月归档:十二月 2016

[MySQL异常恢复]mysql ibd文件恢复

在mysql中由于某种原因保存有ibd文件,但是表已经被删除或者frm文件损坏亦或者ibdata文件损坏/丢失等。本文模拟在这种情况下,通过mysql自身技术即可完成ibd文件恢复.
测试环境mysql版本

mysql> select version();
+-----------+
| version() |
+-----------+
| 5.6.25    |
+-----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql主要参数

mysql> show variables like 'innodb_file_per_table';
+-----------------------+-------+
| Variable_name         | Value |
+-----------------------+-------+
| innodb_file_per_table | ON    |
+-----------------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
mysql> show variables like 'innodb_force_recovery';
+-----------------------+-------+
| Variable_name         | Value |
+-----------------------+-------+
| innodb_force_recovery | 0     |
+-----------------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

innodb_file_per_table这个参数为on才能够实现每个表存储单独的ibd文件.innodb_force_recovery参数默认范围0

测试表情况

mysql> use xifenfei;
Database changed
mysql> show tables;
+-----------------------------+
| Tables_in_xifenfei          |
+-----------------------------+
| user_login                  |
+-----------------------------+
1 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select count(*) from user_login;
+----------+
| count(*) |
+----------+
|       48 |
+----------+
1 row in set (0.02 sec)

mysql> desc user_login;
+------------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field      | Type         | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+------------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| ID         | varchar(255) | NO   | PRI | NULL    |       |
| ACCOUNT    | varchar(255) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| LifeCycle  | int(11)      | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| Name       | varchar(255) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| Password   | varchar(255) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| Role       | varchar(255) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| UTime      | varchar(255) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| UserID     | varchar(255) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| UserName   | varchar(255) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| UserStatus | int(11)      | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
+------------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
10 rows in set (0.05 sec)

mysql> select * from user_login limit 1;
+----------------------------------+---------+-----------+-----------+----------
------------------------+------+---------------------+--------------------------
--------+----------+------------+
| ID                               | ACCOUNT | LifeCycle | Name      | Password
                        | Role | UTime               | UserID
        | UserName | UserStatus |
+----------------------------------+---------+-----------+-----------+----------
------------------------+------+---------------------+--------------------------
--------+----------+------------+
| 010d6c85a76c44cba80d07cbd8590bb2 | hyh     |         0 | 胡元会    | 698d51a19
d8a121ce581499d7b701668 | |6|  | 2016-08-30 06:04:32 | 0fe3bc4dd9654687a4b85065e
d5cfee8 | NULL     |          1 |
+----------------------------------+---------+-----------+-----------+----------
------------------------+------+---------------------+--------------------------
--------+----------+------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> show create table user_login \G;
*************************** 1. row *************
       Table: user_login
Create Table: CREATE TABLE `user_login` (
  `ID` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `ACCOUNT` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `LifeCycle` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
  `Name` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `Password` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `Role` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `UTime` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `UserID` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `UserName` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `UserStatus` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`ID`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8
1 row in set (0.00 sec)


mysql> show variables like 'datadir';
+---------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| Variable_name | Value                                         |
+---------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| datadir       | D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\ |
+---------------+-----------------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

备份ibd文件

C:\Users\XIFENFEI>dir D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei\user_login.ibd
 驱动器 D 中的卷没有标签。
 卷的序列号是 4215-1F18

 D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei 的目录

2016-12-02  20:07            98,304 user_login.ibd
               1 个文件         98,304 字节
               0 个目录 78,789,591,040 可用字节
C:\Users\XIFENFEI>cp D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei\user_login.ibd d:/
C:\Users\XIFENFEI>dir d:\user_login.ibd
 驱动器 D 中的卷没有标签。
 卷的序列号是 4215-1F18

 d:\ 的目录

2016-12-25  23:15            98,304 user_login.ibd
               1 个文件         98,304 字节
               0 个目录 78,789,591,040 可用字节

