ORA-600 2663 故障恢复

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标题:ORA-600 2663 故障恢复

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

朋友数据库启动遭遇ORA-00600[2663]

Mon Sep 22 19:24:20 2014
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 17 (thread open)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 17
  Current log# 17 seq# 17 mem# 0: /u02/orayali2/redo17.log
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Mon Sep 22 19:24:20 2014
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orayali2/orayali2/trace/orayali2_ora_20722.trc  (incident=336180):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2663], [13], [3140023138], [13], [3141216403], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orayali2/orayali2/incident/incdir_336180/orayali2_ora_20722_i336180.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orayali2/orayali2/trace/orayali2_ora_20722.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2663], [13], [3140023138], [13], [3141216403], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orayali2/orayali2/trace/orayali2_ora_20722.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2663], [13], [3140023138], [13], [3141216403], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 20722): terminating the instance due to error 600
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 20722
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (20722) as a result of ORA-1092
Mon Sep 22 19:24:24 2014
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

ORA-600[2663]与常见的ORA-600[2662]类似,都是由于block的scn大于文件头的scn导致,只不过错误的对象不一样而已.对于该类问题,我们的处理方法一般就是简单的推scn,但是这个库比较特殊11.2.0.3.5版本,一般方法无法推scn,因为收集操作日志有限,贴出核心操作步骤

[oracle@orayali2 OPatch]$ uname -a
Linux orayali2 2.6.32-279.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Wed Jun 13 18:24:36 EDT 2012 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

[oracle@orayali2 OPatch]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Mon Sep 22 19:09:18 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup mount
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1.6535E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2244792 bytes
Variable Size            9898561352 bytes
Database Buffers         6610223104 bytes
Redo Buffers               24256512 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> oradebug setmypid
Statement processed.
SQL>  oradebug DUMPvar SGA kcsgscn_
kcslf kcsgscn_ [060019598, 0600195C8) = 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 60019278 00000000
SQL> oradebug poke 0x060019598 8 0x0000000000000040
BEFORE: [060019598, 0600195A0) = 00000000 00000000
AFTER:  [060019598, 0600195A0) = 00000040 00000000
SQL> oradebug DUMPvar SGA kcsgscn_
kcslf kcsgscn_ [060019598, 0600195C8) = 00000040 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 60019278 00000000
SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-30012: undo tablespace 'SYSTEM' does not exist or of wrong type
Process ID: 21174
Session ID: 1563 Serial number: 3

现在错误已经改变,而是出现了ORA-30012的错误

alter database open
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 31 processes
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 4 KB redo, 0 data blocks need recovery
Started redo application at
 Thread 1: logseq 17, block 2, scn 58974597984
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 17 Seq 17 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /u02/orayali2/redo17.log
Completed redo application of 0.00MB
Completed crash recovery at
 Thread 1: logseq 17, block 3, scn 58974617986
 0 data blocks read, 0 data blocks written, 4 redo k-bytes read
Mon Sep 22 19:30:05 2014
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 18 (thread open)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 18
  Current log# 18 seq# 18 mem# 0: /u02/orayali2/redo18.log
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Mon Sep 22 19:30:05 2014
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Undo initialization errored: err:30012 serial:0 start:1143146928 end:1143147338 diff:410 (4 seconds)
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orayali2/orayali2/trace/orayali2_ora_21174.trc:
ORA-30012: undo tablespace 'SYSTEM' does not exist or of wrong type
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orayali2/orayali2/trace/orayali2_ora_21174.trc:
ORA-30012: undo tablespace 'SYSTEM' does not exist or of wrong type
Error 30012 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 21174): terminating the instance due to error 30012
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 21174
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (21174) as a result of ORA-1092
Mon Sep 22 19:30:08 2014
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

猜测原因是undo设置有问题导致,检查果然发现undo_management=auto,而undo_tablespace=SYSTEM

SQL> startup mount
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1.6535E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2244792 bytes
Variable Size            9898561352 bytes
Database Buffers         6610223104 bytes
Redo Buffers               24256512 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> show parameter undo;

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
undo_management                      string      AUTO
undo_retention                       integer     10800
undo_tablespace                      string      SYSTEM
SQL> alter system set undo_management=manual scope=spfile;

System altered.
SQL> shutdown immediate;
ORA-01109: database not open


Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1.6535E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2244792 bytes
Variable Size            9898561352 bytes
Database Buffers         6610223104 bytes
Redo Buffers               24256512 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

解决该问题修改undo_management=manual即可

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