kB) copied, 0.000282838 s, 14.5 MB/s
xff1:/tmp/adhu> ./utildhu check
xff1:/tmp/adhu> tail -f persistent-log.utildhu

###ADHU check run at Mon Mar 21 23:04:04 CST 2016  ERRORS FOUND
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: Status 0x08 Mon Mar 21 23:04:04 2016
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: Diskgroup:DATA Disk:DATA_0000 #0
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: corrupt disk header encountered
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: valid backup block found
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: CORRUPT HEADER NOT REPAIRED

xff1:/tmp/adhu> kfed read /dev/mapper/oradata1p1 
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                            0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
7F6BD9981400 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
  Repeat 255 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][0]

xff1:/tmp/adhu> sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Mon Mar 21 23:07:25 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> alter diskgroup data dismount;
alter diskgroup data dismount
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15027: active use of diskgroup "DATA" precludes its dismount


SQL> alter diskgroup data mount;
alter diskgroup data mount
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15017: diskgroup "DATA" cannot be mounted
ORA-15013: diskgroup "DATA" is already mounted


SQL>  alter diskgroup data dismount force;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> alter diskgroup data mount;
alter diskgroup data mount
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15017: diskgroup "DATA" cannot be mounted
ORA-15040: diskgroup is incomplete


xff1:/tmp/adhu> ./utildhu repair /dev/mapper/oradata1p1 
DEVICE  /dev/mapper/oradata1p1 REPAIRED AT  Mon Mar 21 23:06:06 CST 2016
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: Status 0x04 Mon Mar 21 23:06:06 2016
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: Diskgroup:DATA Disk:DATA_0000 #0
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: corrupt disk header encountered
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: valid backup block found
ADHU: /dev/mapper/oradata1p1: disk header repaired

xff1:/tmp/adhu> sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Mon Mar 21 23:08:48 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> alter diskgroup data mount;

Diskgroup altered.

adhu直接使用
adhu [-dir dirname ] [-repair] [-quiet] [-readonly] [-syslog mask ] devname
默认情况下adhu将disk header备份为当前目录下的备份文件。 使用-dir选项可以指定存放的目录。
当需要使用adhu去修复一个损坏的asm disk header时使用-repair 选项。
-quiet 选项将过滤所有正常的输出信息,若执行成功则不打印任何输出。
-readonly选项 以只读方式来打开disk device,这样备份block将不被写入,而备份文件将在可能的情况下写入。
-syslog选项控制是否写出结果到系统日志和标准输出。
devname代表为asm disk的设备文件,asm头的备份文件将以该device name为基础,并存放在当前目录或者-dir指定的目录。

发表在 Oracle ASM | 标签为 , , , , | 评论关闭

手工修复ASM DISK HEADER 异常

今天有网友对asm中的磁盘做了fdisk操作,导致asm disk异常,通过手工修复ASM DISK HEADER 解决该问题,这里通过实验重现,提醒大家操作asm中的硬盘分区需要慎重,平时对ASM DISK HEADER 做好备份
初始化信息

SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
CORE    11.2.0.3.0      Production
TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production

SQL>  show parameter instance_name;

NAME                                 TYPE       VALUE
------------------------------------ ---------- ----------------
instance_name                        string     +ASM1

SQL> select group_number,DISK_NUMBER,PATH,HEADER_STATUS from v$asm_disk ;

GROUP_NUMBER DISK_NUMBER PATH                           HEADER_STATUS
------------ ----------- ------------------------------ ------------------------
           1           1 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL2      MEMBER
           1           0 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL1      MEMBER
           2           1 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL4      MEMBER
           2           0 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL3      MEMBER

[grid@rac1 ~]$ /etc/init.d/oracleasm  querydisk -d VOL3
Disk "VOL3" is a valid ASM disk on device [8,17]
[grid@rac1 ~]$ ll /dev |grep 8,|grep 17
brw-r----- 1 root disk     8,  17 Apr 17 11:37 sdb1
[grid@rac1 ~]$ /etc/init.d/oracleasm  querydisk -d VOL4
Disk "VOL4" is a valid ASM disk on device [8,18]
[grid@rac1 ~]$ ll /dev |grep 8,|grep 18
brw-r----- 1 root disk     8,  18 Apr 17 11:37 sdb2

备份ASM DISK HEADER

[root@rac1 backup_asmheader]# dd if=/dev/sdb1 of=vol3header.dd bs=4096 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
4096 bytes (4.1 kB) copied, 0.000143581 seconds, 28.5 MB/s
[root@rac1 backup_asmheader]# dd if=/dev/sdb2 of=vol4header.dd bs=4096 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
4096 bytes (4.1 kB) copied, 0.000147727 seconds, 27.7 MB/s

破坏ASM DISK HEADER

[root@rac1 ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdb1 bs=4096 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
4096 bytes (4.1 kB) copied, 4.4421e-05 seconds, 92.2 MB/s

