标签归档:ORA-15063

asm磁盘分区丢失恢复

有朋友反馈,他们做了xx存储的双活之后,重启主机发现gi无法正常启动,分析发现所有该存储的磁盘分区信息丢失,导致asmlib无法发现磁盘(使用分区做asm disk)
类似如下错误(磁盘分区丢失)

--fdisk -l 显示部分结果
Disk /dev/mapper/datahds1: 1099.5 GB, 1099511627776 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 133674 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

--ls -l /dev/mapper/   显示结果无分区信息
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:44 datahds1 -> ../dm-1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:26 datahds2 -> ../dm-3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:26 datahds3 -> ../dm-8
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:26 ocrhds1 -> ../dm-0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:26 ocrhds2 -> ../dm-2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root      7 May  6 03:26 ocrhds3 -> ../dm-4

asm日志显示

SUCCESS: diskgroup DATADG was mounted
NOTE: Instance updated compatible.asm to 11.2.0.0.0 for grp 3
SUCCESS: diskgroup OCRHDS was mounted
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15017: diskgroup "DATA" cannot be mounted
ORA-15063: ASM discovered an insufficient number of disks for diskgroup "DATA"

分析系统日志

May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdb: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sde: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdc: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdf: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdd: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdj:Dev sdj: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdi: sdi1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdk: sdk1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdg: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdl: sdl1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdm:Dev sdm: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdo:Dev sdo: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdn:Dev sdn: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdp:Dev sdp: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sds:Dev sds: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdh:
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdt: sdt1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdv:Dev sdv: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdq:Dev sdq: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sd 1:0:1:9: [sdr] Very big device. Trying to use READ CAPACITY(16).
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdr:Dev sdr: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sd 2:0:0:9: [sdab] Very big device. Trying to use READ CAPACITY(16).
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdab: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdac: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdw: sdw1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdu:Dev sdu: unable to read RDB block 0
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: unable to read partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdx: sdx1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdy: sdy1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdaa: sdaa1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdz: sdz1
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdae: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdaf: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdag: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdai:
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdah: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:27 db2 kernel: sdad: unknown partition table
May  6 02:23:28 db2 mcelog: failed to prefill DIMM database from DMI data

这里错误比较明显unknown partition table,磁盘的分区信息损坏.使用fdisk无法发现分区

partprobe也无效

[root@db2 oracle]# partprobe /dev/mapper/ocrhds3
[root@db2 oracle]# 
[root@db2 oracle]# ls -l /dev/mapper/ocrhds3*
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 May  6 07:30 /dev/mapper/ocrhds3 -> ../dm-4

从尚需信息看,磁盘的分区表信息应该已经损坏,现在能够做的,就是希望运气好,磁盘的分区的实际数据没有损坏

分析磁盘实际分区数据

[root@db2 ~]$ dd if=/dev/mapper/datahds1 of=/tmp/datahds1.dd bs=1024k count=50
[root@db2 ~]$ dd if=/tmp/datahds1.dd of=/tmp/xff01.dd  bs=3225 skip=1
[grid@db2 ~]$ kfed read /tmp/xff01.dd |more
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: disk=0
kfbh.check:                  3110278718 ; 0x00c: 0xb963163e
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr: ORCLDISKHDSDATA1 ; 0x000: length=16
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:   1146307656 ; 0x008: 0x44534448
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:    826364993 ; 0x00c: 0x31415441
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.compat:                186646528 ; 0x020: 0x0b200000
kfdhdb.dsknum:                        0 ; 0x024: 0x0000
kfdhdb.grptyp:                        1 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_EXTERNAL
kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
kfdhdb.dskname:             DATADG_0000 ; 0x028: length=11
kfdhdb.grpname:                  DATADG ; 0x048: length=6
kfdhdb.fgname:              DATADG_0000 ; 0x068: length=11
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0
kfdhdb.crestmp.hi:             33050696 ; 0x0a8: HOUR=0x8 DAYS=0x2 MNTH=0x4 YEAR=0x7e1
kfdhdb.crestmp.lo:           3813740544 ; 0x0ac: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x44 SECS=0x35 MINS=0x38
kfdhdb.mntstmp.hi:             33050701 ; 0x0b0: HOUR=0xd DAYS=0x2 MNTH=0x4 YEAR=0x7e1
kfdhdb.mntstmp.lo:            411385856 ; 0x0b4: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x150 SECS=0x8 MINS=0x6

