重建oraInventory解决ORA-20001

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标题:重建oraInventory解决ORA-20001

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数据库启动报ORA-20001: Latest xml inventory is not loaded into table错误

Completed: ALTER DATABASE OPEN
2018-01-23T23:46:27.924841+08:00
CJQ0 started with pid=54, OS id=6653 
2018-01-23T23:46:31.705550+08:00
Unable to obtain current patch information due to error: 20001,
  ORA-20001: Latest xml inventory is not loaded into table
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_QOPATCH", line 777
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_QOPATCH", line 864
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_QOPATCH", line 2222
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_QOPATCH", line 740
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_QOPATCH", line 2247

===========================================================
Dumping current patch information
===========================================================
Unable to obtain current patch information due to error: 20001
===========================================================

查询相关sql报错

SYS@xffdb>select * from OPATCH_XML_INV ;
ERROR:
ORA-29913: error in executing ODCIEXTTABLEFETCH callout
ORA-29400: data cartridge error
KUP-04004: error while reading file /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome/QOpatch/qopiprep.bat



no rows selected

Elapsed: 00:00:00.58


SYS@xffdb>select xmltransform(dbms_qopatch.get_opatch_lsinventory(), dbms_qopatch.GET_OPATCH_XSLT()) from dual ;
ERROR:
ORA-20001: Latest xml inventory is not loaded into table
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_QOPATCH", line 777
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_QOPATCH", line 864
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_QOPATCH", line 2222
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_QOPATCH", line 740
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_QOPATCH", line 2247



no rows selected

Elapsed: 00:00:00.63

datapatch -prereq报错

[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/datapatch -prereq
SQL Patching tool version 12.2.0.1.0 Production on Tue Jan 23 18:11:32 2018
Copyright (c) 2012, 2017, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to database...OK
Note:  Datapatch will only apply or rollback SQL fixes for PDBs
       that are in an open state, no patches will be applied to closed PDBs.
       Please refer to Note: Datapatch: Database 12c Post Patch SQL Automation
       (Doc ID 1585822.1)

Queryable inventory could not determine the current opatch status.
Execute 'select dbms_sqlpatch.verify_queryable_inventory from dual'
and/or check the invocation log
/u03/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/sqlpatch/sqlpatch_4909_2018_01_23_18_11_32/sqlpatch_invocation.log
for the complete error.

Prereq check failed, exiting without installing any patches.

Please refer to MOS Note 1609718.1 and/or the invocation log
/u03/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/sqlpatch/sqlpatch_4909_2018_01_23_18_11_32/sqlpatch_invocation.log
for information on how to resolve the above errors.

SQL Patching tool complete on Tue Jan 23 18:11:45 2018

分析qopiprep.bat文件

cd $ORACLE_HOME
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin
export PATH

# sed tried to convert from one encoding to other in presence of LC_ALL
# or LANG settings. Since opatch returning UTF-8 based encoding we do not
# need such a conversion. So safely skip it
LANG=en_US.UTF-8
export LANG

LC_ALL=''
export LC_ALL

# Option: "-retry 0" avoids retries in case of locked inventory.

# Option: "-invPtrLoc" is required for non-central-inventory
# locations. $OPATCH_PREP_LSINV_OPTS which may set by users
# in the environment to configure special OPatch options 
# ("-jdk" is another good candidate that may require configuration!).

# Option: "-all" gives information on all Oracle Homes
# installed in the central inventory.  With that information, the
# patches of non-RDBMS homes could be fetched. 

DBSID=$ORACLE_SID
ORABASE=`$ORACLE_HOME/bin/orabasehome`

rm -rf $ORABASE/rdbms/log/xml_file_$DBSID.xml
$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch lsinventory -xml  $ORABASE/rdbms/log/xml_file_$DBSID.xml -retry 0 -invPtrLoc $ORACLE_HOME/oraInst.loc >> $ORABASE/rdbms/log/stout_$DBSID.txt
cat $ORABASE/rdbms/log/xml_file_$DBSID.xml | sed 's/^ *//' | tr '\n' ' '
echo "UIJSVTBOEIZBEFFQBL"
rm $ORABASE/rdbms/log/xml_file_$DBSID.xml
rm $ORABASE/rdbms/log/stout_$DBSID.txt

这里主要是$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch lsinventory可能异常,测试该功能
qopatch_log日志

[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ tail -f /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome/QOpatch/qopatch_log.log
 LOG file opened at 01/23/18 18:48:55

KUP-05007:   Warning: Intra source concurrency disabled because the preprocessor option is being used.

Field Definitions for table OPATCH_XML_INV
  Record format DELIMITED BY NEWLINE
  Data in file has same endianness as the platform
  Reject rows with all null fields

  Fields in Data Source: 

    XML_INVENTORY                   CHAR (100000000)
      Terminated by "UIJSVTBOEIZBEFFQBL"
      Trim whitespace same as SQL Loader
KUP-04004: error while reading file /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome/QOpatch/qopiprep.bat
KUP-04017: OS message: Error 0
KUP-04017: OS message: LsInventorySession failed: RawInventory gets null OracleHomeInfo
cat: /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome/rdbms/log/xml_file_xffdb.xml: No such file or direc
KUP-04118: operation "pipe read", location "skudmir:2"

opatch lsinventory验证

[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome/OPatch/opatch lsinventory
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.2.0.1.6
Copyright (c) 2018, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.