模拟删除表(ibd文件也被删除)

mysql> drop table xifenfei.user_login;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.03 sec)


C:\Users\XIFENFEI>dir D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei\user_login.ibd
 驱动器 D 中的卷没有标签。
 卷的序列号是 4215-1F18

 D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei 的目录

找不到文件

创建新表

mysql> CREATE TABLE `user_login` (
    ->   `ID` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
    ->   `ACCOUNT` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
    ->   `LifeCycle` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
    ->   `Name` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
    ->   `Password` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
    ->   `Role` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
    ->   `UTime` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
    ->   `UserID` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
    ->   `UserName` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
    ->   `UserStatus` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
    ->   PRIMARY KEY (`ID`)
    -> ) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.03 sec)

C:\Users\XIFENFEI>dir D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei\user_login.ibd
 驱动器 D 中的卷没有标签。
 卷的序列号是 4215-1F18

 D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei 的目录

2016-12-25  23:19            98,304 user_login.ibd
               1 个文件         98,304 字节
               0 个目录 78,789,591,040 可用字节

mysql> select count(*) from xifenfei.user_login;
+----------+
| count(*) |
+----------+
|        0 |
+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

停掉mysql,替换user_login.ibd

C:\Users\XIFENFEI>dir D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei\user_login.ibd
 驱动器 D 中的卷没有标签。
 卷的序列号是 4215-1F18

 D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei 的目录

2016-12-25  23:22            98,304 user_login.ibd
               1 个文件         98,304 字节
               0 个目录 78,787,141,632 可用字节

C:\Users\XIFENFEI>cp d:\user_login.ibd D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei\user_login.ibd
C:\Users\XIFENFEI>dir D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei\user_login.ibd
 驱动器 D 中的卷没有标签。
 卷的序列号是 4215-1F18

 D:\xifenfei\mysql-5.6.25-winx64\data\xifenfei 的目录

2016-12-02  20:07            98,304 user_login.ibd
               1 个文件         98,304 字节
               0 个目录 78,787,141,632 可用字节

启动mysql 服务,查询数据库

mysql> select count(*) from xifenfei.user_login;
ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server during query
mysql> exit
Bye

C:\Users\XIFENFEI>mysql -uroot
ERROR 2003 (HY000): Can't connect to MySQL server on 'localhost' (10061)

mysql 日志报错

2016-12-25 23:31:07 11632 [Note] MySQL: ready for connections.
Version: '5.6.25'  socket: ''  port: 3306  MySQL Community Server (GPL)
InnoDB: Error: tablespace id is 56 in the data dictionary
InnoDB: but in file .\xifenfei\user_login.ibd it is 47!
2016-12-25 23:31:31 2eb8  InnoDB: Assertion failure in thread 11960 in file fil0fil.cc line 796
InnoDB: We intentionally generate a memory trap.
InnoDB: Submit a detailed bug report to http://bugs.mysql.com.
InnoDB: If you get repeated assertion failures or crashes, even
InnoDB: immediately after the mysqld startup, there may be

很明显由于替换的ibd文件和现在数据库记录的ibd文件的page的字典信息不匹配,因为数据库无法正常查询该数据,而且mysql为了安全直接把实例给crash了.

恢复操作

mysql> show variables like 'innodb_force_recovery';
+-----------------------+-------+
| Variable_name         | Value |
+-----------------------+-------+
| innodb_force_recovery | 1     |
+-----------------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
mysql> alter table xifenfei.user_login discard tablespace;
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 2 warnings (0.02 sec)

mysql> alter table xifenfei.user_login import tablespace;
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.06 sec)

