ORA-00704 ORA-00604 ORA-01406故障分析

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标题:ORA-00704 ORA-00604 ORA-01406故障分析

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

根据客户反馈系统运行的是9.2.0.8版本,但是服务器上面安装有10.2.0.1服务端,由于使用过10.2启动过数据库导致现在9.2.0.8无法启动.
数据库启动报错

Starting up ORACLE RDBMS Version: 9.2.0.8.0.
System parameters with non-default values:
…………
  db_cache_size            = 209715200
  compatible               = 9.2.0.0.0
  db_file_multiblock_read_count= 16
  fast_start_mttr_target   = 300
…………
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 7517
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 7517
  Current log# 1 seq# 7517 mem# 0: F:\ORACLE\ORADATA\ORACLE\REDO01.LOG
Successful open of redo thread 1
Tue Apr 25 21:16:20 2017
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Tue Apr 25 21:16:20 2017
Errors in file f:\oracle\admin\oracle\udump\oracle_ora_3908.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 层 1 出现错误
ORA-01406: 读取的列值被截断

Tue Apr 25 21:16:20 2017
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704
Tue Apr 25 21:16:20 2017
Errors in file f:\oracle\admin\oracle\bdump\oracle_pmon_2124.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure

Tue Apr 25 21:16:20 2017
Errors in file f:\oracle\admin\oracle\bdump\oracle_reco_2556.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure

Tue Apr 25 21:16:20 2017
Errors in file f:\oracle\admin\oracle\bdump\oracle_smon_628.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure

Tue Apr 25 21:16:21 2017
Errors in file f:\oracle\admin\oracle\bdump\oracle_ckpt_2212.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure

Tue Apr 25 21:16:21 2017
Errors in file f:\oracle\admin\oracle\bdump\oracle_lgwr_2756.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure

Tue Apr 25 21:16:21 2017
Errors in file f:\oracle\admin\oracle\bdump\oracle_dbw0_1756.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure

Instance terminated by USER, pid = 3908
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

错误比较明显bootstrap$的相关sql在递归的时候报错(ORA-01406)

我们分析alert日志

---9.2.0.1版本运行了很长时间
Mon Apr 13 20:44:29 2009
Starting ORACLE instance (normal)
LICENSE_MAX_SESSION = 0
LICENSE_SESSIONS_WARNING = 0
SCN scheme 2
Using log_archive_dest parameter default value
LICENSE_MAX_USERS = 0
SYS auditing is disabled
Starting up ORACLE RDBMS Version: 9.2.0.1.0.

--然后升级到9.2.0.8
Thu Jun 18 17:32:09 2015
Starting ORACLE instance (normal)
LICENSE_MAX_SESSION = 0
LICENSE_SESSIONS_WARNING = 0
SCN scheme 2
Using log_archive_dest parameter default value
LICENSE_MAX_USERS = 0
SYS auditing is disabled
Starting up ORACLE RDBMS Version: 9.2.0.8.0.
System parameters with non-default values:
…………
Thu Jun 18 17:32:18 2015
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Thu Jun 18 17:32:19 2015
Successfully onlined Undo Tablespace 1.
Thu Jun 18 17:32:19 2015
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Thu Jun 18 17:32:19 2015
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Updating 9.2.0.1.0 NLS parameters in sys.props$
-- adding 9.2.0.8.0 NLS parameters.
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Completed: alter database open
…………
Thu Jun 18 17:38:32 2015
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Thu Jun 18 17:38:33 2015
ALTER SYSTEM SET _system_trig_enabled=FALSE SCOPE=MEMORY;
Thu Jun 18 17:38:33 2015
ALTER SYSTEM SET job_queue_processes=0 SCOPE=MEMORY;
Thu Jun 18 17:38:33 2015
ALTER SYSTEM SET aq_tm_processes=0 SCOPE=MEMORY;
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Completed: ALTER DATABASE OPEN MIGRATE

--再升级到10.2.0.1
ksdpec: called for event 13740 prior to event group initialization
Starting up ORACLE RDBMS Version: 10.2.0.1.0.
System parameters with non-default values:
  processes                = 150
  timed_statistics         = TRUE
  sga_max_size             = 1610612736
  shared_pool_size         = 209715200
  large_pool_size          = 8388608
  java_pool_size           = 159383552
  streams_pool_size        = 50331648
  control_files            = F:\ORACLE\ORADATA\ORACLE\CONTROL01.CTL
  db_block_size            = 8192
  db_cache_size            = 209715200
  compatible               = 9.2.0.0.0
…………
Thu Jun 18 19:43:30 2015
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Updating 9.2.0.8.0 NLS parameters in sys.props$
-- adding 10.2.0.1.0 NLS parameters.
…………
Thu Jun 18 19:43:44 2015
ALTER SYSTEM enable restricted session;
MMNL started with pid=12, OS id=5212
Thu Jun 18 19:43:44 2015
ALTER SYSTEM SET _system_trig_enabled=FALSE SCOPE=MEMORY;
Thu Jun 18 19:43:44 2015
ALTER SYSTEM SET aq_tm_processes=0 SCOPE=MEMORY;
Thu Jun 18 19:43:44 2015
ALTER SYSTEM SET resource_manager_plan='' SCOPE=MEMORY;
Thu Jun 18 19:43:44 2015
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Completed: ALTER DATABASE OPEN MIGRATE

这里很明显数据库从2009年4月开始9.2.0.1版本开始运行,然后到2015年6月18日升级到9.2.0.8版本,紧接着升级到10.2.0.1(升级8.2.0.8是为升级10.2.0.1的中间过度操作).然后这个库一直使用10.2.0.1版本运行,这次重启不知道什么原因客户以为是9.2.0.8的数据库版本,然后不管怎么样也无法启动成功(这里不知道什么原因win 服务中使用的9.2.0.8的软件,估计被人误操作了).解决该问题,就是把服务切换成10.2.0.1版本数据库正常启动.
再次提醒大家,在oracle恢复的过程中,需要仔细分析日志,日志不会骗人,不要轻信客户的现场描述

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