标签归档:asm恢复

ERROR: diskgroup XXXX was not mounted

aix平台10.2.0.5 2节点RAC,由于节点2系统盘故障,通过节点1镜像系统,复制到节点2,结果由于节点2磁盘顺序和节点1不匹配,aix工程师进行了相关操作之后,节点1重启之后datadg磁盘组无法mount

SQL> alter diskgroup datadg mount 
Mon Jun 10 23:23:46 CST 2019
NOTE: cache registered group DATADG number=1 incarn=0x8cf61164
Mon Jun 10 23:23:46 CST 2019
NOTE: Hbeat: instance first (grp 1)
Mon Jun 10 23:23:50 CST 2019
NOTE: start heartbeating (grp 1)
Mon Jun 10 23:23:50 CST 2019
NOTE: cache dismounting group 1/0x8CF61164 (DATADG) 
NOTE: dbwr not being msg'd to dismount
ERROR: diskgroup DATADG was not mounted

检查datadg磁盘组相关信息

Tue Jan 29 19:21:45 CST 2019
NOTE: start heartbeating (grp 2)
NOTE: cache opening disk 0 of grp 2: DATADG_0000 path:/dev/rhdisk6
Tue Jan 29 19:21:45 CST 2019
NOTE: F1X0 found on disk 0 fcn 0.0
NOTE: cache opening disk 1 of grp 2: DATADG_0001 path:/dev/rhdisk7
NOTE: cache opening disk 2 of grp 2: DATADG_0002 path:/dev/rhdisk8
NOTE: cache opening disk 3 of grp 2: DATADG_0003 path:/dev/rhdisk9
NOTE: cache mounting (first) group 2/0x60E59155 (DATADG)
* allocate domain 2, invalid = TRUE 
Tue Jan 29 19:21:45 CST 2019
NOTE: attached to recovery domain 2
Tue Jan 29 19:21:45 CST 2019
NOTE: cache recovered group 2 to fcn 0.849668
Tue Jan 29 19:21:45 CST 2019
NOTE: LGWR attempting to mount thread 1 for disk group 2
NOTE: LGWR mounted thread 1 for disk group 2
NOTE: opening chunk 1 at fcn 0.849668 ABA 
NOTE: seq=21 blk=5394 
Tue Jan 29 19:21:46 CST 2019
NOTE: cache mounting group 2/0x60E59155 (DATADG) succeeded
SUCCESS: diskgroup DATADG was mounted

通过这里可以看出来datadg磁盘组是由rhdisk6-9 四块磁盘组成,查询相关磁盘信息发现
asm-foreign


这里确定rhdisk7磁盘异常,通过kfed分析磁盘情况

D:\BaiduNetdiskDownload\xifenfei>kfed read rhdisk7.dd
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                           34 ; 0x001: 0x22
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                   49407 ; 0x004: blk=49407
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                    58396 ; 0x010: 0x0000e41c
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                   131072 ; 0x014: 0x00020000
kfbh.spare1:                 4294967064 ; 0x018: 0xffffff18
kfbh.spare2:                 2105310074 ; 0x01c: 0x7d7c7b7a
005918A00 00002200 0000C0FF 00000000 00000000  [."..............]
005918A10 0000E41C 00020000 FFFFFF18 7D7C7B7A  [............z{|}]
005918A20 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
  Repeat 253 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][0]

D:\BaiduNetdiskDownload\xifenfei>kfed read rhdisk7.dd blkn=1
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                            0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
006EF8A00 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
  Repeat 255 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][0]

