asm disk header 彻底损坏恢复

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标题:asm disk header 彻底损坏恢复

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

在asm 磁盘组不能mount的情况下,如果是磁盘头的少数部分损坏,或者是asm disk header存在,可以通过kfed修复,或者使用备份的磁盘头信息去恢复从而实现磁盘组mount来恢复数据库.如果没有备份也无法修复可以尝试使用amdu,dul来实现对不能mount的磁盘组进行恢复.在极端情况下(比如磁盘组完全丢失),amdu/dul都无论为力的情况下,可以考虑使用扫描磁盘找出来datafile 的方法求救数据的最后稻草.本实验大概的模拟了asm disk 前10M完全损坏的情况下数据库恢复
测试准备
创建新表空间,创建T_XIFENFEI测试表

SQL> create tablespace xifenfei datafile '+XIFENFEI' SIZE 50m;

Tablespace created.

SQL> CREATE TABLE T_XIFENFEI TABLESPACE XIFENFEI
  2  AS SELECT * FROM DBA_OBJECTS;

Table created.

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM T_XIFENFEI;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     50031

SQL> select ts#,rfile#,bytes/1024/1024,blocks,name from v$datafile;

       TS#     RFILE# BYTES/1024/1024     BLOCKS NAME
---------- ---------- --------------- ---------- --------------------------------------------------
         0          1             480      61440 +XIFENFEI/asm10g/datafile/system.256.845260203
         1          2              25       3200 +XIFENFEI/asm10g/datafile/undotbs1.258.845260205
         2          3             250      32000 +XIFENFEI/asm10g/datafile/sysaux.257.845260203
         4          4               5        640 +XIFENFEI/asm10g/datafile/users.259.845260205
         6          5              50       6400 +XIFENFEI/asm10g/datafile/xifenfei.266.845262139

SQL> select GROUP_NUMBER,DISK_NUMBER,STATE,TOTAL_MB,FREE_MB,NAME,path from  v$asm_disk;

GROUP_NUMBER DISK_NUMBER STATE      TOTAL_MB    FREE_MB NAME                 PATH
------------ ----------- -------- ---------- ---------- -------------------- ------------------
           1           0 NORMAL         2048          0 XIFENFEI_0000        /dev/raw/raw1
           1           1 NORMAL          784          0 XIFENFEI_0001        /dev/raw/raw2
           1           2 NORMAL         7059          0 XIFENFEI_0002        /dev/raw/raw3

--关闭数据库
SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

--关闭ASM
SQL> shutdown immediate
ASM diskgroups dismounted
ASM instance shutdown

查看裸设备对应磁盘

[oracle@xifenfei dul]$ more /etc/sysconfig/rawdevices
/dev/raw/raw1   /dev/sdc
/dev/raw/raw2   /dev/sdd1
/dev/raw/raw3   /dev/sdd2

dd磁盘头
dd asm disk 前面10M,彻底破坏asm disk

[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/raw/raw1 bs=1M count=10 conv=notrunc 
10+0 records in
10+0 records out
10485760 bytes (10 MB) copied, 0.175424 seconds, 59.8 MB/s
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/raw/raw2 bs=1M count=10 conv=notrunc 
10+0 records in
10+0 records out
10485760 bytes (10 MB) copied, 0.11584 seconds, 90.5 MB/s
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/raw/raw3 bs=1M count=10 conv=notrunc 
10+0 records in
10+0 records out
10485760 bytes (10 MB) copied, 0.353435 seconds, 29.7 MB/s

kfed查看磁盘
确定所有asm disk header完全被破坏

[oracle@xifenfei dul]$ kfed read /dev/raw/raw1
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                            0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
[oracle@xifenfei dul]$ kfed read /dev/raw/raw2
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                            0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
[oracle@xifenfei dul]$ kfed read /dev/raw/raw3
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                            0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000

amdu查看asm 磁盘

[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ amdu -diskstring '/dev/raw/raw*'
amdu_2014_04_18_23_17_17/
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ cd amdu_2014_04_18_23_17_17
[oracle@xifenfei amdu_2014_04_18_23_17_17]$ ls
report.txt
[oracle@xifenfei amdu_2014_04_18_23_17_17]$ more report.txt 
-*-amdu-*-
…………
--------------------------------- Operations ---------------------------------

