Exadata火线救援:10TB级数据恢复—强制拉库篇

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标题:Exadata火线救援:10TB级数据恢复—强制拉库篇

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

这个库的恢复有一些历史故事(【力荐】Exadata火线救援:10TB级数据修复经典案例详解!):xx运营商x2的1/4配置的oracle exadata机器,跑了近6年,最近有一个cell节点主机异常,在rebalance过程中,只有两个节点的cell其中一个节点坏了一个硬盘导致.导致asm diskgroup无法正常mount,最后该运营商运维三方通过amdu把该一体机中的数据文件全部抽出来,然后在恢复过程中出现大量错误无法解决,请求我们支持
数据库open过程报ORA-01555错误

Thu Jul  14 00:01:04 2016
alter database open
Thu Jul  14 00:01:04 2016
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 2 (thread open)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 2
  Current log# 2 seq# 2 mem# 0: /data/amdu/redo/DATA_EC_260.f
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Thu Jul  14 00:01:05 2016
SMON: enabling cache recovery
ORA-01555 caused by SQL statement below (SQL ID: 4krwuz0ctqxdt, SCN: 0x0b26.9f080238):
select ctime, mtime, stime from obj$ where obj# = :1
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_59546.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 83 with name "_SYSSMU83_1078760807$" too small
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_59546.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 83 with name "_SYSSMU83_1078760807$" too small
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 59546): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 59546
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (59546) as a result of ORA-1092

这个错误比较常见,可以通过推scn就可以解决,由于已经安装了scn patch,通过oradebug推scn解决该问题.

ORA-600 4194
这个ora 600 4194相对比较特殊,在SMON: enabling cache recovery之后立马报出来,然后实例直接open失败.

Thu Jul  14 00:06:15 2016
alter database open
Thu Jul  14 00:06:15 2016
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 3 (thread open)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 3
  Current log# 3 seq# 3 mem# 0: /data/amdu/redo/DATA_EC_263.f
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Thu Jul  14 00:06:15 2016
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_60038.trc  (incident=1080450):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Block recovery from logseq 3, block 3 to scn 12269096776739
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 3 Seq 3 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /data/amdu/redo/DATA_EC_263.f
Block recovery stopped at EOT rba 3.5.16
Block recovery completed at rba 3.5.16, scn 2856.2670179361
Block recovery from logseq 3, block 3 to scn 12269096776736
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 3 Seq 3 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /data/amdu/redo/DATA_EC_263.f
Block recovery completed at rba 3.5.16, scn 2856.2670179361
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_60038.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_60038.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 60038): terminating the instance due to error 600
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 60038
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (60038) as a result of ORA-1092

trace文件分析
打开数据库报ORA-600[4194]错误,对启动过程进行10046跟踪并且分析trace文件发现

PARSING IN CURSOR #140375370511672 len=148 dep=1 uid=0 oct=6 lid=0 tim=3501342849457766 hv=3540833987 
ad='a47df47a8' sqlid='5ansr7r9htpq3'
update undo$ set name=:2,file#=:3,block#=:4,status$=:5,user#=:6,undosqn=:7,xactsqn=:8,scnbas=:9,
scnwrp=:10,inst#=:11,ts#=:12,spare1=:13 where us#=:1
END OF STMT
PARSE #140375370511672:c=27996,e=28041,p=66,cr=224,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,plh=0,tim=3501342849457765
BINDS #140375370511672:
 Bind#0
  oacdty=01 mxl=32(20) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=18 fl2=0001 frm=01 csi=178 siz=32 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=a47e093ca  bln=32  avl=20  flg=09
  value="_SYSSMU1_2856534670$"
 Bind#1
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b92b0  bln=24  avl=03  flg=05
  value=1024
 Bind#2
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b9280  bln=24  avl=03  flg=05
  value=128
 Bind#3
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b9248  bln=24  avl=02  flg=05
  value=5
 Bind#4
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b9218  bln=24  avl=02  flg=05
  value=1
 Bind#5
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b91e8  bln=24  avl=03  flg=05
  value=3398
 Bind#6
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b91b8  bln=24  avl=05  flg=05
  value=1485261
 Bind#7
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b9180  bln=24  avl=06  flg=05
  value=1946693999
 Bind#8
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b8ec8  bln=24  avl=03  flg=05
  value=2847
 Bind#9
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b8e98  bln=24  avl=02  flg=05
  value=1
 Bind#10
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b8e68  bln=24  avl=02  flg=05
  value=2
 Bind#11
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b8e38  bln=24  avl=02  flg=05
  value=2
 Bind#12
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=7fabae3b92e0  bln=22  avl=02  flg=05
  value=1
WAIT #140375370511672: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 21 file#=1 block#=179020 blocks=1 obj#=0 tim=3501342849459353