D:\BaiduNetdiskDownload\xifenfei>kfed read rhdisk7.dd blkn=2|more
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            3 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_ALLOCTBL
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                33554432 ; 0x004: blk=33554432
kfbh.block.obj:                16777344 ; 0x008: file=128
kfbh.check:                  3844041089 ; 0x00c: 0xe51f6981
kfbh.fcn.base:               1297484544 ; 0x010: 0x4d560b00
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdatb10.aunum:                       0 ; 0x000: 0x00000000
kfdatb10.shrink:                  49153 ; 0x004: 0xc001
kfdatb10.ub2pad:                  20555 ; 0x006: 0x504b
kfdatb10.auinfo[0].link.next:      2048 ; 0x008: 0x0800
kfdatb10.auinfo[0].link.prev:      2048 ; 0x00a: 0x0800
kfdatb10.auinfo[0].free:              0 ; 0x00c: 0x0000
kfdatb10.auinfo[0].total:         49153 ; 0x00e: 0xc001
kfdatb10.auinfo[1].link.next:      4096 ; 0x010: 0x1000
kfdatb10.auinfo[1].link.prev:      4096 ; 0x012: 0x1000
kfdatb10.auinfo[1].free:              0 ; 0x014: 0x0000
kfdatb10.auinfo[1].total:             0 ; 0x016: 0x0000
kfdatb10.auinfo[2].link.next:      6144 ; 0x018: 0x1800
kfdatb10.auinfo[2].link.prev:      6144 ; 0x01a: 0x1800
kfdatb10.auinfo[2].free:              0 ; 0x01c: 0x0000
kfdatb10.auinfo[2].total:             0 ; 0x01e: 0x0000
kfdatb10.auinfo[3].link.next:      8192 ; 0x020: 0x2000
kfdatb10.auinfo[3].link.prev:      8192 ; 0x022: 0x2000
kfdatb10.auinfo[3].free:              0 ; 0x024: 0x0000

对比磁盘可能的损坏情况,由于在aix 平台asm disk的block有一个特征一般0082开头,通过工具打开磁盘,检索该标记对比
正常磁盘
0082-good


异常磁盘
0082-had

通过上述分析,大概评估rhdisk7 元数据部分损坏的不光是block 0和1,人工修复继续使用的可能性不太大,而且基于客户的数据库不大,采取方案是直接拷贝数据文件、redo、控制文件到文件系统,然后在本地文件系统open库
open_db

运气不错,实现完美恢复数据0丢失

发表在 Oracle ASM, 非常规恢复 | 标签为 , | 评论关闭

WARNING: Read Failed.导致asm磁盘组异常

有客户对asm dg进行扩容,一段时间之后,asm data 磁盘组直接dismount

Wed May 29 18:37:25 2019
SUCCESS: ALTER DISKGROUP DATA ADD  DISK '/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA_0028' SIZE 511993M ,
'/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA_0027' SIZE 511993M ,
'/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA_0026' SIZE 511993M ,
'/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA_0025' SIZE 511993M /* ASMCA */
NOTE: starting rebalance of group 1/0x9e18e2f1 (DATA) at power 1
Wed May 29 18:37:26 2019
Starting background process ARB0
Wed May 29 18:37:26 2019
ARB0 started with pid=34, OS id=96638 
NOTE: assigning ARB0 to group 1/0x9e18e2f1 (DATA) with 1 parallel I/O
NOTE: Attempting voting file refresh on diskgroup DATA
NOTE: Refresh completed on diskgroup DATA. No voting file found.
cellip.ora not found.
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
WARNING: Read Failed. group:1 disk:27 AU:0 offset:360448 size:4096
WARNING: cache failed reading from group=1(DATA) dsk=27 blk=88 count=1 from disk= 27 
(DATA_0027) kfkist=0x20 status=0x02 osderr=0x0 file=kfc.c line=11596
ERROR: cache failed to read group=1(DATA) dsk=27 blk=88 from disk(s): 27(DATA_0027)
ORA-15080: synchronous I/O operation to a disk failed
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Linux-x86_64 Error: 5: Input/output error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 704
Additional information: -1
NOTE: cache initiating offline of disk 27 group DATA
NOTE: process _user31879_+asm1 (31879) initiating offline of disk 27.3915911747 (DATA_0027) with mask 0x7e in group 1
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 1, dsk = 27/0xe9681243, mask = 0x6a, op = clear
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
GMON updating disk modes for group 1 at 10 for pid 35, osid 31879
ERROR: Disk 27 cannot be offlined, since diskgroup has external redundancy.
ERROR: too many offline disks in PST (grp 1)
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
NOTE: cache dismounting (not clean) group 1/0x9E18E2F1 (DATA) 
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 90256, image: oracle@ftz-db-o1 (B000)
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
NOTE: halting all I/Os to diskgroup 1 (DATA)
WARNING: Offline for disk DATA_0027 in mode 0x7f failed.
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
NOTE: LGWR doing non-clean dismount of group 1 (DATA)
NOTE: LGWR sync ABA=27.3207 last written ABA 27.3207
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
ERROR: ORA-15130 thrown in ARB0 for group number 1
Errors in file /oracle/grid_base/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_96638.trc:
ORA-15130: diskgroup "" is being dismounted
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
NOTE: stopping process ARB0

