使用bbed让rac中的sysaux数据文件online

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标题:使用bbed让rac中的sysaux数据文件online

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

一个朋友的11g rac库的sysaux表空间因某种原因缺少历史归档,导致无法正常online,是的数据库的很多功能受限.通过实现展示恢复过程.
模拟环境

SQL> select name,file#,status from v$datafile;

NAME                                                      FILE# STATUS
---------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/system.256.776961315                   1 SYSTEM
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/sysaux.257.776961315                   2 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/undotbs1.258.776961317                 3 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/user_dd.dbf                            4 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/undotbs2.264.776961693                 5 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/asm/datafile/xifenfei01.dbf.268.781967893           6 ONLINE

6 rows selected.

SQL> alter database datafile 2 offline;

Database altered.

SQL> archive log list;
Database log mode              Archive Mode
Automatic archival             Enabled
Archive destination            USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST
Oldest online log sequence     14
Next log sequence to archive   15
Current log sequence           15
SQL> alter system switch logfile;

System altered.

SQL> /

System altered.

SQL> /

System altered.

SQL> /

System altered.

SQL> /

System altered.

SQL> archive log list;
Database log mode              Archive Mode
Automatic archival             Enabled
Archive destination            USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST
Oldest online log sequence     19
Next log sequence to archive   19
Current log sequence           20

--删除部分归档日志
[grid@rac1 ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> ls
DATA/
XIFENFEI/
ASMCMD> cd data
ASMCMD> ls
XFF/
rac-cluster/
ASMCMD> cd xff 
ASMCMD> ls
ARCHIVELOG/
CONTROLFILE/
ONLINELOG/
ASMCMD> cd archivelog
ASMCMD> ls
2012_03_03/
2012_04_13/
2012_04_30/
2012_05_01/
2012_05_24/
2012_06_12/
ASMCMD> cd 2012_06_12
ASMCMD> ls
thread_1_seq_15.280.785752747
thread_1_seq_16.281.785752845
thread_1_seq_17.282.785752929
thread_1_seq_18.283.785753043
thread_1_seq_19.284.785753115
ASMCMD> rm thread_1_seq_16.281.785752845
ASMCMD> rm thread_1_seq_15.280.785752747

尝试online 数据文件

SQL> alter database datafile 2 online;
alter database datafile 2 online
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01113: file 2 needs media recovery
ORA-01110: data file 2: '+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/sysaux.257.776961315'


SQL> recover datafile 2;
ORA-00279: change 1155352 generated at 06/12/2012 08:20:10 needed for thread 1
ORA-00289: suggestion :
+DATA/xff/archivelog/2012_06_12/thread_1_seq_15.280.785752747
ORA-00280: change 1155352 for thread 1 is in sequence #15


Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
auto
ORA-00308: cannot open archived log
'+DATA/xff/archivelog/2012_06_12/thread_1_seq_15.280.785752747'
ORA-17503: ksfdopn:2 Failed to open file
+DATA/xff/archivelog/2012_06_12/thread_1_seq_15.280.785752747
ORA-15012: ASM file
'+DATA/xff/archivelog/2012_06_12/thread_1_seq_15.280.785752747' does not exist


ORA-00308: cannot open archived log
'+DATA/xff/archivelog/2012_06_12/thread_1_seq_15.280.785752747'
ORA-17503: ksfdopn:2 Failed to open file
+DATA/xff/archivelog/2012_06_12/thread_1_seq_15.280.785752747
ORA-15012: ASM file
'+DATA/xff/archivelog/2012_06_12/thread_1_seq_15.280.785752747' does not exist

准备bbed修改数据文件
现在datafile 2不能恢复,我们需要修改的就是该datafile header 相关的scn等信息,另外拷贝一个数据文件出来做修改时候参考

RMAN> copy datafile 2 to  '/tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman';

Starting backup at 2012-06-12 08:59:07
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=20 instance=XFF1 device type=DISK
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00002 name=+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/sysaux.257.776961315
output file name=/tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman tag=TAG20120612T090029 RECID=1 STAMP=785754322
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:03:50
Finished backup at 2012-06-12 09:05:36

RMAN>  copy datafile 4 to '/tmp/user.dbf_rman';

Starting backup at 2012-06-12 09:09:28
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00004 name=+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/user_dd.dbf
output file name=/tmp/user.dbf_rman tag=TAG20120612T090932 RECID=2 STAMP=785754582
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:15
Finished backup at 2012-06-12 09:09:48

bbed修改datafile header

[oracle@rac1 tmp]$ bbed password=blockedit listfile=/tmp/o_bbed  mode=edit

BBED: Release 2.0.0.0.0 - Limited Production on Tue Jun 12 09:37:30 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

************* !!! For Oracle Internal Use only !!! ***************

BBED> info
 File#  Name                                                        Size(blks)
 -----  ----                                                        ----------
     1  /tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman                                                 0
     2  /tmp/user.dbf_rman                                                   0

