月归档:三月 2015

InMemory评估利器—Oracle Database InMemory Advisor

我想大家都可能有一个疑问,数据库从以前版本升级到12C,计划使用in-memory特性,那我怎么评估哪些表放进去合适,放进去后,整体性能又会提升多少,需要in-memory内存为多大?这些问题如果人工去判断不一定准确,而且可能有很多遗落,Oracle也考虑到了这一点,因此发布了Oracle Database InMemory Advisor,从而来比较简单的实现数据库使用In-Memory简单配置.Oracle Database InMemory Advisor主要通过DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR包分析 Active Session History (ASH), Automatic Workload Repository (AWR) and SQL Tuning Sets (STS)信息进行分析,给出建议.

Oracle Database InMemory Advisor使用前提
1.数据库版本为11.2.0.3及其以上版本(compatibility>=11.2.0.3)
2.需要有Database Tuning pack liscense支持(仅仅是liscense,不是功能)

安装Oracle Database InMemory Advisor

[oracle@localhost xff]$ unzip imadvisor.zip 
Archive:  imadvisor.zip
  inflating: instimadv.sql           
  inflating: dbmsimadv.sql           
  inflating: prvtimadv.plb           
  inflating: dbmsimadvint.plb        
  inflating: prvtimadvint.plb       
  inflating: schmimadv.sql           
  inflating: imadvisor_version.sql   
  inflating: imadvisor_load_report_templates.sql  
  inflating: imadvisor_clone_view.sql  
  inflating: imadvisor_analyze_and_report.sql  
  inflating: imadvisor_spool_debug.sql  
  inflating: imadvisor_export.sql    
  inflating: imadvisor_DataPump.sql  
  inflating: imadvisor_awr_augment_export.sql  
  inflating: imadvisor_awr_augment_import.sql  
  inflating: imadvisor_awr_augment_tables.sql  
  inflating: imadvisor_fetch_recommendations.sql  
[oracle@localhost xff]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Wed Mar 18 16:21:08 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> @instimadv
Welcome to the Oracle Database In-Memory Advisor (DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR)
installation.

The Oracle Database In-Memory Advisor is licensed as part of the Oracle Tuning Pack.
Do you currently have a valid Oracle Tuning Pack license with this database (Y/N)? Y

DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR uses Active Session History (ASH), Automatic Workload
Repository (AWR) and optionally SQL Tuning Sets (STS) to determine which
tables, partitions and subpartitions to place In Memory for optimized analytics
processing performance.  DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR produces a recommendation report
and a SQLPlus script to implement its recommendations.

This installation script will create user IMADVISOR and add object
definitions to the schema including the DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR package.  This
installation script creates user IMADVISOR using the
IDENTIFIED BY password method. If you prefer to use either the
IDENTIFIED EXTERNALLY or IDENTIFIED GLOBALLY method, abort this installation
by pressing ^C. Then create user IMADVISOR using your preferred
method.  Add no objects to the IMADVISOR schema.  Then run this
installation script again.

These actions will be taken on the database to which you are currently
connected.

Please enter the connection ID for the current database?
qsng      

This installation script creates a new Oracle database user and schema
named IMADVISOR for the operation of DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR...

Please enter the password for user IMADVISOR?

For confirmation, please re-enter the password for user IMADVISOR?

Available tablespaces:

TABLESPACE_NAME
------------------------------
FSDATA
MYDATA
SYSAUX
SYSTEM
TEMP
UNDOTBS1
USERS
Please enter the default tablespace name for user IMADVISOR?
users
The In-Memory Advisor uses the Oracle directory object IMADVISOR_DIRECTORY
by default.
If you wish to create the IMADVISOR_DIRECTORY object, please enter an OS host
directory path for the IMADVISOR_DIRECTORY object.
If not, please press ENTER to continue.
? /tmp/xff
Connecting to IMADVISOR @ qsng..
Enter password: 
Connected.
No errors.
No errors.
No errors.
No errors.
No errors.
No errors.

DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR installation successful.

Users who will use the DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR package must be GRANTed
EXECUTE on the DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR package.

Please enter a comma separated list of Oracle Database users to whom
you wish EXECUTE on the DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR package to be GRANTed?
SYS

GRANT EXECUTE ON dbms_inmemory_advisor TO SYS

While logged in as IMADVISOR or with sufficient privileges, you can
GRANT EXECUTE ON DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR to additional users as needed.

DBMS_INMEMORY_ADVISOR installation and setup complete.

Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

Oracle Database InMemory Advisor生成报告

[oracle@localhost xff]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Wed Mar 18 16:30:57 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> @imadvisor_analyze_and_report


Specify the IM task name
The IM Advisor generates a report as  imadvisor_<taskname>.html file
in the current working directory
The sql file is generated as imadvisor_sql_<taskname>.sql

Enter value for im_task_name: xifenfei

IM Task name Specified: xifenfei
Enter begin time for report:

--    Valid input formats:
--      To specify absolute begin time:
--        [MM/DD[/YY]] HH24:MI[:SS]
--        Examples: 02/23/03 14:30:15
--                  02/23 14:30:15
--                  14:30:15
--                  14:30
--      To specify relative begin time: (start with '-' sign)
--        -[HH24:]MI
--        Examples: -1:15  (SYSDATE - 1 Hr 15 Mins)
--                  -25    (SYSDATE - 25 Mins)

Enter value for begin_time: -3
Report begin time specified: -3

old 102:   lbtime_in  := nvl('&&begin_time', '-60');
new 102:   lbtime_in  := nvl('-3', '-60');
old 104:   :btime := to_char( begin_time, '&&imadvisor_time_format' );
new 104:   :btime := to_char( begin_time, 'YYYY-MON-DD HH24:MI:SS.FF' );

Enter duration in minutes starting from begin time:
Defaults to SYSDATE - begin_time

Enter value for duration: 
Report duration specified:
old   8:   begin_time := to_timestamp(:btime, '&&imadvisor_time_format');
new   8:   begin_time := to_timestamp(:btime, 'YYYY-MON-DD HH24:MI:SS.FF');
old  18:   duration   := nvl('&&duration', since_begin_time);
new  18:   duration   := nvl('', since_begin_time);
old  29:   :etime := to_char( end_time, '&&imadvisor_time_format' );
new  29:   :etime := to_char( end_time, 'YYYY-MON-DD HH24:MI:SS.FF' );

Using 2015-MAR-18 16:28:22.000000000 as report begin time
Using 2015-MAR-18 16:31:22.000000000 as report end time

IM Advisor: Adding Statistics..
IMADVISOR: Finished Adding Statistics
IMADVISOR: Finished Executing the task
IM Advisor: Generating Recommendations..

imadvisor_xifenfei.html

imadvisor_sql_xifenfei.html

imadvisor_object_xifenfei.html

imadvisor_xifenfei.sql
'Fetching recommendation files for task xifenfei'
IM Advisor generated report in imadvisor_xifenfei.html
IM Advisor genreated DDL script in imadvisor_xifenfei.sql
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
[oracle@localhost xff]$ ls -ltr *xifenfei*
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall   887 Mar 18 16:33 imadvisor_xifenfei.sql
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 30175 Mar 18 16:33 imadvisor_xifenfei.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 13576 Mar 18 16:33 imadvisor_sql_xifenfei.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall  8931 Mar 18 16:33 imadvisor_object_xifenfei.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall  3405 Mar 18 16:33 imadvisor_auxiliary_xifenfei.html

这里输入的Task name为:xifenfei,Oracle Database InMemory Advisor结果
imadvisor_xifenfei.html是InMemory Advisor的一个整体描述
imadvisor_xifenfei.sql是InMemory Advisor生成的表级别的INMEMORY语句,可以直接通过@方式执行,或者修改后执行
imadvisor_sql_xifenfei.html主要是InMemory Advisor中关于sql的分析报告
imadvisor_object_xifenfei.html是InMemory Advisor中建议InMemory处理的对象分析报告
imadvisor_auxiliary_xifenfei.html 是一个辅助的总结

卸载Oracle Database InMemory Advisor

[oracle@localhost ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Wed Mar 18 21:55:49 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> drop user imadvisor cascade;

User dropped.