mysql> select count(*) from xifenfei.user_login;
+----------+
| count(*) |
+----------+
|       48 |
+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from xifenfei.user_login limit 1;
+----------------------------------+---------+-----------+-----------+----------
------------------------+------+---------------------+--------------------------
--------+----------+------------+
| ID                               | ACCOUNT | LifeCycle | Name      | Password
                        | Role | UTime               | UserID
        | UserName | UserStatus |
+----------------------------------+---------+-----------+-----------+----------
------------------------+------+---------------------+--------------------------
--------+----------+------------+
| 010d6c85a76c44cba80d07cbd8590bb2 | hyh     |         0 | 胡元会    | 698d51a19
d8a121ce581499d7b701668 | |6|  | 2016-08-30 06:04:32 | 0fe3bc4dd9654687a4b85065e
d5cfee8 | NULL     |          1 |
+----------------------------------+---------+-----------+-----------+----------
------------------------+------+---------------------+--------------------------
--------+----------+------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

通过mysql自带的discard tablespace和import tablespace操作后,表数据已经可以完成查询了.
mysql日志

2016-12-25 23:34:08 10464 [ERROR] InnoDB: Failed to find tablespace for table '"xifenfei"."user_login"' in the cache. Attempting to load the tablespace with space id 56.
2016-12-25 23:34:08 10464 [ERROR] InnoDB: In file '.\xifenfei\user_login.ibd', tablespace id and flags are 47 and 0, but in the InnoDB data dictionary they are 56 and 0. Have you moved InnoDB .ibd files around without using the commands DISCARD TABLESPACE and IMPORT TABLESPACE? Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/innodb-troubleshooting-datadict.html for how to resolve the issue.
2016-12-25 23:34:08 10464 [ERROR] InnoDB: Could not find a valid tablespace file for 'xifenfei/user_login'. See http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/innodb-troubleshooting-datadict.html for how to resolve the issue.
2016-12-25 23:34:08 30e8 InnoDB: cannot calculate statistics for table "xifenfei"."user_login" because the .ibd file is missing. For help, please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html
2016-12-25 23:34:08 10464 [ERROR] InnoDB: Cannot delete tablespace 56 because it is not found in the tablespace memory cache.
2016-12-25 23:34:08 10464 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot delete tablespace 56 in DISCARD TABLESPACE. Tablespace not found
2016-12-25 23:34:41 10464 [Note] InnoDB: Sync to disk
2016-12-25 23:34:41 10464 [Note] InnoDB: Sync to disk - done!
2016-12-25 23:34:41 10464 [Note] InnoDB: Phase I - Update all pages
2016-12-25 23:34:41 10464 [Note] InnoDB: Sync to disk
2016-12-25 23:34:41 10464 [Note] InnoDB: Sync to disk - done!
2016-12-25 23:34:41 10464 [Warning] InnoDB: Tablespace 'xifenfei/user_login' exists in the cache with id 47 != 56
2016-12-25 23:34:41 10464 [Warning] InnoDB: Freeing existing tablespace 'xifenfei/user_login' entry from the cache with id 56
2016-12-25 23:34:41 10464 [Note] InnoDB: Phase III - Flush changes to disk
2016-12-25 23:34:41 10464 [Note] InnoDB: Phase IV - Flush complete

mysql日志依旧报了page字典信息不匹配.但是数据已经可以访问,通过mysqldump导出重新创建表即可.如果由于ibd损坏使用该方法无法恢复,请参考:MySQL drop database恢复(恢复方法同样适用MySQL drop table,delete,truncate table)

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KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type]

在oracle asm的使用过程中由于操作系统层面的错误操作导致asm disk 被破坏,这里列举了几种破坏之后的kfed报错现象(KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type])
asm mount 磁盘组报错(ORA-15040 ORA-15042)

SQL> alter diskgroup DATA mount;
alter diskgroup DATA mount
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15040: diskgroup is incomplete
ORA-15042: ASM disk "2" is missing from group number "2"

asm alert日志报错(ORA-15335 ORA-15066 ORA-15196等)

