硬件故障数据库异常恢复

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标题:硬件故障数据库异常恢复

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硬件故障数据库crash
有客户由于硬件故障导致数据库异常ORA-00345 ORA-00312 ORA-27070 OSD-04016

Tue Feb 05 16:58:26 2019
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 17139 (LGWR switch)
  Current log# 12 seq# 17139 mem# 0: S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12A.LOG
  Current log# 12 seq# 17139 mem# 1: S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12B.LOG
Tue Feb 05 19:47:24 2019
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_lgwr_2420.trc:
ORA-00345: redo log write error block 152097 count 8
ORA-00312: online log 12 thread 1: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12A.LOG'
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。
ORA-00345: redo log write error block 152097 count 8
ORA-00312: online log 12 thread 1: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12B.LOG'
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。
ORA-00345: redo log write error block 152105 count 1
ORA-00312: online log 12 thread 1: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12A.LOG'
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。

直接启动数据库报错
修复好硬件之后,直接启动数据库报ORA-00600 kcratr_scan_lastbwr错误

Fri Feb 08 20:58:15 2019
alter database mount exclusive
Successful mount of redo thread 1, with mount id 1527506791
Database mounted in Exclusive Mode
Lost write protection disabled
Completed: alter database mount exclusive
alter database open
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
Started redo scan
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_3672.trc  (incident=41353):
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_41353\orcl_ora_3672_i41353.trc
Aborting crash recovery due to error 600
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_3672.trc:
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_3672.trc:
ORA-00600: ??????, ??: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-600 signalled during: alter database open...
Fri Feb 08 20:58:24 2019
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20190208205824]
Fri Feb 08 20:59:04 2019
alter database open 
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
Started redo scan
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_1696.trc  (incident=41354):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_41354\orcl_ora_1696_i41354.trc
Aborting crash recovery due to error 600
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_1696.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_ora_1696.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kcratr_scan_lastbwr], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-600 signalled during: alter database open ...

recover database报错
执行recover database报错ORA-00600 6101,ORA-00600 kdourp_inorder2,ORA-00600 ktbsdp1,ORA-00600 3020

Fri Feb 08 21:09:20 2019
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database  
Media Recovery Start
 started logmerger process
Parallel Media Recovery started with 4 slaves
Fri Feb 08 21:09:21 2019
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 12 Seq 17139 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12A.LOG
  Mem# 1: S:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO12B.LOG
Fri Feb 08 21:09:21 2019
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr02_3780.trc  (incident=49379):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6101], [17], [21], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_49379\orcl_pr02_3780_i49379.trc
Fri Feb 08 21:09:21 2019
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr01_2040.trc  (incident=49371):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdourp_inorder2], [34], [0], [0], [44], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_49371\orcl_pr01_2040_i49371.trc
Fri Feb 08 21:09:21 2019
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr03_1068.trc  (incident=49387):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktbsdp1], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_49387\orcl_pr03_1068_i49387.trc
Fri Feb 08 21:09:24 2019
Trace dumping is performing id=[cdmp_20190208210924]
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr03_1068.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 4, block# 1716972)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: data file 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 204127
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [ktbsdp1], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr02_3780.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 4, block# 1738552)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: data file 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED INDEX BLOCK', data object# 211606
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6101], [17], [21], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Slave exiting with ORA-10562 exception
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr01_2040.trc:
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 4, block# 1725898)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: data file 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 73907
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdourp_inorder2], [34], [0], [0], [44], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Recovery Slave PR03 previously exited with exception 10562
Fri Feb 08 21:09:28 2019
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr04_2608.trc  (incident=49395):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [3020], [4], [1739291], [18516507], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with data block (file# 4, block# 1739291, file offset is 1363369984 bytes)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: data file 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 211552
Incident details in: c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\incident\incdir_49395\orcl_pr04_2608_i49395.trc
Slave exiting with ORA-600 exception
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr04_2608.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [3020], [4], [1739291], [18516507], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with data block (file# 4, block# 1739291, file offset is 1363369984 bytes)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: data file 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 211552
Media Recovery failed with error 448
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr00_1548.trc:
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
ORA-00448: normal completion of background process
Slave exiting with ORA-283 exception
Errors in file c:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl\trace\orcl_pr00_1548.trc:
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
ORA-00448: normal completion of background process
ORA-10562 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database  ...

出现上述问题主要是由于硬件突然故障,数据写丢失导致相关问题.

处理思路

RMAN> recover datafile 1;

启动 recover 于 09-2月 -19
使用通道 ORA_DISK_1

正在开始介质的恢复
介质恢复完成, 用时: 00:00:01

完成 recover 于 09-2月 -19

RMAN> recover datafile 2;

启动 recover 于 09-2月 -19
使用通道 ORA_DISK_1

正在开始介质的恢复
介质恢复完成, 用时: 00:00:01

完成 recover 于 09-2月 -19

RMAN> recover datafile 3;

启动 recover 于 09-2月 -19
使用通道 ORA_DISK_1

正在开始介质的恢复
介质恢复完成, 用时: 00:00:02

完成 recover 于 09-2月 -19

RMAN> recover datafile 4;

启动 recover 于 09-2月 -19
使用通道 ORA_DISK_1

正在开始介质的恢复
无法恢复介质
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: recover 命令 (在 02/09/2019 21:48:19 上) 失败
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
RMAN-11003: 在分析/执行 SQL 语句期间失败: alter database recover if needed
 datafile 4
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 4, block# 172
5913)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: 数据文件 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 73907
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kdourp_inorder2], [34], [43], [44], [44], [], []
, [], [], [], [], []

SQL> recover datafile 4;
ORA-00283: 恢复会话因错误而取消
ORA-10562: Error occurred while applying redo to data block (file# 4, block#
1725913)
ORA-10564: tablespace USERS
ORA-01110: 数据文件 4: 'S:\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF'
ORA-10561: block type 'TRANSACTION MANAGED DATA BLOCK', data object# 73907
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [kdourp_inorder2], [34], [43], [44], [44], [],
[], [], [], [], [], []

--通过bbed修改异常文件,屏蔽文件恢复,直接open库
SQL> alter database open;

数据库已更改。

数据库open之后,逻辑方式导出数据,重建新库,导入数据.

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