补充内容
1.在某些情况下,可能无法直接创建用户imadvisor,或者创建目录imadvisor_directory,可以通过类似命令创建,并修改instimadv.sql脚本屏蔽掉交互式安装

create user IMADVISOR identified by Oracle_123 DEFAULT TABLESPACE system;
CREATE OR REPLACE DIRECTORY imadvisor_directory AS '/tmp/xff/txt';
GRANT READ, WRITE ON DIRECTORY imadvisor_directory TO IMADVISOR;

2.在执行@imadvisor_analyze_and_report生成报告,可能会遇到ORA-24817: Unable to allocate the given chunk for current lob operation,解决方案为:

1. Copy the original script to a new location to serve as a backup.
2. Edit the script imadvisor_fetch_recommendations.sql and change the line in the script:
SET LONGCHUNKSIZE 2000000000
to
SET LONGCHUNKSIZE 32767
3. Save and run the script.

参考文档
Oracle Database InMemory Advisor (Doc ID 1965343.1)
Using Inmemory Advisor Errors When Running Imadvisor_analyze_and_report (Doc ID 1987462.1)

发表在 ORACLE 12C | 标签为 , , | 评论关闭

分享I_OBJ4 ORA-8102故障恢复案例

在测试环境中对于OBJ$中i_obj4中出现ORA-8102进行了重新并恢复测试,认为自己已经比较清楚的掌握了I_OBJ4的ORA-8102问题处理,可是实际的一个案例,还是比较比实验中复杂,这里贴出来主要操作供大家参考,再次证明数据库恢复的场景不可大意,客户的故障只有你想不到的,没有遇不到的
通过bbed修改obj$中dataobj$重现I_OBJ4索引报ORA-08102错误
使用bbed 修复I_OBJ4 index 报ORA-8102
数据库创建表提示ORA-8102错误

SQL> startup 
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2.6991E+10 bytes
Fixed Size		    2213976 bytes
Variable Size		 1.9327E+10 bytes
Database Buffers	 7516192768 bytes
Redo Buffers		  145174528 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

SQL> create table t1 as select * from dual;    
create table t1 as select * from dual
                                 *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 39, file 1, block 93842 (2)

分析ORA-08102错误

SQL> select object_name,object_type from dba_objects where object_id=39;

OBJECT_NAME                    OBJECT_TYPE
------------------------------ -------------------
I_OBJ4                         INDEX

SQL> create table t1 as select * from dual;    
create table t1 as select * from dual
                                 *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 39, file 1, block 93842 (2)


SQL> select /*+ index(t i_obj4) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t  
minus
select /*+ full(t1) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t1; 
  2    3  
  DATAOBJ#	TYPE#	  OWNER#
---------- ---------- ----------
     97109	    0	       0

SQL>  select /*+ full(t1) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t1
  minus
  select /*+ index(t i_obj4) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t  
  ;
  2    3    4  
  DATAOBJ#	TYPE#	  OWNER#
---------- ---------- ----------
     97094	    0	       0

