exp dmp文件损坏(坏块/corruption)恢复—跳过dmp坏块

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标题:exp dmp文件损坏(坏块/corruption)恢复—跳过dmp坏块

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

在有些情况下,大家都知道通过dul可以恢复损坏的dmp文件的表的数据,但是该方法有很多问题,特别是对很多数据类型的支持不够完美,比如lob,long raw类型等,而且还有可能恢复出来数据大量丢失,本人通过对dmp结构的分析,使用使用一些特殊的技巧方法,可以实现对于损坏的dmp文件,通过跳过异常坏块所在表,继续恢复后续表,从而最大程度减少损坏
创建测试表

SQL> conn xifenfei/"www.xifenfei.com"
Connected.
SQL> create table t_xifenfei1 as select * from dba_objects;

Table created.

SQL> create table t_xifenfei2 as select * from v$sql;

Table created.

SQL> create table t_xifenfei3 as select * from dba_tables;

Table created.

SQL> select * from tab;

TNAME                          TABTYPE  CLUSTERID
------------------------------ ------- ----------
T_XIFENFEI1                    TABLE
T_XIFENFEI2                    TABLE
T_XIFENFEI3                    TABLE

SQL> select count(*) from t_xifenfei1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     86275

SQL>  select count(*) from t_xifenfei2;

  COUNT(*)
----------
      3387

SQL>  select count(*) from t_xifenfei3;

  COUNT(*)
----------
      2800

导出来dmp文件

[oracle@web103 ~]$ exp "'/ as sysdba'" owner=xifenfei file=/data/temp/t_xifenfei.dmp log=/data/temp/exp_t_xifenfei.log

Export: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Tue Aug 18 22:08:30 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.


Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Export done in ZHS16GBK character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set

About to export specified users ...
. exporting pre-schema procedural objects and actions
. exporting foreign function library names for user XIFENFEI 
. exporting PUBLIC type synonyms
. exporting private type synonyms
. exporting object type definitions for user XIFENFEI 
About to export XIFENFEI's objects ...
. exporting database links
. exporting sequence numbers
. exporting cluster definitions
. about to export XIFENFEI's tables via Conventional Path ...
. . exporting table                    T_XIFENFEI1      86275 rows exported
. . exporting table                    T_XIFENFEI2       3387 rows exported
. . exporting table                    T_XIFENFEI3       2800 rows exported
. exporting synonyms
. exporting views
. exporting stored procedures
. exporting operators
. exporting referential integrity constraints
. exporting triggers
. exporting indextypes
. exporting bitmap, functional and extensible indexes
. exporting posttables actions
. exporting materialized views
. exporting snapshot logs
. exporting job queues
. exporting refresh groups and children
. exporting dimensions
. exporting post-schema procedural objects and actions
. exporting statistics
Export terminated successfully without warnings.

获取dmp file中的T_XIFENFEI2所在位置
计划在该表上通过dd进行破坏,因此需要事先知道该表所在的dmp文件位置范围

CPFL> SEARCH TABLE T_XIFENFEI2 FROM EXPFILE  /tmp/t_xifenfei.dmp
9980561: TABLE "T_XIFENFEI2"
9980581: CREATE TABLE "T_XIFENFEI2" (表定义忽略)
9985356: BIND information for 87 columns
 col[  1] type 1 max length 1000 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[  2] type 112 max length 86 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[  3] type 1 max length 13 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[  4] type 2 max length 22
 col[  5] type 2 max length 22
 col[  6] type 2 max length 22
 col[  7] type 2 max length 22
 col[  8] type 2 max length 22
 col[  9] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 10] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 11] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 12] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 13] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 14] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 15] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 16] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 17] type 1 max length 38 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 18] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 19] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 20] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 21] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 22] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 23] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 24] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 25] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 26] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 27] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 28] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 29] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 30] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 31] type 1 max length 10 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 32] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 33] type 23 max length 2000
 col[ 34] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 35] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 36] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 37] type 1 max length 30 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 38] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 39] type 23 max length 8
 col[ 40] type 23 max length 8
 col[ 41] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 42] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 43] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 44] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 45] type 1 max length 64 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 46] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 47] type 1 max length 64 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 48] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 49] type 1 max length 64 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 50] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 51] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 52] type 1 max length 64 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 53] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 54] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 55] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 56] type 23 max length 8
 col[ 57] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 58] type 1 max length 1 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 59] type 1 max length 19 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 60] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 61] type 1 max length 38 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 62] type 1 max length 1 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 63] type 1 max length 1 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 64] type 1 max length 1 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 65] type 1 max length 1 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 66] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 67] type 1 max length 64 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 68] type 1 max length 30 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 69] type 1 max length 30 cset 852 (ZHS16GBK) form 1
 col[ 70] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 71] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 72] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 73] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 74] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 75] type 23 max length 2000
 col[ 76] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 77] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 78] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 79] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 80] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 81] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 82] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 83] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 84] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 85] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 86] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 87] type 2 max length 22
Conventional export
9986063: start of table data
19675141: TABLE "T_XIFENFEI3"

