sql profile 使用

联系:手机(+86 13429648788) QQ(107644445)QQ咨询惜分飞

标题:sql profile 使用

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

本实验室为了说明sql profile的使用方法,不去研讨sql的执行效率.通过sql profile的方法使得一条本该使用index的sql该走全表扫描.
创建模拟表

SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
CORE    11.2.0.3.0      Production
TNS for 32-bit Windows: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production

SQL> create table t_xifenfei as select * from dba_objects;

表已创建。

SQL> create index i_xifenfei on t_xifenfei(object_id);

索引已创建。

SQL> EXEC DBMS_STATS.gather_table_stats(user,'T_XIFENFEI',CASCADE=>TRUE);

PL/SQL 过程已成功完成。

默认使用INDEX

SQL> SET AUTOT TRACE EXP
SQL> SELECT OBJECT_NAME FROM T_XIFENFEI WHERE OBJECT_ID=100;

执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 1926396081

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation                   | Name       | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)|Time     |

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |            |     1 |    30 |     2   (0)|00:00:01 |

|   1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| T_XIFENFEI |     1 |    30 |     2   (0)|00:00:01 |

|*  2 |   INDEX RANGE SCAN          | I_XIFENFEI |     1 |       |     1   (0)|00:00:01 |

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

   2 - access("OBJECT_ID"=100)

使用hint实现全表扫描

SQL> SELECT /*+ FULL(T_XIFENFEI)*/OBJECT_NAME FROM T_XIFENFEI WHERE OBJECT_ID=10
0;

执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 548923532

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation         | Name       | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT  |            |     1 |    30 |   300   (1)| 00:00:04 |

|*  1 |  TABLE ACCESS FULL| T_XIFENFEI |     1 |    30 |   300   (1)| 00:00:04 |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

   1 - filter("OBJECT_ID"=100)

查找hint对应sql的sql_id

SQL> SELECT SQL_ID,SQL_TEXT FROM V$SQL WHERE SQL_TEXT LIKE '%/*+ FULL(T_XIFENFEI)*/%';

SQL_ID
-------------
SQL_TEXT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

0bbt69m5yhf3p
SELECT /*+ FULL(T_XIFENFEI)*/OBJECT_NAME FROM T_XIFENFEI WHERE OBJECT_ID=100

68r1cnxmn8fjk
SELECT SQL_ID,SQL_TEXT FROM V$SQL WHERE SQL_TEXT LIKE '%/*+ FULL(T_XIFENFEI)*/%'


ddmhrzhatfdyh
EXPLAIN PLAN SET STATEMENT_ID='PLUS570193' FOR SELECT /*+ FULL(T_XIFENFEI)*/OBJE

CT_NAME FROM T_XIFENFEI WHERE OBJECT_ID=100

SQL_ID
-------------
SQL_TEXT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


bybs0sds8yu9c
SELECT SQL_ID FROM V$SQL WHERE SQL_TEXT LIKE '%/*+ FULL(T_XIFENFEI)*/%'

获得对应Outline

SQL> SET PAGESIZE 10000
SQL> select * from table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor('0bbt69m5yhf3p',null,'outline'));

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SQL_ID  0bbt69m5yhf3p, child number 0
-------------------------------------
SELECT /*+ FULL(T_XIFENFEI)*/OBJECT_NAME FROM T_XIFENFEI WHERE OBJECT_ID=100

Plan hash value: 548923532

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation         | Name       | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT  |            |       |       |   300 (100)|          |

|*  1 |  TABLE ACCESS FULL| T_XIFENFEI |     1 |    30 |   300   (1)| 00:00:04 |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Outline Data
-------------

  /*+
      BEGIN_OUTLINE_DATA
      IGNORE_OPTIM_EMBEDDED_HINTS
      OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE('11.2.0.3')
      DB_VERSION('11.2.0.3')
      ALL_ROWS
      OUTLINE_LEAF(@"SEL$1")
      FULL(@"SEL$1" "T_XIFENFEI"@"SEL$1")
      END_OUTLINE_DATA
  */

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

   1 - filter("OBJECT_ID"=100)


已选择33行。

创建sql profile

declare
 v_hints sys.sqlprof_attr;
 begin
 v_hints:=sys.sqlprof_attr(
      'BEGIN_OUTLINE_DATA',
      'IGNORE_OPTIM_EMBEDDED_HINTS',
      'OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE(''11.2.0.3'')',
      'DB_VERSION(''11.2.0.3'')',
      'ALL_ROWS',
      'OUTLINE_LEAF(@"SEL$1")',
      'FULL(@"SEL$1" "T_XIFENFEI"@"SEL$1")',   --这个是由于hint产生,其实我们需要的就是这个
      'END_OUTLINE_DATA');
dbms_sqltune.import_sql_profile(
'SELECT OBJECT_NAME FROM T_XIFENFEI WHERE OBJECT_ID=100',
v_hints,'SQLPROFILE_XIFENFEI',                 --sql profile 名称
force_match=>true,replace=>true);
end;
/

验证sql profile

SQL> SELECT OBJECT_NAME FROM T_XIFENFEI WHERE OBJECT_ID=100;

执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 548923532

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

| Id  | Operation         | Name       | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT  |            |     1 |    30 |   300   (1)| 00:00:04 |

|*  1 |  TABLE ACCESS FULL| T_XIFENFEI |     1 |    30 |   300   (1)| 00:00:04 |

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

   1 - filter("OBJECT_ID"=100)

Note
-----
   - SQL profile "SQLPROFILE_XIFENFEI" used for this statement
此条目发表在 Oracle性能优化 分类目录。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

sql profile 使用》有 3 条评论

  1. gid 说:

    为什么 我还是走index 11.2.0.4

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. Lunar 说:

    写的不错,简单明了,已经推荐给我的两个同事了:)

      [引用]  [回复]

  3. 惜分飞 说:

    删除sql profile
    exec dbms_sqltune.drop_sql_profile(name =>’SQLPROFILE_XIFENFEI’ );

      [引用]  [回复]

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用 * 标注

您可以使用这些 HTML 标签和属性: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>