Viewing Information About CDBs and PDBs

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标题:Viewing Information About CDBs and PDBs

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

在ORACLE 12C中引入了CDB和PDB的概念,实现了ORACLE数据库的可插拔,在一个CDB数据库中,有多个PDB,而每一个PDB又可以理解为一个独立的传统ORACLE 数据库,那为了能够通过一个sql查询获得整个CDB数据库的信息,ORALCE 引入了CDB_*开头的视图,该视图就是在传统的DBA_*视图基础之上增加了CON_ID,用来区分不同的PDB,从而实现了一个简单sql查询在有足够权限的情况下,可以查询所有PDB中信息
ORACLE 12C版本

SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER                                                                               CON_ID
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 - 64bit Production              0
PL/SQL Release 12.1.0.1.0 - Production                                                    0
CORE    12.1.0.1.0      Production                                                        0
TNS for Linux: Version 12.1.0.1.0 - Production                                            0
NLSRTL Version 12.1.0.1.0 - Production                                                    0

确定是否是CDB

SQL> SELECT CDB FROM V$DATABASE;

CDB
---
YES

YES表示该数据库是CDB,如果是NO表示是NO-CDB(普通数据库)

CDB中各容器信息

SQL> COLUMN NAME FORMAT A8
SQL> SELECT NAME, CON_ID, DBID, CON_UID, GUID FROM V$CONTAINERS ORDER BY CON_ID;

NAME         CON_ID       DBID    CON_UID GUID
-------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --------------------------------
CDB$ROOT          1 1922813718          1 DB85A3D39F8E7703E0431CAAE80A8C44
PDB$SEED          2 4048821679 4048821679 D49B80694E4A449BE0430100007F906F
PDB1              3 3313918585 3313918585 D49BF37938FB4C10E0430100007F6CBD
PDB2              4 3872456618 3872456618 D49BFA33332F4C3EE0430100007FA059

SQL> select CON_NAME_TO_ID('PDB1') FROM DUAL;

CON_NAME_TO_ID('PDB1')
----------------------
                     3

SQL> SELECT CON_DBID_TO_ID(3313918585) FROM DUAL;

CON_DBID_TO_ID(3313918585)
--------------------------
                         3

SQL> SELECT CON_UID_TO_ID(3313918585) FROM DUAL;

CON_UID_TO_ID(3313918585)
-------------------------
                        3

PDB部分信息

SQL> COLUMN PDB_NAME FORMAT A15
SQL> SELECT PDB_ID, PDB_NAME, STATUS FROM DBA_PDBS ORDER BY PDB_ID;

    PDB_ID PDB_NAME        STATUS
---------- --------------- -------------
         2 PDB$SEED        NORMAL
         3 PDB1            NORMAL
         4 PDB2            NORMAL

SQL> COLUMN NAME FORMAT A15
SQL> COLUMN RESTRICTED FORMAT A10
SQL> COLUMN OPEN_TIME FORMAT A30
SQL> SELECT NAME, OPEN_MODE, RESTRICTED, OPEN_TIME FROM V$PDBS;

NAME            OPEN_MODE  RESTRICTED OPEN_TIME
--------------- ---------- ---------- ------------------------------
PDB$SEED        READ ONLY  NO         12-MAY-13 08.51.53.177 AM
PDB1            READ WRITE NO         12-MAY-13 09.35.48.646 AM
PDB2            MOUNTED               12-MAY-13 08.56.59.859 AM

CDB中查询对象信息

SQL> COLUMN PDB_NAME FORMAT A15
SQL> COLUMN OWNER FORMAT A15
SQL> COLUMN TABLE_NAME FORMAT A30
SQL> SELECT p.PDB_ID, p.PDB_NAME, t.OWNER, t.TABLE_NAME
  2  FROM DBA_PDBS p, CDB_TABLES t
  3  WHERE p.PDB_ID > 2 
  4  AND T.TABLE_NAME='COL$'
  5  AND p.PDB_ID = t.CON_ID
  6  ORDER BY p.PDB_ID;

    PDB_ID PDB_NAME        OWNER           TABLE_NAME
---------- --------------- --------------- ------------------------------
         3 PDB1            SYS             COL$
         4 PDB2            SYS             COL$

