[MySQL异常恢复]mysql delete 数据恢复

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标题:[MySQL异常恢复]mysql delete 数据恢复

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

在mysql(innodb引擎)中,有些时候犹豫误操作导致表中数据被删除,从而导致不可挽回的损失,本文模拟在数据库被误delete的情况下,实现较为完美删除,当然在实际中可能有少量不覆盖或者无法恢复回来,但是在覆盖不多或者未覆盖的情况下,可以实现绝大多数甚至全部恢复.因此在发生误操作时候,应当第一时间保护现场,尽可能防止复写导致不可挽回的损失.在测试恢复过程中,由于mysql和操作系统编码问题,折腾了很久,感谢Lunar的指点
创建模拟表并插入数据

mysql> CREATE TABLE `sms_send_record_del` (
    ->   `messageId` varchar(30) NOT NULL,
    ->   `tokenId` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
    ->   `mobile` varchar(14) default NULL,
    ->   `msgFormat` int(1) NOT NULL,
    ->   `msgContent` varchar(1000) default NULL,
    ->   `scheduleDate` timestamp NOT NULL default CURRENT_TIMESTAMP on update CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
    ->   `deliverState` int(1) default NULL,
    ->   `deliverdTime` timestamp NOT NULL default '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
    ->   PRIMARY KEY  (`messageId`)
    -> ) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> insert into sms_send_record_del select * from sms_send_record;
Query OK, 11 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Records: 11  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0

mysql> checksum table sms_send_record_del;
+---------------------------------+------------+
| Table                           | Checksum   |
+---------------------------------+------------+
| sms_service.sms_send_record_del | 2258631583 | 
+---------------------------------+------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> checksum table sms_send_record;    
+-----------------------------+------------+
| Table                       | Checksum   |
+-----------------------------+------------+
| sms_service.sms_send_record | 2258631583 | 
+-----------------------------+------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql-delete-recovery-1


确定innodb文件对应位置

mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'datadir';
+---------------+-----------------+
| Variable_name | Value           |
+---------------+-----------------+
| datadir       | /var/lib/mysql/ | 
+---------------+-----------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'innodb_file_per_table';
+-----------------------+-------+
| Variable_name         | Value |
+-----------------------+-------+
| innodb_file_per_table | OFF   | 
+-----------------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'innodb_data_file_path';
+-----------------------+------------------------+
| Variable_name         | Value                  |
+-----------------------+------------------------+
| innodb_data_file_path | ibdata1:10M:autoextend | 
+-----------------------+------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

删除表记录
模拟错误操作,误删除表所有数据

mysql> delete from sms_send_record_del;
Query OK, 11 rows affected (0.00 sec)

解析ibdata1文件

[root@web103 mysql_recovery]# ./stream_parser -f /var/lib/mysql/ibdata1 
Opening file: /var/lib/mysql/ibdata1
File information:

ID of device containing file:         2049
inode number:                      1344553
protection:                         100660 (regular file)
number of hard links:                    1
user ID of owner:                       27
group ID of owner:                      27
device ID (if special file):             0
blocksize for filesystem I/O:         4096
number of blocks allocated:         315712
time of last access:            1440599559 Wed Aug 26 22:32:39 2015
time of last modification:      1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
time of last status change:     1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
total size, in bytes:            161480704 (154.000 MiB)

Size to process:                 161480704 (154.000 MiB)
Opening file: /var/lib/mysql/ibdata1
File information:

ID of device containing file:         2049
inode number:                      1344553
protection:                         100660 (regular file)
number of hard links:                    1
user ID of owner:                       27
group ID of owner:                      27
device ID (if special file):             0
blocksize for filesystem I/O:         4096
number of blocks allocated:         315712
time of last access:            1440599559 Wed Aug 26 22:32:39 2015
time of last modification:      1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
time of last status change:     1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
total size, in bytes:            161480704 (154.000 MiB)

Size to process:                 161480704 (154.000 MiB)
Opening file: /var/lib/mysql/ibdata1
File information:

ID of device containing file:         2049
inode number:                      1344553
protection:                         100660 (regular file)
number of hard links:                    1
user ID of owner:                       27
group ID of owner:                      27
device ID (if special file):             0
blocksize for filesystem I/O:         4096
number of blocks allocated:         315712
time of last access:            1440599559 Wed Aug 26 22:32:39 2015
time of last modification:      1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
time of last status change:     1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
total size, in bytes:            161480704 (154.000 MiB)

Size to process:                 161480704 (154.000 MiB)
Opening file: /var/lib/mysql/ibdata1
File information:

ID of device containing file:         2049
inode number:                      1344553
protection:                         100660 (regular file)
number of hard links:                    1
user ID of owner:                       27
group ID of owner:                      27
device ID (if special file):             0
blocksize for filesystem I/O:         4096
number of blocks allocated:         315712
time of last access:            1440599559 Wed Aug 26 22:32:39 2015
time of last modification:      1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
time of last status change:     1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
total size, in bytes:            161480704 (154.000 MiB)

Size to process:                 161480704 (154.000 MiB)
Opening file: /var/lib/mysql/ibdata1
File information:

