dbconsole和sysman用户

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标题:dbconsole和sysman用户

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

dbconsole一直是我不怎么推荐的oracle工具,但是总有一些客户使用,这里对于dbconsole中sysman用户状态,密码修改做了一些基本的测试
sysman用户被锁

SQL>  alter user sysman account  lock;

User altered.

重启dbconsole

[oracle@localhost ~]$ emctl stop dbconsole
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
        LANGUAGE = (unset),
        LC_ALL = (unset),
        LANG = "c"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0 
Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://localhost:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Stopping Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control ... 
 ...  Stopped. 
[oracle@localhost ~]$ emctl start dbconsole
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
        LANGUAGE = (unset),
        LC_ALL = (unset),
        LANG = "c"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0 
Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://localhost:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Starting Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control ..... started. 
------------------------------------------------------------------
Logs are generated in directory /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/localhost_test/sysman/log 

sysman-lock


部分错误日志提示(这里可以明显dbconsole无法正常使用是由于sysman被锁)
2

解锁sysman用户

SQL> alter user sysman account unlock;

User altered.

重启dbconsole

[oracle@localhost ~]$ emctl stop dbconsole
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
        LANGUAGE = (unset),
        LC_ALL = (unset),
        LANG = "c"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0 
Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://localhost:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Stopping Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control ... 
 ...  Stopped. 
[oracle@localhost ~]$ emctl start dbconsole
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
        LANGUAGE = (unset),
        LC_ALL = (unset),
        LANG = "c"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0 
Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://localhost:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Starting Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control ..... started. 
------------------------------------------------------------------
Logs are generated in directory /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/localhost_test/sysman/log 

3


sysman解锁之后重启dbconsole恢复正常
修改sysman密码

SQL> alter user sysman identified by xifenfei;

User altered.

SQL> select account_status from dba_users where username='SYSMAN';

ACCOUNT_STATUS
--------------------------------
OPEN

重启dbconsole

[oracle@localhost ~]$  emctl stop dbconsole
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
        LANGUAGE = (unset),
        LC_ALL = (unset),
        LANG = "c"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0 
Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://localhost:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Stopping Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control ... 
 ...  Stopped. 

[oracle@localhost ~]$  emctl start dbconsole
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
        LANGUAGE = (unset),
        LC_ALL = (unset),
        LANG = "c"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0 
Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://localhost:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Starting Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control ..... started. 
------------------------------------------------------------------
Logs are generated in directory /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/localhost_test/sysman/log 
SQL>  select account_status from dba_users where username='SYSMAN';

ACCOUNT_STATUS
--------------------------------
LOCKED(TIMED)

由于dbconsole的密码存储在配置文件中,修改sysman密码,而配置文件的没有修改,因此使用错误是syman密码登录,超过了profile里面设置的10次,导致用户被锁.

解决sysman密码不对导致异常问题

[oracle@localhost ~]$ emctl stop dbconsole
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
        LANGUAGE = (unset),
        LC_ALL = (unset),
        LANG = "c"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0 
Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://localhost:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Stopping Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control ... 
 ...  Stopped. 

[oracle@localhost config]$ pwd
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/localhost_test/sysman/config
[oracle@localhost config]$ ls -l emoms.properties 
-rw-r--r--. 1 oracle oinstall 1669 Nov 25 15:20 emoms.properties

[oracle@localhost config]$ grep emdRepPwd emoms.properties|grep -v emdRepPwdSeed
oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepPwd=e3299b5db6162f5d
oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepPwdEncrypted=TRUE


[oracle@localhost config]$ grep emdRepPwd emoms.properties|grep -v emdRepPwdSeed
oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepPwd=xifenfei
oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepPwdEncrypted=FALSE
SQL>  alter user sysman account unlock;

User altered.
[oracle@localhost ~]$ emctl start dbconsole
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
        LANGUAGE = (unset),
        LC_ALL = (unset),
        LANG = "c"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0 
Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://localhost:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Starting Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control ..... started. 
------------------------------------------------------------------
Logs are generated in directory /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/localhost_test/sysman/log 

通过人工修改$ORACLE_HOME/localhost_sid/sysman/config/emoms.properties文件中的oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepPwd=密码,oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepPwdEncrypted=false实现修改密码

[oracle@localhost config]$ grep emdRepPwd emoms.properties|grep -v emdRepPwdSeed
oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepPwd=aa537afcbab41e05
oracle.sysman.eml.mntr.emdRepPwdEncrypted=TRUE

dbconsole重启之后,密码又重新被修改为加密方式,在11.2之前修改sysman密码,注意要同步修改emoms.properties中相关密码信息

sysman修改密码( 11.2 and higher)

[oracle@localhost config]$ emctl stop dbconsole
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
        LANGUAGE = (unset),
        LC_ALL = (unset),
        LANG = "c"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0 
Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://localhost:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Stopping Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control ... 
 ...  Stopped. 
SQL> alter user sysman identified by xifenfei123;

User altered.
[oracle@localhost ~]$ emctl setpasswd dbconsole
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
        LANGUAGE = (unset),
        LC_ALL = (unset),
        LANG = "c"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0 
Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://localhost:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Please enter new repository password: 
Repository password successfully updated.

[oracle@localhost ~]$ emctl start dbconsole
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
        LANGUAGE = (unset),
        LC_ALL = (unset),
        LANG = "c"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0 
Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://localhost:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Starting Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control ..... started. 
------------------------------------------------------------------
Logs are generated in directory /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/localhost_test/sysman/log 
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