------------------------------- Disk Selection -------------------------------
 -diskstring '/dev/raw/raw*'

------------------------------ Reading Control -------------------------------

------------------------------- Output Control -------------------------------

********************************* DISCOVERY **********************************

----------------------------- DISK REPORT N0001 ------------------------------
                Disk Path: /dev/raw/raw1
           Unique Disk ID: 
               Disk Label: 
     Physical Sector Size: 512 bytes
                Disk Size: 65536 megabytes
** NOT A VALID ASM DISK HEADER. BAD VALUE IN FIELD blksize_kfdhdb **

----------------------------- DISK REPORT N0002 ------------------------------
                Disk Path: /dev/raw/raw2
           Unique Disk ID: 
               Disk Label: 
     Physical Sector Size: 512 bytes
                Disk Size: 65536 megabytes
** NOT A VALID ASM DISK HEADER. BAD VALUE IN FIELD blksize_kfdhdb **

----------------------------- DISK REPORT N0003 ------------------------------
                Disk Path: /dev/raw/raw3
           Unique Disk ID: 
               Disk Label: 
     Physical Sector Size: 512 bytes
                Disk Size: 65536 megabytes
** NOT A VALID ASM DISK HEADER. BAD VALUE IN FIELD blksize_kfdhdb **


******************************* END OF REPORT ********************************

通过这里证明,当asm disk header 损坏严重之时,amdu无法识别,更加无法恢复相关数据库

dul查看完全损坏asm disk header
测试在asm disk header完全损坏情况下,dul是否还能够实现asm磁盘组中抽取数据,同理amdu也无法正常工作.

[oracle@xifenfei dul]$ ./dul

Data UnLoader: 10.2.0.5.28 - Internal Only - on Sat Apr 19 04:02:02 2014
with 64-bit io functions

Copyright (c) 1994 2014 Bernard van Duijnen All rights reserved.

 Strictly Oracle Internal Use Only


DUL: Warning: block 0 is not a disk header block
DUL: Error: Block is not in use
DUL: Error: Block type mismatch ( seen 0 expect 1) when parsing block 0 of disk /dev/raw/raw1

DUL: Warning: block 0 is not a disk header block
DUL: Error: Block is not in use
DUL: Error: Block type mismatch ( seen 0 expect 1) when parsing block 0 of disk /dev/raw/raw2

DUL: Warning: block 0 is not a disk header block
DUL: Error: Block is not in use
DUL: Error: Block type mismatch ( seen 0 expect 1) when parsing block 0 of disk /dev/raw/raw3

这里可以看出来,当asm disk header完全异常,dul也无法识别出来asm磁盘组(该情况下dul无法正常操作)

通过工具扫描磁盘抽取数据块

CPFL> scan disk  /dev/raw/raw1
Scanning  disk /dev/raw/raw1, at 2014-04-19 04:05:11
Completed  disk /dev/raw/raw1, at 2014-04-19 04:05:56

CPFL> scan  disk  /dev/raw/raw2
Scanning  disk /dev/raw/raw2, at 2014-04-19 04:05:56
Completed  disk /dev/raw/raw2, at 2014-04-19 04:06:15

CPFL> scan  disk  /dev/raw/raw3
Scanning  disk /dev/raw/raw3, at 2014-04-19 04:06:15
Completed  disk /dev/raw/raw3, at 2014-04-19 04:07:44

CPFL> list datafiles
 Tablespace: SYSTEM    File:    1  Blocks:      61440 
 Tablespace: UNDOTBS1  File:    2  Blocks:       3200 
 Tablespace: SYSAUX    File:    3  Blocks:      32000 
 Tablespace: USERS     File:    4  Blocks:        640 
 Tablespace: XIFENFEI  File:    5  Blocks:       6400 

CPFL> copy datafile 1 to /u01/oracle/oradata/datafile/1.dbf
copy datafile start: 2014-04-19 04:10:35
copy datafile 1 have blocks 61440
copy datafile completed: 2014-04-19 04:11:18

CPFL> copy datafile 2  to /u01/oracle/oradata/datafile/2.dbf
copy datafile start: 2014-04-19 04:11:52
copy datafile 2 have blocks 3200
copy datafile completed: 2014-04-19 04:11:54

CPFL>  copy datafile 3  to /u01/oracle/oradata/datafile/3.dbf
copy datafile start: 2014-04-19 04:12:03
copy datafile 3 have blocks 32000
copy datafile completed: 2014-04-19 04:12:27