ORA-15335: ASM metadata corruption detected in disk group 'DATA'
ORA-15130: diskgroup "DATA" is being dismounted
ORA-15066: offlining disk "DATA_0002" in group "DATA" may result in a data loss
ORA-15196: invalid ASM block header [kfc.c:26368] [endian_kfbh] [2147483651] [48] [0 != 1]

kfed查看磁盘头报错
文件文件头(不光是disk header的4k,可能是连续的几个au,甚至更多)可能彻底损坏,一般kfed 读取都会看到KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type]之类错误

[oracle@fcomtaep2 disks]$ kfed read ASMRECO03
kfbh.endian: 0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard: 0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type: 0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt: 0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk: 0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj: 0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check: 0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base: 0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap: 0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1: 0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2: 0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
7FC18D899400 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 [................]
  Repeat 27 times
7FC18D8995C0 FEEE0001 0001FFFF FFFF0000 00000FFF [................]
7FC18D8995D0 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 [................]
  Repeat 1 times
7FC18D8995F0 00000000 00000000 00000000 AA550000 [..............U.]
7FC18D899600 20494645 54524150 00010000 0000005C [EFI PART....\...] <==== **** Here ******
7FC18D899610 BD82BBB3 00000000 00000001 00000000 [................]
7FC18D899620 0FFFFFFF 00000000 00000022 00000000 [........".......]
7FC18D899630 0FFFFFDE 00000000 FD8857E5 42D7B49B [.........W.....B]
7FC18D899640 0901FA87 6B3DB5AA 00000002 00000000 [......=k........]
7FC18D899650 00000080 00000080 FE48EB77 00000000 [........w.H.....]
7FC18D899660 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 [................]
  Repeat 25 times
7FC18D899800 EBD0A0A2 4433B9E5 B668C087 C79926B7 [......3D..h..&..]
7FC18D899810 5381F6DF 4626F988 0E4F468D D78D3B28 [...S..&F.FO.(;..]
7FC18D899820 000007A1 00000000 0FFFF85F 00000000 [........_.......]
7FC18D899830 00000000 00000000 00720070 006D0069 [........p.r.i.m.]
7FC18D899840 00720061 00000079 00000000 00000000 [a.r.y...........]
7FC18D899850 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 [................]
 Repeat 186 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][0]

“EFI PART”是分区的元数据,一般是被分区导致asm disk损坏.

[ebernal@dbaasm new2]$ kfed read emcpowerl | head -25
kfbh.endian: 0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard: 0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type: 0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt: 0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk: 0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj: 0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check: 0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base: 0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap: 0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1: 0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2: 0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
2ABD671E9400 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 [................]
  Repeat 31 times
2ABD671E9600 4542414C 454E4F4C 00000001 00000000 [LABELONE........]
2ABD671E9610 E4E1DDB1 00000020 324D564C 31303020 [.... ...LVM2 001] <==== **** Here ******
2ABD671E9620 50365A77 71327874 34303156 4B4E6136 [wZ6Ptx2qV1046aNK]
2ABD671E9630 35395159 5147634C 487A5A38 63575A37 [YQ95LcGQ8ZzH7ZWc]
2ABD671E9640 00000000 00000019 00030000 00000000 [................]
2ABD671E9650 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 [................]
2ABD671E9660 00000000 00000000 00001000 00000000 [................]
2ABD671E9670 0002F000 00000000 00000000 00000000 [................]
2ABD671E9680 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 [................]
  Repeat 215 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][0]

