使用asm disk header 自动备份信息恢复异常asm disk header

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标题:使用asm disk header 自动备份信息恢复异常asm disk header

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

通过参考kamus的Where is the backup of ASM disk header block,发现从10.2.0.5开始的asm确实存在自动备份asm disk header功能.有了这个功能对于那些不备份asm disk header的同学,提供了一层保证,也增加了asm的安全性.
对于10.2.0.5.0以及以后版本,不管au size是多少,asm disk header自动备份存储的位置是第2个au的倒数第2个block.
计算方法:AU中包含的block num[AU_SIZE/block_size]*2-2[因为从第一个块从0计数],通过该方法计算结论为:
1M AU在510
2M AU在1022
4M AU在2046
8M AU在4094
16M AU在8190
32M AU在16382
64M AU在32766
1.对比备份asm disk header

SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER
----------------------------------------------------------------
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Prod
PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production
CORE    10.2.0.5.0      Production
TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production

SQL> select to_char(sysdate,'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') "xifenfei.com"  from dual;

xifenfei.com
-------------------
2012-06-17 09:41:19

SQL>  select group_number,DISK_NUMBER,PATH,HEADER_STATUS 
   2  from v$asm_disk where group_number<>0;

GROUP_NUMBER DISK_NUMBER PATH            HEADER_STATU
------------ ----------- --------------- ------------
           1           1 /dev/raw/raw2   MEMBER
           1           0 /dev/raw/raw1   MEMBER

SQL> select group_number,name,BLOCK_SIZE,ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE from v$asm_diskgroup;

GROUP_NUMBER NAME                           BLOCK_SIZE ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE
------------ ------------------------------ ---------- --------------------
           1 DATA                                 4096              1048576

rac1->  kfed read /dev/raw/raw1 blknum=510|>/tmp/xifenfei.510
rac1->  kfed read /dev/raw/raw1 blknum=0|>/tmp/xifenfei.0
rac1-> ll /tmp/xifenfei*
-rw-r--r--  1 oracle oinstall 6606 Jun 14 04:11 /tmp/xifenfei.0
-rw-r--r--  1 oracle oinstall 6606 Jun 14 04:12 /tmp/xifenfei.510
rac1-> diff /tmp/xifenfei.510 /tmp/xifenfei.0
--通过对比发现两者无不同记录返回,证明他们记录内容完全相同

2.尝试破坏asm disk header

rac1-> dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/raw/raw1 bs=4096 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
rac1->  kfed read /dev/raw/raw1 blknum=0
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                            0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000

SQL> select group_number,DISK_NUMBER,PATH,HEADER_STATUS 
   2 from v$asm_disk where group_number<>0;

GROUP_NUMBER DISK_NUMBER PATH            HEADER_STATU
------------ ----------- --------------- ------------
           1           1 /dev/raw/raw2   MEMBER
           1           0 /dev/raw/raw1   CANDIDATE

SQL> alter diskgroup  data dismount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> alter diskgroup  data mount;
alter diskgroup  data mount
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15063: ASM discovered an insufficient number of disks for diskgroup "DATA"

3.使用kfed repair修改损坏asm disk header

rac1-> kfed  repair '/dev/raw/raw1'
rac1->  kfed read /dev/raw/raw1 blknum=0
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x8 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.check:                   883602253 ; 0x00c: 0x34aab34d
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
…………

SQL> alter diskgroup  data mount;

Diskgroup altered.

4.使用kfed merge恢复asm disk header

rac1-> dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/raw/raw1 bs=4096 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
rac1->  kfed read /dev/raw/raw1 blknum=0
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                            0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000

SQL> alter diskgroup  data dismount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> alter diskgroup  data mount;
alter diskgroup  data mount
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15063: ASM discovered an insufficient number of disks for diskgroup "DATA"

rac1->  kfed merge /dev/raw/raw1 /tmp/xifenfei.510

SQL> alter diskgroup  data mount;

Diskgroup altered.

通过试验证明在10.2.0.5及其以后版本中,对于备份的asm disk header我们可以通过使用kfed repair和kfed merge来恢复.

此条目发表在 Oracle ASM 分类目录。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

使用asm disk header 自动备份信息恢复异常asm disk header》有 2 条评论

  1. 惜分飞 说:

    10.2.0.1 asm 中无此项备份

    SQL> select * from v$version;
    
    BANNER
    ----------------------------------------------------------------
    Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Prod
    PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
    CORE    10.2.0.1.0      Production
    TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
    NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
    
    SQL> select group_number,DISK_NUMBER,PATH
      2  from v$asm_disk where group_number<>0;
    
    GROUP_NUMBER DISK_NUMBER PATH                 
    ------------ ----------- -------------------- 
               1           0 /dev/raw/raw2       
               1           1 /dev/raw/raw3   
    