CPFL>  copy datafile 4  to /u01/oracle/oradata/datafile/4.dbf
copy datafile start: 2014-04-19 04:13:07
copy datafile 4 have blocks 640
copy datafile completed: 2014-04-19 04:13:08

CPFL> copy datafile 5 to /u01/oracle/oradata/datafile/5.dbf
copy datafile start: 2014-04-19 04:13:18
copy datafile 5 have blocks 6400
copy datafile completed: 2014-04-19 04:13:19

查看使用工具抽取数据文件

[oracle@xifenfei datafile]$ ls -l
total 830320
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 503324672 Apr 19 04:34 1.dbf
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall  26222592 Apr 19 04:34 2.dbf
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 262152192 Apr 19 04:34 3.dbf
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall   5251072 Apr 19 04:34 4.dbf
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall  52436992 Apr 19 04:34 5.dbf

dul验证抽取文件

[oracle@xifenfei dul]$ ./dul

Data UnLoader: 10.2.0.5.28 - Internal Only - on Sat Apr 19 06:56:09 2014
with 64-bit io functions

Copyright (c) 1994 2014 Bernard van Duijnen All rights reserved.

 Strictly Oracle Internal Use Only


DUL: Warning: Recreating file "dul.log"
Found db_id = 181793355
Found db_name = ASM10G

DUL> show datafiles;
ts# rf# start   blocks offs open  err file name
  0   1     0    61440    0    1    0 /u01/oracle/oradata/datafile/1.dbf
  1   2     0     3200    0    1    0 /u01/oracle/oradata/datafile/2.dbf
  2   3     0    32000    0    1    0 /u01/oracle/oradata/datafile/3.dbf
  4   4     0      640    0    1    0 /u01/oracle/oradata/datafile/4.dbf
  6   5     0     6400    0    1    0 /u01/oracle/oradata/datafile/5.dbf
DUL> bootstrap;
Probing file = 1, block = 377
. unloading table                BOOTSTRAP$
DUL: Warning: block number is non zero but marked deferred trying to process it anyhow
      57 rows unloaded
DUL: Warning: Dictionary cache DC_BOOTSTRAP is empty
Reading BOOTSTRAP.dat 57 entries loaded
Parsing Bootstrap$ contents
DUL: Warning: Recreating file "dict.ddl"
Generating dict.ddl for version 10
 OBJ$: segobjno 18, file 1 block 121
 TAB$: segobjno 2, tabno 1, file 1  block 25
 COL$: segobjno 2, tabno 5, file 1  block 25
 USER$: segobjno 10, tabno 1, file 1  block 89
Running generated file "@dict.ddl" to unload the dictionary tables
. unloading table                      OBJ$   51171 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      TAB$    1576 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      COL$   55264 rows unloaded
. unloading table                     USER$      59 rows unloaded
Reading USER.dat 59 entries loaded
Reading OBJ.dat 51171 entries loaded and sorted 51171 entries
Reading TAB.dat 1576 entries loaded
Reading COL.dat 55264 entries loaded and sorted 55264 entries
Reading BOOTSTRAP.dat 57 entries loaded