SQL> SET LINES 122
COL INDEX_OWNER FOR A20
COL INDEX_NAME FOR A30
COL TABLE_OWNER FOR A20
COL COLUMN_NAME FOR A25
SELECT TABLE_OWNER,INDEX_NAME,COLUMN_NAME,COLUMN_POSITION
  FROM Dba_Ind_Columns
 WHERE table_name = upper('&TABLE_NAME') order by TABLE_OWNER,INDEX_OWNER,INDEX_NAME,COLUMN_POSITION
and index_name='I_OBJ4';
SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL>   2    3  
Enter value for table_name: OBJ$
old   3:  WHERE table_name = upper('&TABLE_NAME') order by TABLE_OWNER,INDEX_OWNER,INDEX_NAME,COLUMN_POSITION
new   3:  WHERE table_name = upper('OBJ$') order by TABLE_OWNER,INDEX_OWNER,INDEX_NAME,COLUMN_POSITION

TABLE_OWNER	     INDEX_NAME 		    COLUMN_NAME 	      COLUMN_POSITION
-------------------- ------------------------------ ------------------------- ---------------
SYS		     I_OBJ4			    DATAOBJ#				    1
SYS		     I_OBJ4			    TYPE#				    2
SYS		     I_OBJ4			    OWNER#				    3

SQL> SELECT DATAOBJ# FROM OBJ$ WHERE OBJ#=97109;

no rows selected

SQL> SELECT DATAOBJ# FROM OBJ$ WHERE OBJ#=97094;

  DATAOBJ#
----------
     97094

SQL> select /*+ index(t i_obj4) */ rowid,DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t  
minus
select /*+ full(t1) */ rowid,DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t1; 
  2    3  
ROWID		     DATAOBJ#	   TYPE#     OWNER#
------------------ ---------- ---------- ----------
AAAAASAABAAAADxAAb	97109	       0	  0

SQL>  select /*+ full(t1) */ rowid,DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t1
  minus
  select /*+ index(t i_obj4) */ rowid,DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t  
  ;
  2    3    4  
ROWID		     DATAOBJ#	   TYPE#     OWNER#
------------------ ---------- ---------- ----------
AAAAASAABAAAADxAAb	97094	       0	  0

SQL> select name,obj#,dataobj# from obj$ where rowid='AAAAASAABAAAADxAAb';

NAME				     OBJ#   DATAOBJ#
------------------------------ ---------- ----------
_NEXT_OBJECT				1      97094

到此也比较清楚,rowid为AAAAASAABAAAADxAAb的dataobj#记录在obj$表中为97094而在I_OBJ4中记录为97109,因此两者不一致,从而出现ORA-8102错误

尝试bbed解决ORA-8102问题
尝试修改obj$和i_obj4中的dataobj#记录一致,这里修改obj$中的对应记录

SQL> select dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) file#,dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid) block#,
dbms_rowid.rowid_row_number(rowid) row#
from obj$ where rowid='AAAAASAABAAAADxAAb'  2    3  
  4  /

     FILE#     BLOCK#	    ROW#
---------- ---------- ----------
	 1	  241	      27


SQL> select dump(97109,16) from dual;

DUMP(97109,16)
----------------------
Typ=2 Len=4: c3,a,48,a

SQL> select dump(97094,16) from dual;

DUMP(97094,16)
-----------------------
Typ=2 Len=4: c3,a,47,5f

-bash-4.1$ bbed blocksize=8192 mode=edit filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf
Password: 

BBED: Release 2.0.0.0.0 - Limited Production on Sat Mar 14 19:30:18 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

************* !!! For Oracle Internal Use only !!! ***************

BBED> show all
	FILE#          	0
	BLOCK#         	1
	OFFSET         	0
	DBA            	0x00000000 (0 0,1)
	FILENAME       	/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf
	BIFILE         	bifile.bbd
	LISTFILE       	
	BLOCKSIZE      	8192
	MODE           	Edit
	EDIT           	Unrecoverable
	IBASE          	Dec
	OBASE          	Dec
	WIDTH          	80
	COUNT          	512
	LOGFILE        	log.bbd
	SPOOL          	No


