升级数据库到10.2.0.5遭遇ORA-00918: column ambiguously defined

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标题:升级数据库到10.2.0.5遭遇ORA-00918: column ambiguously defined

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

一个数据库从10201升级到10205之后,出现ORA-00918错误,查询mos发现在以前版本中是bug,Oracle好像在10205中把它修复了,结果就是以前应用的sql无法正常执行.这次升级的结果就是客户晚上3点联系开发商紧急修改程序。再次提醒:再小的系统数据库升级都需要做,功能测试,SPA测试,确保升级后功能和性能都正常.

SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER
----------------------------------------------------------------
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - 64bi
PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production
CORE    10.2.0.5.0      Production
TNS for 64-bit Windows: Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production

执行报错ORA-00918
多个表JOIN连接,由于在select中的列未指定表名,而且该列在多个表中有,因此在10205中报ORA-00918错误,Oracle认为在以前的版本中是 Bug 5368296: SQL NOT GENERATING ORA-918 WHEN USING JOIN. 升级到10.2.0.5, 11.1.0.7 and 11.2.0.2版本,需要注意此类问题。修复bug没事,但是修复了之后导致系统需要修改sql才能够运行,确实让人很无语

SQL> set autot trace
SQL> set lines 100
SQL> SELECT   yz_id, item_code, DECODE (yzlx, 0, '长期医嘱', '临时医嘱') yzlx,
  2             item_name, gg, sl || sldw sl, zyjs, yf, a.pc, zbj, zbh,
  3             TO_CHAR (dcl, 'fm9999990.009') || dcldw dcl, a.bz, lb, zyh,ch,xm,
  4             bq, cfh, lrysdm, lrysxm, lrrq, hdrdm, hdrxm, hdrq, sender_code,
  5             sender_name, send_date, tzysdm, tzysxm, tzrq, ksrq, zxfy,
  6             lb_yp_yl, zsq_code
  7        FROM op.yz a LEFT OUTER JOIN op.pc b
  8             ON NVL (TRIM (UPPER (a.pc)), ' ') = NVL (TRIM (UPPER (b.pc)), ' ')
  9             LEFT JOIN op.zy p ON a.zyh = p.zyh
 10       WHERE p.cy='在院' AND p.new_patient='1'
 11         AND upper(nvl(p.bj,1))<> 'Y'
 12         AND (state = '已核对')
 13         AND is_in_bill IS NULL
 14    ORDER BY ksrq, yz_id ;
           bq, cfh, lrysdm, lrysxm, lrrq, hdrdm, hdrxm, hdrq, sender_code,
           *
ERROR at line 4:
ORA-00918: column ambiguously defined


SQL> select COLUMN_NAME,TABLE_NAME from DBA_tab_columns where column_name='BQ'
  2  AND TABLE_NAME IN('YZ','ZY','PC');

COLUMN_NAME                    TABLE_NAME
------------------------------ ------------------------------
BQ                             ZY
BQ                             YZ

10.2.0.1中执行正常

E:\>sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on 星期六 1月 3 14:09:51 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


连接到:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options

SQL> set autot trace
SQL> set lines 100
SQL> SELECT   yz_id, item_code, DECODE (yzlx, 0, '长期医嘱', '临时医嘱') yzlx,
  2             item_name, gg, sl || sldw sl, zyjs, yf, a.pc, zbj, zbh,
  3             TO_CHAR (dcl, 'fm9999990.009') || dcldw dcl, a.bz, lb, zyh,ch,xm
,
  4             bq, cfh, lrysdm, lrysxm, lrrq, hdrdm, hdrxm, hdrq, sender_code,
  5             sender_name, send_date, tzysdm, tzysxm, tzrq, ksrq, zxfy,
  6             lb_yp_yl, zsq_code
  7        FROM op.yz a LEFT OUTER JOIN op.pc b
  8             ON NVL (TRIM (UPPER (a.pc)), ' ') = NVL (TRIM (UPPER (b.pc)), '
')
  9             LEFT JOIN op.zy p ON a.zyh = p.zyh
 10       WHERE p.cy='在院' AND p.new_patient='1'
 11         AND upper(nvl(p.bj,1))<> 'Y'
 12         AND (state = '已核对')
 13         AND is_in_bill IS NULL
 14    ORDER BY ksrq, yz_id ;

