月归档:十二月 2015

type为TEMPORARY,name为file#.block#对象重现和清理

在数据库的使用中你可能注意到了,在某些情况下,可能出现某些segment的type为TEMPORARY,名字为file#.block#的格式的对象.这里我通过试验重现该对象并且给出清理方法
创建表空间/用户

SQL> create tablespace test datafile 
  2  '/u01/app/oracle/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/ora10g/test01.dbf'
  3  size 128M autoextend on;

Tablespace created.

SQL> create user chf identified by oracle;

User created.

SQL> grant dba to chf;

Grant succeeded.

创建模拟对象
本次通过一个index对象经过一些列操作使其变为我们需要的TEMPORARY对象

SQL> conn chf/oracle
Connected.
SQL> create table t_xifenfei tablespace test
  2  as select * from dba_objects;

Table created.

SQL> create index idx_t_xifenfei on t_xifenfei(object_id) tablespace test;

Index created.

SQL> select header_file,header_block from DBA_SEGMENTS 
  2   where segment_name='IDX_T_XIFENFEI' AND OWNER='CHF';

HEADER_FILE HEADER_BLOCK
----------- ------------
          5          267

破坏segment header
这里通过dd 把该block重置为空块,然后rman检查坏块,证明我们处理正常把index的segment header弄成了空块

SQL> select name from v$datafile where file#=5;

NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/u01/app/oracle/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/ora10g/test01.dbf

SQL> conn / as sysdba
Connected.
SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

[oracle@xffdbrh5 ~]$ dd if=/dev/zero 
>of=/u01/app/oracle/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/ora10g/test01.dbf 
>bs=8192 count=1 seek=267 conv=notrunc
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
8192 bytes (8.2 kB) copied, 0.000100548 seconds, 81.5 MB/s
[oracle@xffdbrh5 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Mon Dec 21 16:30:56 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  901775360 bytes
Fixed Size                  2024944 bytes
Variable Size             138414608 bytes
Database Buffers          759169024 bytes
Redo Buffers                2166784 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

[oracle@xffdbrh5 ~]$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Mon Dec 21 16:33:00 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: ORA10G (DBID=4205072872)

RMAN> backup validate check logical datafile 5;

Starting backup at 21-DEC-15
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=144 devtype=DISK
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backupset
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backupset
input datafile fno=00005 name=/u01/app/oracle/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/ora10g/test01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished backup at 21-DEC-15

RMAN> exit


Recovery Manager complete.
[oracle@xffdbrh5 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Mon Dec 21 16:33:50 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options

SQL> select * from V$DATABASE_BLOCK_CORRUPTION ;

     FILE#     BLOCK#     BLOCKS CORRUPTION_CHANGE# CORRUPTIO
---------- ---------- ---------- ------------------ ---------
         5        267          1                  0 ALL ZERO

index segment header异常
index异常后,通过rebuild报ora-08103错误

SQL> alter index chf.idx_t_xifenfei rebuild;
alter index chf.idx_t_xifenfei rebuild
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-08103: object no longer exists

重现TEMPORARY对象
通过删除index,然后发现了我们久违的TEMPORARY类型的对象出现

SQL> drop index chf.idx_t_xifenfei;

Index dropped.

SQL> col SEGMENT_NAME for a20
SQL>  select segment_name,segment_type from user_segments;

SEGMENT_NAME         SEGMENT_TYPE
-------------------- ------------------
T_XIFENFEI           TABLE
5.267                TEMPORARY

清理TEMPORARY对象

SQL> CONN / AS SYSDBA
Connected.
SQL> exec dbms_space_admin.segment_corrupt('TEST',5,267);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> exec dbms_space_admin.segment_drop_corrupt('TEST',5,267);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> select segment_name,segment_type from DBA_SEGMENTS WHERE OWNER='CHF';

SEGMENT_NAME         SEGMENT_TYPE
-------------------- ------------------
T_XIFENFEI           TABLE

通过试验证明:当segment header异常,并且删除该对象,就会出现type为TEMPORARY,名字为file#.block#的格式的对象.我们可以通过dbms_space_admin包处理该类异常对象,让他们彻底从数据库中清除掉

