bbed 删除普通表记录

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标题:bbed 删除普通表记录

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有朋友和我说我的bbed系列缺少一篇普通表使用bbed删除记录的文章,月底现场保证回来没睡意,完善这篇文章,也算是对bbed系列的一个终结.
创建模拟记录

SQL> create table t_xifenfei tablespace users 
  2  as
  3  select * from dba_tables where rownum<10;

Table created.

SQL> alter system checkpoint;

System altered.


SQL> select   table_name,owner,rowid,
  2  dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid)rel_fno,
  3  dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid)blockno,
  4  dbms_rowid.rowid_row_number(rowid) rowno
  5  from t_xifenfei;  

TABLE_NAME                     OWNER                          ROWID                 REL_FNO    BLOCKNO      ROWNO
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------ ---------- ---------- ----------
CON$                           SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAA          4       8244          0
UNDO$                          SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAB          4       8244          1
CDEF$                          SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAC          4       8244          2
CCOL$                          SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAD          4       8244          3
PROXY_ROLE_DATA$               SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAE          4       8244          4
FILE$                          SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAF          4       8244          5
FET$                           SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAG          4       8244          6
TS$                            SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAH          4       8244          7
PROXY_DATA$                    SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAI          4       8244          8

9 rows selected.

SQL> select dump('FILE$',16) from dual;

DUMP('FILE$',16)
----------------------------
Typ=96 Len=5: 46,49,4c,45,24

SQL> select dump('SYS',16) FROM DUAL;

DUMP('SYS',16)
----------------------
Typ=96 Len=3: 53,59,53

SQL> SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

这里创建一张测试表,有9条记录,计划使用bbed删除file$的记录

bbed删除表记录

[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ bbed listfile=bbedfile
Password: 

BBED: Release 2.0.0.0.0 - Limited Production on Sat Sep 1 10:28:57 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

************* !!! For Oracle Internal Use only !!! ***************

BBED> info
 File#  Name                                                        Size(blks)
 -----  ----                                                        ----------
     1  /u01/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf                                       0
     3  /u01/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf                                       0
     4  /u01/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf                                        0
     5  /u01/oradata/orcl/GS_ORADB_001.dbf                                   0
     6  /u01/oradata/orcl/GS_ORADB_IDX_001.dbf                               0
     7  /u01/oradata/orcl/undo01.dbf                                         0

BBED> set file 4 block 8244
        FILE#           4
        BLOCK#          8244

BBED> map
 File: /u01/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf (4)
 Block: 8244                                  Dba:0x01002034
------------------------------------------------------------
 KTB Data Block (Table/Cluster)

 struct kcbh, 20 bytes                      @0       

 struct ktbbh, 96 bytes                     @20      

 struct kdbh, 14 bytes                      @124     

 struct kdbt[1], 4 bytes                    @138     

 sb2 kdbr[9]                                @142     

 ub1 freespace[6137]                        @160     

 ub1 rowdata[1891]                          @6297    

 ub4 tailchk                                @8188    

BBED> set count 32
        COUNT           32

--查找对应值,估算起位置
BBED>  find /x 494c4524
 File: /u01/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf (4)
 Block: 8244             Offsets: 6929 to 6960           Dba:0x01002034
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 494c4524 06535953 54454dff ff055641 4c494402 c10b02c1 2902c102 03c20338 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> p *kdbr[7]
rowdata[209]
------------
ub1 rowdata[209]                            @6506     0x2c
--6506肯定不是在这个位置

BBED> p *kdbr[5]
rowdata[623]
------------
ub1 rowdata[623]                            @6920     0x2c
--6920包含了6929,可以确定在该位置

--查看对应值
BBED>  x /rccc
rowdata[623]                                @6920    
------------
flag@6920: 0x2c (KDRHFL, KDRHFF, KDRHFH)
lock@6921: 0x00
cols@6922:   49

col    0[3] @6923: SYS
col    1[5] @6927: FILE$
col    2[6] @6933: SYSTEM
col    3[0] @6940: *NULL*
col    4[0] @6941: *NULL*
col    5[5] @6942: VALID
col    6[2] @6948: ..
col    7[2] @6951: .)
col    8[2] @6954: ..
col    9[3] @6957: ..8
col   10[4] @6961: ..8%
col   11[0] @6966: *NULL*
col   12[2] @6967: ..
col   13[6] @6970: ..01%.
col   14[0] @6977: *NULL*
col   15[2] @6978: ..
col   16[2] @6981: ..
col   17[3] @6984: YES
col   18[1] @6988: N
col   19[2] @6990: ..
col   20[2] @6993: ..
col   21[1] @6996: .
col   22[1] @6998: .
col   23[1] @7000: .
col   24[2] @7002: .(
col   25[1] @7005: .
col   26[1] @7007: .
col  27[10] @7009:          1
col  28[10] @7020:          1
col   29[5] @7031:     N
col   30[7] @7037: ENABLED
col   31[2] @7045: ..
col   32[7] @7048: xp....!
col   33[2] @7056: NO
col   34[0] @7059: *NULL*
col   35[1] @7060: N
col   36[1] @7062: N
col   37[2] @7064: NO
col   38[7] @7067: DEFAULT
col   39[8] @7075: DISABLED
col   40[3] @7084: YES
col   41[2] @7088: NO
col   42[0] @7091: *NULL*
col   43[8] @7092: DISABLED
col   44[3] @7101: YES
col   45[0] @7105: *NULL*
col   46[8] @7106: DISABLED
col   47[8] @7115: DISABLED
col   48[2] @7124: NO