已选择19804行。


执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
ERROR:
ORA-00604: 递归 SQL 级别 2 出现错误
ORA-16000: 打开数据库以进行只读访问


SP2-0612: 生成 AUTOTRACE EXPLAIN 报告时出错

统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
          1  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
      41945  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
    2075973  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
      14989  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
       1322  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          1  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
      19804  rows processed

10.2.0.5库中同名列增加表名前缀执行OK

1
SQL> set autot trace
SQL> set lines 100
SQL> SELECT   yz_id, item_code, DECODE (yzlx, 0, '长期医嘱', '临时医嘱') yzlx,
  2             item_name, gg, sl || sldw sl, zyjs, yf, a.pc, zbj, zbh,
  3             TO_CHAR (dcl, 'fm9999990.009') || dcldw dcl, a.bz, lb,zyh,ch,xm,
  4             a.bq, cfh, lrysdm, lrysxm, lrrq, hdrdm, hdrxm, hdrq, sender_code,
  5             sender_name, send_date, tzysdm, tzysxm, tzrq, ksrq, zxfy,
  6             lb_yp_yl, zsq_code
  7        FROM op.yz a LEFT OUTER JOIN op.pc b
  8             ON NVL (TRIM (UPPER (a.pc)), ' ') = NVL (TRIM (UPPER (b.pc)), ' ')
  9             LEFT JOIN op.zy p ON a.zyh = p.zyh
 10       WHERE p.cy='在院' AND p.new_patient='1'
 11         AND upper(nvl(p.bj,1))<> 'Y'
 12         AND (state = '已核对')
 13         AND is_in_bill IS NULL
 14    ORDER BY ksrq, yz_id ;

20629 rows selected.


Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 3468887510

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                     | Name       | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT              |            |    10 |  2580 |  2968   (2)| 00:00:36 |
|   1 |  SORT ORDER BY                |            |    10 |  2580 |  2968   (2)| 00:00:36 |
|*  2 |   HASH JOIN OUTER             |            |    10 |  2580 |  2967   (2)| 00:00:36 |
|*  3 |    TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| YZ         |     3 |   672 |    42   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   4 |     NESTED LOOPS              |            |    10 |  2390 |  2963   (2)| 00:00:36 |
|*  5 |      TABLE ACCESS FULL        | ZY         |     3 |    45 |  2917   (2)| 00:00:36 |
|*  6 |      INDEX RANGE SCAN         | DZBLYZ_ZYH |   118 |       |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   7 |    TABLE ACCESS FULL          | PC         |    33 |   627 |     3   (0)| 00:00:01 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

   2 - access(NVL(TRIM(UPPER("A"."PC")),' ')=NVL(TRIM(UPPER("B"."PC"(+))),' '))
   3 - filter("A"."STATE"='已核对' AND "A"."IS_IN_BILL" IS NULL)
   5 - filter("P"."CY"='在院' AND UPPER(NVL("P"."BJ",'1'))<>'Y' AND
              "P"."NEW_PATIENT"='1')
   6 - access("A"."ZYH"="P"."ZYH")


Statistics
----------------------------------------------------------
          0  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
      42121  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
    2181383  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
      15617  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
       1377  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          1  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
      20629  rows processed

Bug 5368296: SQL NOT GENERATING ORA-918 WHEN USING JOIN
Bug 12388159 : SQL REPORTING ORA00918 AFTER UPGRADE TO 10.2.0.5.0
再次提醒:再小的系统数据库升级都需要做,功能测试,SPA测试,确保升级后功能和性能都正常.

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