BBED> set file 2 block 1
        FILE#           2
        BLOCK#          1


BBED> p kcvfhckp
struct kcvfhckp, 36 bytes                   @484     
   struct kcvcpscn, 8 bytes                 @484     
      ub4 kscnbas                           @484      0x0011a787
      ub2 kscnwrp                           @488      0x0000
   ub4 kcvcptim                             @492      0x2ed5a9cd
   ub2 kcvcpthr                             @496      0x0001
   union u, 12 bytes                        @500     
      struct kcvcprba, 12 bytes             @500     
         ub4 kcrbaseq                       @500      0x00000014
         ub4 kcrbabno                       @504      0x000000c5
         ub2 kcrbabof                       @508      0x0010
   ub1 kcvcpetb[0]                          @512      0x02
   ub1 kcvcpetb[1]                          @513      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[2]                          @514      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[3]                          @515      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[4]                          @516      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[5]                          @517      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[6]                          @518      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[7]                          @519      0x00

BBED> p kcvfhcpc                             
ub4 kcvfhcpc                                @140      0x00000086

BBED> p kcvfhccc                             
ub4 kcvfhccc                                @148      0x00000085

BBED> set file 1 block 1
        FILE#           1
        BLOCK#          1

BBED> p kcvfhckp
struct kcvfhckp, 36 bytes                   @484     
   struct kcvcpscn, 8 bytes                 @484     
      ub4 kscnbas                           @484      0x0011a118
      ub2 kscnwrp                           @488      0x0000
   ub4 kcvcptim                             @492      0x2ed59e3a
   ub2 kcvcpthr                             @496      0x0001
   union u, 12 bytes                        @500     
      struct kcvcprba, 12 bytes             @500     
         ub4 kcrbaseq                       @500      0x0000000f
         ub4 kcrbabno                       @504      0x0000c4ed
         ub2 kcrbabof                       @508      0x0010
   ub1 kcvcpetb[0]                          @512      0x02
   ub1 kcvcpetb[1]                          @513      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[2]                          @514      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[3]                          @515      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[4]                          @516      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[5]                          @517      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[6]                          @518      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[7]                          @519      0x00

BBED> p kcvfhcpc
ub4 kcvfhcpc                                @140      0x00000079

BBED>  p kcvfhccc 
ub4 kcvfhccc                                @148      0x00000078

/*
确定需要修改项kscnbas/kcvcptim/kcvfhcpc/kcvfhccc的相关信息
*/

BBED> set count 16
        COUNT           16

BBED> d file 2 block 1 offset 484                            
 File: /tmp/user.dbf_rman (2)
 Block: 1                Offsets:  484 to  499           Dba:0x00800001
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 87a71100 00001000 cda9d52e 01000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 87a71100 file 1 block 1 offset 484
BBED-00209: invalid number (87a71100)


BBED> m /x 87a7 file 1 block 1 offset 484
 File: /tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman (1)
 Block: 1                Offsets:  484 to  499           Dba:0x00400001
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 87a71100 00000000 3a9ed52e 01000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> d file 2 block 1 offset 492
 File: /tmp/user.dbf_rman (2)
 Block: 1                Offsets:  492 to  507           Dba:0x00800001
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 cda9d52e 01000000 14000000 c5000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x cda9d52e file 1 block 1 offset 492
BBED-00209: invalid number (cda9d52e)


BBED> d file 1 block 1 offset 492
 File: /tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman (1)
 Block: 1                Offsets:  492 to  507           Dba:0x00400001
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 3a9ed52e 01000000 0f000000 edc40000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x cda9 file 1 block 1 offset 492
 File: /tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman (1)
 Block: 1                Offsets:  492 to  507           Dba:0x00400001
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 cda9d52e 01000000 0f000000 edc40000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> d file 1 block 1 offset 140
 File: /tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman (1)
 Block: 1                Offsets:  140 to  155           Dba:0x00400001
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 79000000 2970bc2e 78000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> d file 2 block 1 offset 140
 File: /tmp/user.dbf_rman (2)
 Block: 1                Offsets:  140 to  155           Dba:0x00800001
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 86000000 2970bc2e 85000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 86000000 file 1 block 1 offset 140
BBED-00209: invalid number (86000000)


BBED> m /x 8600 file 1 block 1 offset 140
 File: /tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman (1)
 Block: 1                Offsets:  140 to  155           Dba:0x00400001
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 86000000 2970bc2e 78000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> d file 2 block 1 offset 148
 File: /tmp/user.dbf_rman (2)
 Block: 1                Offsets:  148 to  163           Dba:0x00800001
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 85000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 8500 file 1 block 1 offset 148
 File: /tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman (1)
 Block: 1                Offsets:  148 to  163           Dba:0x00400001
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 85000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> set file 1 block 1
        FILE#           1
        BLOCK#          1