“LVM2 001” 是逻辑卷的名字,该asm disk很可能被做为lvm管理而被破坏

[ebernal@dbaasm tars]$ kfed read rhdisk16
kfbh.endian:                         65 ; 0x000: 0x41
kfbh.hard:                           73 ; 0x001: 0x49
kfbh.type:                           88 ; 0x002: *** Unknown Enum ***
kfbh.datfmt:                         32 ; 0x003: 0x20
kfbh.block.blk:              1111709260 ; 0x004: blk=1111709260
kfbh.block.obj:              1634861056 ; 0x008: file=131072
kfbh.check:                         119 ; 0x00c: 0x00000077
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
2B6FE2AC1400 20584941 4243564C 61720000 00000077  [AIX LVCB..raw...] <==== **** Here ******
2B6FE2AC1410 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
2B6FE2AC1420 00000000 00000000 30300000 38306430  [..........000d08]
2B6FE2AC1430 30306131 34643030 30303030 31303030  [1a0000d400000001]
2B6FE2AC1440 61006533 766C6D73 7461645F 00003161  [3e.asmlv_data1..]
2B6FE2AC1450 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
        Repeat 2 times
2B6FE2AC1480 54000000 4D206575 20207961 31312037  [...Tue May  7 11]
2B6FE2AC1490 3A33343A 32203633 0A333130 00000000  [:43:36 2013.....]
2B6FE2AC14A0 65755400 79614D20 20372020 343A3131  [.Tue May  7 11:4]
2B6FE2AC14B0 34323A38 31303220 00000A33 44000000  [8:24 2013......D]
2B6FE2AC14C0 41313830 30303444 6D6D7900 02007900  [081AD400.ymm.y..]
2B6FE2AC14D0 0100E40C 656E6F4E 00000000 00000000  [....None........]
2B6FE2AC14E0 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
        Repeat 14 times
2B6FE2AC15D0 00000000 00000000 65310000 61653934  [..........1e49ea]
2B6FE2AC15E0 342E3862 00000000 00000000 00000000  [b8.4............]
2B6FE2AC15F0 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
  Repeat 224 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][88]

这里的“AIX LVCB..raw” 是AIX OS volume 的元数据库,也就是说,asm disk 被作为了aix os层面破坏

[oracle@dbep2 disks]$ kfed read asm-disk3
kfbh.endian: 0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard: 0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type: 0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt: 0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk: 0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj: 0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check: 0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base: 0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap: 0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1: 0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2: 0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
06000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 [................]
  Repeat 25 times
0602100 51e2b7f6 00ed4e00 00000000 00000001  [...Q.N..........]
0602120 00000000 0000000b 00000100 0000003c [............<...]
0602140 00000242 0000007b 5d8468e7 6147782a [B...{....h.]*xGa]
0602160 d17851a2 327552e2 00000000 00000000 [.Qx..Ru2........]
0602200 00000000 00000000 3130752f 91a4f000 [......../u01....] <==== **** Here ******
0602220 ff8808e4 d5104cff 000000ac 00000100 [.....L..........]
0602240 00000000 00000000 00000000 09d18000 [................]
  Repeat 254 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][88]

这里的/u01很可能表明该asm disk被文件系统覆盖

对于asm disk的各种破坏情况,如果是normal/high冗余,那么asm dg没有问题,可以考虑通过删除异常盘,然后重新加入;如果是外部冗余遭遇到asm disk 被破坏,一般asm disk 会dismount,而且无法正常mount,如果有备份的磁盘头,可以尝试还原磁盘头,mount 磁盘组,然后只读方式迁移数据;如果没有备份磁盘头或者还原之后也无法mount,可能需要通过一些额外的方式处理比如通过工具在asm dismount状态下恢复数据文件,甚至通过对asm block/oracle block碎片重组的方式恢复数据.参考相关文章:
oracle asm系列文章汇总
pvid=yes导致asm无法mount
asm disk header 彻底损坏恢复
分区无法识别导致asm diskgroup无法mount
oracle asm disk格式化恢复—格式化为ext4文件系统
oracle asm disk格式化恢复—格式化为ntfs文件系统
asm disk误设置pvid导致asm diskgroup无法mount恢复
分享oracleasm createdisk重新创建asm disk后数据0丢失恢复案例
ORA-15042: ASM disk “N” is missing from group number “M” 故障恢复
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