通过上述分析,我们可以初步判断,分区磁盘的信息很可能是好的(因为asm disk header是好的,根据一般的规则从前往后覆盖,既然header是好的,后面的block被覆盖的概率非常小)

通过准备新磁盘直接把磁盘分区dd到新设备上

dd if=/dev/mapper/ocrhds1 of=/dev/mapper/ocrhdsnew1 skip=1 bs=3225
dd if=/dev/mapper/ocrhds2 of=/dev/mapper/ocrhdsnew2 skip=1 bs=3225
dd if=/dev/mapper/ocrhds3 of=/dev/mapper/ocrhdsnew3 skip=1 bs=3225
dd if=/dev/mapper/datahds1 of=/dev/mapper/datahdsnew1 skip=1 bs=3225
dd if=/dev/mapper/datahds2 of=/dev/mapper/datahdsnew2 skip=1 bs=3225
dd if=/dev/mapper/datahds3 of=/dev/mapper/datahdsnew3 skip=1 bs=3225

asmlib重新扫描磁盘

[root@db1 disks]# oracleasm scandisks
Reloading disk partitions: done
Cleaning any stale ASM disks...
Scanning system for ASM disks...
Instantiating disk "HDSOCR3"
Instantiating disk "HDSDATA2"
Instantiating disk "HDSDATA1"
Instantiating disk "HDSDATA3"
Instantiating disk "HDSOCR1"
Instantiating disk "HDSOCR2"
[root@db1 disks]# ls -ltr
total 0
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 160 May  6 13:49 HDSOCR3
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 192 May  6 13:49 HDSDATA2
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 176 May  6 13:49 HDSDATA1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 208 May  6 13:49 HDSDATA3
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 128 May  6 13:49 HDSOCR1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin  8, 144 May  6 13:49 HDSOCR2

kfed验证拷贝的分区

[root@db2 tmp]# /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid_1/bin/kfed read /dev/oracleasm/disks/HDSDATA1
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: disk=0
kfbh.check:                  3110278718 ; 0x00c: 0xb963163e
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr: ORCLDISKHDSDATA1 ; 0x000: length=16
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:   1146307656 ; 0x008: 0x44534448
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:    826364993 ; 0x00c: 0x31415441
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.compat:                186646528 ; 0x020: 0x0b200000
kfdhdb.dsknum:                        0 ; 0x024: 0x0000
kfdhdb.grptyp:                        1 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_EXTERNAL
kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
kfdhdb.dskname:             DATADG_0000 ; 0x028: length=11
kfdhdb.grpname:                  DATADG ; 0x048: length=6
kfdhdb.fgname:              DATADG_0000 ; 0x068: length=11
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0

asm和数据库启动正常

[grid@db2 ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> lsdg
State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name
MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576   3145710  2378034                0         2378034              0             N  DATADG/
MOUNTED  NORMAL  N         512   4096  1048576     15342    14416             5114            4651              0             Y  OCRHDS/
ASMCMD> 

[oracle@db2 ~]$ sqlplus  / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Sat May 6 13:54:21 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 3.6077E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2260648 bytes
Variable Size            7247757656 bytes
Database Buffers         2.8723E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers              104382464 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> 

asm-disk-partition-lost-recovery


通过上述恢复,实现asm磁盘分区丢失数据0丢失
如果您遇到此类情况,无法解决请联系我们,提供专业ORACLE数据库恢复技术支持
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445QQ咨询惜分飞    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

发表在 Oracle ASM, 非常规恢复 | 标签为 , , , | 评论关闭

分区无法识别导致asm diskgroup无法mount

有客户咨询由于主机重启之后,导致四个磁盘组中的data2磁盘组无法mount(报ORA-15032,ORA-15017,ORA-15063),数据库无法open,让我们帮忙分析解决

Wed Mar 09 18:10:53 2016
NOTE: Assigning number (1,1) to disk (/dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL011)
Wed Mar 09 18:10:53 2016
ERROR: no read quorum in group: required 1, found 0 disks
NOTE: cache dismounting (clean) group 1/0xBD42B778 (DATA2) 
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 45093, image: oracle@BA (TNS V1-V3)
NOTE: dbwr not being msg'd to dismount
NOTE: lgwr not being msg'd to dismount
NOTE: cache dismounted group 1/0xBD42B778 (DATA2) 
NOTE: cache ending mount (fail) of group DATA2 number=1 incarn=0xbd42b778
NOTE: cache deleting context for group DATA2 1/0xbd42b778
GMON dismounting group 1 at 16 for pid 18, osid 45093
NOTE: Disk DATA2_0001 in mode 0x9 marked for de-assignment
ERROR: diskgroup DATA2 was not mounted
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15017: diskgroup "DATA2" cannot be mounted
ORA-15063: ASM discovered an insufficient number of disks for diskgroup "DATA2"
ERROR: ALTER DISKGROUP DATA2 MOUNT  /* asm agent *//* {0:0:431} */

