ORA-00704 ORA-00604 ORA-00942故障恢复

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标题:ORA-00704 ORA-00604 ORA-00942故障恢复

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接到客户请求,oracle数据库停机重启维护之后,无法正常启动,请求我们给予协助
数据库启动报ORA-00704 ORA-00604 ORA-00942错误

SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production
PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production
CORE    11.2.0.1.0      Production
TNS for 32-bit Windows: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production

SQL> startup open
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1288949760 bytes
Fixed Size                  1376520 bytes
Variable Size             377491192 bytes
Database Buffers          897581056 bytes
Redo Buffers               12500992 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00942: table or view does not exist
进程 ID: 2756
会话 ID: 5 序列号: 9

alert日志报错

SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_2756.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 级别 1 出现错误
ORA-00942: 表或视图不存在
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_2756.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 级别 1 出现错误
ORA-00942: 表或视图不存在
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 2756): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 2756
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (2756) as a result of ORA-1092
Fri Nov 30 12:51:26 2018
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

根据这些年的恢复经验,恢复过相关错误的主要有:
ORA-01092 ORA-00704 ORA-00942
Oracle 11g丢失access$恢复方法
11.1.0.7版本也会出现access$表丢失导致数据库无法启动
总结主要两类:1. 由于某种bug导致access$表丢失的故障,另外一种是由于坏块导致数据库核心基表损坏引起,对于这个库进行分析

dbv 检查坏块

D:\APP\ADMINISTRATOR\ORADATA\ORCL> dbv file=system01.dbf

DBVERIFY: Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production on 星期五 11月 30 15:11:24 2018

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - 开始验证: FILE = system01.dbf


DBVERIFY - 验证完成

检查的页总数: 93440
处理的页总数 (数据): 61979
失败的页总数 (数据): 0
处理的页总数 (索引): 13560
失败的页总数 (索引): 0
处理的页总数 (其它): 3067
处理的总页数 (段)  : 0
失败的总页数 (段)  : 0
空的页总数: 14834
标记为损坏的总页数: 0
流入的页总数: 0
最高块 SCN            : 659587683 (0.659587683)

通过dbv检查数据库,确定system没有坏块
10046跟踪数据库启动

SQL> startup mount;
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 1288949760 bytes
Fixed Size                  1376520 bytes
Variable Size             377491192 bytes
Database Buffers          897581056 bytes
Redo Buffers               12500992 bytes
数据库装载完毕。

SQL> oradebug setmypid
已处理的语句
SQL> alter session set db_file_multiblocK_read_count=1;

会话已更改。

SQL> ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS '704 trace name errorstack level 3';

会话已更改。

SQL> oradebug EVENT 10046 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL 12
已处理的语句
SQL> oradebug TRACEFILE_NAME
d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_1132.trc

--trace信息
PARSE ERROR #3:len=208 dep=1 uid=0 oct=9 lid=0 tim=5838844893 err=942
CREATE UNIQUE INDEX I_OBJ1 ON OBJ$(OBJ#,OWNER#,TYPE#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 
STORAGE (  INITIAL 64K NEXT 1024K MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
 PCTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 36 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 336))

*** 2018-11-30 13:18:07.593
dbkedDefDump(): Starting a non-incident diagnostic dump (flags=0x0, level=3, mask=0x0)
----- Error Stack Dump -----
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 级别 1 出现错误
ORA-00942: 表或视图不存在

通过这一步基本上可以判断是由于obj$表丢失导致数据库创建I_OBJ1 index不成功,从而使得数据库无法正常启动。通过一些技巧修复出来obj$表,尝试启动数据库

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4000], [6], [], [], [], [], [], [],
[], [], [], []
进程 ID: 836
会话 ID: 355 序列号: 6027

alert日志报错

Fri Nov 30 15:33:47 2018
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_836.trc  (incident=648694):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [4000], [6], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\incident\incdir_648694\xff_ora_836_i648694.trc
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_836.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [4000], [6], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_836.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [4000], [6], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 836): terminating the instance due to error 704
Fri Nov 30 15:33:57 2018
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 836
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (836) as a result of ORA-1092