后续继续mount data 磁盘组成功,但是立马又dismount

Wed May 29 18:37:25 2019
SUCCESS: ALTER DISKGROUP DATA ADD  DISK '/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA_0028' SIZE 511993M ,
'/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA_0027' SIZE 511993M ,
'/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA_0026' SIZE 511993M ,
'/dev/oracleasm/disks/DATA_0025' SIZE 511993M /* ASMCA */
NOTE: starting rebalance of group 1/0x9e18e2f1 (DATA) at power 1
Wed May 29 18:37:26 2019
Starting background process ARB0
Wed May 29 18:37:26 2019
ARB0 started with pid=34, OS id=96638 
NOTE: assigning ARB0 to group 1/0x9e18e2f1 (DATA) with 1 parallel I/O
NOTE: Attempting voting file refresh on diskgroup DATA
NOTE: Refresh completed on diskgroup DATA. No voting file found.
cellip.ora not found.
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
WARNING: Read Failed. group:1 disk:27 AU:0 offset:360448 size:4096
WARNING: cache failed reading from group=1(DATA) dsk=27 blk=88 count=1 from disk= 27 
(DATA_0027) kfkist=0x20 status=0x02 osderr=0x0 file=kfc.c line=11596
ERROR: cache failed to read group=1(DATA) dsk=27 blk=88 from disk(s): 27(DATA_0027)
ORA-15080: synchronous I/O operation to a disk failed
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Linux-x86_64 Error: 5: Input/output error
Additional information: 4
Additional information: 704
Additional information: -1
NOTE: cache initiating offline of disk 27 group DATA
NOTE: process _user31879_+asm1 (31879) initiating offline of disk 27.3915911747 (DATA_0027) with mask 0x7e in group 1
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 1, dsk = 27/0xe9681243, mask = 0x6a, op = clear
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
GMON updating disk modes for group 1 at 10 for pid 35, osid 31879
ERROR: Disk 27 cannot be offlined, since diskgroup has external redundancy.
ERROR: too many offline disks in PST (grp 1)
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
NOTE: cache dismounting (not clean) group 1/0x9E18E2F1 (DATA) 
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 90256, image: oracle@ftz-db-o1 (B000)
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
NOTE: halting all I/Os to diskgroup 1 (DATA)
WARNING: Offline for disk DATA_0027 in mode 0x7f failed.
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
NOTE: LGWR doing non-clean dismount of group 1 (DATA)
NOTE: LGWR sync ABA=27.3207 last written ABA 27.3207
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
ERROR: ORA-15130 thrown in ARB0 for group number 1
Errors in file /oracle/grid_base/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_arb0_96638.trc:
ORA-15130: diskgroup "" is being dismounted
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
Wed May 29 19:21:43 2019
NOTE: stopping process ARB0