BBED> set block 241
	BLOCK#         	241

BBED> map
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 241                                   Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------
 KTB Data Block (Table/Cluster)

 struct kcbh, 20 bytes                      @0       

 struct ktbbh, 48 bytes                     @20      

 struct kdbh, 14 bytes                      @68      

 struct kdbt[1], 4 bytes                    @82      

 sb2 kdbr[105]                              @86      

 ub1 freespace[87]                          @296     

 ub1 rowdata[7805]                          @383     

 ub4 tailchk                                @8188    


BBED> p *kdbr[27]
rowdata[0]
----------
ub1 rowdata[0]                              @383      0x2c

BBED> x /rnnncnnncc
rowdata[0]                                  @383     
----------
flag@383:  0x2c (KDRHFL, KDRHFF, KDRHFH)
lock@384:  0x00
cols@385:    18

col    0[2] @386: 1 
col    1[4] @389: 97094 
col    2[1] @394: 0 
col   3[12] @396: _NEXT_OBJECT
col    4[2] @409: 1 
col    5[0] @412: *NULL*
col    6[1] @413: 0 
col    7[7] @415: xm....4
col    8[7] @423: xs....6
col    9[7] @431: xm....4
col   10[1] @439: .
col   11[0] @441: *NULL*
col   12[0] @442: *NULL*
col   13[1] @443: .
col   14[0] @445: *NULL*
col   15[1] @446: .
col   16[4] @448: ..8$
col   17[1] @453: .


BBED> set count 32
	COUNT          	32

BBED> set offset 389
	OFFSET         	389

BBED> d
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 241              Offsets:  389 to  420           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c30a47 5f01800c 5f4e4558 545f4f42 4a454354 02c102ff 01800778 6d080f01 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> set offset +3
	OFFSET         	392

BBED> d
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 241              Offsets:  392 to  423           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 475f0180 0c5f4e45 58545f4f 424a4543 5402c102 ff018007 786d080f 01113407 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 480a
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 241              Offsets:  392 to  423           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 480a0180 0c5f4e45 58545f4f 424a4543 5402c102 ff018007 786d080f 01113407 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED>  p *kdbr[27]
rowdata[0]
----------
ub1 rowdata[0]                              @383      0x2c

BBED> x /rnnncnnncc
rowdata[0]                                  @383     
----------
flag@383:  0x2c (KDRHFL, KDRHFF, KDRHFH)
lock@384:  0x00
cols@385:    18

col    0[2] @386: 1 
col    1[4] @389: 97109 
col    2[1] @394: 0 
col   3[12] @396: _NEXT_OBJECT
col    4[2] @409: 1 
col    5[0] @412: *NULL*
col    6[1] @413: 0 
col    7[7] @415: xm....4
col    8[7] @423: xs....6
col    9[7] @431: xm....4
col   10[1] @439: .
col   11[0] @441: *NULL*
col   12[0] @442: *NULL*
col   13[1] @443: .
col   14[0] @445: *NULL*
col   15[1] @446: .
col   16[4] @448: ..8$
col   17[1] @453: .


BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 241:
current = 0x913d, required = 0x913d

验证bbed修改后效果

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2.6991E+10 bytes
Fixed Size		    2213976 bytes
Variable Size		 1.9327E+10 bytes
Database Buffers	 7516192768 bytes
Redo Buffers		  145174528 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

SQL> select /*+ index(t i_obj4) */ rowid,DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t  
minus
select /*+ full(t1) */ rowid,DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t1; 
  2    3  
no rows selected

SQL>  select /*+ full(t1) */ rowid,DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t1
  minus
  select /*+ index(t i_obj4) */ rowid,DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t  
  ;
  2    3    4  
no rows selected

SQL> ANALYZE TABLE sys.obj$ VALIDATE STRUCTURE CASCADE;
ANALYZE TABLE sys.obj$ VALIDATE STRUCTURE CASCADE
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01499: table/index cross reference failure - see trace file


SQL> create table t_xifenfei as select * from dual; 
create table t_xifenfei as select * from dual
                                         *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 39, file 1, block 93842 (2)

这里比较悲剧,我们看到i_obj4和obj$中对应记录已经一致(条数和数据值),但是依然不能执行创建表操作,依旧报ORA-8102错误.

