asm disk误设置pvid导致asm diskgroup无法mount恢复

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标题:asm disk误设置pvid导致asm diskgroup无法mount恢复

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有朋友找到我说他们把以前存储到AIX直连的存储切换为含光纤交换机的存储网络后,RAC无法启动,让我给予支持.通过分析是由于换链路之后开始磁盘顺序不对,维护人员对其asm disk 设置了pvid,导致asm 磁盘组无法正常mount,从而使得含votedisk的dg的asm disk无法正常访问,从而RAC的cssd进程无法启动,同样数据文件的磁盘组也无法mount,通过kfed修复成功,实现数据0丢失.
平台版本信息(2节点RAC)

$ sqlplus -v

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production

$ uname -a
AIX db2 1 7 00F9733E4C00

GI日志报错信息

2014-12-20 16:44:08.769: 
[ohasd(6946818)]CRS-2769:Unable to failover resource 'ora.diskmon'.
2014-12-20 16:44:11.775: 
[cssd(9502756)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; 
Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log
2014-12-20 16:44:26.791: 
[cssd(9502756)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; 
、Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log
2014-12-20 16:44:41.812: 
[cssd(9502756)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; 
Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log

从这里可以看出来是由于RAC启动过程中无法获得votedisk使得其无法正常启动,通过分析日志找出来votedisk相关磁盘

2014-12-15 17:36:15.424: 
[cssd(10027070)]CRS-1605:CSSD voting file is online: /dev/rhdisk4; details in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log
2014-12-15 17:36:15.433: 
[cssd(10027070)]CRS-1605:CSSD voting file is online: /dev/rhdisk5; details in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log
2014-12-15 17:36:15.445: 
[cssd(10027070)]CRS-1605:CSSD voting file is online: /dev/rhdisk6; details in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log

从这里可以知道rhdisk4,5,6为votedisk对应磁盘,使用kfed查看磁盘头信息

$kfed read /dev/rhdisk4
kfbh.endian:                        201 ; 0x000: 0xc9
kfbh.hard:                          194 ; 0x001: 0xc2
kfbh.type:                          212 ; 0x002: *** Unknown Enum ***
kfbh.datfmt:                        193 ; 0x003: 0xc1
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
1102BEE00 C9C2D4C1 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
1102BEE10 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
        Repeat 6 times
1102BEE80 00F9733D 67553E0A 00000000 00000000  [..s=gU>.........]
1102BEE90 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
  Repeat 246 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][212]

$kfed read /dev/rhdisk4 blkn=1
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            2 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_FREESPC
kfbh.datfmt:                          2 ; 0x003: 0x02
kfbh.block.blk:                       1 ; 0x004: blk=1
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: disk=0
kfbh.check:                  3883664132 ; 0x00c: 0xe77c0304
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdfsb.aunum:                         0 ; 0x000: 0x00000000
kfdfsb.max:                         254 ; 0x004: 0x00fe
kfdfsb.cnt:                          23 ; 0x006: 0x0017
kfdfsb.bound:                         0 ; 0x008: 0x0000
kfdfsb.flag:                          1 ; 0x00a: B=1
kfdfsb.ub1spare:                      0 ; 0x00b: 0x00
kfdfsb.spare[0]:                      0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfdfsb.spare[1]:                      0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdfsb.spare[2]:                      0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdfse[0].fse:                      119 ; 0x018: FREE=0x7 FRAG=0x7
kfdfse[1].fse:                       16 ; 0x019: FREE=0x0 FRAG=0x1
…………

$kfed read /dev/rhdisk4 blkn=510
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                     254 ; 0x004: blk=254
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: disk=0
kfbh.check:                  3460116983 ; 0x00c: 0xce3d31f7
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr:         ORCLDISK ; 0x000: length=8
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:            0 ; 0x008: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:            0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.compat:                186646528 ; 0x020: 0x0b200000
kfdhdb.dsknum:                        0 ; 0x024: 0x0000
kfdhdb.grptyp:                        2 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_NORMAL
kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
kfdhdb.dskname:                CRS_0000 ; 0x028: length=8
kfdhdb.grpname:                     CRS ; 0x048: length=3
kfdhdb.fgname:                 CRS_0000 ; 0x068: length=8
…………