*** 2016-07-14 03:14:09.548
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

很明显数据库是在update undo$的时候,读取到file 1 block 179020的时候报错,继续分析trace文件

Error 600 in redo application callback
Dump of change vector:
TYP:0 CLS:16 AFN:1 DBA:0x0042bb4c OBJ:4294967295 SCN:0x0b26.a88e815e SEQ:1 OP:5.1 ENC:0 RBL:0
ktudb redo: siz: 272 spc: 4906 flg: 0x0012 seq: 0x0f4c rec: 0x0d
            xid:  0x0000.01b.00000b63  
ktubl redo: slt: 27 rci: 0 opc: 11.1 [objn: 15 objd: 15 tsn: 0]
Undo type:  Regular undo        Begin trans    Last buffer split:  No 
Temp Object:  No 
Tablespace Undo:  No 
             0x00000000  prev ctl uba: 0x0042bb4c.0f4c.0c 
prev ctl max cmt scn:  0x0b23.ccb9eb89  prev tx cmt scn:  0x0b23.ccb9ebac 
txn start scn:  0xffff.ffffffff  logon user: 0  prev brb: 4373321  prev bcl: 0 BuExt idx: 0 flg2: 0
KDO undo record:
KTB Redo 
op: 0x04  ver: 0x01  
compat bit: 4 (post-11) padding: 1
op: L  itl: xid:  0x0000.01c.00000b65 uba: 0x0042bb4a.0f4c.1d
                      flg: C---    lkc:  0     scn: 0x0b25.7391ee5c
KDO Op code: URP row dependencies Disabled
  xtype: XA flags: 0x00000000  bdba: 0x004000e1  hdba: 0x004000e0
itli: 2  ispac: 0  maxfr: 4863
tabn: 0 slot: 1(0x1) flag: 0x2c lock: 0 ckix: 0
ncol: 17 nnew: 12 size: 0
col  1: [20]  5f 53 59 53 53 4d 55 31 5f 32 38 35 36 35 33 34 36 37 30 24
col  2: [ 2]  c1 02
col  3: [ 3]  c2 0b 19
col  4: [ 3]  c2 02 1d
col  5: [ 6]  c5 14 2f 46 28 64
col  6: [ 3]  c2 1d 30
col  7: [ 5]  c4 02 31 35 3e
col  8: [ 3]  c2 22 63
col  9: [ 2]  c1 02
col 10: [ 2]  c1 04
col 11: [ 2]  c1 03
col 16: [ 2]  c1 03
Block after image is corrupt: 
buffer tsn: 0 rdba: 0x0042bb4c (1/179020)
scn: 0x0b26.a88e815e seq: 0x01 flg: 0x04 tail: 0x815e0201
frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0xf022 type: 0x02=KTU UNDO BLOCK
Hex dump of block: st=0, typ_found=1
Dump of memory from 0x000000094E07A000 to 0x000000094E07C000
94E07A000 0000A202 0042BB4C A88E815E 04010B26  [....L.B.^...&...]
94E07A010 0000F022 004E0000 00000B5B 1D1D0F4C  [".....N.[...L...]

我们知道在file 1 block 179020的时候redo和undo信息不匹配,出现了上述的ORA 600 4194的错误.进一步分析

Block image after block recovery:
buffer tsn: 0 rdba: 0x00400080 (1/128)
scn: 0x0b26.6389e19d seq: 0x01 flg: 0x04 tail: 0xe19d0e01
frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0x7c95 type: 0x0e=KTU UNDO HEADER W/UNLIMITED EXTENTS
Hex dump of block: st=0, typ_found=1
Dump of memory from 0x000000094DAB2000 to 0x000000094DAB4000
94DAB2000 0000A20E 00400080 6389E19D 04010B26  [......@....c&...]
94DAB2010 00007C95 00000000 00000000 00000000  [.|..............]
94DAB2020 00000000 00000015 000002FF 00001020  [............ ...]
94DAB2030 0000000D 0000004C 00000080 0042BB4C  [....L.......L.B.]