这里很明显由于缺少asm disk导致data2无法正常mount,进一步分析发现data2是有两块磁盘组成

Mon Sep 14 13:14:35 2015
SQL> create diskgroup data2 external redundancy  disk '/dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL010','/dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL011' 
NOTE: Assigning number (4,0) to disk (/dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL010)
NOTE: Assigning number (4,1) to disk (/dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL011)
NOTE: initializing header on grp 4 disk DATA2_0000
NOTE: initializing header on grp 4 disk DATA2_0001
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 4
Mon Sep 14 13:14:35 2015
GMON updating group 4 at 29 for pid 26, osid 51535
NOTE: group DATA2: initial PST location: disk 0000 (PST copy 0)
NOTE: PST update grp = 4 completed successfully 
NOTE: cache registered group DATA2 number=4 incarn=0xea085f62
NOTE: cache began mount (first) of group DATA2 number=4 incarn=0xea085f62
NOTE: cache opening disk 0 of grp 4: DATA2_0000 path:/dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL010
NOTE: cache opening disk 1 of grp 4: DATA2_0001 path:/dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL011
NOTE: cache creating group 4/0xEA085F62 (DATA2)
NOTE: cache mounting group 4/0xEA085F62 (DATA2) succeeded
NOTE: allocating F1X0 on grp 4 disk DATA2_0000
NOTE: diskgroup must now be re-mounted prior to first use
NOTE: cache dismounting (clean) group 4/0xEA085F62 (DATA2) 
NOTE: messaging CKPT to quiesce pins Unix process pid: 51535, image: oracle@BA (TNS V1-V3)
NOTE: lgwr not being msg'd to dismount
NOTE: cache dismounted group 4/0xEA085F62 (DATA2) 
GMON dismounting group 4 at 30 for pid 26, osid 51535
GMON dismounting group 4 at 31 for pid 26, osid 51535
NOTE: Disk DATA2_0000 in mode 0x7e marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA2_0001 in mode 0x7e marked for de-assignment
SUCCESS: diskgroup DATA2 was created

结合这部分信息,我们可以确定data2磁盘组是由两个磁盘组构成,分别为VOL010和VOL011,现在由于只发现了VOL011,因此data2磁盘组无法正常mount.观察发现该系统使用的是asmlib,通过oracleasm querydisk命令结合fdisk的盘符,
oracleasm-querydisk


基本上可以确定VOL010丢失应该在mpathb盘(由于只有该盘和分区未被使用,其他盘和分区已经全部被现在可以查询到的asmlib使用作为asmdisk)之上

Disk /dev/mapper/mpathb: 3846.7 GB, 3846677987328 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 467665 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

             Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/mapper/mpathbp1               1      267350  2147483647+  ee  GPT

Disk /dev/mapper/mpathbp1: 3846.7 GB, 3846675890176 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 467665 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0xb84bb99a

                Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/mapper/mpathbp1p1               1      200513  1610620641   83  Linux
/dev/mapper/mpathbp1p2          200514      267349   536860170   83  Linux
/dev/mapper/mpathbp1p3          267350      467665  1609038270   83  Linux

这里我们发现奇怪现象:mpathb盘先使用parted分为一个mapthbp1分区,然后又使用fdisk分了三个p1p1,p1p2,p1p3三个子分区.然后我们查看/dev/mapper/中的设备情况
mpathb


发现没有p1p1,p1p2,p1p3这三个本该属于mapthb上的子分区.现在基本上明确,是由于对mapthb先使用了parted分区,然后再使用fdisk分区,在操作系统重启之后,无法正常识别相关子分区导致该问题.到此解决该问题的思路有三种.
1. 因为磁盘分区表信息是正常的,就是分区表信息没有同步到操作系统之上,想办法同步过去即可,os部分内容,此处忽略
2. 使用数据文件重组的方式直接对data2这两个asm disk进行重组,这里因为三个子分区未发现,直接对mapthbp1分区进行扫描即可,参考:asm disk header 彻底损坏恢复
3. 因为分区对于asm disk来说主要就是设置了磁盘的偏移量和大小,如果找到磁盘的偏移量,然后确定asm disk大小,直接通过dd命令把该部分dd到新的磁盘设备之上,然后直接mount磁盘组即可,这里重点讲解第三种方法恢复处理
使用dd出来mapthp1的磁盘头,然后使用bbed找出来偏移量,主要依据是第一次出现01820101信息的部分