发表在 Oracle | 标签为 | 评论关闭

oracle asm disk格式化恢复—格式化为ntfs文件系统

接到网友请求,由于操作人员粗心把asm disk的磁盘映射到另外的机器上,并且格式化为了win ntfs文件系统,导致asm 磁盘组异常,数据库无法使用
asm 日志报ORA-27072错

Mon Nov 30 12:00:13 2015
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04008: WriteFile() 失败, 无法写入文件
O/S-Error: (OS 21) 设备未就绪。
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):0.0xf0f0bbfb disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA0
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):2093056 io_size:4096 operation:Write type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
WARNING: disk 0.4042308603 (DATA_0000) not responding to heart beat
ERROR: too many offline disks in PST (grp 1)
WARNING: Disk DATA_0000 in mode 0x7f will be taken offline
Mon Nov 30 12:00:13 2015
NOTE: process 576:37952 initiating offline of disk 0.4042308603 (DATA_0000) with mask 0x7e in group 1
WARNING: Disk DATA_0000 in mode 0x7f is now being taken offline
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 1, dsk = 0/0xf0f0bbfb, mode = 0x15
kfdp_updateDsk(): 5 
kfdp_updateDskBg(): 5 
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):1.0xf0f0bbfc disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA1
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1048576 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):1.0xf0f0bbfc disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA1
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1052672 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):2.0xf0f0bbfd disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA2
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1048576 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):2.0xf0f0bbfd disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA2
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1052672 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):3.0xf0f0bbfe disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA3
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1048576 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):3.0xf0f0bbfe disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA3
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1052672 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):4.0xf0f0bbff disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA4
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1048576 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):4.0xf0f0bbff disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA4
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1052672 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):6.0xf0f0bc01 disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA6
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1048576 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):6.0xf0f0bc01 disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA6
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1052672 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):7.0xf0f0bc02 disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA7
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1048576 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
Errors in file c:\app\administrator\diag\asm\+asm\+asm\trace\+asm_gmon_868.trc:
ORA-27072: File I/O error
WARNING: IO Failed. group:1 disk(number.incarnation):7.0xf0f0bc02 disk_path:\\.\ORCLDISKDATA7
	 AU:1 disk_offset(bytes):1052672 io_size:4096 operation:Read type:synchronous
	 result:I/O error process_id:868
ERROR: no PST quorum in group: required 1, found 0
WARNING: Disk DATA_0000 in mode 0x7f offline aborted
Mon Nov 30 12:00:14 2015
SQL> alter diskgroup DATA dismount force /* ASM SERVER */ 
NOTE: cache dismounting (not clean) group 1/0xBB404B03 (DATA) 
Mon Nov 30 12:00:14 2015
NOTE: halting all I/Os to diskgroup DATA
Mon Nov 30 12:00:14 2015
NOTE: LGWR doing non-clean dismount of group 1 (DATA)
NOTE: LGWR sync ABA=367.7265 last written ABA 367.7265
NOTE: cache dismounted group 1/0xBB404B03 (DATA) 
kfdp_dismount(): 6 
kfdp_dismountBg(): 6 
NOTE: De-assigning number (1,0) from disk (\\.\ORCLDISKDATA0)
NOTE: De-assigning number (1,1) from disk (\\.\ORCLDISKDATA1)
NOTE: De-assigning number (1,2) from disk (\\.\ORCLDISKDATA2)
NOTE: De-assigning number (1,3) from disk (\\.\ORCLDISKDATA3)
NOTE: De-assigning number (1,4) from disk (\\.\ORCLDISKDATA4)
NOTE: De-assigning number (1,5) from disk (\\.\ORCLDISKDATA5)
NOTE: De-assigning number (1,6) from disk (\\.\ORCLDISKDATA6)
NOTE: De-assigning number (1,7) from disk (\\.\ORCLDISKDATA7)
SUCCESS: diskgroup DATA was dismounted
NOTE: cache deleting context for group DATA 1/-1153414397
SUCCESS: alter diskgroup DATA dismount force /* ASM SERVER */
ERROR: PST-initiated MANDATORY DISMOUNT of group DATA

这里的asm日志很明显由于asm disk无法正常访问,报ORA-27072错误,磁盘组强制dismount.