  Extent Control Header
  -----------------------------------------------------------------
  Extent Header:: spare1: 0      spare2: 0      #extents: 21     #blocks: 767   
                  last map  0x00000000  #maps: 0      offset: 4128  
      Highwater::  0x0042bb4c  ext#: 13     blk#: 76     ext size: 128   
  #blocks in seg. hdr's freelists: 0     
  #blocks below: 0     
  mapblk  0x00000000  offset: 13    
                   Unlocked
     Map Header:: next  0x00000000  #extents: 21   obj#: 0      flag: 0x40000000
  Extent Map
  -----------------------------------------------------------------
   0x00400081  length: 7     
   0x00413a38  length: 8     
   0x00400088  length: 8     
   0x00413a30  length: 8     
   0x0042b888  length: 8     
   0x0042b890  length: 8     
   0x0042b898  length: 8     
   0x0042b8a0  length: 8     
   0x0042b8a8  length: 8     
   0x0042b8b0  length: 8     
   0x0042b8b8  length: 8     
   0x0042b8c0  length: 8     
   0x0042ba80  length: 128   
   0x0042bb00  length: 128   
   0x0042bc00  length: 128   
   0x0042bc80  length: 128   
   0x0042bb80  length: 128   
   0x00400210  length: 8     
   0x00400218  length: 8     
   0x00400220  length: 8     
   0x00400228  length: 8     
  
  TRN CTL:: seq: 0x0f4c chd: 0x001b ctl: 0x0043 inc: 0x00000000 nfb: 0x0001
            mgc: 0x8002 xts: 0x0068 flg: 0x0001 opt: 2147483646 (0x7ffffffe)
            uba: 0x0042bb4c.0f4c.0c scn: 0x0b23.ccb9eb89
Version: 0x01
  FREE BLOCK POOL::
    uba: 0x0042bb4c.0f4c.0c ext: 0xd  spc: 0x132a  
    uba: 0x00000000.0f4c.0c ext: 0xd  spc: 0x12f6  
    uba: 0x00000000.0f4c.01 ext: 0xd  spc: 0x1ec8  
    uba: 0x00000000.0f4c.04 ext: 0xd  spc: 0x1b86  
    uba: 0x00000000.0f4c.09 ext: 0xd  spc: 0x162c  
  TRN TBL::
 