BBED> d
 File: bp1 (0)
 Block: 64               Offsets:    0 to   63           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 01820101 00000000 00000080 bc60223c 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
 4f52434c 4449534b 564f4c30 31300000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> show all
        FILE#           0
        BLOCK#          64
        OFFSET          0
        DBA             0x00000000 (0 0,64)
        FILENAME        bp1
        BIFILE          bifile.bbd
        LISTFILE
        BLOCKSIZE       512
        MODE            Browse
        EDIT            Unrecoverable
        IBASE           Dec
        OBASE           Dec
        WIDTH           80
        COUNT           64
        LOGFILE         log.bbd
        SPOOL           No

这里基本上可以定位到asm disk header对于mapthbp1的偏移量为32256,dd出来asm disk header分析
dd


使用kfed查看磁盘头信息
kfed
kfed2

现在基本上可以确定,asm disk大小为1572871M,磁盘的偏移量为32256,然后使用dd命令把这部分dd到新的磁盘设备上,然后oracleasm scandisks后
asm-mount
asmcd-lsdg
oracle-open

data2 mount成功,数据库正常open,此数据库完美恢复
如果您遇到此类情况,无法解决请联系我们,提供专业ORACLE数据库恢复技术支持
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445QQ咨询惜分飞    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

发表在 非常规恢复 | 标签为 , , , , , , , | 评论关闭

kfed恢复误删除磁盘组

在某些情况下,可能因为误操作,不小先drop diskgroup,这个时候千万别紧张,出现此类故障,可以通过kfed进行完美恢复(数据0丢失).如果进一步损坏了相关asm disk,那后续恢复就很麻烦了,可能需要使用dul扫描磁盘来进行抢救性恢复,而且可能导致数据丢失.
创建测试磁盘组xifenfei

[grid@xifenfei ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Apr 30 15:12:08 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Automatic Storage Management option

SQL>  select name,path,header_status from v$asm_disk;

NAME                           PATH                           HEADER_STATU
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------
                               /dev/asm-disk3                 CANDIDATE
DATA_0000                      /dev/asm-disk1                 MEMBER
DATA_0001                      /dev/asm-disk2                 MEMBER

SQL> create diskgroup xifenfei external redundancy disk '/dev/asm-disk3';

Diskgroup created.

SQL> select name,path,header_status from v$asm_disk;

NAME                           PATH                           HEADER_STATU
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------
XIFENFEI_0000                  /dev/asm-disk3                 MEMBER
DATA_0000                      /dev/asm-disk1                 MEMBER
DATA_0001                      /dev/asm-disk2                 MEMBER

使用/dev/asm-disk3这个磁盘创建磁盘组xifenfei

创建表,存储在xifenfei磁盘组中

[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Apr 30 15:14:55 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining
and Real Application Testing options

SQL> create tablespace xifenfei datafile '+xifenfei' size 100M;

Tablespace created.

SQL> select name from v$datafile;

NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+DATA/xifenfei/datafile/system.256.878224279
+DATA/xifenfei/datafile/sysaux.257.878224279
+DATA/xifenfei/datafile/undotbs1.258.878224279
+DATA/xifenfei/datafile/users.259.878224279
+XIFENFEI/xifenfei/datafile/xifenfei.256.878397315

SQL> create table t_xifenfei tablespace xifenfei
  2  as select * from dba_objects;

Table created.