进一步分析错误原因

SQL> ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS '802 trace name errorstack level 3';

Session altered.

SQL> create table t as select * from dual;
create table t as select * from dual
                                *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 39, file 1, block 93842 (2)


SQL> select value from v$diag_info where name='Default Trace File';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/oa/oa/trace/oa_ora_6163.trc

oer 8102.2 - obj# 39, rdba: 0x00416e92(afn 1, blk# 93842)
kdk key 8102.2:
  ncol: 4, len: 16
  key: (16):  04 c3 0a 48 0a 01 80 01 80 06 00 40 00 f1 00 1b
--这里可以看出来,提示ORA-8102错误依旧在I_OBJ4,97109记录上

SQL> select max(dataobj#) from obj$;

MAX(DATAOBJ#)
-------------
	96815

SQL> select name,obj#,dataobj# from obj$ where rowid='AAAAASAABAAAADxAAb';

NAME				     OBJ#   DATAOBJ#
------------------------------ ---------- ----------
_NEXT_OBJECT				1      97109
--这里很奇怪,通过rowid查询我们已经的出来在obj$中有dataobj#为97109,而通过max(dataobj#)只有96815

分析max(dataobj#)执行计划
SQL> SET AUTOT TRACE
SQL> select max(dataobj#) from obj$;


Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 721075849

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation		   | Name   | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time    |

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT	   |	    |	  1 |	  2 |	  2   (0)| 00:00:01 |

|   1 |  SORT AGGREGATE 	   |	    |	  1 |	  2 |		 |    |

|   2 |   INDEX FULL SCAN (MIN/MAX)| I_OBJ4 |	  1 |	  2 |	  2   (0)| 00:00:01 |

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Statistics
----------------------------------------------------------
	  0  recursive calls
	  0  db block gets
	  2  consistent gets
	  0  physical reads
	  0  redo size
	533  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
	520  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
	  2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
	  0  sorts (memory)
	  0  sorts (disk)
	  1  rows processed
--这里知晓,由于max(dataobj#)使用了INDEX FULL SCAN (MIN/MAX)执行计划,从而的出来最大值为96815,
--而我们从ORA-8102错误中可以看到index中有dataobj#为97109,证明index中的链表可能出问题
--为什么怀疑是链表有问题呢?因为该index的ffs正常

尝试把ORA-8102报错标记坏块尝试
并且通过event和隐含参数屏蔽index坏块

-bash-4.1$ bbed blocksize=8192 mode=edit filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf
Password: 

BBED: Release 2.0.0.0.0 - Limited Production on Sat Mar 14 20:30:58 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

************* !!! For Oracle Internal Use only !!! ***************

BBED> set block 93842
	BLOCK#         	93842

BBED> set offset 8188
	OFFSET         	8188

BBED> d
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 93842            Offsets: 8188 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 010675ad 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 02
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 93842            Offsets: 8188 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 020675ad 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 93842:
current = 0x9186, required = 0x9186

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 93842

Block 93842 is corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00416e92 (file 0, block 93842)
Fractured block found during verification
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x00416e92
 last change scn: 0x0000.c007ad75 seq: 0x1 flg: 0x06
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0xad750602
 check value in block header: 0x9186
 computed block checksum: 0x0


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 1
Total Blocks Influx           : 2
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED



-bash-4.1$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Sat Mar 14 20:33:19 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup pfile='/tmp/pfile'
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2.6991E+10 bytes
Fixed Size		    2213976 bytes
Variable Size		 1.9327E+10 bytes
Database Buffers	 7516192768 bytes
Redo Buffers		  145174528 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> create table t as select * from dual;
create table t as select * from dual
                                *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 1, block # 93842)
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf'