[grid@rac1 ~]$ kfed read /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL3
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                            0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
B4C83200 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
  Repeat 255 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][0]


SQL> select group_number,DISK_NUMBER,PATH,HEADER_STATUS from v$asm_disk ;

GROUP_NUMBER DISK_NUMBER PATH                           HEADER_STATUS
------------ ----------- ------------------------------ ------------------------
           1           1 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL2      MEMBER
           1           0 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL1      MEMBER
           2           1 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL4      MEMBER
           2           0 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL3      CANDIDATE

remount diskgroup

SQL> alter diskgroup  xifenfei dismount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> alter diskgroup xifenfei mount;
alter diskgroup xifenfei mount
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15017: diskgroup "XIFENFEI" cannot be mounted
ORA-15063: ASM discovered an insufficient number of disks for diskgroup
"XIFENFEI"

查看同一DISKGROUP中其他磁盘kfed

[grid@rac1 ~]$ kfed read /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL4
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483649 ; 0x008: disk=1
kfbh.check:                   349717291 ; 0x00c: 0x14d8432b
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr:     ORCLDISKVOL4 ; 0x000: length=12
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:    877416278 ; 0x008: 0x344c4f56
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:            0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.compat:                186646528 ; 0x020: 0x0b200000
kfdhdb.dsknum:                        1 ; 0x024: 0x0001
kfdhdb.grptyp:                        1 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_EXTERNAL
kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
kfdhdb.dskname:           XIFENFEI_0001 ; 0x028: length=13
kfdhdb.grpname:                XIFENFEI ; 0x048: length=8
kfdhdb.fgname:            XIFENFEI_0001 ; 0x068: length=13
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0
kfdhdb.crestmp.hi:             32967790 ; 0x0a8: HOUR=0xe DAYS=0x3 MNTH=0x3 YEAR=0x7dc
kfdhdb.crestmp.lo:           2015933440 ; 0x0ac: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x22d SECS=0x2 MINS=0x1e
kfdhdb.mntstmp.hi:             32969260 ; 0x0b0: HOUR=0xc DAYS=0x11 MNTH=0x4 YEAR=0x7dc
kfdhdb.mntstmp.lo:           3109835776 ; 0x0b4: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x315 SECS=0x15 MINS=0x2e
kfdhdb.secsize:                     512 ; 0x0b8: 0x0200
kfdhdb.blksize:                    4096 ; 0x0ba: 0x1000
kfdhdb.ausize:                  1048576 ; 0x0bc: 0x00100000
kfdhdb.mfact:                    113792 ; 0x0c0: 0x0001bc80
kfdhdb.dsksize:                    3788 ; 0x0c4: 0x00000ecc
kfdhdb.pmcnt:                         2 ; 0x0c8: 0x00000002
kfdhdb.fstlocn:                       1 ; 0x0cc: 0x00000001
kfdhdb.altlocn:                       2 ; 0x0d0: 0x00000002
kfdhdb.f1b1locn:                      0 ; 0x0d4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[0]:                0 ; 0x0d8: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[1]:                0 ; 0x0da: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[2]:                0 ; 0x0dc: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[3]:                0 ; 0x0de: 0x0000
kfdhdb.dbcompat:              168820736 ; 0x0e0: 0x0a100000
kfdhdb.grpstmp.hi:             32967790 ; 0x0e4: HOUR=0xe DAYS=0x3 MNTH=0x3 YEAR=0x7dc
kfdhdb.grpstmp.lo:           2015746048 ; 0x0e8: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x176 SECS=0x2 MINS=0x1e
kfdhdb.vfstart:                       0 ; 0x0ec: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.vfend:                         0 ; 0x0f0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.spfile:                        0 ; 0x0f4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.spfflg:                        0 ; 0x0f8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[0]:                   0 ; 0x0fc: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[1]:                   0 ; 0x100: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[2]:                   0 ; 0x104: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[3]:                   0 ; 0x108: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[4]:                   0 ; 0x10c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[5]:                   0 ; 0x110: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[6]:                   0 ; 0x114: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[7]:                   0 ; 0x118: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[8]:                   0 ; 0x11c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[9]:                   0 ; 0x120: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[10]:                  0 ; 0x124: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[11]:                  0 ; 0x128: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[12]:                  0 ; 0x12c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[13]:                  0 ; 0x130: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[14]:                  0 ; 0x134: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[15]:                  0 ; 0x138: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[16]:                  0 ; 0x13c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[17]:                  0 ; 0x140: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[18]:                  0 ; 0x144: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[19]:                  0 ; 0x148: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[20]:                  0 ; 0x14c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[21]:                  0 ; 0x150: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[22]:                  0 ; 0x154: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[23]:                  0 ; 0x158: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[24]:                  0 ; 0x15c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[25]:                  0 ; 0x160: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[26]:                  0 ; 0x164: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[27]:                  0 ; 0x168: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[28]:                  0 ; 0x16c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[29]:                  0 ; 0x170: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[30]:                  0 ; 0x174: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[31]:                  0 ; 0x178: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[32]:                  0 ; 0x17c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[33]:                  0 ; 0x180: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[34]:                  0 ; 0x184: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[35]:                  0 ; 0x188: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[36]:                  0 ; 0x18c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[37]:                  0 ; 0x190: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[38]:                  0 ; 0x194: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[39]:                  0 ; 0x198: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[40]:                  0 ; 0x19c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[41]:                  0 ; 0x1a0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[42]:                  0 ; 0x1a4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[43]:                  0 ; 0x1a8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[44]:                  0 ; 0x1ac: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[45]:                  0 ; 0x1b0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[46]:                  0 ; 0x1b4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[47]:                  0 ; 0x1b8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[48]:                  0 ; 0x1bc: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[49]:                  0 ; 0x1c0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[50]:                  0 ; 0x1c4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[51]:                  0 ; 0x1c8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[52]:                  0 ; 0x1cc: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[53]:                  0 ; 0x1d0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.acdb.aba.seq:                  0 ; 0x1d4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.acdb.aba.blk:                  0 ; 0x1d8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.acdb.ents:                     0 ; 0x1dc: 0x0000
kfdhdb.acdb.ub2spare:                 0 ; 0x1de: 0x0000