  index  state cflags  wrap#    uel         scn            dba            parent-xid    nub     stmt_num
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   0x00    9    0x00  0x0b62  0x0011  0x0b25.2dacaf61  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x01    9    0x00  0x0b64  0x0024  0x0b24.a6a2cf7b  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x02    9    0x00  0x0b65  0x0036  0x0b25.7391eda0  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x03    9    0x00  0x0b4f  0x0007  0x0b24.337bf49b  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x04    9    0x00  0x0b64  0x0051  0x0b23.ff22c637  0x0042bb49  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x05    9    0x00  0x0b64  0x0022  0x0b26.4393eb1e  0x0042bb4c  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x06    9    0x00  0x0b66  0x0058  0x0b24.335c794d  0x0042bb49  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x07    9    0x00  0x0b4f  0x001d  0x0b24.4e05f2af  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x08    9    0x00  0x0b65  0x005e  0x0b23.ff22c618  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x09    9    0x00  0x0b5f  0x0035  0x0b24.337bf3d9  0x0042bb49  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x0a    9    0x00  0x0b64  0x004f  0x0b25.7391ee5f  0x0042bb4c  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x0b    9    0x00  0x0b64  0x0040  0x0b24.335c7bd7  0x0042bb49  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x0c    9    0x00  0x0b65  0x0002  0x0b25.7391e929  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x0d    9    0x00  0x0b4f  0x0033  0x0b24.a6a2caa5  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x0e    9    0x00  0x0b65  0x0008  0x0b23.ff22c616  0x0042bb49  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x0f    9    0x00  0x0b61  0x0038  0x0b26.6389e195  0x0042bb4c  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x10    9    0x00  0x0b4f  0x002a  0x0b24.bcff18b3  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x11    9    0x00  0x0b5c  0x0059  0x0b25.2dacaf69  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x12    9    0x00  0x0b65  0x0026  0x0b25.2dacb0a8  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x13    9    0x00  0x0b66  0x0021  0x0b24.a6a2caaa  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x14    9    0x00  0x0b62  0x0009  0x0b24.337bf3d7  0x0042bb49  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x15    9    0x00  0x0b63  0x0031  0x0b25.1b4e13ba  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x16    9    0x00  0x0b66  0x003b  0x0b25.2dacee5d  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x17    9    0x00  0x0b63  0x0034  0x0b26.6389e199  0x0042bb4c  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x18    9    0x00  0x0b5d  0x002f  0x0b24.bcff18af  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x19    9    0x00  0x0b5b  0x004d  0x0b24.d60f78e3  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x1a    9    0x00  0x0b60  0x005b  0x0b25.1b4e13be  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x1b    9    0x00  0x0b62  0x003e  0x0b23.ccb9ebac  0x0042bb49  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x1c    9    0x00  0x0b65  0x000a  0x0b25.7391ee5c  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x1d    9    0x00  0x0b64  0x002c  0x0b24.4e05f2b1  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x1e    9    0x00  0x0b64  0x0045  0x0b24.33255ae9  0x0042bb49  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x1f    9    0x00  0x0b64  0x0015  0x0b25.1b4e13b5  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x20    9    0x00  0x0b63  0x0050  0x0b24.335c79a4  0x0042bb49  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x21    9    0x00  0x0b5d  0x0001  0x0b24.a6a2caf0  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x22    9    0x00  0x0b65  0x000f  0x0b26.4393eb20  0x0042bb4c  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x23    9    0x00  0x0b62  0x0042  0x0b24.337bf3d2  0x0042bb49  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x24    9    0x00  0x0b65  0x003c  0x0b24.a6a2d137  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x25    9    0x00  0x0b62  0x0020  0x0b24.335c795d  0x0042bb49  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x26    9    0x00  0x0b63  0x0052  0x0b25.2dacee48  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x27    9    0x00  0x0b4e  0x003a  0x0b25.7391ee58  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x28    9    0x00  0x0b65  0x0049  0x0b25.2dacb089  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x29    9    0x00  0x0b61  0x0030  0x0b24.bcff18bb  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x2a    9    0x00  0x0b65  0x0057  0x0b24.bcff18b5  0x0042bb4b  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x2b    9    0x00  0x0b64  0x0054  0x0b25.2dacee55  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
   0x2c    9    0x00  0x0b61  0x000d  0x0b24.4e05f2b3  0x0042bb4a  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000
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KQRCMT: Write failed with error=600 po=0xa47e092c0 cid=3
diagnostics : cid=3 hash=35e74caf flag=2a
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

到这里我们基本上明白了报错的file 1 block 179020是由FREE BLOCK POOL分配出来的,现在解决给问题的思路就是直接使用bbed分配一个新块即可.

ORA-600 6711
数据库无法正常open报ORA 600 6711错误

Thu Jul  14 04:04:28 2016
alter database open
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 32 processes
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 1 KB redo, 0 data blocks need recovery
Started redo application at
 Thread 1: logseq 2, block 3
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 2 Seq 2 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /data/amdu/redo/DATA_EC_260.f
Completed redo application of 0.00MB
Completed crash recovery at
 Thread 1: logseq 2, block 5, scn 12269633687653
 0 data blocks read, 0 data blocks written, 1 redo k-bytes read
Thu Jul  14 04:04:29 2016
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 3 (thread open)
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 3
  Current log# 3 seq# 3 mem# 0: /data/amdu/redo/DATA_EC_263.f
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
After successful startup of the database, please remove
the parameters _allow_error_simulation and _smu_debug_mode
and restart the database
Thu Jul  14 04:04:29 2016
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Undo initialization finished serial:0 start:270626334 end:270626544 diff:210 (2 seconds)
Dictionary check beginning
Tablespace 'TEMP' #3 found in data dictionary,
but not in the controlfile. Adding to controlfile.
Corrected file 19 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 81 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 88 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 93 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 128 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 130 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 131 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 163 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 181 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 184 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 186 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 191 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 214 plugged in read-only status in control file
Corrected file 220 plugged in read-only status in control file
Dictionary check complete
Verifying file header compatibility for 11g tablespace encryption..
Verifying 11g file header compatibility for tablespace encryption completed
SMON: enabling tx recovery
*********************************************************************
WARNING: The following temporary tablespaces contain no files.
         This condition can occur when a backup controlfile has
         been restored.  It may be necessary to add files to these
         tablespaces.  That can be done using the SQL statement:
 