查询在CDB中的PDB数据/临时文件信息

SQL> COLUMN PDB_ID FORMAT 999
SQL> COLUMN PDB_NAME FORMAT A8
SQL> COLUMN FILE_ID FORMAT 9999
SQL> COLUMN TABLESPACE_NAME FORMAT A10
SQL> COLUMN FILE_NAME FORMAT A45
SQL> SELECT p.PDB_ID, p.PDB_NAME, d.FILE_ID, d.TABLESPACE_NAME, d.FILE_NAME
  2  FROM DBA_PDBS p, CDB_DATA_FILES d
  3  WHERE p.PDB_ID = d.CON_ID
  4  ORDER BY p.PDB_ID;

PDB_ID PDB_NAME FILE_ID TABLESPACE FILE_NAME
------ -------- ------- ---------- ---------------------------------------------
     2 PDB$SEED       5 SYSTEM     +DATA/pdb$seed_system01.dbf
     2 PDB$SEED       7 SYSAUX     +DATA/pdb$seed_sysaux01.dbf
     3 PDB1           9 SYSAUX     +DATA/pdb1_pdb$seed_sysaux01.dbf
     3 PDB1          10 USERS      +DATA/cdb/pdb1_users01.dbf
     3 PDB1           8 SYSTEM     +DATA/pdb1_pdb$seed_system01.dbf
     4 PDB2          13 USERS      +DATA/cdb/pdb2_users01.dbf
     4 PDB2          12 SYSAUX     +DATA/pdb2_pdb$seed_sysaux01.dbf
     4 PDB2          11 SYSTEM     +DATA/pdb2_pdb$seed_system01.dbf

8 rows selected.

SQL> COLUMN CON_ID FORMAT 999
SQL> COLUMN FILE_ID FORMAT 9999
SQL> COLUMN TABLESPACE_NAME FORMAT A15
SQL> COLUMN FILE_NAME FORMAT A45
SQL> SELECT CON_ID, FILE_ID, TABLESPACE_NAME, FILE_NAME
  2  FROM CDB_TEMP_FILES
  3  ORDER BY CON_ID;

CON_ID FILE_ID TABLESPACE_NAME FILE_NAME
------ ------- --------------- ---------------------------------------------
     1       1 TEMP            +DATA/cdb/temp01.dbf
     2       2 TEMP            +DATA/pdbseed_temp01.dbf
     3       3 TEMP            +DATA/pdb1_temp01.dbf
     4       4 TEMP            +DATA/pdb2_temp01.dbf

查询PDB的service信息

SQL> COLUMN NETWORK_NAME FORMAT A30
SQL> COLUMN PDB FORMAT A15
SQL> COLUMN CON_ID FORMAT 999
SQL> SELECT PDB, NETWORK_NAME, CON_ID FROM CDB_SERVICES
  2  WHERE PDB IS NOT NULL AND
  3  CON_ID > 2
  4  ORDER BY PDB;

PDB             NETWORK_NAME                   CON_ID
--------------- ------------------------------ ------
PDB1            pdb1                                3
PDB2            pdb2                                4

PDB中可以修改参数

SELECT NAME FROM V$SYSTEM_PARAMETER
WHERE ISPDB_MODIFIABLE = 'TRUE'
ORDER BY NAME;

查看PDB历史信息

SQL> COLUMN DB_NAME FORMAT A10
SQL> COLUMN CON_ID FORMAT 999
SQL> COLUMN PDB_NAME FORMAT A15
SQL> COLUMN OPERATION FORMAT A16
SQL> COLUMN OP_TIMESTAMP FORMAT A10
SQL> COLUMN CLONED_FROM_PDB_NAME FORMAT A15
SQL> SELECT DB_NAME, CON_ID, PDB_NAME, OPERATION, OP_TIMESTAMP, CLONED_FROM_PDB_NAME
  2  FROM CDB_PDB_HISTORY
  3  WHERE CON_ID > 2
  4  ORDER BY CON_ID;

DB_NAME    CON_ID PDB_NAME        OPERATION        OP_TIMESTA CLONED_FROM_PDB
---------- ------ --------------- ---------------- ---------- ---------------
SEEDDATA        3 PDB$SEED        UNPLUG           29-APR-13
CDB             3 PDB1            CREATE           01-FEB-13  PDB$SEED
CDB             3 PDB$SEED        PLUG             01-FEB-13  PDB$SEED
SEEDDATA        4 PDB$SEED        UNPLUG           29-APR-13
CDB             4 PDB2            CREATE           01-FEB-13  PDB$SEED
CDB             4 PDB$SEED        PLUG             01-FEB-13  PDB$SEED

6 rows selected.
此条目发表在 ORACLE 12C 分类目录。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

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