Oracle Home       : /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome
Central Inventory : /u01/app/oraInventory
   from           : /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.2.0.1.6
OUI version       : 12.2.0.1.4
Log file location : /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2018-01-23_23-50-29PM_1.log

List of Homes on this system:

  Home name= OraDB12Home1, Location= "/u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1"
LsInventorySession failed: RawInventory gets null OracleHomeInfo

OPatch failed with error code 73

现在到这一步,可以确定判断opatch lsinventory运行异常,导致DBMS_QOPATCH无法正常工作,而引起opatch异常的原因是由于RawInventory gets null OracleHomeInfo
分析inventory.xml 文件

[oracle@xifenfei ContentsXML]$ cat inventory.xml 

<?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes" ?>
<!-- Copyright (c) 1999, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates.
All rights reserved. -->
<!-- Do not modify the contents of this file by hand. -->
<INVENTORY>
<VERSION_INFO>
   <SAVED_WITH>12.2.0.1.0</SAVED_WITH>
   <MINIMUM_VER>2.1.0.6.0</MINIMUM_VER>
</VERSION_INFO>
<HOME_LIST>
<HOME NAME="OraDB12Home1" LOC="/u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1" TYPE="O" IDX="1"/>
</HOME_LIST>
<COMPOSITEHOME_LIST>
</COMPOSITEHOME_LIST>
</INVENTORY>

因为该机器上安装过三个版本的oracle,12.2 beta,11.2.0.4,12.2.0.1,现在oracle home只有第一个beta的,因此这个部分肯定异常,导致后面的12.2正式版无法获取到oraclehome
重建oraInventory

[oracle@xifenfei app]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/oui/bin
[oracle@xifenfei bin]$ ./runInstaller -silent -ignoreSysPrereqs -attachHome ORACLE_HOME="/u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1" ORACLE_HOME_NAME="OraDB12betaHome1"
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 3935 MB    Passed
The inventory pointer is located at /etc/oraInst.loc
'AttachHome' was successful.
[oracle@xifenfei bin]$ ./runInstaller -silent -ignoreSysPrereqs -attachHome ORACLE_HOME="/u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome" ORACLE_HOME_NAME="OraDb11g_home1"
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 3935 MB    Passed
The inventory pointer is located at /etc/oraInst.loc
'AttachHome' was successful.
[oracle@xifenfei bin]$ ./runInstaller -silent -ignoreSysPrereqs -attachHome ORACLE_HOME="/u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome" ORACLE_HOME_NAME="OraDb122g_home1"
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 3935 MB    Passed
The inventory pointer is located at /etc/oraInst.loc
'AttachHome' was successful.

--验证inventory.xml 文件
[oracle@xifenfei ContentsXML]$ cat inventory.xml 

<?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes" ?>
<!-- Copyright (c) 1999, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates.
All rights reserved. -->
<!-- Do not modify the contents of this file by hand. -->
<INVENTORY>
<VERSION_INFO>
   <SAVED_WITH>12.2.0.1.4</SAVED_WITH>
   <MINIMUM_VER>2.1.0.6.0</MINIMUM_VER>
</VERSION_INFO>
<HOME_LIST>
<HOME NAME="OraDB12betaHome1" LOC="/u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1" TYPE="O" IDX="1"/>
<HOME NAME="OraDb11g_home1" LOC="/u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome" TYPE="O" IDX="2"/>
<HOME NAME="OraDb122g_home1" LOC="/u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome" TYPE="O" IDX="3"/>
</HOME_LIST>
<COMPOSITEHOME_LIST>
</COMPOSITEHOME_LIST>
</INVENTORY>

验证opatch lsinventory

[oracle@xifenfei bin]$ opatch lsinv
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.2.0.1.6
Copyright (c) 2018, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.


Oracle Home       : /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome
Central Inventory : /u01/app/oraInventory
   from           : /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.2.0.1.6
OUI version       : 12.2.0.1.4
Log file location : /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2018-01-24_00-19-55AM_1.log

Lsinventory Output file location : /u03/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2018-01-24_00-19-55AM.txt

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Machine Information::
Hostname: xifenfei
ARU platform id: 226
ARU platform description:: Linux x86-64

Installed Top-level Products (1): 

Oracle Database 12c                                                  12.2.0.1.0
There are 1 products installed in this Oracle Home.


There are no Interim patches installed in this Oracle Home.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

OPatch succeeded.

验证dbms_qopatch工作正常

[oracle@xifenfei ContentsXML]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/datapatch -prereq 
SQL Patching tool version 12.2.0.1.0 Production on Wed Jan 24 00:21:48 2018
Copyright (c) 2012, 2017, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to database...OK
Note:  Datapatch will only apply or rollback SQL fixes for PDBs
       that are in an open state, no patches will be applied to closed PDBs.
       Please refer to Note: Datapatch: Database 12c Post Patch SQL Automation
       (Doc ID 1585822.1)
Determining current state...done
Adding patches to installation queue and performing prereq checks...done
Installation queue:
  For the following PDBs: CDB$ROOT PDB$SEED
    Nothing to roll back
    Nothing to apply

SQL Patching tool complete on Wed Jan 24 00:21:55 2018
SYS@xffdb>select dbms_sqlpatch.verify_queryable_inventory from dual;

VERIFY_QUERYABLE_INVENTORY
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OK

Elapsed: 00:00:01.03
SYS@xffdb>select xmltransform(dbms_qopatch.get_opatch_lsinventory(), dbms_qopatch.GET_OPATCH_XSLT()) from dual ;

XMLTRANSFORM(DBMS_QOPATCH.GET_OPATCH_LSINVENTORY(),DBMS_QOPATCH.GET_OPATCH_XSLT())
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Oracle Querayable Patch Interface 1.0
-----------------------------------------


Elapsed: 00:00:01.09
SYS@xffdb>

通过修复错误的oraInventory解决ORA-20001问题

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