ORA-00354 ORA-00353 ORA-00312异常处理

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标题:ORA-00354 ORA-00353 ORA-00312异常处理

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

数据库启动报错
WIN平台oracle 9.2.0.6版本数据库redo log block header损坏,ORA-00354 ORA-00353 ORA-00312错误导致数据库无法启动

SQL >alter database open;
*
ERROR at line 1:

ORA-00354: corrupt redo log block header
ORA-00353: log corruption near block 1892904 change 281470950178815
ORA-00312: online log 3 thread 1: 'D:\ORACLE\ORADATA\ZOYO\REDO03.LOG'
Sun Jan 24 15:44:05 2016
Database mounted in Exclusive Mode.
Completed: alter database mount exclusive
Sun Jan 24 15:44:05 2016
alter database open
Sun Jan 24 15:44:05 2016
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
Sun Jan 24 15:44:05 2016
Started redo scan
ORA-354 signalled during: alter database open...
Shutting down instance: further logons disabled
Shutting down instance (immediate)
License high water mark = 3
Sun Jan 24 15:44:32 2016
ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL
ORA-1109 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...

通过分析,确定损坏的redo03为当前redo,无法使用正常方法打开,加上_allow_resetlogs_corruption参数,尝试打开库,依旧失败

数据库报ORA-600 2662错误

Sun Jan 24 16:26:30 2016
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Sun Jan 24 16:26:30 2016
Errors in file d:\oracle\admin\zoyo\udump\zoyo_ora_640.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码,参数: [2662], [0], [31563641], [0], [31563654], [4194721], [], []

Sun Jan 24 16:26:31 2016
Errors in file d:\oracle\admin\zoyo\udump\zoyo_ora_640.trc:
ORA-00704: 引导程序进程失败
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码,参数: [2662], [0], [31563641], [0], [31563654], [4194721], [], []

Sun Jan 24 16:26:31 2016
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 640
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...

ORA 600 2662的错误处理
根据经验,这个错误只需要推scn即可,可以通过bbed,隐含参数,event,oradebug,修改控制文件等方法进行,推scn之后,数据库报熟悉的ORA-00604 ORA-00607 ORA-600 4194错误,以前我们遇到的block大部分是128,这次报异常block为9.实际中跟版本有关系,在ORACLE 9.2.0.6中该错误为file 1 block 9.大部分版本为128

Sun Jan 24 16:29:39 2016
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Sun Jan 24 16:29:39 2016
Errors in file d:\oracle\admin\zoyo\udump\zoyo_ora_3432.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码,参数: [4194], [14], [5], [], [], [], [], []

Sun Jan 24 16:29:39 2016
Doing block recovery for fno: 1 blk: 401
Sun Jan 24 16:29:39 2016
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 2 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0 errs 0: D:\ORACLE\ORADATA\ZOYO\REDO01.LOG
Doing block recovery for fno: 1 blk: 9
Sun Jan 24 16:29:40 2016
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 2 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0 errs 0: D:\ORACLE\ORADATA\ZOYO\REDO01.LOG
Sun Jan 24 16:29:40 2016
Errors in file d:\oracle\admin\zoyo\udump\zoyo_ora_3432.trc:
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 层 1 出现错误
ORA-00607: 当更改数据块时出现内部错误
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码,参数: [4194], [14], [5], [], [], [], [], []

Error 604 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 604
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 3432

ORA-00604 ORA-00607 ORA-600 4194分析trace文件

*** 2016-01-24 16:29:40.031
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 2 Reading mem 0
 
Block image after block recovery:
buffer tsn: 0 rdba: 0x00400009 (1/9)
scn: 0x0000.01e112e1 seq: 0x01 flg: 0x04 tail: 0x12e10e01
frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0xba76 type: 0x0e=KTU UNDO HEADER W/UNLIMITED EXTENTS
  Extent Control Header
  -----------------------------------------------------------------
  Extent Header:: spare1: 0      spare2: 0      #extents: 6      #blocks: 47    
                  last map  0x00000000  #maps: 0      offset: 4128  
      Highwater::  0x00400191  ext#: 4      blk#: 0      ext size: 8     
  #blocks in seg. hdr's freelists: 0     
  #blocks below: 0     
  mapblk  0x00000000  offset: 4     
                   Unlocked
     Map Header:: next  0x00000000  #extents: 6    obj#: 0      flag: 0x40000000
  Extent Map
  -----------------------------------------------------------------
   0x0040000a  length: 7     
   0x00400011  length: 8     
   0x00400181  length: 8     
   0x00400189  length: 8     
   0x00400191  length: 8     
   0x00400199  length: 8     
  