SQL> select count(*) from t_xifenfei;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     86259

通过在磁盘组中创建表空间,从而实现表xifenfei存放在测试磁盘组中

尝试删除磁盘组xifenfei

SQL> drop diskgroup xifenfei;
drop diskgroup xifenfei
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15039: diskgroup not dropped
ORA-15053: diskgroup "XIFENFEI" contains existing files

SQL> drop diskgroup xifenfei  including contents;
drop diskgroup xifenfei  including contents
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15039: diskgroup not dropped
ORA-15027: active use of diskgroup "XIFENFEI" precludes its dismount


[grid@xifenfei ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> lsof
DB_Name   Instance_Name  Path                                                
xifenfei  xifenfei       +data/xifenfei/controlfile/current.260.878224379    
xifenfei  xifenfei       +data/xifenfei/datafile/sysaux.257.878224279        
xifenfei  xifenfei       +data/xifenfei/datafile/system.256.878224279        
xifenfei  xifenfei       +data/xifenfei/datafile/undotbs1.258.878224279      
xifenfei  xifenfei       +data/xifenfei/datafile/users.259.878224279         
xifenfei  xifenfei       +data/xifenfei/onlinelog/group_1.261.878224381      
xifenfei  xifenfei       +data/xifenfei/onlinelog/group_2.262.878224383      
xifenfei  xifenfei       +data/xifenfei/onlinelog/group_3.263.878224385      
xifenfei  xifenfei       +data/xifenfei/tempfile/temp.264.878224395          
xifenfei  xifenfei       +xifenfei/xifenfei/datafile/xifenfei.256.878397315  

由于xifenfei磁盘组被实例使用,因此磁盘组无法删除,报ORA-15027错误
由于xifenfei磁盘组中有文件,因此磁盘组无法删除,报ORA-15053错误
如果这两个阻止你误删除磁盘组的警告依然不能救你,那我也不好多说啥了,只能向我一样继续往下

关闭数据库实例,删除磁盘组

SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

SQL> drop diskgroup xifenfei;
drop diskgroup xifenfei
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15039: diskgroup not dropped
ORA-15053: diskgroup "XIFENFEI" contains existing files


SQL> drop diskgroup xifenfei  including contents;

Diskgroup dropped.


SQL>  select name,path,header_status from v$asm_disk;

NAME                           PATH                           HEADER_STATU
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------
                               /dev/asm-disk3                 FORMER
DATA_0000                      /dev/asm-disk1                 MEMBER
DATA_0001                      /dev/asm-disk2                 MEMBER

SQL> alter diskgroup xifenfei mount;
alter diskgroup xifenfei mount
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15017: diskgroup "XIFENFEI" cannot be mounted
ORA-15063: ASM discovered an insufficient number of disks for diskgroup
"XIFENFEI"

磁盘组被drop之后,无法正常mount,mount之时报ORA-15063凑无

kfed恢复删除磁盘组

[grid@xifenfei ~]$ kfed read /dev/asm-disk3 >/tmp/disk3-0-0
[grid@xifenfei ~]$ kfed  read /dev/asm-disk3  blkn=1 >/tmp/disk3-0-1
[grid@xifenfei ~]$ kfed  read /dev/asm-disk3  aun=1 >/tmp/disk3-1-0
通过vi修改这些/tmp/disk3-*中的部分值
[grid@xifenfei ~]$ kfed merge /dev/asm-disk3 text=/tmp/disk3-0-0
[grid@xifenfei ~]$ kfed merge /dev/asm-disk3  blkn=1 text=/tmp/disk3-0-1
[grid@xifenfei ~]$ kfed merge /dev/asm-disk3 aun=1 text=/tmp/disk3-1-0

查询修复后的asm disk

SQL> col path for a30
SQL> set lines 150
SQL> select name,path,header_status from v$asm_disk;

NAME                           PATH                           HEADER_STATU
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------
                               /dev/asm-disk3                 MEMBER
DATA_0000                      /dev/asm-disk1                 MEMBER
DATA_0001                      /dev/asm-disk2                 MEMBER

尝试mount xifenfei 磁盘组

SQL> alter diskgroup xifenfei mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> select name,path,header_status from v$asm_disk;

NAME                           PATH                           HEADER_STATU
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------
XIFENFEI_0000                  /dev/asm-disk3                 MEMBER
DATA_0000                      /dev/asm-disk1                 MEMBER
DATA_0001                      /dev/asm-disk2                 MEMBER

测试恢复后磁盘组

SQL> startup   
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  952020992 bytes
Fixed Size                  2258960 bytes
Variable Size             306186224 bytes
Database Buffers          637534208 bytes
Redo Buffers                6041600 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL>  select count(*) from t_xifenfei;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     86259

这里证明,当磁盘组被误删除后,立即停止进一步损坏,可以通过kfed进行完美恢复
如果您遇到此类情况,无法解决请联系我们,提供专业ORACLE数据库恢复技术支持
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445QQ咨询惜分飞    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

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