使用dd命令破坏T_XIFENFEI2所在位置的dmp文件

[oracle@web103 ~]$ dd if=/dev/zero of=/data/temp/t_xifenfei.dmp bs=1024 count=2 conv=notrunc seek=9747
2+0 records in
2+0 records out
2048 bytes (2.0 kB) copied, 1.6e-05 seconds, 128 MB/s

尝试imp导入被破坏的dmp文件数据

[oracle@web103 ~]$ imp "'/ as sysdba'" fromuser=xifenfei touser=xifenfeinew 
>file=/data/temp/t_xifenfei.dmp log=/data/temp/imp_t_xifenfei.log

Import: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Tue Aug 18 22:35:09 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.


Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

Export file created by EXPORT:V11.02.00 via conventional path
import done in ZHS16GBK character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set
. importing XIFENFEI's objects into XIFENFEINEW
. . importing table                  "T_XIFENFEI1"      86275 rows imported
IMP-00017: following statement failed with ORACLE error 1740:
 "CREATE TABLE "T_XIFENFEI2" ("SQL_TEXT" VARCHAR2(1000), "SQL_FULLTEXT" CLOB,"
 " "SQL_ID" VARCHAR2(13), "SHARABLE_MEM" NUMBER, "PERSISTENT_MEM" NUMBER, "RU"
 "NTIME_MEM" NUMBER, "SORTS" NUMBER, "LOADED_VERSIONS" NUMBER, "OPEN_VERSIONS"
 "" NUMBER, "USERS_OPENING" NUMBER, "FETCHES" NUMBER, "EXECUTIONS" NUMBER, "P"
 "X_SERVERS_EXECUTIONS" NUMBER, "END_OF_FETCH_COU"
IMP-00003: ORACLE error 1740 encountered
ORA-01740: missing double quote in identifier
IMP-00008: unrecognized statement in the export file: 
  
IMP-00008: unrecognized statement in the export file: 

导入报IMP-00003 ORA-01740 IMP-00008,由于dmp文件被dd破坏(而且破坏位置是T_XIFENFEI2所在之处),因此imp导入到T_XIFENFEI2之时,抛出大量异常,imp终止

检查导入表情况

SQL> conn xifenfeinew/"www.xifenfei.com"
Connected.
SQL> select * from tab;

TNAME                          TABTYPE  CLUSTERID
------------------------------ ------- ----------
T_XIFENFEI1                    TABLE

SQL> select count(*) from t_xifenfei1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     86275

和预期相符,表t_xifenfei1导入进去,但是t_xifenfei2由于坏块原因未导入,由于t_xifenfei3在t_xifenfei2之后,因此也未导入

使用CPFL程序抽取正常dmp文件

CPFL>getdmp '/data/temp/t_xifenfei.dmp' skip table 'T_XIFENFEI2'
>/data/temp/t_xifenfeinew.dmp

重新导入dmp文件

[oracle@web103 ~]$ imp "'/ as sysdba'" fromuser=xifenfei touser=xifenfeinew 
>file=/data/temp/t_xifenfeinew.dmp log=/data/temp/imp_t_xifenfeinew.log

Import: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Tue Aug 18 22:41:04 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.


Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

Export file created by EXPORT:V11.02.00 via conventional path
import done in ZHS16GBK character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set
. importing XIFENFEI's objects into XIFENFEINEW
. . importing table                  "T_XIFENFEI1"      86275 rows imported 
. . importing table                  "T_XIFENFEI3"       2800 rows imported
Import terminated successfully no warnings.

导入了t_xifenfei1,t_xifenfei3,果然t_xifenfei2被跳过

验证导入数据

[oracle@web103 ~]$ sqlplus xifenfeinew/"www.xifenfei.com"

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Tue Aug 18 22:41:32 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> select * from tab;

TNAME                          TABTYPE  CLUSTERID
------------------------------ ------- ----------
T_XIFENFEI1                    TABLE
T_XIFENFEI3                    TABLE

SQL> select count(*) from t_xifenfei1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     86275

SQL> select count(*) from t_xifenfei3;

  COUNT(*)
----------
      2800

SQL> 

通过验证数据证明,通过CPFL完美跳过了坏块所在表,实现后续数据完美恢复

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