  TRN CTL:: seq: 0x008e chd: 0x0060 ctl: 0x0024 inc: 0x00000000 nfb: 0x0001
            mgc: 0x8002 xts: 0x0068 flg: 0x0001 opt: 2147483646 (0x7ffffffe)
            uba: 0x00400191.008e.04 scn: 0x0000.01ded29c
Version: 0x01
  FREE BLOCK POOL::
    uba: 0x00400191.008e.04 ext: 0x4  spc: 0x1c3e  
    uba: 0x00000000.002f.21 ext: 0x5  spc: 0x1334  
    uba: 0x00000000.002e.37 ext: 0x4  spc: 0x788   
    uba: 0x00000000.0000.00 ext: 0x0  spc: 0x0     
    uba: 0x00000000.0000.00 ext: 0x0  spc: 0x0     
  TRN TBL::

从这里可以确定undo segment header中的分配block记录有问题,清除ktuxc.fbp.fbp[N].kuba.kdba相关记录,数据库正常打开

    . struct ktuxc  kernel transaction undo xaction table control with 15 members
    . {
    .   struct kscn   scn with 3 members
    .   {
04148     ub4           bas      = 0X9CD2DE01 = 31380124
04152     ub2           wrp      = 0X0000 = 0
04154     cc32          pad      = 0X0000 = 0
    .   }
    .   struct kuba   uba with 4 members
    .   {
04156     kdba          dba      = 0X91014000 = 0x00400191 file 1 block 401
04160     ub2           seq      = 0X8E00 = 142
04162     ub1           rec      = 0X04 = 4
04163     cc16          pad      = 0X00 = 0
    .   }
04164   sb2           flg      = 0X0100 = 1
04166   ub2           seq      = 0X8E00 = 142
04168   sb2           nfb      = 0X0100 = 1
04170   cc32          pad1     = 0X0000 = 0
04172   ub4           inc      = 0X00000000 = 0
04176   sb2           chd      = 0X6000 = 96
04178   sb2           ctl      = 0X2400 = 36
04180   ub2x          mgc      = 0X0280 = 0x8002
04182   ub2           ver      = 0X0100 = 1
04184   ub2           xts      = 0X6800 = 104
04186   cc32          pad2     = 0X0000 = 0
04188   ub4           opt      = 0XFEFFFF7F = 2147483646
    .   ktufb fbp[5] (array with 5 elements)
    .     struct fbp   [0] with 3 members
    .     {
    .       struct kuba   uba with 4 members
    .       {
04192         kdba          dba      = 0X91014000 = 0x00400191 file 1 block 401
04196         ub2           seq      = 0X8E00 = 142
04198         ub1           rec      = 0X04 = 4
04199         cc16          pad      = 0X00 = 0
    .       }
04200       sb2           ext      = 0X0400 = 4
04202       sb2           spc      = 0X3E1C = 7230
    .     }
    .     struct fbp   [1] with 3 members
    .     {
    .       struct kuba   uba with 4 members
    .       {
04204         kdba          dba      = 0X00000000 = 0x00000000 file 0 block 0
04208         ub2           seq      = 0X2F00 = 47
04210         ub1           rec      = 0X21 = 33
04211         cc16          pad      = 0X00 = 0
    .       }
04212       sb2           ext      = 0X0500 = 5
04214       sb2           spc      = 0X3413 = 4916
    .     }
    .     struct fbp   [2] with 3 members
    .     {
    .       struct kuba   uba with 4 members
    .       {
04216         kdba          dba      = 0X00000000 = 0x00000000 file 0 block 0
04220         ub2           seq      = 0X2E00 = 46
04222         ub1           rec      = 0X37 = 55
04223         cc16          pad      = 0X00 = 0
    .       }
04224       sb2           ext      = 0X0400 = 4
04226       sb2           spc      = 0X8807 = 1928
    .     }
    .     struct fbp   [3] with 3 members
    .     {
    .       struct kuba   uba with 4 members
    .       {
04228         kdba          dba      = 0X00000000 = 0x00000000 file 0 block 0
04232         ub2           seq      = 0X0000 = 0
04234         ub1           rec      = 0X00 = 0
04235         cc16          pad      = 0X00 = 0
    .       }
04236       sb2           ext      = 0X0000 = 0
04238       sb2           spc      = 0X0000 = 0
    .     }
    .     struct fbp   [4] with 3 members
    .     {
    .       struct kuba   uba with 4 members
    .       {
04240         kdba          dba      = 0X00000000 = 0x00000000 file 0 block 0
04244         ub2           seq      = 0X0000 = 0
04246         ub1           rec      = 0X00 = 0
04247         cc16          pad      = 0X00 = 0
    .       }
04248       sb2           ext      = 0X0000 = 0
04250       sb2           spc      = 0X0000 = 0
    .     }
    . }
Sun Jan 24 16:44:52 2016
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Sun Jan 24 16:44:52 2016
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Completed: ALTER DATABASE OPEN
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