对于上述的故障现象,本质原因是由于asm 磁盘组增加新磁盘之后,开始做rebalance,但是由于遭遇到 27号盘上有IO读错误,使得asm磁盘组无法正常完成rebalance,因而data磁盘组无法稳定的mount。解决该问题思路,通过patch asm磁盘组,禁止rebalance,从而使得data磁盘组不再dismount,再进行后续恢复

发表在 Oracle ASM, 非常规恢复 | 标签为 , , | 2 条评论

asm磁盘分区丢失恢复

有朋友反馈,他们做了xx存储的双活之后,重启主机发现gi无法正常启动,分析发现所有该存储的磁盘分区信息丢失,导致asmlib无法发现磁盘(使用分区做asm disk)
类似如下错误(磁盘分区丢失)

--fdisk -l 显示部分结果
Disk /dev/mapper/datahds1: 1099.5 GB, 1099511627776 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 133674 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

--ls -l /dev/mapper/   显示结果无分区信息
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:44 datahds1 -> ../dm-1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:26 datahds2 -> ../dm-3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:26 datahds3 -> ../dm-8
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:26 ocrhds1 -> ../dm-0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:26 ocrhds2 -> ../dm-2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:26 ocrhds3 -> ../dm-4

asm日志显示

SUCCESS: diskgroup DATADG was mounted
NOTE: Instance updated compatible.asm to 11.2.0.0.0 for grp 3
SUCCESS: diskgroup OCRHDS was mounted
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15017: diskgroup "DATA" cannot be mounted
ORA-15063: ASM discovered an insufficient number of disks for diskgroup "DATA"

分析系统日志

May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdb: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sde: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdc: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdf: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdd: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdj:Dev sdj: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdi: sdi1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdk: sdk1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdg: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdl: sdl1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdm:Dev sdm: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdo:Dev sdo: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdn:Dev sdn: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdp:Dev sdp: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sds:Dev sds: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdh:
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdt: sdt1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdv:Dev sdv: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdq:Dev sdq: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sd 1:0:1:9: [sdr] Very big device. Trying to use READ CAPACITY(16).
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdr:Dev sdr: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sd 2:0:0:9: [sdab] Very big device. Trying to use READ CAPACITY(16).
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdab: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdac: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdw: sdw1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdu:Dev sdu: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdx: sdx1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdy: sdy1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdaa: sdaa1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdz: sdz1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdae: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdaf: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdag: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdai:
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdah: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdad: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:28 db2 mcelog: failed to prefill DIMM database from DMI data

这里错误比较明显unknown partition table,磁盘的分区信息损坏.使用fdisk无法发现分区

partprobe也无效

[root@db2 oracle]# partprobe /dev/mapper/ocrhds3
[root@db2 oracle]# 
[root@db2 oracle]# ls -l /dev/mapper/ocrhds3*
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 May  6 07:30 /dev/mapper/ocrhds3 -> ../dm-4

从尚需信息看,磁盘的分区表信息应该已经损坏,现在能够做的,就是希望运气好,磁盘的分区的实际数据没有损坏

分析磁盘实际分区数据

[root@db2 ~]$ dd if=/dev/mapper/datahds1 of=/tmp/datahds1.dd bs=1024k count=50
[root@db2 ~]$ dd if=/tmp/datahds1.dd of=/tmp/xff01.dd  bs=3225 skip=1
[grid@db2 ~]$ kfed read /tmp/xff01.dd |more
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: disk=0
kfbh.check:                  3110278718 ; 0x00c: 0xb963163e
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr: ORCLDISKHDSDATA1 ; 0x000: length=16
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:   1146307656 ; 0x008: 0x44534448
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:    826364993 ; 0x00c: 0x31415441
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.compat:                186646528 ; 0x020: 0x0b200000
kfdhdb.dsknum:                        0 ; 0x024: 0x0000
kfdhdb.grptyp:                        1 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_EXTERNAL
kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
kfdhdb.dskname:             DATADG_0000 ; 0x028: length=11
kfdhdb.grpname:                  DATADG ; 0x048: length=6
kfdhdb.fgname:              DATADG_0000 ; 0x068: length=11
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0
kfdhdb.crestmp.hi:             33050696 ; 0x0a8: HOUR=0x8 DAYS=0x2 MNTH=0x4 YEAR=0x7e1
kfdhdb.crestmp.lo:           3813740544 ; 0x0ac: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x44 SECS=0x35 MINS=0x38
kfdhdb.mntstmp.hi:             33050701 ; 0x0b0: HOUR=0xd DAYS=0x2 MNTH=0x4 YEAR=0x7e1
kfdhdb.mntstmp.lo:            411385856 ; 0x0b4: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x150 SECS=0x8 MINS=0x6