分析磁盘情况
asm-disk1
asm-disk2


通过与客户沟通,确定从I到O本为asm disk 被格式化为了NTFS文件系统的磁盘,结合asmtool分析可以发现还有一个asm disk没有格式化掉,该磁盘组中一个共有8个磁盘格式化掉了7个.

通过kfed分析磁盘信息

C:\Users\Administrator>kfed read '\\.\J:'
kfbh.endian:                        235 ; 0x000: 0xeb
kfbh.hard:                           82 ; 0x001: 0x52
kfbh.type:                          144 ; 0x002: *** Unknown Enum ***
kfbh.datfmt:                         78 ; 0x003: 0x4e
kfbh.block.blk:               542328404 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0x20534654
kfbh.block.obj:                 2105376 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x0 NUMB=0x2020
kfbh.check:                        2050 ; 0x00c: 0x00000802
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                    63488 ; 0x014: 0x0000f800
kfbh.spare1:                   16711743 ; 0x018: 0x00ff003f
kfbh.spare2:                       2048 ; 0x01c: 0x00000800
ERROR!!!, failed to get the oracore error message

C:\Users\Administrator>kfed read '\\.\J:' blkn=2
kfbh.endian:                         70 ; 0x000: 0x46
kfbh.hard:                           73 ; 0x001: 0x49
kfbh.type:                           76 ; 0x002: *** Unknown Enum ***
kfbh.datfmt:                         69 ; 0x003: 0x45
kfbh.block.blk:                  196656 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0x30030
kfbh.block.obj:                33563364 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x0 NUMB=0x22e4
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                    65537 ; 0x010: 0x00010001
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                    65592 ; 0x014: 0x00010038
kfbh.spare1:                        416 ; 0x018: 0x000001a0
kfbh.spare2:                       1024 ; 0x01c: 0x00000400
ERROR!!!, failed to get the oracore error message

C:\Users\Administrator>kfed read '\\.\J:' blkn=256
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                           13 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_PST_NONE
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:              2147483648 ; 0x004: T=1 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483654 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x8 NUMB=0x6
kfbh.check:                    17662471 ; 0x00c: 0x010d8207
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
ERROR!!!, failed to get the oracore error message

C:\Users\Administrator>kfed read '\\.\J:' blkn=510
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                     254 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0xfe
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483654 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x8 NUMB=0x6
kfbh.check:                   717599272 ; 0x00c: 0x2ac5b228
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr:    ORCLDISKDATA6 ; 0x000: length=13
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:   1096040772 ; 0x008: 0x41544144
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:           54 ; 0x00c: 0x00000036
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
…………

通过分析,可以确定asm disk的备份block没有被覆盖,原则上可以通过备份block实现磁盘组恢复,从而减小了恢复难度

kfed恢复磁盘头

C:\Users\Administrator> kfed repair '\\.\J:'
C:\Users\Administrator>kfed read '\\.\J:' 
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                     254 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0xfe
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483654 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x8 NUMB=0x6
kfbh.check:                   717599272 ; 0x00c: 0x2ac5b228
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr:    ORCLDISKDATA6 ; 0x000: length=13
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:   1096040772 ; 0x008: 0x41544144
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:           54 ; 0x00c: 0x00000036
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
…………

确定asm disk相关信息
对于7个被格式化的磁盘都进行类似处理之后,通过工具看到相关磁盘信息如下
asm-disk3


恢复处理
根据ntfs的文件系统分布,我们可以知道,虽然asm disk header备份block正常,但是asm disk中间部分依旧有不少au会被破坏
ntfs


这样的情况,不合适直接使用工具拷贝出来datafile(由于可能记录block的字典正好被覆盖,导致拷贝出来的文件异常,在恢复过程中我们也做了试验小文件拷贝ok,大文件拷贝然后使用dbv检测有很多坏块),我们采用工具(asm disk header 彻底损坏恢复)从底层扫描直接重组出来asm disk中的数据文件,然后结合拷贝出来的控制文件,redo文件,参数文件,然后通过重命名相关路径,然后直接open数据库

Q:\>sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on 星期三 1月 22 16:08:18 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


连接到:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options


SQL> set pages 1000
SQL> col name for a100
SQL> set lines 150
SQL> select file#,name from v$datafile;