通过这一步测试证明,在该ora-8102的错误中,通过坏块是无法解决绕过去该错误,只是把错误从ORA-8102转变为了ORA-1578

修复好制造坏块block

BBED> m /x 01
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 93842            Offsets: 8188 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 010675ad 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 93842:
current = 0x9185, required = 0x9185

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/oa/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 93842


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 1
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Blocks Influx           : 0
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED



SQL> shutdown abort
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2.6991E+10 bytes
Fixed Size		    2213976 bytes
Variable Size		 1.9327E+10 bytes
Database Buffers	 7516192768 bytes
Redo Buffers		  145174528 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

SQL> create table t1 as select * from dual;
create table t1 as select * from dual
                                 *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 39, file 1, block 93842 (2)

至此我们大体出来信息:
1. ORA-8102的是I_OBJ4中的_NEXT_OBJECT记录异常和该index链表异常
2. 通过bbed修改I_OBJ4和obj$中相应记录无法解决该问题,因为还有链表异常
3. 通过标记为坏块也无法绕过该问题
由于后续如果继续修复修复i_obj4可能工作量过大,而且可以也比较急,通过人工直接删除I_OBJ4数据字典记录,然后结合bootstrap$核心index(I_OBJ1,I_USER1,I_FILE#_BLOCK#,I_IND1,I_TS#,I_CDEF1等)异常恢复—ORA-00701错误解决处理实现完美恢复

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使用bbed 修复I_OBJ4 index 报ORA-8102错误

数据库执行创建表操作报ORA-8102错误

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1570009088 bytes
Fixed Size                  2253584 bytes
Variable Size             469765360 bytes
Database Buffers         1090519040 bytes
Redo Buffers                7471104 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

SQL> create table t1 as select * from dba_users;
create table t1 as select * from dba_users
                                 *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 87404, file 1, block 97266 (2)

分析ORA-8102错误

SQL> col OBJECT_NAME for a30
SQL> select object_name,object_type from dba_objects where object_id=87404;

OBJECT_NAME                    OBJECT_TYPE
------------------------------ -------------------
I_OBJ4                         INDEX


SQL> select /*+ index(t i_obj4) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t  
minus
  2    3  select /*+ full(t1) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t1; 

  DATAOBJ#      TYPE#     OWNER#
---------- ---------- ----------
     87420          0          0

SQL> select /*+ full(t1) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t1
  2  minus
  3  select /*+ index(t i_obj4) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t  
  4  ;

  DATAOBJ#      TYPE#     OWNER#
---------- ---------- ----------
     87422          0          0

SQL> alter system dump datafile 1 block 97266;

System altered.

SQL>  select value from v$diag_info where name='Default Trace File';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_27037.trc


SQL> ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS '802 trace name errorstack level 3';

Session altered.

SQL> create table t1 as select * from dual;           
create table t1 as select * from dual
                                 *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 87404, file 1, block 97266 (2)


SQL>  select value from v$diag_info where name='Default Trace File';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_27037.trc


*** 2015-03-14 14:46:33.640
kdk key 8102.2:
  ncol: 4, len: 16
  key: (16):  04 c3 09 4b 17 01 80 01 80 06 00 41 7f 25 00 28
  mask: (4096):

*** 2015-03-14 14:46:33.644
dbkedDefDump(): Starting a non-incident diagnostic dump (flags=0x0, level=3, mask=0x0)
----- Error Stack Dump -----
----- Current SQL Statement for this session (sql_id=4yyb4104skrwj) -----
update obj$ set obj#=:4, type#=:5,ctime=:6,mtime=:7,stime=:8,status=:9,dataobj#=:10,flags=:11,
oid$=:12,spare1=:13, spare2=:14 where owner#=:1 and name=:2 and namespace=:3 and 
remoteowner is null and linkname is null and subname is null