         ALTER TABLESPACE <tablespace_name> ADD TEMPFILE
 
         Alternatively, if these temporary tablespaces are no longer
         needed, then they can be dropped.
           Empty temporary tablespace: TEMP
*********************************************************************
Updating character set in controlfile to ZHS16GBK
WARNING: event 8105 is set. This event disables failed
         online index [re]build cleanup
No Resource Manager plan active
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Starting background process QMNC
Thu Jul  14 04:04:30 2016
QMNC started with pid=57, OS id=3549 
LOGSTDBY: Validating controlfile with logical metadata
LOGSTDBY: Validation complete
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_3401.trc  (incident=1440450):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6711], [4293062], [1], [4318348], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_1440450/xifenfei_ora_3401_i1440450.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Error 600 in kwqmnpartition(), aborting txn 
Thu Jul  14 04:04:32 2016
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20801214040432], requested by (instance=1, osid=3401), summary=[incident=1440450].
Thu Jul  14 04:04:32 2016
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_mmon_3329.trc  (incident=1440178):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6711], [4293062], [1], [4318348], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_1440178/xifenfei_mmon_3329_i1440178.trc
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_3401.trc  (incident=1440451):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6711], [4293062], [1], [4318348], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_1440451/xifenfei_ora_3401_i1440451.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_mmon_3329.trc  (incident=1440179):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6711], [4293062], [1], [4318348], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_1440179/xifenfei_mmon_3329_i1440179.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
ORA-600 signalled during: alter database open...

数据库正常open失败,但是可以upgrade启动.根据对trace文件的分析,定位到问题在HISTGRM$表上面,进一步分析该表结构为

CREATE TABLE SYS.HISTGRM$
(
  OBJ#      NUMBER,
  COL#      NUMBER,
  ROW#      NUMBER,
  BUCKET    NUMBER,
  ENDPOINT  NUMBER,
  INTCOL#   NUMBER,
  EPVALUE   VARCHAR2(1000 BYTE),
  SPARE1    NUMBER,
  SPARE2    NUMBER
)
CLUSTER SYS.C_OBJ#_INTCOL#(OBJ#, INTCOL#);

这个和ORA-600 6711错误相匹配了

ERROR:
ORA-600 [6711] [a] [b] 1 [d]
VERSIONS:
versions 6.0 to 12.1
DESCRIPTION:
This error is generated when we find more blocks on a cluster key
chain than are supposed to be there.
Usually this indicates that the chain contains a loop within itself. We
cannot have more than 65535 blocks in a chain.
ARGUMENTS:
Arg [a] beginning DBA
Arg [b] table slot number (in table index)
Arg {c} dba of key next in chain
Arg [d] row slot of key next in chain

需要处理该错误,也就是需要处理CLUSTER SYS.C_OBJ#_INTCOL#,这个可以通过重建来实现,但是当重建之时发生

ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kkoipt:invalid aptyp], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 39, file 1, block 1374829 (2)

这里错误比较明显obj#=39为obj$的i_obj4的index的记录和表不匹配,导致任何ddl无法执行,因此如果要处理C_OBJ#_INTCOL#就必须要先处理i_obj4的问题.通过一些技巧重建i_obj4,然后重建C_OBJ#_INTCOL#,数据库终于可以正常打开.由于大量数据字典不一致,exp/expdp导出依旧有问题,通过dblink直接拉数据到新库,完成本次恢复
补充说明:1. 在这个库的恢复过程中,我们还使用了大量的event和隐含参数,因为比较常规而且不涉及核心环节,因为未列举出来;2. 由于当时操作记录未能够保留日志因此相关操作步骤无法贴出来,本文只能提供恢复处理思路
再次提醒各位数据库做好备份,做好巡检工作,哪怕是强大的Oracle exadata也禁不起无备份折腾,数据重于一切

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