发现数据库启动报ORA-00704和ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4000], [6], [], [], [], [], [], [],错误,根据以往经验,该问题是由于回滚段异常导致
分析trace信息

Dump continued from file: d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_2124.trc
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [4000], [6], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

========= Dump for incident 651102 (ORA 600 [4000]) ========

*** 2018-11-30 15:46:32.125
dbkedDefDump(): Starting incident default dumps (flags=0x2, level=3, mask=0x0)
----- Current SQL Statement for txff session (sql_id=6apq2rjyxmxpj) -----
select line#, sql_text from bootstrap$ where obj# != :1

----- Call Stack Trace -----
calling              call     entry                argument values in hex      
location             type     point                (? means dubious value)     
-------------------- -------- -------------------- ----------------------------
_skdstdst()+121      CALLrel  _kgdsdst()           E6B1614 2
_ksedst1()+93        CALLrel  _skdstdst()          E6B1614 0 1 436646 435BE2
                                                   436646
_ksedst()+49         CALLrel  _ksedst1()           0 1
_dbkedDefDump()+367  CALLrel  _ksedst()            0
2                                                  
_ksedmp()+44         CALLrel  _dbkedDefDump()      3 2
_ksfdmp()+56         CALLrel  _ksedmp()            3EB
_dbgexPhaseII()+164  CALLreg  00000000             C378A28 3EB
0                                                  
_dbgexProcessError(  CALLrel  _dbgexPhaseII()      E2B0454 E2B6E50 E6B6078
)+2061                                             
_dbgeExecuteForErro  CALLrel  _dbgexProcessError(  E2B0454 E2B6E50 1 0 E2B0454
r()+43                        )                    E2B6E50
__VInfreq__dbgePost  CALLrel  _dbgeExecuteForErro  E2B0454 E2B6E50 0 1 0
ErrorKGE()+260                r()                  
_dbkePostKGE_kgsf()  CALLrel  _dbgePostErrorKGE()  C378A28 E2BD274 258
+56                                                
_kgeade()+299        CALLreg  00000000             C378A28 E2BD274 258
_kgeriv_int()+79     CALLrel  _kgeade()            C378A28 C378B50 E2BD274 258 0
                                                   FA0 0 0 0 1 E6B68A8
_kgeriv()+22         CALLrel  _kgeriv_int()        C378A28 E2BD274 FA0 0 1
                                                   E6B68A8
_kgeasi()+107        CALLrel  _kgeriv()            C378A28 E2BD274 FA0 1 E6B68A8
__VInfreq__ktuGetUs  CALLrel  _kgeasi()            C378A28 E2BD274 FA0 2 1 0 6 0
egDba()+123                                        
_ktrgcm()+5147       CALLrel  _ktuGetUsegDba()     6 E6B6E78 0 0 E6B6F48 0
_ktrget2()+596       CALLrel  _ktrgcm()            F9FCEAC
_kdst_fetch()+816    CALLrel  _ktrget2()           F9FCEAC F9FCE24 303 0
_kdstf11001010000km  CALLrel  _kdst_fetch()        1 F9FCEA8 E6B71C8
()+2806                                            
_kdsttgr()+5944      CALLrel  _kdstf11001010000km  F9FCEA8 0 557B044C F9FCDF8
                              ()                   2F0C3A6 E6B7894
_qertbFetch()+767    CALLrel  _kdsttgr()           F9FCEA8 0 557B044C F9FCDF8
                                                   557B0498 2F0C3A6 E6B7894 1
_opifch2()+2729      CALLptr  00000000             E6E7228 0 0 2 26180001