ID of device containing file:         2049
inode number:                      1344553
protection:                         100660 (regular file)
number of hard links:                    1
user ID of owner:                       27
group ID of owner:                      27
device ID (if special file):             0
blocksize for filesystem I/O:         4096
number of blocks allocated:         315712
Opening file: /var/lib/mysql/ibdata1
time of last access:            1440599559 Wed Aug 26 22:32:39 2015
time of last modification:      1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
time of last status change:     1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
File information:

total size, in bytes:            161480704 (154.000 MiB)

ID of device containing file:         2049
Size to process:                 161480704 (154.000 MiB)
Opening file: /var/lib/mysql/ibdata1
File information:

ID of device containing file:         2049
inode number:                      1344553
protection:                         100660 (regular file)
number of hard links:                    1
user ID of owner:                       27
group ID of owner:                      27
device ID (if special file):             0
blocksize for filesystem I/O:         4096
number of blocks allocated:         315712
time of last access:            1440599559 Wed Aug 26 22:32:39 2015
time of last modification:      1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
time of last status change:     1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
total size, in bytes:            161480704 (154.000 MiB)

Size to process:                 161480704 (154.000 MiB)
Opening file: /var/lib/mysql/ibdata1
inode number:                      1344553
protection:                         100660 (regular file)
number of hard links:                    1
user ID of owner:                       27
group ID of owner:                      27
device ID (if special file):             0
File information:

blocksize for filesystem I/O:         4096
number of blocks allocated:         315712
ID of device containing file:         2049
inode number:                      1344553
protection:                         100660 (regular file)
number of hard links:                    1
user ID of owner:                       27
group ID of owner:                      27
device ID (if special file):             0
blocksize for filesystem I/O:         4096
number of blocks allocated:         315712
time of last access:            1440599559 Wed Aug 26 22:32:39 2015
time of last modification:      1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
time of last status change:     1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
total size, in bytes:            161480704 (154.000 MiB)

Size to process:                 161480704 (154.000 MiB)
time of last access:            1440601884 Wed Aug 26 23:11:24 2015
time of last modification:      1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
time of last status change:     1440601853 Wed Aug 26 23:10:53 2015
total size, in bytes:            161480704 (154.000 MiB)

Size to process:                 161480704 (154.000 MiB)
All workers finished in 0 sec

分析数据字典

mysql> show tables
    -> ;
+----------------+
| Tables_in_test |
+----------------+
| SYS_COLUMNS    | 
| SYS_FIELDS     | 
| SYS_INDEXES    | 
| SYS_TABLES     | 
+----------------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from SYS_TABLES;
+----------------------------------------+----+-------------+------+--------+---------+--------------+-------+
| NAME                                   | ID | N_COLS      | TYPE | MIX_ID | MIX_LEN | CLUSTER_NAME | SPACE |
+----------------------------------------+----+-------------+------+--------+---------+--------------+-------+
| recover/t_delete                       | 74 |           2 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| recover/t_delete1                      | 84 |           2 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| recover/t_xifenfei                     | 75 |           2 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| recover/zx_users                       | 89 |          85 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| sms_service/sms_send_record            | 36 |           8 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| sms_service/sms_send_record_del        | 90 |           8 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| SYS_FOREIGN                            | 11 | -2147483644 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| SYS_FOREIGN_COLS                       | 12 | -2147483644 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| test/SYS_COLUMNS                       | 86 |           7 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| test/SYS_FIELDS                        | 88 |           3 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| test/SYS_INDEXES                       | 87 |           7 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| test/SYS_TABLES                        | 85 |           8 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| test/zx_users                          | 43 |          85 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| xifenfei/t_delete                      | 44 |           8 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
| xifenfei/t_xifenfei                    | 59 |           2 |    1 |      0 |       0 |              |     0 | 
+----------------------------------------+----+-------------+------+--------+---------+--------------+-------+
39 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from SYS_INDEXES WHERE TABLE_ID=90;
+----------+-----+---------+----------+------+-------+---------+
| TABLE_ID | ID  | NAME    | N_FIELDS | TYPE | SPACE | PAGE_NO |
+----------+-----+---------+----------+------+-------+---------+
|       90 | 110 | PRIMARY |        1 |    3 |     0 |    2955 | 
+----------+-----+---------+----------+------+-------+---------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

找回被删除记录

[root@web103 mysql_recovery]# ./c_parser -5Df pages-ibdata1/FIL_PAGE_INDEX/0000000000000110.page \
[root@web103 mysql_recovery]#    -t dictionary/sms_send_record_del.sql >/tmp/t_1.txt 2>/tmp/t_1.sql

mysql-delete-recovery-2


加载数据并验证

mysql> use sms_service;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Database changed
mysql> source /tmp/t_1.sql
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Query OK, 11 rows affected, 8 warnings (0.01 sec)
Records: 11  Deleted: 0  Skipped: 0  Warnings: 8

mysql> checksum table sms_send_record_del;
+---------------------------------+------------+
| Table                           | Checksum   |
+---------------------------------+------------+
| sms_service.sms_send_record_del | 2258631583 | 
+---------------------------------+------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

发生误操作之时,请尽可能保护现场,防止覆盖导致无可挽回的损失.

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