ORA-600 16513故障恢复

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标题:ORA-600 16513故障恢复

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接到一个朋友恢复请求,由于硬件故障,通过底层技术恢复数据文件之后,数据库启动报错,但是dbv检查没有发现坏块
ORA-600 16513报错

[oracle@ora11g ~]$ ss

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Fri Jan 25 15:06:15 2019

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 3056513024 bytes
Fixed Size                  2257152 bytes
Variable Size             704646912 bytes
Database Buffers         2332033024 bytes
Redo Buffers               17575936 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16513], [1403], [20], [], [], [],
[], [], [], [], [], []
Process ID: 20487
Session ID: 191 Serial number: 3

数据库alert日志报错

Fri Jan 25 14:15:18 2019
ALTER DATABASE OPEN
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 11
  Current log# 2 seq# 11 mem# 0: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl11g/redo02.log
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl11g/orcl11g/trace/orcl11g_ora_12712.trc  (incident=4953):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16513], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl11g/orcl11g/incident/incdir_4953/orcl11g_ora_12712_i4953.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl11g/orcl11g/trace/orcl11g_ora_12712.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16513], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl11g/orcl11g/trace/orcl11g_ora_12712.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16513], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 12712): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 12712
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (12712) as a result of ORA-1092

trace文件报错

---orcl11g_ora_12712.trc文件报错
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16513], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16513], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16513], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

*** 2019-01-25 14:15:20.875
USER (ospid: 12712): terminating the instance due to error 704

---orcl11g_ora_12712_i4953.trc文件报错
Dump continued from file: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl11g/orcl11g/trace/orcl11g_ora_12712.trc
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [16513], [1403], [20], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

========= Dump for incident 4953 (ORA 600 [16513]) ========

*** 2019-01-25 14:15:19.247
dbkedDefDump(): Starting incident default dumps (flags=0x2, level=3, mask=0x0)
----- Current SQL Statement for this session (sql_id=1h50ks4ncswfn) -----
ALTER DATABASE OPEN