通过VOL4 kfed修改出VOL3 kfed

[grid@rac1 ~]$ cat vol3.txt
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
*kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: disk=0
kfbh.check:                   332940500 ; 0x00c: 0x13d844d4
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
*kfdhdb.driver.provstr:     ORCLDISKVOL3 ; 0x000: length=12
*kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:    860639062 ; 0x008: 0x334c4f56
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:            0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.compat:                186646528 ; 0x020: 0x0b200000
*kfdhdb.dsknum:                        0 ; 0x024: 0x0000
kfdhdb.grptyp:                        1 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_EXTERNAL
kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
*kfdhdb.dskname:           XIFENFEI_0000 ; 0x028: length=13
kfdhdb.grpname:                XIFENFEI ; 0x048: length=8
*kfdhdb.fgname:            XIFENFEI_0000 ; 0x068: length=13
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0
kfdhdb.crestmp.hi:             32967790 ; 0x0a8: HOUR=0xe DAYS=0x3 MNTH=0x3 YEAR=0x7dc
kfdhdb.crestmp.lo:           2015933440 ; 0x0ac: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x22d SECS=0x2 MINS=0x1e
kfdhdb.mntstmp.hi:             32969260 ; 0x0b0: HOUR=0xc DAYS=0x11 MNTH=0x4 YEAR=0x7dc
kfdhdb.mntstmp.lo:           3109835776 ; 0x0b4: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x315 SECS=0x15 MINS=0x2e
kfdhdb.secsize:                     512 ; 0x0b8: 0x0200
kfdhdb.blksize:                    4096 ; 0x0ba: 0x1000
kfdhdb.ausize:                  1048576 ; 0x0bc: 0x00100000
kfdhdb.mfact:                    113792 ; 0x0c0: 0x0001bc80
*kfdhdb.dsksize:                    2353 ; 0x0c4: 0x00000931
kfdhdb.pmcnt:                         2 ; 0x0c8: 0x00000002
kfdhdb.fstlocn:                       1 ; 0x0cc: 0x00000001
kfdhdb.altlocn:                       2 ; 0x0d0: 0x00000002
*kfdhdb.f1b1locn:                      2 ; 0x0d4: 0x00000002
kfdhdb.redomirrors[0]:                0 ; 0x0d8: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[1]:                0 ; 0x0da: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[2]:                0 ; 0x0dc: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[3]:                0 ; 0x0de: 0x0000
kfdhdb.dbcompat:              168820736 ; 0x0e0: 0x0a100000
kfdhdb.grpstmp.hi:             32967790 ; 0x0e4: HOUR=0xe DAYS=0x3 MNTH=0x3 YEAR=0x7dc
kfdhdb.grpstmp.lo:           2015746048 ; 0x0e8: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x176 SECS=0x2 MINS=0x1e
kfdhdb.vfstart:                       0 ; 0x0ec: 0x00000000

后续处理

--导入kfed
[grid@rac1 ~]$ kfed merge /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL3 text=vol3.txt

--MOUNT diskgroup
SQL> alter diskgroup xifenfei mount;

Diskgroup altered.

如果您遇到此类情况,无法解决请联系我们,提供专业ORACLE数据库恢复技术支持
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445QQ咨询惜分飞    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

发表在 Oracle ASM, 非常规恢复 | 标签为 | 一条评论