DUL: Warning: Recreating file "dict.ddl"
Generating dict.ddl for version 10
 OBJ$: segobjno 18, file 1 block 121
 TAB$: segobjno 2, tabno 1, file 1  block 25
 COL$: segobjno 2, tabno 5, file 1  block 25
 USER$: segobjno 10, tabno 1, file 1  block 89
 TABPART$: segobjno 266, file 1 block 2121
 INDPART$: segobjno 271, file 1 block 2161
 TABCOMPART$: segobjno 288, file 1 block 2297
 INDCOMPART$: segobjno 293, file 1 block 2345
 TABSUBPART$: segobjno 278, file 1 block 2217
 INDSUBPART$: segobjno 283, file 1 block 2257
 IND$: segobjno 2, tabno 3, file 1  block 25
 ICOL$: segobjno 2, tabno 4, file 1  block 25
 LOB$: segobjno 2, tabno 6, file 1  block 25
 COLTYPE$: segobjno 2, tabno 7, file 1  block 25
 TYPE$: segobjno 181, tabno 1, file 1  block 1297
 COLLECTION$: segobjno 181, tabno 2, file 1  block 1297
 ATTRIBUTE$: segobjno 181, tabno 3, file 1  block 1297
 LOBFRAG$: segobjno 299, file 1 block 2393
 LOBCOMPPART$: segobjno 302, file 1 block 2425
 UNDO$: segobjno 15, file 1 block 105
 TS$: segobjno 6, tabno 2, file 1  block 57
 PROPS$: segobjno 96, file 1 block 721
Running generated file "@dict.ddl" to unload the dictionary tables
. unloading table                      OBJ$
DUL: Warning: Recreating file "OBJ.ctl"
   51171 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      TAB$
DUL: Warning: Recreating file "TAB.ctl"
    1576 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      COL$
DUL: Warning: Recreating file "COL.ctl"
   55264 rows unloaded
. unloading table                     USER$
DUL: Warning: Recreating file "USER.ctl"
      59 rows unloaded
. unloading table                  TABPART$      72 rows unloaded
. unloading table                  INDPART$      80 rows unloaded
. unloading table               TABCOMPART$       0 rows unloaded
. unloading table               INDCOMPART$       0 rows unloaded
. unloading table               TABSUBPART$       0 rows unloaded
. unloading table               INDSUBPART$       0 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      IND$    2231 rows unloaded
. unloading table                     ICOL$    3650 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      LOB$     530 rows unloaded
. unloading table                  COLTYPE$    1701 rows unloaded
. unloading table                     TYPE$    1945 rows unloaded
. unloading table               COLLECTION$     555 rows unloaded
. unloading table                ATTRIBUTE$    7275 rows unloaded
. unloading table                  LOBFRAG$       1 row  unloaded
. unloading table              LOBCOMPPART$       0 rows unloaded
. unloading table                     UNDO$      21 rows unloaded
. unloading table                       TS$       7 rows unloaded
. unloading table                    PROPS$      28 rows unloaded
Reading USER.dat 59 entries loaded
Reading OBJ.dat 51171 entries loaded and sorted 51171 entries
Reading TAB.dat 1576 entries loaded
Reading COL.dat 55264 entries loaded and sorted 55264 entries
Reading TABPART.dat 72 entries loaded and sorted 72 entries
Reading TABCOMPART.dat 0 entries loaded and sorted 0 entries
Reading TABSUBPART.dat 0 entries loaded and sorted 0 entries
Reading INDPART.dat 80 entries loaded and sorted 80 entries
Reading INDCOMPART.dat 0 entries loaded and sorted 0 entries
Reading INDSUBPART.dat 0 entries loaded and sorted 0 entries
Reading IND.dat 2231 entries loaded
Reading LOB.dat 530 entries loaded
Reading ICOL.dat 3650 entries loaded
Reading COLTYPE.dat 1701 entries loaded
Reading TYPE.dat 1945 entries loaded
Reading ATTRIBUTE.dat 7275 entries loaded
Reading COLLECTION.dat 555 entries loaded
Reading BOOTSTRAP.dat 57 entries loaded
Reading LOBFRAG.dat 1 entries loaded and sorted 1 entries
Reading LOBCOMPPART.dat 0 entries loaded and sorted 0 entries
Reading UNDO.dat 21 entries loaded
Reading TS.dat 7 entries loaded
Reading PROPS.dat 28 entries loaded
Database character set is ZHS16GBK
Database national character set is AL16UTF16
DUL> unload table sys.t_xifenfei;
. unloading table                T_XIFENFEI   50031 rows unloaded

通过这里可以发现,我们创建测试数据为50031条,dul读取抽取出来数据文件中对应表数据条数也为50031条;证明:在asm disk header完全损坏情况下,amdu,dul无法直接恢复asm里面数据库,但是可以通过工具扫描数据文件,找出来磁盘中的datafile block实现完整恢复数据[只要你的asm中的数据没有覆盖,都可以通过该方法恢复]

如果你在使用这些思路进行恢复遇到突发情况不能自行解决,请联系我们(ORACLE数据库恢复技术支持),将为您提供专业数据库技术支持:
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

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asm disk header 彻底损坏恢复》有 2 条评论

  1. 惜分飞 说:

    dddisk,

    自己写的一个小工具,目前还在测试阶段

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. dddisk 说:

    通过工具扫描磁盘抽取数据块CPFL>,工具名称是什么?

      [引用]  [回复]

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