    [oracle@xifenfei raw]$  kfed read /dev/raw/raw3 
    kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
    kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
    kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
    kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
    kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0x0
    kfbh.block.obj:              2147483649 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x8 NUMB=0x1
    kfbh.check:                  1890176443 ; 0x00c: 0x70a9cdbb
    kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
    kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
    kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
    kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.driver.provstr:         ORCLDISK ; 0x000: length=8
    kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:            0 ; 0x008: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:            0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.compat:                168820736 ; 0x020: 0x0a100000
    kfdhdb.dsknum:                        1 ; 0x024: 0x0001
    kfdhdb.grptyp:                        1 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_EXTERNAL
    kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
    kfdhdb.dskname:           XIFENFEI_0001 ; 0x028: length=13
    kfdhdb.grpname:                XIFENFEI ; 0x048: length=8
    kfdhdb.fgname:            XIFENFEI_0001 ; 0x068: length=13
    kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0
    kfdhdb.crestmp.hi:             32971445 ; 0x0a8: HOUR=0x15 DAYS=0x15 MNTH=0x6 YEAR=0x7dc
    kfdhdb.crestmp.lo:           3885156352 ; 0x0ac: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0xb2 SECS=0x39 MINS=0x39
    kfdhdb.mntstmp.hi:             32971445 ; 0x0b0: HOUR=0x15 DAYS=0x15 MNTH=0x6 YEAR=0x7dc
    kfdhdb.mntstmp.lo:           3896621056 ; 0x0b4: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x6e SECS=0x4 MINS=0x3a
    kfdhdb.secsize:                     512 ; 0x0b8: 0x0200
    kfdhdb.blksize:                    4096 ; 0x0ba: 0x1000
    kfdhdb.ausize:                  1048576 ; 0x0bc: 0x00100000
    kfdhdb.mfact:                    113792 ; 0x0c0: 0x0001bc80
    kfdhdb.dsksize:                    7059 ; 0x0c4: 0x00001b93
    kfdhdb.pmcnt:                         2 ; 0x0c8: 0x00000002
    kfdhdb.fstlocn:                       1 ; 0x0cc: 0x00000001
    kfdhdb.altlocn:                       2 ; 0x0d0: 0x00000002
    kfdhdb.f1b1locn:                      0 ; 0x0d4: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.redomirrors[0]:                0 ; 0x0d8: 0x0000
    kfdhdb.redomirrors[1]:                0 ; 0x0da: 0x0000
    kfdhdb.redomirrors[2]:                0 ; 0x0dc: 0x0000
    kfdhdb.redomirrors[3]:                0 ; 0x0de: 0x0000
    kfdhdb.dbcompat:              168820736 ; 0x0e0: 0x0a100000
    kfdhdb.grpstmp.hi:             32971445 ; 0x0e4: HOUR=0x15 DAYS=0x15 MNTH=0x6 YEAR=0x7dc
    kfdhdb.grpstmp.lo:           3884946432 ; 0x0e8: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x3e5 SECS=0x38 MINS=0x39
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[0]:                   0 ; 0x0ec: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[1]:                   0 ; 0x0f0: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[2]:                   0 ; 0x0f4: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[3]:                   0 ; 0x0f8: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[4]:                   0 ; 0x0fc: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[5]:                   0 ; 0x100: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[6]:                   0 ; 0x104: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[7]:                   0 ; 0x108: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[8]:                   0 ; 0x10c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[9]:                   0 ; 0x110: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[10]:                  0 ; 0x114: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[11]:                  0 ; 0x118: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[12]:                  0 ; 0x11c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[13]:                  0 ; 0x120: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[14]:                  0 ; 0x124: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[15]:                  0 ; 0x128: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[16]:                  0 ; 0x12c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[17]:                  0 ; 0x130: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[18]:                  0 ; 0x134: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[19]:                  0 ; 0x138: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[20]:                  0 ; 0x13c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[21]:                  0 ; 0x140: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[22]:                  0 ; 0x144: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[23]:                  0 ; 0x148: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[24]:                  0 ; 0x14c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[25]:                  0 ; 0x150: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[26]:                  0 ; 0x154: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[27]:                  0 ; 0x158: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[28]:                  0 ; 0x15c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[29]:                  0 ; 0x160: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[30]:                  0 ; 0x164: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[31]:                  0 ; 0x168: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[32]:                  0 ; 0x16c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[33]:                  0 ; 0x170: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[34]:                  0 ; 0x174: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[35]:                  0 ; 0x178: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[36]:                  0 ; 0x17c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[37]:                  0 ; 0x180: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[38]:                  0 ; 0x184: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[39]:                  0 ; 0x188: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[40]:                  0 ; 0x18c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[41]:                  0 ; 0x190: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[42]:                  0 ; 0x194: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[43]:                  0 ; 0x198: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[44]:                  0 ; 0x19c: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[45]:                  0 ; 0x1a0: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[46]:                  0 ; 0x1a4: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[47]:                  0 ; 0x1a8: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[48]:                  0 ; 0x1ac: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[49]:                  0 ; 0x1b0: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[50]:                  0 ; 0x1b4: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[51]:                  0 ; 0x1b8: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[52]:                  0 ; 0x1bc: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[53]:                  0 ; 0x1c0: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[54]:                  0 ; 0x1c4: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[55]:                  0 ; 0x1c8: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[56]:                  0 ; 0x1cc: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.ub4spare[57]:                  0 ; 0x1d0: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.acdb.aba.seq:                  0 ; 0x1d4: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.acdb.aba.blk:                  0 ; 0x1d8: 0x00000000
    kfdhdb.acdb.ents:                     0 ; 0x1dc: 0x0000
    kfdhdb.acdb.ub2spare:                 0 ; 0x1de: 0x0000    
    [oracle@xifenfei raw]$  kfed read raw3 blknum=510
    kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
    kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
    kfbh.type:                           13 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_PST_NONE
    kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
    kfbh.block.blk:              2147483902 ; 0x004: T=1 NUMB=0xfe
    kfbh.block.obj:              2147483649 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x8 NUMB=0x1
    kfbh.check:                    17662718 ; 0x00c: 0x010d82fe
    kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
    kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
    kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
    kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
    

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. 惜分飞 说:

    编译kfed程序

    cd $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib
    cp ins_rdbms.mk ins_rdbms.mk.bak
    make -f ins_rdbms.mk ikfed
    

      [引用]  [回复]

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