由上述分析可以基本上确定是asm disk header 被破坏,进一步分析破坏原因

[db2/dev#]lspv
hdisk0          00f9733ef7cf27e9                    rootvg          active      
hdisk1          00f9733e21b953e6                    rootvg          active      
hdisk2          00f9733e21b97a83                    appvg           active      
hdisk3          00f9733e21b98434                    appvg           active      
hdisk4          00f9733d67553e0a                    None                        
hdisk5          00f9733d67553f31                    None                        
hdisk6          00f9733d67554011                    None                        
hdisk7          00f9733d67554165                    None                        
hdisk8          00f9733d675541e5                    None                        
hdisk9          00f9733d675542e4                    None                        
hdisk10         none                                None   

[db2/dev#]ls -l rhdisk*
crw-------    2 root     system       24,  1 Oct 18 11:45 rhdisk0
crw-------    1 root     system       24,  3 Oct 18 13:27 rhdisk1
crw-------    1 root     system       24,  5 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk10
crw-------    1 root     system       24,  2 Oct 18 13:32 rhdisk2
crw-------    1 root     system       24,  0 Oct 18 13:32 rhdisk3
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24,  8 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk4
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24,  9 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk5
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24, 10 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk6
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24,  4 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk7
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24,  6 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk8
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24,  7 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk9

从这里基本上可以看出来,是由于磁盘头被重写了pvid,导致asm disk header 被破坏.进一步分析asm log,确定哪些磁盘被用作asm disk

SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP CRS NORMAL REDUNDANCY  DISK '/dev/rhdisk4',
'/dev/rhdisk5',
'/dev/rhdisk6' ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.asm'='11.2.0.0.0','au_size'='1M' /* ASMCA */ 
NOTE: Assigning number (1,0) to disk (/dev/rhdisk4)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,1) to disk (/dev/rhdisk5)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,2) to disk (/dev/rhdisk6)
NOTE: initializing header on grp 1 disk CRS_0000
NOTE: initializing header on grp 1 disk CRS_0001
NOTE: initializing header on grp 1 disk CRS_0002

SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP DATA EXTERNAL REDUNDANCY  DISK 
'/dev/rhdisk9' SIZE 614400M  ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.asm'='11.2.0.0.0','au_size'='1M' /* ASMCA */ 
NOTE: Assigning number (2,0) to disk (/dev/rhdisk9)
NOTE: initializing header on grp 2 disk DATA_0000


SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP FBA EXTERNAL REDUNDANCY  DISK 
'/dev/rhdisk8' SIZE 204800M  ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.asm'='11.2.0.0.0','au_size'='1M' /* ASMCA */ 
NOTE: Assigning number (3,0) to disk (/dev/rhdisk8)
NOTE: initializing header on grp 3 disk FBA_0000


SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP ARCH EXTERNAL REDUNDANCY  DISK 
'/dev/rhdisk7' SIZE 102400M  ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.asm'='11.2.0.0.0','au_size'='1M' /* ASMCA */ 
NOTE: Assigning number (4,0) to disk (/dev/rhdisk7)
NOTE: initializing header on grp 4 disk ARCH_0000

这里可以确定asm disk为rhdisk[4-9],通过kfed分析全部和rhdisk4一样的问题,也符合lspv查询出来的结果,使用kfed repair修复asm disk header后

SQL> alter diskgroup data mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> alter diskgroup fba mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> alter diskgroup arch mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> alter diskgroup crs mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> select group_number,disk_number,path from v$asm_disk;

GROUP_NUMBER DISK_NUMBER PATH
------------ ----------- --------------------------------------------------
           2           0 /dev/rhdisk4
           2           1 /dev/rhdisk5
           2           2 /dev/rhdisk6
           1           0 /dev/rhdisk7
           4           0 /dev/rhdisk8
           3           0 /dev/rhdisk9

6 rows selected.

