Input/output error故障恢复

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标题:Input/output error故障恢复

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

客户由于硬件故障,导致数据文件出现io错误

oracle@linux1:~> dd if=/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf of=/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf_bak bs=8192
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
83871+0 records in
83871+0 records out
687071232 bytes (687 MB) copied, 1.07177 s, 641 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
83871+0 records in
83871+0 records out
687071232 bytes (687 MB) copied, 1.0731 s, 640 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
83871+0 records in
83871+0 records out
687071232 bytes (687 MB) copied, 1.07431 s, 640 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
85158+1 records in
85158+1 records out
697618432 bytes (698 MB) copied, 4.11649 s, 169 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
85158+1 records in
85158+1 records out
697618432 bytes (698 MB) copied, 5.64775 s, 124 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
85158+1 records in
85158+1 records out
697618432 bytes (698 MB) copied, 7.1791 s, 97.2 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
85158+1 records in
85158+1 records out
697618432 bytes (698 MB) copied, 8.70247 s, 80.2 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
85158+1 records in
85158+1 records out
697618432 bytes (698 MB) copied, 10.2258 s, 68.2 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
85158+1 records in
85158+1 records out
697618432 bytes (698 MB) copied, 10.2272 s, 68.2 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
85158+1 records in
85158+1 records out
697618432 bytes (698 MB) copied, 10.2284 s, 68.2 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
85158+1 records in
85158+1 records out
697618432 bytes (698 MB) copied, 10.2296 s, 68.2 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
85158+1 records in
85158+1 records out
697618432 bytes (698 MB) copied, 10.2309 s, 68.2 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
85170+1 records in
85170+1 records out
697716736 bytes (698 MB) copied, 11.7563 s, 59.3 MB/s
dd: reading `/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf': Input/output error
85170+1 records in
85170+1 records out
697716736 bytes (698 MB) copied, 13.3038 s, 52.4 MB/s
93431+1 records in
93431+1 records out
765390848 bytes (765 MB) copied, 18.2578 s, 41.9 MB/s

这个明显io错误比较多,无法直接使用以前的dd方法较好的恢复数据,只能通过linux平台的一些io工具修复文件(或者直接把磁盘挂载到win上通过工具处理),然后下载到win机器之后效果不错,只有17个坏块

C:\Users\XIFENFEI>dbv file=f:/11.2.0.1/system01.dbf

DBVERIFY: Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production on 星期日 2月 24 22:46:59 2019

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - 开始验证: FILE = f:/11.2.0.1/system01.dbf
页 83871 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x0041479f (file 1, block 83871)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 83872 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x004147a0 (file 1, block 83872)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 83873 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x004147a1 (file 1, block 83873)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0x759c0601
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0xddc6

页 85161 流入 - 很可能是介质损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414ca9 (file 1, block 85161)
Fractured block found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x00414ca9
 last change scn: 0x0000.0ce20ac2 seq: 0x2 flg: 0x04
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0x47f0
 computed block checksum: 0xc3ab

页 85162 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414caa (file 1, block 85162)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 85163 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414cab (file 1, block 85163)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 85164 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414cac (file 1, block 85164)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 85165 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414cad (file 1, block 85165)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 85166 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414cae (file 1, block 85166)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 85167 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414caf (file 1, block 85167)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 85177 流入 - 很可能是介质损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414cb9 (file 1, block 85177)
Fractured block found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x00414cb9
 last change scn: 0x0000.0ce55ebf seq: 0x1 flg: 0x06
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0x54c9
 computed block checksum: 0x5ce5

页 85178 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414cba (file 1, block 85178)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 85179 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414cbb (file 1, block 85179)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 85180 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414cbc (file 1, block 85180)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 85181 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414cbd (file 1, block 85181)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 85182 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414cbe (file 1, block 85182)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0

页 85183 标记为损坏
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00414cbf (file 1, block 85183)
Bad header found during dbv:
Data in bad block:
 type: 229 format: 5 rdba: 0xe5e5e5e5
 last change scn: 0xe5e5.e5e5e5e5 seq: 0xe5 flg: 0xe5
 spare1: 0xe5 spare2: 0xe5 spare3: 0xe5e5
 consistency value in tail: 0xe5e5e5e5
 check value in block header: 0xe5e5
 computed block checksum: 0x0



DBVERIFY - 验证完成

检查的页总数: 93440
处理的页总数 (数据): 64294
失败的页总数 (数据): 0
处理的页总数 (索引): 12616
失败的页总数 (索引): 0
处理的页总数 (其它): 3111
处理的总页数 (段)  : 0
失败的总页数 (段)  : 0
空的页总数: 13402
标记为损坏的总页数: 17
流入的页总数: 2
最高块 SCN            : 1073748415 (0.1073748415)

C:\Users\XIFENFEI>

经过一系列恢复,数据库强制打开,数据库后台报ORA-7445 kkogbro

Completed: alter database open resetlogs upgrade
Sun Feb 24 18:06:36 2019
MMON started with pid=15, OS id=9032 
Sun Feb 24 18:07:50 2019
Errors in file d:\app\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_8336.trc:
Sun Feb 24 18:07:52 2019
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20190224180752]
Sun Feb 24 18:09:42 2019
alter tablespace temp add tempfile 'f:/11.2.0.1/temp01.dbf' size 128m autoextend on
Completed: alter tablespace temp add tempfile 'f:/11.2.0.1/temp01.dbf' size 128m autoextend on
Exception [type: ACCESS_VIOLATION, UNABLE_TO_READ] [ADDR:0x166] [PC:0x38E41AD, kkogbro()+497]
ERROR: Unable to normalize symbol name for the following short stack (at offset 199):
dbgexProcessError()+193<-dbgeExecuteForError()+65<-dbgePostErrorKGE()+1726<-dbkePostKGE_kgsf()+
75<-kgeade()+560<-kgerev()+125<-kgerec5()+60<-sss_xcpt_EvalFilterEx()+1869<-
sss_xcpt_EvalFilter()+174<-.1.6_8+59<-0000000077207388<-000000007721BF7D<-
00000000771F043A<-000000007721B61E<-kkogbro()+497<-kkogjro()+99<-kkojnp()
+10299<-kkocnp()+78<-kkooqb()+1549<-kkoqbc()+2474<-apakkoqb()+200<-
apaqbdDescendents()+496<-apaqbdList()+79<-apaqbdDescendents()+795<-
apaqbdList()+79<-apaqbd()+17<-apadrv()+818<-opitca()+2518<-kksLoadChild()+9008
<-kxsGetRuntimeLock()+2320<-kksfbc()+15225<-kkspbd0()+669<-kksParseCursor()+741
<-opiosq0()+2538<-opipls()+12841<-opiodr()+1662<-rpidrus()+862<-rpidru()+154
<-rpiswu2()+2757<-rpidrv()+6105<-psddr0()+614<-psdnal()+510<-pevm_EXECC()+365
<-pfrinstr_EXECC()+90<-pfrrun_no_tool()+65<-pfrrun()+1241<-plsql_run()+875
<-peicnt()+329<-kkxexe()+616<-opiexe()+20006
Errors in file d:\app\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_8336.trc  (incident=2540):
ORA-07445: 出现异常错误: 核心转储 [kkogbro()+497] [ACCESS_VIOLATION] [ADDR:0x166] [PC:0x38E41AD] [UNABLE_TO_READ] []
Incident details in: d:\app\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_2540\orcl_ora_8336_i2540.trc

通过分析trace文件,确认是和坏块有关系,对于上述坏块进行处理之后,数据正常导出.

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