通过上述分析,我们可以初步判断,分区磁盘的信息很可能是好的(因为asm disk header是好的,根据一般的规则从前往后覆盖,既然header是好的,后面的block被覆盖的概率非常小)

通过准备新磁盘直接把磁盘分区dd到新设备上

dd if=/dev/mapper/ocrhds1 of=/dev/mapper/ocrhdsnew1 skip=1 bs=3225
dd if=/dev/mapper/ocrhds2 of=/dev/mapper/ocrhdsnew2 skip=1 bs=3225
dd if=/dev/mapper/ocrhds3 of=/dev/mapper/ocrhdsnew3 skip=1 bs=3225
dd if=/dev/mapper/datahds1 of=/dev/mapper/datahdsnew1 skip=1 bs=3225
dd if=/dev/mapper/datahds2 of=/dev/mapper/datahdsnew2 skip=1 bs=3225
dd if=/dev/mapper/datahds3 of=/dev/mapper/datahdsnew3 skip=1 bs=3225

asmlib重新扫描磁盘

[root@db1 disks]# oracleasm scandisks
Reloading disk partitions: done
Cleaning any stale ASM disks...
Scanning system for ASM disks...
Instantiating disk "HDSOCR3"
Instantiating disk "HDSDATA2"
Instantiating disk "HDSDATA1"
Instantiating disk "HDSDATA3"
Instantiating disk "HDSOCR1"
Instantiating disk "HDSOCR2"
[root@db1 disks]# ls -ltr
total 0
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 160 May  6 13:49 HDSOCR3
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 192 May  6 13:49 HDSDATA2
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 176 May  6 13:49 HDSDATA1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 208 May  6 13:49 HDSDATA3
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 128 May  6 13:49 HDSOCR1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 144 May  6 13:49 HDSOCR2

kfed验证拷贝的分区

[root@db2 tmp]# /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid_1/bin/kfed read /dev/oracleasm/disks/HDSDATA1
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: disk=0
kfbh.check:                  3110278718 ; 0x00c: 0xb963163e
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr: ORCLDISKHDSDATA1 ; 0x000: length=16
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:   1146307656 ; 0x008: 0x44534448
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:    826364993 ; 0x00c: 0x31415441
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.compat:                186646528 ; 0x020: 0x0b200000
kfdhdb.dsknum:                        0 ; 0x024: 0x0000
kfdhdb.grptyp:                        1 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_EXTERNAL
kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
kfdhdb.dskname:             DATADG_0000 ; 0x028: length=11
kfdhdb.grpname:                  DATADG ; 0x048: length=6
kfdhdb.fgname:              DATADG_0000 ; 0x068: length=11
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0

asm和数据库启动正常

[grid@db2 ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> lsdg
State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name
MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576   3145710  2378034                0         2378034              0             N  DATADG/
MOUNTED  NORMAL  N         512   4096  1048576     15342    14416             5114            4651              0             Y  OCRHDS/
ASMCMD> 

[oracle@db2 ~]$ sqlplus  / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Sat May 6 13:54:21 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 3.6077E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2260648 bytes
Variable Size            7247757656 bytes
Database Buffers         2.8723E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers              104382464 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> 

asm-disk-partition-lost-recovery


通过上述恢复,实现asm磁盘分区丢失数据0丢失
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