BBED> d
 File: /u01/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf (4)
 Block: 8244             Offsets: 6920 to 6951           Dba:0x01002034
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 2c003103 53595305 46494c45 24065359 5354454d ffff0556 414c4944 02c10b02 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> set mode edit
        MODE            Edit

--修改为delete状态
BBED> m /x 3c
 File: /u01/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf (4)
 Block: 8244             Offsets: 6920 to 6951           Dba:0x01002034
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 3c003103 53595305 46494c45 24065359 5354454d ffff0556 414c4944 02c10b02 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 4, Block 8244:
current = 0xa274, required = 0xa274

--验证不通过,因为空闲空间不正确(删除了数据还是以前的值当然不正确)
BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf
BLOCK = 8244

Block Checking: DBA = 16785460, Block Type = KTB-managed data block
data header at 0x7f0a75d0327c
kdbchk: the amount of space used is not equal to block size
        used=1722 fsc=0 avsp=6137 dtl=8064
Block 8244 failed with check code 6110

DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 1
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Blocks Influx           : 0

BBED> p kdbh
struct kdbh, 14 bytes                       @124     
   ub1 kdbhflag                             @124      0x00 (NONE)
   b1 kdbhntab                              @125      1
   b2 kdbhnrow                              @126      9
   sb2 kdbhfrre                             @128     -1
   sb2 kdbhfsbo                             @130      36
   sb2 kdbhfseo                             @132      6173
   b2 kdbhavsp                              @134      6137
   b2 kdbhtosp                              @136      6137

BBED> m /x c618 offset 134
 File: /u01/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf (4)
 Block: 8244             Offsets:  134 to  165           Dba:0x01002034
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 c618f917 00000900 b01ee11d 0a1d311c 5b1b8c1a be19ee18 1d180000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x c618 offset 136
 File: /u01/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf (4)
 Block: 8244             Offsets:  136 to  167           Dba:0x01002034
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 c6180000 0900b01e e11d0a1d 311c5b1b 8c1abe19 ee181d18 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 4, Block 8244:
current = 0xa274, required = 0xa274

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf
BLOCK = 8244

Block Checking: DBA = 16785460, Block Type = KTB-managed data block
data header at 0x13ef07c
kdbchk: space available on commit is incorrect
        tosp=6342 fsc=0 stb=2 avsp=6342
Block 8244 failed with check code 6111

DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 1
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Blocks Influx           : 0

BBED> m /x c8 offset 136
 File: /u01/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf (4)
 Block: 8244             Offsets:  136 to  167           Dba:0x01002034
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 c8180000 0900b01e e11d0a1d 311c5b1b 8c1abe19 ee181d18 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> p kdbh
struct kdbh, 14 bytes                       @124     
   ub1 kdbhflag                             @124      0x00 (NONE)
   b1 kdbhntab                              @125      1
   b2 kdbhnrow                              @126      9
   sb2 kdbhfrre                             @128     -1
   sb2 kdbhfsbo                             @130      36
   sb2 kdbhfseo                             @132      6173
   b2 kdbhavsp                              @134      6342
   b2 kdbhtosp                              @136      6344

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 4, Block 8244:
current = 0xa27a, required = 0xa27a

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf
BLOCK = 8244


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 1
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Blocks Influx           : 0

启动数据库测试

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  167772160 bytes
Fixed Size                  2019320 bytes
Variable Size              75497480 bytes
Database Buffers           88080384 bytes
Redo Buffers                2174976 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> set lines 150
SQL> select   table_name,owner,rowid,
  2   dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid)rel_fno,
  3   dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid)blockno,
  4   dbms_rowid.rowid_row_number(rowid) rowno
  5   from t_xifenfei;  

TABLE_NAME                     OWNER                          ROWID                 REL_FNO    BLOCKNO      ROWNO
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------ ---------- ---------- ----------
CON$                           SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAA          4       8244          0
UNDO$                          SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAB          4       8244          1
CDEF$                          SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAC          4       8244          2
CCOL$                          SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAD          4       8244          3
PROXY_ROLE_DATA$               SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAE          4       8244          4
FET$                           SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAG          4       8244          6
TS$                            SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAH          4       8244          7
PROXY_DATA$                    SYS                            AAAM9UAAEAAACA0AAI          4       8244          8

8 rows selected.

可以看到file$这条记录已经被删除,证明bbed操作普通表删除成功
相关文章:
1.bbed 删除 cluster table 记录
2.bbed 找回被删除数据
3.利用bbed找回ORACLE更新前值

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bbed 删除普通表记录》有 4 条评论

  1. fflin 说:

    BBED> m /x c8 offset 136 这句如何理解呢?

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. fflin 说:

    BBED> m /x c618 offset 134
    这里的 c618 是值什么呢?

      [引用]  [回复]

  3. fflin 说:

    如果我想删除CDEF$这一列
    SQL> select dump(‘CDEF$’,16) from dual;
    DUMP(‘CDEF$’,16)
    ——————————————————————————–
    Typ=96 Len=5: 43,44,45,46,24

    BBED> f /x 4344454624 –这里会报错。 应该怎么写呢?
    BBED-00209: invalid number (4344454624)

      [引用]  [回复]

  4. fflin 说:

    请教飞总两个问题:
    BBED> p *kdbr[7]
    rowdata[209]
    ————
    ub1 rowdata[209] @6506 0x2c
    –6506肯定不是在这个位置 —-请问是如何判断的呢?

    BBED> p *kdbr[5]
    rowdata[623]
    ————
    ub1 rowdata[623] @6920 0x2c
    –6920包含了6929,可以确定在该位置 —为什么说6920包含了6929?

      [引用]  [回复]

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