BBED> p kcvfhckp
struct kcvfhckp, 36 bytes                   @484     
   struct kcvcpscn, 8 bytes                 @484     
      ub4 kscnbas                           @484      0x0011a787
      ub2 kscnwrp                           @488      0x0000
   ub4 kcvcptim                             @492      0x2ed5a9cd
   ub2 kcvcpthr                             @496      0x0001
   union u, 12 bytes                        @500     
      struct kcvcprba, 12 bytes             @500     
         ub4 kcrbaseq                       @500      0x0000000f
         ub4 kcrbabno                       @504      0x0000c4ed
         ub2 kcrbabof                       @508      0x0010
   ub1 kcvcpetb[0]                          @512      0x02
   ub1 kcvcpetb[1]                          @513      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[2]                          @514      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[3]                          @515      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[4]                          @516      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[5]                          @517      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[6]                          @518      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[7]                          @519      0x00

BBED> p kcvfhcpc
ub4 kcvfhcpc                                @140      0x00000086

BBED>  p kcvfhccc 
ub4 kcvfhccc                                @148      0x00000085

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 1, Block 1:
current = 0x48c4, required = 0x48c4

使用修改后数据文件尝试online

SQL> alter database rename file '+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/sysaux.257.776961315' to '/tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman';

Database altered.

SQL> recover database datafile 2 ;
ORA-00274: illegal recovery option DATAFILE


SQL> recover database datafile 2;
ORA-00274: illegal recovery option DATAFILE


SQL> recover datafile 2;
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
ORA-01122: database file 2 failed verification check
ORA-01110: data file 2: '/tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman'
ORA-01207: file is more recent than control file - old control file

尝试重建控制文件

SQL> alter database backup controlfile to trace as '/tmp/xifenfei.ctl';

Database altered.

SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> STARTUP NOMOUNT
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  535662592 bytes
Fixed Size                  1346140 bytes
Variable Size             411043236 bytes
Database Buffers          117440512 bytes
Redo Buffers                5832704 bytes
SQL> @xifenfei_ctl

CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "XFF" NORESETLOGS  ARCHIVELOG
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01503: CREATE CONTROLFILE failed
ORA-12720: operation requires database is in EXCLUSIVE mode

--在rac中重建控制文件需要设置cluster_database=FALSE 

SQL> alter system set  cluster_database=FALSE scope=spfile;

System altered.

SQL> shutdown immediate;
ORA-01507: database not mounted


ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> STARTUP NOMOUNT
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  535662592 bytes
Fixed Size                  1346140 bytes
Variable Size             411043236 bytes
Database Buffers          117440512 bytes
Redo Buffers                5832704 bytes
SQL> @xifenfei_ctl

Control file created.

online数据文件
重建控制文件恢复数据库之后 datafile 2自动online成功,省去了手工处理麻烦,如果没有自动online,请手工处理

SQL> recover database;
Media recovery complete.
SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

SQL> col name for a52
SQL> select name,file#,status from v$datafile;

NAME                                                      FILE# STATUS
---------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/system.256.776961315                   1 SYSTEM
/tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman                                          2 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/undotbs1.258.776961317                 3 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/user_dd.dbf                            4 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/undotbs2.264.776961693                 5 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/asm/datafile/xifenfei01.dbf.268.781967893           6 ONLINE

6 rows selected.

文件系统中的datafile 2 恢复到asm中

SQL> alter database datafile 2 offline;

Database altered.

RMAN> copy datafile 2 to '+XIFENFEI';

Starting backup at 2012-06-12 10:55:42
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=21 device type=DISK
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00002 name=/tmp/auxsys.dbf_rman
output file name=+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/sysaux.257.785761227 tag=TAG20120612T105800 RECID=1 STAMP=785762097
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:16:24
Finished backup at 2012-06-12 11:15:05


RMAN> switch datafile 2 to copy;

datafile 2 switched to datafile copy "+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/sysaux.257.785761227"

RMAN> recover datafile 2;

Starting recover at 2012-06-12 11:30:32
using channel ORA_DISK_1

starting media recovery
media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:01:30

Finished recover at 2012-06-12 11:34:11

RMAN> sql 'alter database datafile 2 online';

sql statement: alter database datafile 2 online

验证和收尾工作

SQL> select name,file#,status from v$datafile;

NAME                                                      FILE# STATUS
---------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/system.256.776961315                   1 SYSTEM
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/sysaux.257.785761227                   2 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/undotbs1.258.776961317                 3 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/user_dd.dbf                            4 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/undotbs2.264.776961693                 5 ONLINE
+XIFENFEI/asm/datafile/xifenfei01.dbf.268.781967893           6 ONLINE


SQL> alter system set  cluster_database=true scope=spfile;

System altered.

--然后重启节点
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