     FILE# NAME
---------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
         1 +DATA/vspdb/datafile/system.256.778520603
         2 +DATA/vspdb/datafile/sysaux.257.778520603
         3 +DATA/vspdb/datafile/undotbs1.258.778520603
         4 +DATA/vspdb/datafile/users.259.778520603
         5 +DATA/vspdb/datafile/vsp_tbs.293.779926097
        …………
       147 +DATA/vspdb/datafile/index_dg.418.864665747
       148 +DATA/vspdb/datafile/data_dg.419.864667053
       149 +DATA/vspdb/datafile/vsp_mm_tbs.420.890410367
       150 +DATA/vspdb/datafile/vsp_mm_tbs.421.890410457

SQL> select member from v$logfile;

MEMBER
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+DATA/vspdb/onlinelog/group_7.263.862676593
+DATA/vspdb/onlinelog/group_7.262.862676601
+DATA/vspdb/onlinelog/group_4.410.862652291
+DATA/vspdb/onlinelog/group_4.411.862652307
+DATA/vspdb/onlinelog/group_5.412.862653715
+DATA/vspdb/onlinelog/group_5.413.862653727
+DATA/vspdb/onlinelog/group_6.414.862676425
+DATA/vspdb/onlinelog/group_6.415.862676433

重命名数据文件和redo文件,open数据库

SQL> recover database;
完成介质恢复。
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。

已用时间:  00: 00: 04.51

由于部分block被覆盖,使用空块代替,导致数据访问到该block就会出现ora-8103(模拟普通ORA-08103并解决,模拟极端ORA-08103并解决)错误,对于该种对象,最简单处理方法就是直接通过dul抽出来数据然后truncate table重新导入数据,当然如果你想彻底安全逻辑方式重建库最靠谱
如果您遇到此类情况,无法解决请联系我们,提供专业ORACLE数据库恢复技术支持
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445QQ咨询惜分飞    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

发表在 Oracle ASM, 非常规恢复 | 标签为 , , , , | 评论关闭

ORA-10562 故障恢复—allow 1 corruption

朋友数据库由于存储变动,导致数据库瞬间hang住,然后直接crash,之后无法正常启动,请求技术支持.
数据库报ORA-00600[2131]错误
不能mount,可以通过重建控制文件解决

Mon Nov 30 20:35:38 2015
alter database mount
Mon Nov 30 20:35:38 2015
NOTE: Loaded library: System 
Mon Nov 30 20:35:38 2015
SUCCESS: diskgroup DATADG was mounted
Mon Nov 30 20:35:38 2015
NOTE: dependency between database xifenfei and diskgroup resource ora.DATADG.dg is established
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei1/trace/xifenfei1_ora_26450.trc  (incident=3032256):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2131], [33], [32], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-600 signalled during: alter database mount...

尝试recover数据库

Mon Nov 30 20:45:53 2015
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database  
Media Recovery Start
 started logmerger process
Parallel Media Recovery started with 80 slaves
Mon Nov 30 20:45:56 2015
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 2 Group 11 Seq 617 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: +DATADG/xifenfei/redo011.log
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 4 Seq 5410 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: +DATADG/xifenfei/redo04.log
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 5 Seq 5411 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: +DATADG/xifenfei/redo05.log
Mon Nov 30 20:46:07 2015
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 6 Seq 5412 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: +DATADG/xifenfei/redo06.log
Mon Nov 30 20:46:13 2015
Exception [type: SIGSEGV, Address not mapped to object] [ADDR:0xC] [PC:0x95FB502, kdxlin()+4088] [flags: 0x0, count: 1]
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei1/trace/xifenfei1_pr13_30480.trc  (incident=3032568):
ORA-07445: 出现异常错误: 核心转储 [kdxlin()+4088] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0xC] [PC:0x95FB502] [Address not mapped to object] []
Mon Nov 30 20:46:17 2015
Sweep [inc][3032568]: completed
Sweep [inc2][3032568]: completed
Mon Nov 30 20:46:31 2015
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei1/trace/xifenfei1_pr13_30480.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 2, block# 165054)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSAUX
ORA-01110: 数据文件 2: '+DATADG/xifenfei/datafile/sysaux.265.861925867'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 271
ORA-00607: 当更改数据块时出现内部错误
ORA-00602: 内部编程异常错误
ORA-07445: 出现异常错误: 核心转储 [kdxlin()+4088] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0xC] [PC:0x95FB502] [Address not mapped to object] []
Mon Nov 30 20:46:31 2015
Recovery Slave PR13 previously exited with exception 10562
Mon Nov 30 20:46:33 2015
Checker run found 28 new persistent data failures
Mon Nov 30 20:46:35 2015
Media Recovery failed with error 448
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei1/trace/xifenfei1_pr00_30400.trc:
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-00448: 后台进程正常结束
ORA-10562 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database  ...