SQL> select group_number,name from v$asm_diskgroup;

GROUP_NUMBER NAME
------------ ------------------------------------------------------------
           1 ARCH
           2 CRS
           3 DATA
           4 FBA

这里证明通过kfed对磁盘头的修复,asm磁盘组已经全部mount成功,GI状态也恢复正常

[db2/#]crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ARCH.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.CRS.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.FBA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.asm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                      Started             
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                      Started             
ora.gsd
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db1                                          
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db2                                          
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.registry.acfs
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.db1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.db2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.nkora.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                      Open                
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                      Open                
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          

这里忽略了一个问题,在修复磁盘头之前没有清除pvid,导致磁盘头修复后,pvid依然存储在odm中

[db2/dev#]lspv
hdisk0          00f9733ef7cf27e9                    rootvg          active      
hdisk1          00f9733e21b953e6                    rootvg          active      
hdisk2          00f9733e21b97a83                    appvg           active      
hdisk3          00f9733e21b98434                    appvg           active      
hdisk4          00f9733d67553e0a                    None                        
hdisk5          00f9733d67553f31                    None                        
hdisk6          00f9733d67554011                    None                        
hdisk7          00f9733d67554165                    None                        
hdisk8          00f9733d675541e5                    None                        
hdisk9          00f9733d675542e4                    None                        
hdisk10         none                                None   

通过分析发现fba磁盘组中无任何记录,使用该磁盘组进行直接清除pvid测试

$ sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Sun Dec 21 03:13:31 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> alter diskgroup fba dismount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
$ exit
You have mail in /usr/spool/mail/root
[db2/#]chdev -l hdisk8 -a pv=clear
hdisk8 changed
[db2/#]lspv
hdisk0          00f9733ef7cf27e9                    rootvg          active      
hdisk1          00f9733e21b953e6                    rootvg          active      
hdisk2          00f9733e21b97a83                    appvg           active      
hdisk3          00f9733e21b98434                    appvg           active      
hdisk4          00f9733d67553e0a                    None                        
hdisk5          00f9733d67553f31                    None                        
hdisk6          00f9733d67554011                    None                        
hdisk7          00f9733d67554165                    None                        
hdisk8          none                                None                        
hdisk9          00f9733d675542e4                    None                        
hdisk10         none                                None                        
[db2/#]su - grid
$ sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Sun Dec 21 03:15:19 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> alter diskgroup fba mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

通过测试直接清除pvid asm 磁盘头依然工作正常,关闭GI,使用chdev清除hdisk[4-9]所有pvid,启动GI一切正常

[db1/#]crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ARCH.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.CRS.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.FBA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.asm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                      Started             
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                      Started             
ora.gsd
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db1                                          
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db2                                          
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.registry.acfs
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.db1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.db2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.nkora.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                      Open                
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                      Open                
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
[db1/#]lspv
hdisk0          00f9733df7c7a9db                    rootvg          active      
hdisk1          00f9733d21dad8fe                    rootvg          active      
hdisk2          00f9733d21dbd08b                    appvg           active      
hdisk3          00f9733d21dbd2ab                    appvg           active      
hdisk4          none                                None                        
hdisk5          none                                None                        
hdisk6          none                                None                        
hdisk7          none                                None                        
hdisk8          none                                None                        
hdisk9          none                                None                        
hdisk10         none                                None 

至此设置pvid导致asm disk header损坏的asm 恢复正常,实现数据0丢失。
温馨提示:aix asm disk磁盘中不能设置pvid,否则将会导致asm disk header 损坏,无法正常mount

此条目发表在 Oracle ASM, 非常规恢复 分类目录,贴了 , , , , , , , 标签。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

asm disk误设置pvid导致asm diskgroup无法mount恢复》有 1 条评论

  1. card_2005 说:

    支持下!!!
    asm的自动备份真有用,如果是10205以前的版本修复盘头就不容易了

      [引用]  [回复]

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