_opifch()+53         CALLrel  _opifch2()           89 5 E6B7A04
_opiodr()+1248       CALLreg  00000000             5 2 E6B81FC
_rpidrus()+186       CALLrel  _opiodr()            5 2 E6B81FC 2
_rpidru()+90         CALLrel  _rpidrus()           E6B7D58
_rpiswu2()+557       CALLrel  _rpidru()            E6B813C
_rpidrv()+1242       CALLrel  _rpiswu2()           6D9A295C 0 6D9A29A8 2 E6B8184
                                                   0 6D9A2A28 0 0 544632 5448D6
                                                   E6B813C 8
_rpifch()+43         CALLrel  _rpidrv()            2 5 E6B81FC 8
_kqlbebs()+1213      CALLrel  _rpifch()            2 2 2 F013232 FA0 1 0 E6B8634
                                                   0 0 0 0 0
_kqlblfc()+175       CALLrel  _kqlbebs()           0 E6BBBD4
_adbdrv()+16992      CALLrel  _kqlblfc()           0 E6BBBD4
_opiexe()+13594      CALLrel  _adbdrv()            4A 6E6CBC48 6DDEDB6C E6BBD68
                                                   6D60697 6E6CBC48
_opiosq0()+6248      CALLrel  _opiexe()            4 0 E6BC734
_kpooprx()+277       CALLrel  _opiosq0()           3 E E6BC9A0 A4 0
_kpoal8()+632        CALLrel  _kpooprx()           E6BF0A4 E6BD420 1B 1 0 A4
_opiodr()+1248       CALLreg  00000000             5E 1C E6BF0A0
_ttcpip()+1051       CALLreg  00000000             5E 1C E6BF0A0 0
_opitsk()+1404       CALL???  00000000             C3832A8 5E E6BF0A0 0 E6BED30
                                                   E6BF1CC 53E52E 0 E6BF1F8
_opiino()+980        CALLrel  _opitsk()            0 0
_opiodr()+1248       CALLreg  00000000             3C 4 E6BFBF4
_opidrv()+1201       CALLrel  _opiodr()            3C 4 E6BFBF4 0
_sou2o()+55          CALLrel  _opidrv()            3C 4 E6BFBF4
_opimai_real()+124   CALLrel  _sou2o()             E6BFC04 3C 4 E6BFBF4
_opimai()+125        CALLrel  _opimai_real()       2 E6BFC2C
_OracleThreadStart@  CALLrel  _opimai()            2 E6BFF6C 7C9BA7F4 E6BFC34 0
4()+830                                            E6BFD04
7C82484C             CALLreg  00000000             E5BFF9C 0 0 E5BFF9C 0 E6BFFC4
00000000             CALL???  00000000             
 

--------------------- Binary Stack Dump ---------------------


Block header dump:  0x0040020b
 Object id on Block? Y
 seg/obj: 0x3b  csc: 0x00.27508136  itc: 1  flg: O  typ: 1 - DATA
     fsl: 0  fnx: 0x0 ver: 0x01
 
 Itl           Xid                  Uba         Flag  Lck        Scn/Fsc
0x01   0x0006.015.0005e9e9  0x00c0052c.916f.10  --U-    1  fsc 0x0000.27508263

报错比较明显该block比较异常,通过bbed修改相关block信息,相关处理参考:
重现ORA-600 4000异常
通过bbed解决ORA-00600[4000]案例
记录一次ORA-600 4000数据库故障恢复
ORACLE 8.1.7 数据库ORA-600 4000故障恢复

处理之后数据库正常open

Fri Nov 30 15:57:34 2018
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Successfully onlined Undo Tablespace 2.
Verifying file header compatibility for 11g tablespace encryption..
Verifying 11g file header compatibility for tablespace encryption completed
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
No Resource Manager plan active
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Fri Nov 30 15:57:38 2018
Starting background process QMNC
Fri Nov 30 15:57:38 2018
QMNC started with pid=23, OS id=1152 
Completed: alter database open
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