通过这里可以看到,由于在recover 操作之时,由于某种原因redo的数据无法apply到file 2 block 165054中,导致数据库recover database失败.

按照数据文件recover操作

SQL> recover datafile 1;
Media recovery complete.
SQL> recover datafile 3,4,5,6,7;
Media recovery complete.
SQL> recover datafile 8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28;              
Media recovery complete.
SQL> recover datafile 2;
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 2, block#
165054)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSAUX
ORA-01110: data file 2: '+DATADG/xifenfei/datafile/sysaux.265.861925867'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 271
ORA-00607: Internal error occurred while making a change to a data block
ORA-00602: internal programming exception
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kdxlin()+4088] [SIGSEGV]
[ADDR:0xC] [PC:0x95FB502] [Address not mapped to object] []

错误提示和recover database一样,那我们只能让恢复跳过该block继续恢复,因为根据经验判断data object# 271不是系统核心对象,不会影响数据库的启动

跳过坏块继续恢复

SQL> recover  datafile 2 allow 1 corruption;
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [3020], [2], [69793], [8458401], [],
[], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with data block (file# 2, block# 69793, file
offset is 571744256 bytes)
ORA-10564: tablespace SYSAUX
ORA-01110: data file 2: '+DATADG/xifenfei/datafile/sysaux.265.861925867'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 272


SQL> recover  datafile 2 allow 1 corruption;
Media recovery complete.
SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

出现了ORA-600[3020] 继续跳过坏块,然后数据库顺利open,别忘记加tempfile

处理异常对象

SQL> select object_name,object_type from dba_objects where data_object_id in(272,271);

OBJECT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OBJECT_TYPE
-------------------
SMON_SCN_TIME_TIM_IDX
INDEX

SMON_SCN_TIME_SCN_IDX
INDEX

SQL> select index_name from dba_indexes where table_name='SMON_SCN_TIME';

INDEX_NAME
------------------------------
SMON_SCN_TIME_TIM_IDX
SMON_SCN_TIME_SCN_IDX

SQL> set pages 1000
SQL> set long 1000
SQL> Select dbms_metadata.get_ddl('TABLE','SMON_SCN_TIME','SYS') FROM DUAL ;

DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('TABLE','SMON_SCN_TIME','SYS')
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  CREATE TABLE "SYS"."SMON_SCN_TIME"
   (    "THREAD" NUMBER,
        "TIME_MP" NUMBER,
        "TIME_DP" DATE,
        "SCN_WRP" NUMBER,
        "SCN_BAS" NUMBER,
        "NUM_MAPPINGS" NUMBER,
        "TIM_SCN_MAP" RAW(1200),
        "SCN" NUMBER DEFAULT 0,
        "ORIG_THREAD" NUMBER DEFAULT 0           /* for downgrade */
   ) CLUSTER "SYS"."SMON_SCN_TO_TIME_AUX" ("THREAD")

SQL> analyze table smon_scn_time validate structure cascade online;
analyze table smon_scn_time validate structure cascade online
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 2, block # 165054)
ORA-01110: data file 2: '+DATADG/xifenfei/datafile/sysaux.265.861925867'

SQL> truncate CLUSTER "SYS"."SMON_SCN_TO_TIME_AUX";

Cluster truncated.

关于SMON_SCN_TIME部分处理,可以参考:关于SMON_SCN_TIME若干问题说明.至此数据库基本上恢复完成,而且运气非常好,恢复的非常完美,数据实现0丢失.

发表在 Oracle备份恢复 | 标签为 , , , , | 评论关闭