这里可以的出来由于obj$中的dataobj#为87422,而i_obj4中的dataobj#为87420,因此两者不一致。
另外通过相关trace发现,在创建表操作中会调用update obj$的一个递归操作,而该操作会更新dataobj#,但是由于该值在表和index中不匹配,因此出现ORA-08102导致创建表不成功

使用bbed 修复ORA-8102

[oracle@localhost ~]$ bbed blocksize=8192 mode=edit filename='/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf'
Password: 

BBED: Release 2.0.0.0.0 - Limited Production on Sat Mar 14 14:55:22 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

************* !!! For Oracle Internal Use only !!! ***************

BBED> set block 97266
        BLOCK#          97266

BBED> f /x 04c3
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2714 to 3225           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094a 5f02c115 01800600 417f2500 0f000204 c3094b14 02c11501 80060041 
 7f25000e 000204c3 094b1202 c1140180 0600417f 25000d00 0004c309 4b150180 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> f
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2733 to 3244           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094b 1402c115 01800600 417f2500 0e000204 c3094b12 02c11401 80060041 
 7f25000d 000004c3 094b1501 80018006 00417f25 00280100 04c3094b 10018001 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> f
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2752 to 3263           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094b 1202c114 01800600 417f2500 0d000004 c3094b15 01800180 0600417f 
 25002801 0004c309 4b100180 01800600 417f2500 28000004 c3094b08 02c10201 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> f
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2771 to 3282           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094b 15018001 80060041 7f250028 010004c3 094b1001 80018006 00417f25 
 00280000 04c3094b 0802c102 01800600 417f2500 24000004 c3094b09 02c10201 
 
 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> f
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2789 to 3300           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094b 10018001 80060041 7f250028 000004c3 094b0802 c1020180 0600417f 
 25002400 0004c309 4b0902c1 02018006 00417f25 00250000 04c3094b 0a02c103 

 <32 bytes per line>


BBED> set count 32
        COUNT           32

BBED> set offset 2771
        OFFSET          2771

BBED> d
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2771 to 2802           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094b 15018001 80060041 7f250028 010004c3 094b1001 80018006 00417f25 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> set offset +4
        OFFSET          2775

BBED> d
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2775 to 2806           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 15018001 80060041 7f250028 010004c3 094b1001 80018006 00417f25 00280000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 17  
Warning: contents of previous BIFILE will be lost. Proceed? (Y/N) y
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2775 to 2806           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 17018001 80060041 7f250028 010004c3 094b1001 80018006 00417f25 00280000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 97266:
current = 0x7955, required = 0x7955

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 97266

Block 97266 is corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00417bf2 (file 0, block 97266)
Fractured block found during verification
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x00417bf2
 last change scn: 0x0000.00102ed8 seq: 0x1 flg: 0x06
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0x2ed80602
 check value in block header: 0x7955
 computed block checksum: 0x0


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 1
Total Blocks Influx           : 2
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED


BBED> set offset 8188
        OFFSET          8188

BBED> d
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 8188 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0206d82e 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 01
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 8188 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0106d82e 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum
Check value for File 0, Block 97266:
current = 0x7955, required = 0x7956

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 97266:
current = 0x7956, required = 0x7956

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 97266


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 1
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Blocks Influx           : 0
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED

通过bbed修改i_obj4中的dataobj#值使之和obj$中对应值一致

验证确认ORA-8102被修复

SQL> shutdown abort
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1570009088 bytes
Fixed Size                  2253584 bytes
Variable Size             469765360 bytes
Database Buffers         1090519040 bytes
Redo Buffers                7471104 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL>  create table t1 as select * from dual; 

Table created.

通过使用bbed修改index值后,ORA-8102问题解决,可以执行创建表操作
姊妹篇见:通过bbed修改obj$中dataobj$重现I_OBJ4索引报ORA-08102错误

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