----- Call Stack Trace -----
calling              call     entry                argument values in hex      
location             type     point                (? means dubious value)     
-------------------- -------- -------------------- ----------------------------
skdstdst()+41        call     kgdsdst()            000000000 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B37B0 ? 7FFD7A0B3888 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B8330 ? 000000002 ?
ksedst1()+103        call     skdstdst()           000000000 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B37B0 ? 7FFD7A0B3888 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B8330 ? 000000002 ?
ksedst()+39          call     ksedst1()            000000000 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B37B0 ? 7FFD7A0B3888 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B8330 ? 000000002 ?
dbkedDefDump()+2746  call     ksedst()             000000000 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B37B0 ? 7FFD7A0B3888 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B8330 ? 000000002 ?
ksedmp()+41          call     dbkedDefDump()       000000003 ? 000000002 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B37B0 ? 7FFD7A0B3888 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B8330 ? 000000002 ?
ksfdmp()+69          call     ksedmp()             000000003 ? 000000002 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B37B0 ? 7FFD7A0B3888 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B8330 ? 000000002 ?
dbgexPhaseII()+1764  call     ksfdmp()             000000003 ? 000000002 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B37B0 ? 7FFD7A0B3888 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B8330 ? 000000002 ?
dbgexProcessError()  call     dbgexPhaseII()       7F06FBCD2730 ? 7F06FBCD5520 ?
+2680                                              7FFD7A0BCE08 ? 7FFD7A0B3888 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B8330 ? 000000002 ?
dbgeExecuteForError  call     dbgexProcessError()  7F06FBCD2730 ? 7F06FBCD5520 ?
()+88                                              000000001 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0B8330 ? 000000002 ?
dbgePostErrorKGE()+  call     dbgeExecuteForError  7F06FBCD2730 ? 7F06FBCD5520 ?
2136                          ()                   000000001 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000002 ?
dbkePostKGE_kgsf()+  call     dbgePostErrorKGE()   00C114E60 ? 7F06FB7B0040 ?
71                                                 000000258 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000002 ?
kgeade()+351         call     dbkePostKGE_kgsf()   00C114E60 ? 7F06FB7B0040 ?
                                                   000000258 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000002 ?
kgeriv_int()+125     call     kgeade()             00C114E60 ? 00C115020 ?
                                                   7F06FB7B0040 ? 000000258 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000002 ?
kgeriv()+17          call     kgeriv_int()         00C114E60 ? 00C115020 ?
                                                   7F06FB7B0040 ? 000000258 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000002 ?
kgesiv()+115         call     kgeriv()             00C114E60 ? 00C115020 ?
                                                   7F06FB7B0040 ? 000000258 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000002 ?
ksesic2()+199        call     kgesiv()             00C114E60 ? 7F06FB7B0040 ?
                                                   000004081 ? 000000002 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0BDAC0 ? 000000002 ?
kqdpts()+522         call     ksesic2()            00C114E60 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   00000057B ? 000000000 ?
                                                   00000003B ? 000008000 ?
kqrlfc()+685         call     kqdpts()             1158C5BC0 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   00000057B ? 000000000 ?
                                                   00000003B ? 000008000 ?
kqlbplc()+180        call     kqrlfc()             1158C5BC0 ? 7FFD7A0BDEC0 ?
                                                   00000057B ? 000000000 ?
                                                   00000003B ? 000008000 ?
kqlblfc()+280        call     kqlbplc()            000000000 ? 7FFD7A0BDEC0 ?
                                                   00000057B ? 000000000 ?
                                                   00000003B ? 000008000 ?
adbdrv()+57408       call     kqlblfc()            000000000 ? 7FFD7A0C4BD4 ?
                                                   00000057B ? 000000000 ?
                                                   00000003B ? 000008000 ?
opiexe()+18724       call     adbdrv()             000000000 ? 7FFD7A0C4BD4 ?
                                                   00000057B ? 000000000 ?
                                                   00000003B ? 000008000 ?
opiosq0()+4303       call     opiexe()             000000004 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   00000057B ? 000000000 ?
                                                   00000003B ? 000008000 ?
kpooprx()+274        call     opiosq0()            000000003 ? 00000000E ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C65B0 ? 0000000A4 ?
                                                   00000003B ? 000008000 ?
kpoal8()+842         call     kpooprx()            7FFD7A0C9D94 ? 7FFD7A0C7DB8 ?
                                                   000000013 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000008000 ?
opiodr()+917         call     kpoal8()             00000005E ? 7FFD7A0C7DB8 ?
                                                   000000013 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000008000 ?
ttcpip()+2183        call     opiodr()             00000005E ? 00000001C ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C9D90 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000008000 ?
opitsk()+1710        call     ttcpip()             00C132AB0 ? 0099D6610 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C9D90 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C97E8 ? 7FFD7A0C9D8C ?
opiino()+969         call     opitsk()             00C132AB8 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C9D90 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C97E8 ? 7FFD7A0C9D8C ?
opiodr()+917         call     opiino()             00000003C ? 000000004 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0CB588 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C97E8 ? 7FFD7A0C9D8C ?
opidrv()+570         call     opiodr()             00000003C ? 000000004 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0CB588 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C97E8 ? 7FFD7A0C9D8C ?
sou2o()+103          call     opidrv()             00000003C ? 000000004 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0CB588 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C97E8 ? 7FFD7A0C9D8C ?
opimai_real()+133    call     sou2o()              7FFD7A0CB560 ? 00000003C ?
                                                   000000004 ? 7FFD7A0CB588 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C97E8 ? 7FFD7A0C9D8C ?
ssthrdmain()+265     call     opimai_real()        000000002 ? 7FFD7A0CB750 ?
                                                   000000004 ? 7FFD7A0CB588 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C97E8 ? 7FFD7A0C9D8C ?
main()+201           call     ssthrdmain()         000000002 ? 7FFD7A0CB750 ?
                                                   000000001 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C97E8 ? 7FFD7A0C9D8C ?
__libc_start_main()  call     main()               000000002 ? 7FFD7A0CB8F8 ?
+253                                               000000001 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C97E8 ? 7FFD7A0C9D8C ?
_start()+41          call     __libc_start_main()  000A2A5B4 ? 000000002 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0CB8E8 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFD7A0C97E8 ? 7FFD7A0C9D8C ?
--------------------- Binary Stack Dump ---------------------

根据错误提示含ORA-00704错误,可以初步确定很可能是在数据库核心基表有问题导致该问题.trace数据库启动过程,发现在obj$中异常,通过跟踪定位到启动报错所在位置,然后通过bbed(参考:bbed 文章汇总)进行修改,再次尝试启动数据库
ORA-704 ORA-1555

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 10 with name
"_SYSSMU10_1197734989$" too small
Process ID: 17898
Session ID: 191 Serial number: 5

该错误比较熟悉,通过bbed继续修改相关信息(参考:在数据库open过程中常遇到ORA-01555汇总)启动数据库成功

SQL> startup mount;
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 3056513024 bytes
Fixed Size                  2257152 bytes
Variable Size             704646912 bytes
Database Buffers         2332033024 bytes
Redo Buffers               17575936 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

尝试ddl操作报错误
ORA-600 kkdlcob-objn-exists

SQL>  create table t1 as select * from dual;
 create table t1 as select * from dual
                                  *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kkdlcob-objn-exists], [87520], [],
[], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

该错误是由于字典obj$的dataobj#太小导致,修复该问题之后,有出现以下问题
ORA-8102

SQL> create table t1 as select * from dual;
create table t1 as select * from dual
                                 *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 39, file 1, block 54781 (2)

这个错误比较明显由于obj$上的index异常导致,通过文章:bootstrap$核心index(I_OBJ1,I_USER1,I_FILE#_BLOCK#,I_IND1,I_TS#,I_CDEF1等)异常恢复—ORA-00701错误解决修复之后一切恢复正常

SQL> CREATE TABLE T1 AS SELECT * FROM DUAL;

Table created.

SQL> DROP TABLE T1 PURGE;

Table dropped.

至此数据库恢复基本完成,建议客户逻辑方式导出数据,导入到新库

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